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ME 6604 GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION

PART A QUESTIONS
1. Explain Mach Cone and Mach Angle.

2. Differentiate Adiabatic and Isentropic process.

3. Draw the variation of Mach number along the length of a

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convergent divergent duct when it acts as a (a) Nozzle (b) Diffuser

4. State the difference between compressible fluid and


incompressible fluid.

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5. What is chocked flow through a nozzle?

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6. Show the Rayleigh line in h-s diagram and give the different Mach
number regions for heating and cooling.
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7. Differentiate Fanno flow and Rayleigh flow.
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8. Give the Fanno flow in h-s diagram. Show various Mach number
regions and write the Fanno flow equation.
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9. Explain chocking in fanno flow.

10.What is Prandtl-Meyer relation?


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11.Define strength of shock wave.

12.Give the difference between normal and oblique shock waves.

13.Define compression and rarefaction shocks? Is the latter possible.

14.Calculate the strength of shock wave when normal shock appears


at M = 2.

BARATHAN. T Department of Mechanical Engineering


Assistant Professor Agni College of Technology
ME 6604 GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION
15.What is thrust (or) drag?

16.Give the expression for the thrust developed by a turbojet engine.

17.What is the difference between turboprop and turbojet engine.

18.Give the difference between Ramjet and Turbojet engine.

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19.Find the ratio of jet speed to flight speed for optimum propulsive
efficiency.

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20.Differentiate Jet Propulsion and Rocket Propulsion (or)
Differentiate Air breathing engine and Rocket engine.
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21.What is monopropellant? Give one example for it.
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22.What is bipropellant? Give examples.

23.What is IWR?
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24.Define the terms: (i) UDMH; (ii) RFNA; (iii) JATO ;( iv) RATO.
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BARATHAN. T Department of Mechanical Engineering


Assistant Professor Agni College of Technology
ME 6604 GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION
PART B QUESTIONS

1. A conical air diffuser has an inlet diameter of 40cm and an exit


diameter of 80cm. Air enters the diffuser with a static pressure of
200 kPa, static temperature of 37 ̊C and velocity of 265 m/s.
Calculate i. Mass flow rate ii. Properties at exit

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2. The Mach number at inlet and exit for a Rayleigh flow are M1 = 3
and M2 = 1.5. At inlet static pressure of air is 50KPa and
stagnation temperature is 295 K. Find
i. All properties at exit

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ii. Stagnation pressure
iii. Heat transferred
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iv. Maximum possible heat transfer
v. Change in entropy between section 1 and 2.
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3. A circular duct passes 8.25 kg/s of air at an exit Mach number of
0.5. The entry pressure and temperature are 3.5 bar and 38 ̊C
respectively and co-efficient of friction is 0.005. If the Mach number
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at entry is 0.15. Determine


i. Diameter of the duct
ii. Length of the duct
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iii. Pressure and temperature at the exit


iv. Stagnation pressure loss
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4. A jet of air entering the subsonic diffuser are P0 = 1 bar, and T =


280 K. The entry Mach number is 2 and the ratio of the exit to entry
area of the diffuser is 4. If there is a normal shock wave just outside
the diffuser entry. Determine the following for exit
i. Mach number
ii. Temperature
iii. Pressure
iv. Stagnation pressure loss

BARATHAN. T Department of Mechanical Engineering


Assistant Professor Agni College of Technology
ME 6604 GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION

5. Explain the working principle of Turbofan engine and Turbojet


engine with a suitable diagram. Mention its advantages and
limitations.

6. A turbojet flies at a speed of 870 kmph at an altitude of 10,000 m.


The data for the engine is given below

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Diameter at inlet section = 0.74 m
Velocity of the gases at the exit of the jet pipe = 505 m/s
Pressure at the exit of the jet pipe = 0.28 bar
Air-fuel ratio = 42

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Determine
i. Air flow rate through the engine
ii. Thrust
iii. Specific thrust
iv. Specific impulse
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v. Thrust power
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vi. TSFC

7. A rocket has the following data:


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Propellant flow rate = 5 kg/s


Nozzle exit diameter = 10cm
Nozzle exit pressure = 1.02 bar
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Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar


Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar
Thrust =7 KN
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Determine
i. Effective jet velocity
ii. Actual jet velocity
iii. Specific impulse
iv. Specific propellant consumption

BARATHAN. T Department of Mechanical Engineering


Assistant Professor Agni College of Technology