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$25.00

$25.00 Maintenance Manual 1 Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication Revised 07-10

Maintenance Manual 1

Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication

Revised 07-10

$25.00 Maintenance Manual 1 Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication Revised 07-10
$25.00 Maintenance Manual 1 Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication Revised 07-10
$25.00 Maintenance Manual 1 Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication Revised 07-10
$25.00 Maintenance Manual 1 Preventive Maintenance and Lubrication Revised 07-10

Service Notes

About This Manual

This manual provides maintenance intervals and procedures, lubricant specifications, and product capacities for Meritor components.

Before You Begin

1. Read and understand all instructions and procedures before you begin to service components.

2. Read and observe all Warning and Caution hazard alert messages in this publication. They provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or both.

3. Follow your company’s maintenance and service, installation, and diagnostics guidelines.

4. Use special tools when required to help avoid serious personal injury and damage to components.

Hazard Alert Messages and Torque Symbols

WARNINGto components. Hazard Alert Messages and Torque Symbols A Warning alerts you to an instruction or

A Warning alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you must follow exactly to avoid serious personal injury and damage to components.

CAUTIONto avoid serious personal injury and damage to components. A Caution alerts you to an instruction

A Caution alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you must follow exactly to avoid damage to components.

@ This symbol alerts you to tighten fasteners to a specified torque value.

How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information

On the Web

Visit Literature on Demand at arvinmeritor.com to access and order product, service, aftermarket, and warranty literature for ArvinMeritor’s truck, trailer and specialty vehicle components.

Literature on Demand (LODonDVD)

The LODonDVD contains product, service and warranty information for ArvinMeritor components. To order the DVD, visit Literature on Demand at arvinmeritor.com and specify TP-0742.

How to Obtain Tools and Supplies Specified in This Manual

Call ArvinMeritor’s Commercial Vehicle Aftermarket at 888-725-9355 to obtain Meritor tools and supplies.

Information contained in this publication was in effect at the time the publication was approved for printing and is subject to change without notice or liability. Meritor Heavy Vehicle Systems, LLC, reserves the right to revise the information presented or to discontinue the production of parts described at any time.

pg.

i

Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers

1

Section 1: Introduction

 

Overview Regularly-Scheduled Maintenance Oil Lubricants Viscosity Oil Change Schedules Oil Drain Conditions

 

2

National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) Standards Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricants

4

Section 2: Bus and Coach

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description Front Axles

 

5

Rear Axles Center Axles Important Information Cam Brakes

8

Important Information Stopmaster ® Wedge Brakes DiscPlus™ Brakes

9

T Series Parking Brake Identification Model Nomenclature

12

Inspection Front Axles

13

Lubrication King Pin Bushings

14

Tie Rod Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings Oil-Lubricated Wheel Bearings Rear Axles

15

Inverted Portal Drive Axle

16

Planetary Drive Axles

17

Cam Brakes

18

T Series Parking Brake

19

Stopmaster ® Brakes

20

Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

24

Stopmaster ® Wedge Brakes

25

Section 3: Clutches

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description

 

26

Identification Model Nomenclature

27

Inspection When to Inspect the Clutch Clutch Linkage

28

Internal Parts of the Clutch

29

Lubrication

Contents

pg.

29

Release Bearing

30

Clutch Housing Linkage Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

31

Troubleshooting

34

Special Tools

35

Section 4: Drivelines

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description RPL Series Permalube™ (Non-Greaseable) Wing-Style Permalube™ Full-Round, Easy Service™, Wing-Style and 155R Series (Greaseable)

 

36

Identification Inspection Driveline

37

End Yokes

38

Universal Joints Center Bearings

39

Slip Yoke

40

Universal Joint Capscrews

41

Lubrication Xtended Lube MXL™ 17N, 176N and 18N Series Drivelines (Full Round) Universal Joint Slip Yoke Splines

42

RPL Series Permalube™ Driveline Universal Joint, Slip Yoke and Splines Standard/Conventional Driveline Universal Joint Standard/Conventional Driveline Slip Yoke and Splines Wing-Style Permalube™ Driveline Universal Joint

43

Wing-Style Greaseable Driveline Universal Joint Wing-Style Permalube™ and Greaseable Driveline Slip Yoke and Splines

44

Intervals Inspection and Maintenance

46

Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

47

Lubrication Intervals for Xtended Lube MXL™ Series Drivelines

48

Troubleshooting

51

Section 5: Front Drive Steer Axles

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description Front Drive Steer Axles

 

52

Identification Model Nomenclature Front Drive Steer Axles

54

Front Drive Steer Axles, Prior Models

56

Inspection Steering-Related Components

Contents

pg. 56

Steering Knuckle Vertical End Play Upper and Lower Knuckle Bushings

pg.

57

Tie Rod Ends

58

Servicing the Tie Rod Ends Why It’s Important to Inspect the Tie Rod Ends for Wear and Allowable Movement at the Regularly-Scheduled Intervals

59

Tie Rod Assembly Movement

61

Steering Arm Bolts Sealed Hub Units Carrier

62

Check and Adjust the Oil Level Drain and Replace the Oil Lubrication King Pin Bushings

63

Camshaft Retainer Bushing and Cam Bushing Cross Tube End Assembly

64

Drive Axle Shaft Universal Joints Axle Shaft Spline and Thrust Washer Knuckle Bushing Wheel Bearings

65

Tie Rod End

66

Steering Knuckle Sockets Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

68

Troubleshooting

70

Section 6: Front Non-Drive Steer Axles

How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description

71

Identification Model Nomenclature

72

Inspection Parts

73

Steering Knuckle Vertical End Play

75

Upper and Lower King Pin Bushings

76

Unitized Wheel End

77

Tie Rod and Cross Tube Assembly

80

Department of Transportation Roadside Tie Rod Assembly Replacement Criteria Lubrication Tie Rod End

81

King Pin Bushings

82

Ball Studs on the Steering Arm and the Tie Rod Arm Ends

83

Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings Oil-Lubricated Wheel Bearings

84

Check and Adjust Steering Arm Bolts Tighten Draw Key Nuts

85

Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

88

Lubricant Troubleshooting

90

Section 7: Brakes

Cam Brakes

Technical Publications

Description

91

Identification

92

Model Nomenclature

93

Important Information Cam Brake Inspection Intervals and Procedures On-Highway Linehaul Applications

Off-Highway Linehaul Applications

Plus™ LX500 and MX500 Cam Brakes with Automatic Slack Adjusters Do Not Lubricate the LX500 and MX500 Brakes and Automatic Slack Adjuster Before the Specified Time or Mileage Intervals Inspection Procedure

Q

94

Cam Brakes, All Models

95

Important Information Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) Guidelines

96

Cam Brake Lubrication Intervals and Procedures

98

Plus™ LX500 and MX500 Cam Brakes and Automatic Slack Adjusters After the Specified Time or Mileage Intervals Cam Brake Tips

Q

99

Approved Lubricants

101

Important Information Cam Brake Troubleshooting

Diagnostic Charts

102

Air Disc Brakes Technical Publications Description Features

103

Identification

104

Air Disc Brake Inspection Intervals and Procedures Inspection Schedules

105

Important Information Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) Guidelines

106

Important Information Checking the Adjusted Chamber Stroke Length on DiscPlus™ DX195 and DX225 Air Disc Brakes

107

DiscPlus™ DX195 and DX225 Air Disc Brake Components

108

Air Disc Brake Model ADB 1560 Lubrication Intervals and Procedures Lubrication Procedures

109

Approved Lubricants

110

Important Information Air Disc Brake Troubleshooting Brake Diagnostic Charts

113

Important Information DiscPlus™ DX195 and DX225 Air Disc Brakes

114

Automatic Slack Adjusters Important Information Technical Publications Intervals

115

Identification Procedures

At

Brake Reline

116

Approved Lubricants Anti-Seize Compound

117

Important Information Automatic Slack Adjuster Troubleshooting

pg.

117

Diagnostic Charts

118

Wedge Brakes Technical Publications Description Identification

119

Important Information Brake Adjustment Procedure Inspection Procedure

120

Lubrication

121

Approved Lubricants Important Information Wedge Brake Troubleshooting Diagnostic Charts

124

Four-Piston Quadraulic Disc Brakes Technical Publications Description Identification

125

Four-Piston Quadraulic Disc Brake Inspection Bleeding the Brake System

126

Four-Piston Quadraulic Disc Brake Troubleshooting Diagnostic Charts

128

DuraPark® Hydraulic Drum Brakes Technical Publications Description DuraPark ® Hydraulic Brake Product Update

129

Adjustment Procedures

130

Brake Drums and Rotors Technical Publications Brake Drum Inspection and Failure Analysis

131

Brake Drum Wear Inspection Clean the Mounting Surfaces

132

Brake Drum Procedures

133

Brake Drum Wear Conditions

137

Conditions That Can Affect Brake Drum Wear

138

Brake Drum Diagnostics

140

Rotors Rotor Wear Inspection Measuring the Thickness of the Rotor or Disc

141

Section 8: Rear Drive Axles

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description Identification

143

Model Nomenclature Axle Model Numbers and Designations

145

Inspection Carrier Oil Seals

146

Seal Test Procedure Example 1: The Seal is not Leaking

147

Example 2: The Seal Appears to be Leaking Example 3: The Seal is Leaking

148

Lubrication

Contents

pg.

148

Advanced Lube Axles R-170 Axles Equipped with Traction Equalizer ® Limited Slip Friction Modifiers

149

Fill Plug Locations

150

Check and Adjust the Oil Level Drain and Replace the Oil Inter-Axle Assemblies with Separate Housings

151

Lubrication Intervals and Specifications Lubrication Analysis Recommendations

155

Troubleshooting All Rear Axles

156

Section 9: Suspensions

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information RideStar TM RHP Series Trailer Air Suspension Systems Single-Axle System

 

157

Sliding Tandem System

158

Inspection Single-Axle and Sliding Tandem Suspensions

159

Maintenance Single-Axle and Sliding Tandem Suspensions

160

Upper Control Arm Bushing Periodic Inspection Guidelines:

 

All RideStar™ RHP Series Trailer Air Suspension Systems

 

161

Slider on Sliding Tandem Suspension System

162

RideStar TM RFS Series Trailer Air Suspension System Ride Height

164

Tire Clearance Maintenance

166

Inspect the Shock Absorbers

169

Section 10: Trailer Axles

 

Important Information Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description Axle Models Axle Designs

 

170

TB Series Trailer Axles with Unitized Wheel-End Assemblies

171

How to Identify Trailer Axles with Unitized Wheel Ends How to Find the Model Number, Serial Number and Date of Manufacture

172

What the Numbers Mean Model Number Serial Number Date of Manufacture Model Nomenclature Current Production Model Numbers

174

Section 11: Transfer Cases

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description

Contents

pg. 174

Identification

175

Model Nomenclature

176

Lubricant Temperatures Meritor MTC-4208, MTC-4209 and MTC-4210 Series Transfer Cases Other Meritor Transfer Cases Do Not Install API GL-5 Oils Inspection Magnets and Magnetic Drain Plugs

177

Operating Information Breather Seals Check and Adjust the Oil Level

178

Drain and Replace the Oil Transfer Case Oil Intervals Towing Procedures

179

Specifications Capacities

180

Troubleshooting

186

Section 12: Transmissions

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Description

187

Manual Transmissions Engine Synchro Shift™ (ESS™) Transmission Shift System SureShift™ Transmission ZF-FreedomLine Transmission Identification

188

Model Nomenclature

189

Intervals Every 10,000 Miles (16 000 km) of Vehicle Operation Every 50,000 Miles (80 000 km) of Vehicle Operation (Approved Petroleum Base and Heavy-Duty Engine Oils) Every 500,000 Miles (400 000 km) of Vehicle Operation (Approved Full-Synthetic Oils)

190

Inspection Oil Drain Conditions Magnets and Magnetic Drain Plugs Transmission Oil Coolers Temperature Indicator Check and Adjust the Oil Level

191

Inspection Breather Vent Condition Fastener Torque

192

Inspecting the Transmission for Leaks and Damage Drain and Replace the Oil Transmission Oil Adjustment Linkage for the Remote Control Assembly

193

Lubrication Remote Control Assembly ZF-FreedomLine Clutch Fork Lubrication Intervals and Specifications

pg.

193

Approved Oil

194

Troubleshooting On Manual Transmissions Oil Leaks On New Transmissions Vibration

195

Noise Operation Problems Troubleshooting Leaks

196

Troubleshooting Vibrations

197

Troubleshooting Noises

198

Troubleshooting Operating Conditions

201

Section 13: Wheel Bearings and Wheel Ends

 

Technical Publications How to Obtain Additional Maintenance and Service Information Conventional Wheel Ends Description

 

202

Model Nomenclature

204

Oil-Lubricated Wheel Bearings

207

Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings

210

Important Information Long-Life Wheel Ends Front Non-Drive Steer Axles with Unitized Hubs Identification

211

Model Nomenclature Inspection Procedure Inspection Intervals Tools Required

212

Basic Inspection Detailed Inspection

214

Replacement Hub Inspection Install the Spindle O-Rings and Hubcaps

215

Unitized Wheel Ends on Bus and Coach FH Series Front and Tag Axles, and MC Series Rear Drive Axles

216

Inspection

219

Disassemble the Unitized Wheel End

221

Trailer Axles with Long-Life Wheel Ends

222

Model Nomenclature

223

TB Series Trailer Axles with Unitized Hub Assemblies

224

TL Series Trailer Axles with Packaged Bearing Hub Assemblies

226

Trailer Lubrication Intervals and Specifications TRIAD™ Trailer Axle Wheel-End System Wheel-End Equipment Checks Studs and Nuts

230

Installing Double-Ended Metric Wheel Studs with 3/4-16 and M22 x 1.5 Threads Onto Hub and Rotor Assemblies on Axles Equipped with Meritor Air Disc Brake Model ADB

 

1560

 

231

Vehicles Equipped with ABS

232

Section 14: Specifications

 

Lubrication Intervals and Specifications Grease Lubricants

 

233

Oil Lubricants

Figure 0.1

Figure 0.1 ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING The followin g proce du re s for s ervicin g

ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING

The followin g proce du re s for s ervicin g b rake s are recommen d e d to re du ce expo su re to

a sb e s to s

availa b le from ArvinMeritor.

Hazard Summary

B e c a us e som e b r a k e linings cont a in a s be stos, work e rs who s e rvic e b r a k e s must un de rst a n d th e pot e nti a l h a z a r d s of a s be stos a n d pr e c a utions for r ed ucing risks. Exposur e to a ir b orn e a s be stos

d ust c a n c a us e s e rious a n d possi b ly f a t a l d is ea s e s, inclu d ing a s be stosis ( a chronic lung d is ea s e )

a n d c a nc e r, princip a lly lung c a nc e r a n d m e soth e liom a ( a c a nc e r of th e lining of th e ch e st or abd omin a l c a viti e s). S om e stu d i e s show th a t th e risk of lung c a nc e r a mong p e rsons who smok e

a n d who a r e e xpos ed to a s be stos is much gr ea t e r th a n th e risk for non-smok e rs. S ymptoms of

th e s e d is ea s e s m a y not be com e a pp a r e nt for 15, 20 or mor e y ea rs a ft e r th e rst e xposur e to

a s be stos.

Accor d ingly, work e rs must us e c a ution to a voi d cr ea ting a n d b r ea thing d ust wh e n s e rvicing

b er dus t, a cancer an d l u n g d i s ea s e hazar d . Material S afety Data S heet s are

b

r a k e s. S p e ci c r e comm e n ded work pr a ctic e s for r ed ucing e xposur e to a s be stos d ust follow .

C

onsult your e mploy e r for mor e de t a ils.

Recommended Work Practices

1. Se p a r a t e Work Ar ea s. Wh e n e v e r f ea si b l e , s e rvic e b r a k e s in a s e p a r a t e a r ea a w a y from oth e r

op e r a tions to r ed uc e risks to unprot e ct ed p e rsons. O S HA h a s s e t a m a ximum a llow ab l e l e v e l of

e

xposur e for a s be stos of 0.1 f/cc a s a n 8-hour tim e -w e ight ed a v e r a g e a n d 1.0 f/cc a v e r a g ed ov e r

a

30-minut e p e rio d . S ci e ntists d is a gr ee , how e v e r, to wh a t e xt e nt ad h e r e nc e to th e m a ximum

a

llow ab l e e xposur e l e v e ls will e limin a t e th e risk of d is ea s e th a t c a n r e sult from inh a ling a s be stos

d

ust. O S HA r e quir e s th a t th e following sign be post ed a t th e e ntr a nc e to a r ea s wh e r e e xposur e s

e

xc eed e ith e r of th e m a ximum a llow ab l e l e v e ls:

DANGER: A S BE S TO S C AN C ER AND LUNG DI S EA S E HAZARD AUTHORIZED PER S ONNEL ONLY RE S PIRATOR S AND PROTE C TIVE C LOTHING ARE RE Q UIRED IN THI S AREA.

2. R e spir a tory Prot e ction. Wea r a r e spir a tor e quipp ed with a high- e f ci e ncy (HEP A) lt e r

a pprov ed b y NIO S H or M S HA for us e with a s be stos a t a ll tim e s wh e n s e rvicing b r a k e s, be ginning

with th e r e mov a l of th e wh ee ls.

3. Proc ed ur e s for Se rvicing Br a k e s.

a Enclos e th e b r a k e a ss e m b ly within a n e g a tiv e pr e ssur e e nclosur e . Th e e nclosur e shoul d be

e quipp ed with a HEPA v a cuum a n d work e r a rm sl ee v e s. With th e e nclosur e in pl a c e , us e th e HEPA v a cuum to loos e n a n d v a cuum r e si d u e from th e b r a k e p a rts.

b As a n a lt e rn a tiv e proc ed ur e , us e a c a tch ba sin with w a t e r a n d a b io de gr adab l e , non- phosph a t e , w a t e r- ba s ed de t e rg e nt to w a sh th e b r a k e d rum or rotor a n d oth e r b r a k e p a rts. Th e solution shoul d be a ppli ed with low pr e ssur e to pr e v e nt d ust from be coming a ir b orn e . Allow th e solution to ow be tw ee n th e b r a k e d rum a n d th e b r a k e support or th e b r a k e rotor

a n d c a lip e r. Th e wh ee l hu b a n d b r a k e a ss e m b ly compon e nts shoul d be thoroughly w e tt ed to

suppr e ss d ust be for e th e b r a k e sho e s or b r a k e p ad s a r e r e mov ed . Wip e th e b r a k e p a rts

cl ea n with a cloth.

c. If a n e nclos ed v a cuum syst e m or b r a k e w a shing e quipm e nt is not a v a il ab l e , e mploy e rs m a y ad opt th e ir own writt e n proc ed ur e s for s e rvicing b r a k e s, provi ded th a t th e e xposur e l e v e ls

.

.

a ssoci a t ed with th e e mploy e r’s proc ed ur e s d o not e xc eed th e l e v e ls a ssoci a t ed with th e

e nclos ed v a cuum syst e m or b r a k e w a shing e quipm e nt. C onsult O S HA r e gul a tions for mor e de t a ils.

d Wea r a r e spir a tor e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r a pprov ed b y NIO S H or M S HA for us e with

.

a s be stos wh e n grin d ing or m a chining b r a k e linings. In add ition, d o such work in a n a r ea with

a loc a l e xh a ust v e ntil a tion syst e m e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r.

e NEVER us e compr e ss ed a ir b y its e lf, d ry b rushing, or a v a cuum not e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r wh e n cl ea ning b r a k e p a rts or a ss e m b li e s. NEVER us e c a rcinog e nic solv e nts,

.

a mm ab l e solv e nts, or solv e nts th a t c a n da m a g e b r a k e compon e nts a s w e tting a g e nts.

C l ea ning Work Ar ea s. C l ea n work a r ea s with a v a cuum e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r or b y w e t

4.

wiping. NEVER us e compr e ss ed a ir or d ry sw ee ping to cl ea n work a r ea s. Wh e n you e mpty v a cuum cl ea n e rs a n d h a n d l e us ed r a gs, w ea r a r e spir a tor e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r a pprov ed

b y NIO S H or M S HA for us e with a s be stos. Wh e n you r e pl a c e a HEPA lt e r , w e t th e lt e r with a n e mist of w a t e r a n d d ispos e of th e us ed lt e r with c a r e .

5. Work e r C l ea n-Up. Aft e r s e rvicing b r a k e s, w a sh your h a n d s be for e you ea t, d rink or smok e .

S how e r a ft e r work. Do not w ea r work cloth e s hom e . Us e a v a cuum e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r to

v a cuum work cloth e s a ft e r th e y a r e worn. L a un de r th e m s e p a r a t e ly. Do not sh a k e or us e

compr e ss ed a ir to r e mov e d ust from work cloth e s.

6 .

such a s in s ea l ed pl a stic ba gs. C onsult a pplic ab l e EPA, st a t e a n d loc a l r e gul a tions on w a st e

d

Wa st e Dispos a l. Dispos e of d isc a r ded linings, us ed r a gs, cloths a n d HEPA lt e rs with c a r e ,

ispos a l.

Regulatory Guidance

R e f e r e nc e s to O S HA, NIO S H, M S HA, a n d EPA, which a r e r e gul a tory a g e nci e s in th e Unit ed S t a t e s,

a r e m ade to provi de furth e r gui da nc e to e mploy e rs a n d work e rs e mploy ed within th e Unit ed

S t a t e s. Employ e rs a n d work e rs e mploy ed outsi de of th e Unit ed S t a t e s shoul d consult th e r e gul a tions th a t a pply to th e m for furth e r gui da nc e .

Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers

e r gui da nc e . Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers NON-ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING The followin

NON-ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING

The followin g proce du re s for s ervicin g b rake s are recommen d e d to re du ce expo su re to non-a sb e s to s b er dus t, a cancer an d l u n g d i s ea s e hazar d . Material S afety Data S heet s are availa b le from ArvinMeritor.

Hazard Summary

Most r e c e ntly m a nuf a ctur ed b r a k e linings d o not cont a in a s be stos be rs. Th e s e b r a k e linings m a y cont a in on e or mor e of a v a ri e ty of ingr ed i e nts, inclu d ing gl a ss be rs, min e r a l wool, a r a mi d be rs,

c e r a mic be rs a n d silic a th a t c a n pr e s e nt h ea lth risks if inh a l ed . S ci e ntists d is a gr ee on th e e xt e nt

of th e risks from e xposur e to th e s e su b st a nc e s. Non e th e l e ss, e xposur e to silic a d ust c a n c a us e

silicosis, a non-c a nc e rous lung d is ea s e . S ilicosis grad u a lly r ed uc e s lung c a p a city a n d e f ci e ncy

a n d c a n r e sult in s e rious b r ea thing d if culty . S om e sci e ntists be li e v e oth e r typ e s of non- a s be stos be rs, wh e n inh a l ed , c a n c a us e simil a r d is ea s e s of th e lung. In add ition, silic a d ust a n d c e r a mic be r d ust a r e known to th e S t a t e of Ca liforni a to c a us e lung c a nc e r. U. S . a n d int e rn a tion a l a g e nci e s h a v e a lso de t e rmin ed th a t d ust from min e r a l wool, c e r a mic be rs a n d silic a a r e pot e nti a l

c a us e s of c a nc e r.

Accor d ingly, work e rs must us e c a ution to a voi d cr ea ting a n d b r ea thing d ust wh e n s e rvicing b r a k e s. S p e ci c r e comm e n ded work pra ctic e s for r ed ucing e xposur e to non- a s be stos d ust follow. C onsult your e mploy e r for mor e de t a ils.

Recommended Work Practices

1.

Se p a r a t e Work Ar ea s. Wh e n e v e r f ea si b l e , s e rvic e b r a k e s in a s e p a r a t e a r ea a w a y from oth e r

op

e r a tions to r ed uc e risks to unprot e ct ed p e rsons.

2.

R

e spir a tory Prot e ction. O S HA h a s s e t a m a ximum a llow ab l e l e v e l of e xposur e for silic a of 0.1

mg/m 3 a s a n 8-hour tim e -w e ight ed a v e r a g e . S om e m a nuf a ctur e rs of non- a s be stos b r a k e linings r e comm e n d th a t e xposur e s to oth e r ingr ed i e nts foun d in non- a s be stos b r a k e linings be k e pt be low 1.0 f/cc a s a n 8-hour tim e -w e ight ed a v e r a g e . S ci e ntists d is a gr ee , how e v e r, to wh a t e xt e nt ad h e r e nc e to th e s e m a ximum a llow ab l e e xposur e l e v e ls will e limin a t e th e risk of d is ea s e th a t c a n r e sult from inh a ling non- a s be stos d ust.

Th e r e for e , w ea r r e spir a tory prot e ction a t a ll tim e s d uring b r a k e s e rvicing, be ginning with th e

r e mov a l of th e wh ee ls. W ea r a r e spir a tor e quipp ed with a high- e f ci e ncy (HEP A) lt e r a pprov ed b y NIO S H or M S HA, if th e e xposur e l e v e ls m a y e xc eed O S HA or m a nuf a ctur e rs r e comm e n ded m a ximum l e v e ls. Ev e n wh e n e xposur e s a r e e xp e ct ed to be within th e m a ximum a llow ab l e l e v e ls, w ea ring such a r e spir a tor a t a ll tim e s d uring b r a k e s e rvicing will h e lp minimiz e

e

xposur e .

 

3.

Proc ed ur e s for Se rvicing Br a k e s.

a

.

Enclos e th e b r a k e a ss e m b ly within a n e g a tiv e pr e ssur e e nclosur e . Th e e nclosur e should be equipped with a HEPA vacuum and worker arm sleeves. With the enclosure in pl a c e , us e th e HEPA v a cuum to loos e n a n d v a cuum r e si d u e from th e b r a k e p a rts.

b

.

As a n a lt e rn a tiv e proc ed ur e , us e a c a tch ba sin with w a t e r a n d a b io de gr adab l e , non- phosph a t e , w a t e r- ba s ed de t e rg e nt to w a sh th e b r a k e d rum or rotor a n d oth e r b r a k e p a rts. Th e solution shoul d be a ppli ed with low pr e ssur e to pr e v e nt d ust from be coming a ir b orn e . Allow th e solution to ow be tw ee n th e b r a k e d rum a n d th e b r a k e support or th e b r a k e rotor a n d c a lip e r. Th e wh ee l hu b a n d b r a k e a ss e m b ly compon e nts shoul d be thoroughly w e tt ed to suppr e ss d ust be for e th e b r a k e sho e s or b r a k e p ad s a r e r e mov ed . Wip e th e b r a k e p a rts

 

cl

ea n with a cloth.

c.

If

a n e nclos ed v a cuum syst e m or b r a k e w a shing e quipm e nt is not a v a il ab l e , c a r e fully cl ea n

th

e b r a k e p a rts in th e op e n a ir. We t th e p a rts with a solution a ppli ed with a pump-spr a y

b ottl e th a t cr ea t e s a n e mist. Us e a solution cont a ining w a t e r, a n d , if a v a il ab l e , a b io de gr adab l e , non-phosph a t e , w a t e r- ba s ed de t e rg e nt. Th e wh ee l hu b a n d b r a k e a ss e m b ly

compon e nts shoul d be thoroughly w e tt ed to suppr e ss d ust be for e th e b r a k e sho e s or b r a k e

d

.

ad s a r e r e mov ed . Wip e th e b r a k e p a rts cl ea n with a cloth. Wea r a r e spir a tor e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r a pprov ed b y NIO S H or M S HA wh e n grin d ing or

p

 

m

a chining b r a k e linings. In add ition, d o such work in a n a r ea with a loc a l e xh a ust v e ntil a tion

e

.

syst e m e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r. NEVER us e compr e ss ed a ir b y its e lf, d ry b rushing, or a v a cuum not e quipp ed with a HEPA

lt e r wh e n cl ea ning b r a k e p a rts or a ss e m b li e s. NEVER us e c a rcinog e nic solv e nts,

a mm ab l e solv e nts, or solv e nts th a t c a n da m a g e b r a k e compon e nts a s w e tting a g e nts.

4. C l ea ning Work Ar ea s. C l ea n work a r ea s with a v a cuum e quipp ed with a HEPA lt e r or b y w e t

wiping. NEVER us e compr e ss ed a ir or d ry sw ee ping to cl ea n work a r ea s. Wh e n you e mpty

v a cuum cl ea n e rs a n d h