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TRAINING REPORT

ON“BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT”


PAKISTAN JOBS PROJECT USAID/PaRRSA/LASOONA
PaRRSA LED APPRENTICESHIP & INDUSTRIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENTPROGRAM

By
LIVESTOCK TRAINERS & CONSULTANTS
In collaboration with
DEPTT: OF POULTRY SCIENCES AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY PESHAWAR
August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

© 2010-Livestock Trainers & Consultants


All rights reserved
All materials appearing in this report are copyrighted and may be reproduced
with permission of LTC. Any reproduction in full or in part must credit LTCas
the copyright© owner.
Produced by: Dr. Zakir Hussain
Reported by: Dr. Muhammad Inam (Course Coordinator)
Photography by: Mr. Mushtaq & Dr. Muhammad Inam

Pp: 38

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

T
TAABBLLEE O
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NTTS
S
DAY-10 _______________________________________________________ 17
Day-11 _______________________________________________________ 18
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT _________________________________________ 3
DAY -12 ______________________________________________________ 19
ACRONYMS __________________________________________________ 4
DAY-13 _______________________________________________________ 20
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY _________________________________________ 5
DAY-14 _______________________________________________________ 21
THE TRAINING PROGRAMME ___________________________________ 6
DAY-15 _______________________________________________________ 22
OBJECTIVES _________________________________________________ 6
DAY-16 _______________________________________________________ 23
DESIGNING OF TRAINING CURRICULUM _______________________ 6
DAY-17 _______________________________________________________ 24
TRAINING APPROACHES ______________________________________ 6
DAY-18 _______________________________________________________ 25
TRAINING METHODOLOGY ____________________________________ 6
DAY-19 _______________________________________________________ 26
BOARDING & LODGING _______________________________________ 7
DAY-20 _______________________________________________________ 27
PICK & DROP _________________________________________________ 7
DAY-21 _______________________________________________________ 28
MONITORING & EVALUATION__________________________________ 7
DAY-22 _______________________________________________________ 29
TRAINING PROCEEDINGS _______________________________________ 8
DAY-23 _______________________________________________________ 30
DAY-1 _________________________________________________________ 8
DAY-24 _______________________________________________________ 31
DAY -2 ________________________________________________________ 9
DAY-25 _______________________________________________________ 32
DAY-3 ________________________________________________________ 10
ANNEX -1: LIST OF THE TRAINEES _______________________________ 35
DAY -4 _______________________________________________________ 11
ANNEX-2: TRAINING EVALUATION RESULT________________________ 36
DAY-5 ________________________________________________________ 12
ANNEX-3: COURSE EVALUATION SPECIMEN _______________________ 37
DAY-6 ________________________________________________________ 13
ANNEX-4: PRESS CLIPPINGS ____________________________________ 38
DAY-7 ________________________________________________________ 14
DAY-8 ________________________________________________________ 15
DAY-9 ________________________________________________________ 16
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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

A
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department to make the event remarkable. I am also highly grateful to Prof:
Dr. Muhammad Subhan Qureshi Chairman Department of Livestock
Training on Basics of Poultry Management was the 2nd training of LTC
Management FAHVS Agricultural University Peshawar for his support and
with Pakistan Jobs Project USAID/ PaRRSA and Lasoona (Society of
cooperation.
Human & Natural Resource Development). LTC did commitment to impart
a practical oriented and quality in campus training to the farmers, while the I pay my thanks to the panel of instructors for their incredible job in
later showed trust. By the Grace of Allah Almighty we delivered what we imparting skill to these poultry farmers. It was a best team having poultry
pledged. I am highly thankful to Allah Almighty for His Blessings that researchers like Dr. FR Durrani, Dr. Naila Imtiaz, Mr. Mushtaq, and Dr.
enable my organization to accept the challenges. Mashooq Ali, poultry experts like Dr. Khalid, Dr. Muhammad Israr,
Dr. Hasnain, and Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan. I appreciate remarkable efforts of
I extend gratitude on behalf of LTC to the Worthy Vice Chancellor KP
all of them.
Agricultural University Peshawar, Prof: Dr. Khan Bahadur Marwat for his
strong support, encouragement and appreciation regarding this training. I applaud the commendable job of Dr. Muhammad Inam Course
Coordinator LTC, for his zeal, effective coordination, overall supervision
I am grateful to the Executive Director Lasoona Mr. Azam Khan and
and successful arrangements of this training. It will not be fair if I do not
Mr. Asghar Khan, Program Manager Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation,
appreciate the laborious work (compilation of the training report) of Dr.
Mr. Ihsan Project Manager Pakistan Jobs Project Lasoona, for their trust
Zakir Hussain.
and confidence shown in LTC. Let me extend my gratitude to Mr. Iftikhar
Uddin Director KP Pakistan Jobs Project, Mr. Asad Ali NRM Coordinator In last but not least I am grateful to The Chairman LTC Dr. Nazir Ahmad for
PaRRSA and Mr. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector Specialist Pakistan Job his critical insight, trust, personal interest and full cooperation.
Project for his full support and cooperation. I applaud the remarkable
efforts of Dr. Ihsan Ullah, Livestock Specialist PJP Lasoona, for his
selection of highly deserving farmers for the training.

The sincere efforts of the Dean Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary
Sciences, Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib in successful conduction of this training
is unparallel. In my view, the whole credit of this training goes to him. He Shaukat Khan
spared time from his busy schedule and personally evaluated the training. I Program Director
am highly thankful to him for his very strong support, encouragement and LTC KP Peshawar
best coordination.

Let me extend my special gratitude to the training Organizer Assist: Prof:


Dr. Naila Imtiaz for her efforts in successful conduction of the training. She
organized the training and mobilized all the available facilities of her

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

A
ACCR
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NYYM
MSS

AUP Agricultural University Peshawar


CRD Chronic Respiratory Disease
FAHVS Faculty of Animal Husbandry &Veterinary Sciences
FCR Feed Consumption Ratio
HPS Hydro Pericardium Syndrome
IBD Infectious Bursal Disease
KP Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
LM Livestock Management
LTC Livestock Trainers &Consultants
ND Newcastle Disease
NDV Newcastle Disease Vaccine
PaRRSA Provincial Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Settlement
Authority
PJP Pakistan Job Project
USAID United States Agency for International Development
VRI Veterinary Research Institute

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

EEX
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In the last part of the report various relevant documents are annexed to
make the report more understandable. The annexure consist of list of the
LTC is working as Training Services Provider in collaboration with Faculty trainees, evaluation profarma of the training course, initial and final
of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences KP Agricultural University evaluation of the trainees. This section also consists of clipping regarding
Peshawar and provides quality services to the farmers of various the said training in the national press.
governmental and non governmental organizations. 25 days training on The training report has also glimpses of Monitoring and Evaluation
“basics of poultry management” Pakistan Jobs Project conducted by LTC, AUP, Lasoona Organization and teams of Pakistan
USAID/PaRRSA/Lasoona Was Part of PaRRSA Led Apprenticeship & Jobs Project USAID/PaRRSA.
Industrial Sector Development Program. Lasoona (Society for human &
Natural Resource Development) and LTC agreed on to conduct the said
training in the very prestigious Poultry Sciences Department of AUP. LTC
is as usual committed to impart above 70% practical training and shared
the idea of provision of day old chicks for the said purpose with Pakistan
Jobs Project. The training was started from July 27 in the University
Campus. The participants were stayed in Emerald Guest House University
Town. For pick & dropt LTC provided University Bus to facilitate the
trainees. The panel of resource persons consisted of 16 members had
poultry researchers from the University, poultry experts from the field and
trainers from LTC. The curriculum was designed in such a manner that in
the first five days the trainees were taught basics of Poultry shed, brooding
ring and farm sanitation and disinfection, while in the second part chicks
rearing in experimental farm was planned. Day to day management
practices was a compulsory class in which the participants conducted
management practices with their own hands.
Dr. Muhammad Inam was the course coordinator; he facilitated the trainees
during the training hours in the venue and after the training in their
residence. The training organizer Assistant Prof: Dr. Naila Imtiaz fully
supported the activity and tried her best to make the training successful.
In the training report first part is about introduction to the course,
background of the organization, training approaches, training methodology
and Boarding Lodging.
In the second part, days wise activities are explained and glimpses of these
activities are pasted in the form of pictures. To make the report short and
comprehensive visual depiction of the activities was given preference over
narrative details.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

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MEE DESIGNING OF TRAINING CURRICULUM
“People are born with intrinsic motivation, self-esteem, and dignity, curiosity The training curriculum contains most of the topics which were of crucial
to learn and joy in learning” importance for the farmers that are involved in poultry. This curriculum has
been developed for the poultry farmers and tested with successful results
W. Edwards Deming in the farming community during the trainings. Timely suggestions and
valuable inputs both from the farmers and experts have been incorporated
for improvement. However for further improvement, there is still a vacuum
Poultry is the 2nd biggest industry after Textile contributing to the national that has to be filled from time to time with valuable inputs from the farmers
economy. The contribution of poultry in meat is up to 19%. Broiler farming and experts as well. But after the arrival of the trainees, Livestock Trainers
is one of the feasible businesses for small farmers. In our rural areas where & Consultants conducted a Training Need Assessment session to evaluate
poverty is dominant in communities, broiler farming may become a better the participants and to address the problems faced by them in their real life
so that to make the training programme more purposeful. The predesigned
livelihood mean and a source of self-employment. curriculum was incorporated with the problems of the farmers identified
during the TNA.
This sort of training has equipped the trainees with modern poultry
practices and know-how of broiler farming. They will be able to maintain bio TRAINING APPROACHES
security and bio safety protocols at their farm that will lead to safe and
sound poultry production. LTC believes in quality and is therefore committed to conduct practical
based trainings so as to equip the trainees with new skills and knowledge.
OBJECTIVES Our trainers are more person’s centered and less subject centered by
exercising unique training approaches
The objectives of the above training were as under:

 To impart skill to the farmers regarding general Poultry Participatory training approach
Management.
Hands on training approach.
 To develop the competences of the target farmerson scientific
lines.

 To transfer modern Poultry husbandry practices for wider TRAINING METHODOLOGY


adoption and replication. The most important thing in a training programme is its training
methodology that can make the training programme more fruitful and result
 To develop a cadre of skilled human resource for Poultry Industry.
oriented. The result of every training programme is the acquisition of
 To create self-employment opportunities at rural level. knowledge, building of skill and change in the attitude of the participants.
This training was more than 70% practical oriented with unique training
methodologies of Trail Error and Learning by Doing. Our training

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

methodologies enable the trainees to feel the gap where they were and A special Monitoring Team of Pakistan Jobs Project also visited the venue
where they wanted to be in the mid of the training. They evaluated various training activities on the
spot. They also interviewed randomly selected trainees about the training
BOARDING & LODGING and got satisfactory answers. The team appreciated the atmosphere,
LTC provided a standard Guest House (Emerald Lodge) having well- methodology, course contents, and hands on training and participatory
furnished and Air Conditioned rooms at University Town Peshawar, the approaches of the training. They also expressed their satisfaction and
near most accommodation to the training Venue. Our aim was to provide a pleasure about the quality of Boarding & Lodging provided by LTC to the
clean, peaceful and comfortable environment to our trainees. The boarding trainees.
& lodging Facility was appreciated by the participants as well as concerned
personnel of the Pakistan Jobs Project.

PICK & DROP


To make the trainees more facilitated and save the time, they were
provided with pick & drop facility. For this purpose LTC hired Bus from
Agricultural University Peshawar. The bus was used to pick them from their
residence and Drop them in the training Venue and vice versa.

MONITORING & EVALUATION


LTC has a well-established monitoring and evaluation system of its
training. The system covers monitoring directly from LTC and monitoring
A glimpse of residence provided by LTC to the trainees
and evaluation from the concerned department of the University. If the
donor organization wants to monitor & evaluate the training activities
directly by their own team, it is highly encouraged. In this training a full time
training Coordinator and training supervisor was covering the daily training
activities and he regularly reported to LTC Head Office. Prof: Dr. Ghulam
Habib Dean FAHVS took personal interest in the evaluation process and
he evaluated the participants at the start, mid and then at the end of the
training. He highly appreciated the standard and quality of the training.

Similarly Dr. Ihsan Ullah Livestock Officer Pakistan Jobs Project Lasoona
and Mr. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector Specialist Pakistan Jobs Project
visited the training venue time to time and observed the training activities.
They were also very satisfied regarding the training procedures. Pick & drop facility for the trainees

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

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After the Ceremony the trainees were backed to the training venue where
our learned resource person Dr. Naila Imtiaz conducted TNA with the help
DAY-1 of white charts and group discussion. Instructor Mr. Mushtaq gave a tour
around the training facilities to the participants.
On the first day of the training, the trainees were brought from the Guest
House to training Venue through University Bus. They were registered and
school’s items including writing pad, ball point, and a file folder, was
distributed among the participants. Then the inaugural ceremony was
conducted in the VC’s Committee Room. The Ceremony was started with
the recitation of the Holly Quran by Dr. Inam. Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib Dean
FAHVS welcomed the participants. He stressed the need for skill
development. The honorable Dean also briefed the trainees regarding Prof: Dr. MS Qureshi in Opening Ceremony Dr. Ihsan L.O Lasoona Organization
facilities in the prestigious Department of Poultry Sciences. He lauded the
idea of Chicks rearing during the training to make the training more
practical oriented. Course Introduction was presented by Madam Naila
Imtiaz, while Prof: Dr. Muhammad Subhan Qureshi threw light on the
importance of Poultry farming particularly in rural areas of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. The Program Director LTC Dr. Shaukat Khan claimed that
this training will be more than 70% practical. He assured the participants of
every possible facility regarding the training. Later on Dr. Ihsan Ullah
Livestock Officer Lasoona Organization shared the role of his organization Dean FAHVS, Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib Mr. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector
in Pakistan Jobs Project. He hoped the need for practical oriented training. welcomes the participants to the training Specialist Pakistan Jobs Project
Mr. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector Specialist PJP introduced Pakistan
Jobs Project. He briefed the audience about the mandate and role of his
Project especially in militancy hit areas like Swat.

The Chief Guest of the event, the Acting Vice Chancellor Prof: Dr.
Muhammad Naeem in his speech appreciated the initiatives taken by LTC
in collaboration with AUP for Capacity Building of the farmers. He
welcomed all the participants to the University. He also directed the
concerned staff of the Poultry department to provide possible help and
support for successful conduction of the training. At the end the guests and The Honorable Chief Guest Acting V.C AUP A group Photo of the trainees with VC at
Prof: Dr. M. Naeem addresses the audience Agricultural University Peshawar
participants were provided with light refreshment from LTC.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY -2

In the 2nd day of training the farmers were engaged for the whole day by a
well experienced teacher of the department ex dean FAHVS
Prof: (rtd) Dr. Fazal Raziq Durrani. He started the session with introduction
to poultry Farming. He enlightened the importance of white meat, its
demand and supply gap in Pakistan. Dr. Durrani told the trainees in detail
the pre-requisites for construction of a poultry farm. He stressed on proper
planning before Poultry Farm construction. He told the participants that
how and where they should construct their farm and what should be the
distance of a poultry farm from the human population.

Prof: Durrani introducing participants to poultry farming The learned resource Person also shared his past 38 years’ experience
with the farmers. They were told about various factors that affect poultry
marketing. The whole day was very interactive, participatory and
informative. The farmers were quite enthusiastic about new learning

“Listenmy boys!this the experience of almost 38 years”

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-3

The day was started with lecture of Dr. Naila Imtiaz. She discussed in detail
different housing designs. The learned trainer discussed thoroughly each
aspect of each designs in respect to local climate. The participants were
told that what type of Poultry shed is deemed fit in their area. The session
was interactive in nature comprising asking telling and group discussion.

Mr. Mushtaq the 2nd resource person of the day leaded the trainees to the
poultry farm in the vicinity. They were told how to clean and disinfect the
shed before arrival of the checks. The trainer discussed the importance of
disinfection and various tools of disinfection of a poultry shed. Mr. Mushtaq
described in detail the importance and technique of fumigation. The
farmers were told regarding the procedure and steps of fumigation. The
theory was followed by practical. The trainees were instructed to first wash
all the utensils of the farm with their own hands and then they were told to
do the fumigation process by themselves. The farmers highly appreciated
the session. They were emotional to learn the mechanism of fumigation
which was a very new practice for them.

Mr. Mushtaq told the participants about the significant role of disinfection of
Poultry farm in disease prevention and control. He stressed on proper
cleaning and disinfection of the farm as a small negligence on the part of
the farmers that result in huge losses.
Learning By doing: Cleaning and disinfection of shed and utensils by washing, dusting and fumigation

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY -4

In the first session of the day Dr. Naila Imtiaz practically performed
preparation of the poultry farm before the arrival of chicks. She discussed
all the necessary steps that must be taken before arrival of chicks. She
stressed on cleaning and preparation of brooding area before arrival of
chicks. She told the participants regarding main objectives of the
preparation of shed before arrival of chicks.

2nd session was continued by Dr. Inam. He discussed the brooding


requirements for chicks. He kept the participants engaged in practical along
with asking telling. His main focus was on fulfillment of these requirements
and its limitations regarding brooding.

Brooding area was calculated by the farmers themselves under the


supervision of Dr. Naila Imtiaz. The participants were divided in to two
groups for future practical demonstrations. The trainees were told about the
shape of brooder i.e. circle type or ring shape. They were told about the
reason behind the ring shape brooding as it protects chicks from huddling
in the corners. Each group prepared the brooding ring by themselves as
learning by doing is our main training methodology. The session was very
interesting and informative for the farmers as they had learnt very new
practices in poultry farming. The farmers took keen interests in the
activities of the day.
Hands on training approach: Brooding Area calculation and Brooding ring
preparation under the supervision of Dr. Naila Imtiaz

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-5

The farmers were divided in to two groups and each group was assigned a
separate brooder and chicks rearing and management. The farmers were
asked to prepare brooding ring for second group. They did with their own
hands under the supervision of Dr. Naila Imtiaz.

In the second session Dr. Fazale Raziq Durrani discussed about brooding
chicks management on day 1st. He shared the technicalities and steps that
should be taken in brooding management when chicks arrive at the farm.
The learned resource person also told the participants that how to manage
feeder on day first. He also discussed with the trainees the feeding space
area, cleaning of feeder, quantity of feed in feeder and number of feeders
required.
Participatory Training Approach: Lets start to make brooding Ring
The last session was on drinker management. Mr.Mushtaq was the
resource person. He taught to the trainees the know-how of feeder
management. He thoroughly discussed the management of drinker like
water quality, number of drinkers, space of drinkers, water level in drinker
and filling of drinker from water etc. He asked the trainees to do the
practice to achieve perfection in drinker management. The learning by
doing was exercised in the session.

“Good: Now you have done the job”

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-6

The day was started with feeder management. The farmers were asked to
practice all the relevant steps of feeder management with their own hands.
Mr. Mushtaq supervised the trainees and they did what they learnt previous
day regarding feeder management. After that the participants of the training
were asked to practice drinker management. The farmers took keen
interest in the session as they were working with their own hands while
Mr. Mushtaq was just supervising them.

Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan another well-known Master Trainer of LTC started
his session. He started the session with the discussion about feeding and
watering space standards according to different climatic conditions. He
shared advanced practices of feeding and watering with the farmers. He
also emphasized on proper feeding management as it cost up to 70% of
Poultry farming.

He also mentioned different space standards for round and long drinkers
and feeders. The session was based on group discussion, asking telling
technique and participatory approach that is why the farmers highly
appreciated it.

Drinker and feeder management: do with your own hands you will remember for
\
your whole life. Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan and the trainees

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-7

Prof: Dr. Fazale Raziq Durrani elaborated various climatic standards for
poultry farming in general and broiler farming in particular in his session.
He discussed different managemental tools that should be adopted in
different climatic conditions.

The same resource person in his second lecture discussed the bio-security
measures in broiler poultry farming. His lecture mainly covered isolation of
diseased birds and their culling, traffic control, adoption of various bio-
security measures, strictly following the bio-security measures inside and
outside of the farm.

Dr. Inam demonstrated the watering of chicks. As the chicks were planned
to be arrived on day 6, but unfortunately the 28th July Floods in KP blocked
all the linked roads to Peshawar for more than four days. Due to that
natural calamity the chicks could not reached in time. But the participants
practiced the watering of chicks on the farm in absence of chicks.

In the next session Mr. Mushtaq lecturer Poultry Sciences Department


asked the participants to practice the feeding of chicks. They were asked to
practically perform the measurements of feeding troughs. They also did
calculation of different feeding troughs for different ages of birds.

Later on Mr.Mushtaq told the significance of record keeping. The trainees


were briefed about the proper record keeping. The learned resource
person also discussed various components of record keeping. He also
discussed various types of record keeping. The whole day was very
interactive and informative for the trainees.
Discussion in class room: Mr. Mushtaq and the participants

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-8

The day was started with the lecture of Dr. Muhammad Israr, the resource
person who had years of experience in poultry farm management and
handling of poultry health related issues. The expert discussed the
importance of record keeping in practical poultry farming. He also provided
various patterns of record keeping.

In the next session Mr. Mushtaq performed day to day management


practices in the farm. The participants were asked to note the shed
temperature, ventilation, light and other relevant parameters. They were
practiced that how to enter a farm following full bio-security measures. The
farmers did the recordings and noted in their note books.

Dr. Inam gave assignments to the trainees for practical record keeping.
The participants were divided in to various groups and each group was
Dr. Muhammad Israr teaching record keeping to the trainees
asked to make proforma for record keeping. Then each group presented its
group work.

Dr. Khalid Khan a Poultry Expert from the field was requested by LTC to
participate in the training as resource person that the trainees could learn
more knowledge and skill regarding applied poultry sciences. His session
was on “reducing feed cost in broilers”. He stressed on selection of
good quality chicks, separation of smaller chicks from the normal flock,
provision of quality feed, proper feeding management as well as proper
feeder management. He told the trainees that if they could focus on all the
above parameters then they would be able to reduce feed cost in their
broiler farming. The session was based on practical demonstrations which
the farmers highly appreciated.

Day to day Management Practices at farm

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-9

On this day chicks for demonstration arrived to the farm. Mr. Mushtaq
started day 1st management of chicks. He asked the participants to do the
chicks management with their own hands. The trainees did chicks
counting, shifting of chicks from boxes to brooding area and weighting of
chicks etc under the supervision of Mr. Mushtaq.

Later on Dr. Hasnain discussed the health signs and made aware the
trainees about the tips through which they could judge their flock whether it
is healthy or not. He also told about the major signs of a disease in a flock
in order to enable the trainees to observe disease in their flock
instantaneously.

Mr. Mushtaq gave lecture on the effects of toxic gases in the poultry shed.
He discussed various causes of production of these toxic gases in a poultry Chicks Counting at arrival to the farm Shifting of chicks from boxes to brooder
shed. The learned resource person also told the correcting remedies for
these gases. He also taught different preventive measures to control toxic
gases production in a poultry shed.

Then the session was followed by practical demonstration regarding control


of various toxic gases in a poultry shed. The trainers applied hands on
training approach in the session. The participants practiced all the control
measures on farm.

Weighing of Chicks Record Keeping

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-10

The day was started from the session of Dr. Muhammad Israr in which the
expert discussed FCR, its importance, and its calculation. He also informed
the participants regarding standard values of Feed Consumption Ratio for
comparing their values with the standard values. The session was quite
informative.

In the second session Dr. Naila Imtiaz started day to day management
practices at farm. She supervised the trainees and they performed all the
management including flock observation, record keeping, watering and
feeding etc. She also discussed about the seasonal management of
Poultry Shed and various managemental practices for poultry farm
management in different seasons.

Mr. Mushtaq discussed about the managemental causes of diseases in a


poultry farm. He elaborated various causes and stressed on proper
management. The resource person sensitized the trainees that their minor
Dr. NailaImtiaz discussing management practices in class before entering to poultry farm negligence can cause severe disease outbreak at the farm.

In the last session of the day Dr. Mashooq Ali told the farmers about
vaccination schedule for broilers. He composed vaccination Schedule with
the help of the participants’ for the current flock at the demonstrative farm.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

Day-11

The day was started with the day to day management on farm. Dr. Inam
facilitated the farmers at the farm and they performed day to day
management with their own hands.

The second resource person of the day was Dr. Naila Imtiaz. She
discussed about vaccines that covered principles, nature of vaccines,
limitations in vaccines and types of vaccines. The theory session was
followed by Vaccination practical. The participants were told about the
procedure of preparation and administration of NDV in 1st week of chicks.
The trainees were asked to prepare the vaccine for administration. When
they did with their own hands then members of each group were asked to
vaccinate chicks against Newcastle Disease. The trainees performed the
Day to day management practices mixing of antitoxin in feed
vaccination with learning by doing technique.

Later on Dr. Hasnain presented an informative discussion on IBD


(Gamboro Disease). He explained the cause, signs and symptoms of the
disease. He also pointed the organs where the lesions of the disease can
be observed on post mortem examination. The trainees were eager to
learn about the disease as it causes huge mortality in a farm whenever
occurs.

Trainees administering NDV in chicks with their own hands

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY -12

The day was started with day to day management practices in which
routine managemental practices like flock observation, record keeping,
watering and feeding of chicks etc were done by the trainees in supervision
of Dr. Muhammad Inam.

Dr. Mashooq Ali an expert in Poultry Health in his session discussed about
Newcastle Disease. He explained the cause; transferring and spreading of
the disease along with signs and symptoms in live as well as dead birds.
He also discussed the control strategies of the disease.

Similarly another resource person Dr. Shahid Zaman briefed the trainees
regarding Salmonellosis which also known as Fowl Typhoid and discussed
different aspects of the disease.

In this session the learned resource person Dr. Mashooq Ali presented
details regarding Omphalitis and discussed various diagnostic points of the
disease. He told the participants that how they can prevent and control the
disease in their flock. They were also told about the management during
Prof: Dr. M. Subhan Qureshi Technical Advisor LTC teaching
international Marketing of white meat the occurrence of the disease in the farm.

The last session was attended by Prof: Dr. Muhammad Subhan Qureshi a
well-known Scientist and currently chairman of the department of Livestock
Management. He explained to the farmers the current scenario regarding
White meat and international marketing channels for white meat marketing.
He stressed on value addition and branding of meat especially white meat
to make more profits. The learned Professor told the farmers that
internationally people pay more for quality rather than quantity that is why
the farmers should focus on quality farming.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-13

Day to day management practices at farm was performed by trainees in


supervision of Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan. The learned Instructor demonstrated
to the trainees very important points in management. He taught them, how
to check the moisture in the litter, how to maintain shed temperature and
what are the proper techniques of feeding and drinking of chicks.

Dr. Zakir Hussain briefed the participants regarding CRD its causes, signs
and symptoms. He also explained the possible treatment of disease.

Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan discussed the two most occurring diseases of
broilers which are colibacillosis and ascites. He stressed on precautionary
measures to prevent the diseases as usually ascites causes huge losses in
form of chick’s mortality in District Swat.

The second most important disease HPS or Hydro pericardium Syndrome Dr. Saeed Ullah Khan discussing Poultry Diseases with the trainees
cause huge mortality in broilers. The farmers were made aware regarding
the disease by our Resource Person Dr. Zakir Hussain. The resource
person explained all aspects of the disease including cause, signs and
symptoms in live and dead birds etc.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-14

Daily routine management practices at farm were performed by the


trainees under the supervision of Dr. Mashooq Ali. Later on Dr. Mashooq
Ali demonstrated anatomy of chicken. The aim of the session was to
enable the participants that they can identify various organs and parts of
chicken which is helpful in post mortem examination. The trainer
demonstrated each and every gross organ of chicken to the trainees in
reference to its local names and importance in disease identification.

In the next session Dr. Hasnain discussed different marketing channels in


poultry marketing. He taught the importance of planning and strategies for
successful marketing.

In the last session of the day Dr. Naila Imtiaz an expert in poultry Sciences
made aware the participants regarding role of different herbs and medicinal
Record keeping has a significant role in poultry enterprise plants in growth and disease control in broiler. She discussed in detail
important herbs and plants their characteristics and administration in
broilers. The farmers were very enthusiastic to learn about it.

Dr. Mashooq demonstrating Avian Anatomy Dr. Hasnain explaining Marketing

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-15

On this day Mr. Mushtaq was the resource person for the first session. He
briefed the participants regarding IBD Vaccination in chicks. He also
discussed about the schedule of the IBD vaccination. The session was
incorporated with various questions of the farmers regarding Gamboro
Disease.

Prof: Dr. Naila Imtiaz discussed about the feasibility of a broiler poultry
farm. She taught the participants that how they will make feasibility of a
poultry farm when they want to start a poultry farm. She also threw light on
the significance of feasibility. Later on she gave home assignments to the
trainees and they were asked to prepare feasibility report of 1000 broiler
Monitoring Team of Pakistan Jobs Project during Class
chicks and then present in the class room. evaluation

During the session monitoring team of Pakistan Jobs Project reached to


the venue and evaluated the training. They highly appreciated the training
standards and methodology. They specially appreciated the practical
oriented aspects of the training.

In the last session the trainees performed their routine duty i.e. day to day
management practice at farm under the supervision of Dr. Muhammad
Inam.

Evaluation of randomly selected trainees

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-16

Day to day management at farm was performed by the trainees under the
supervision of Dr. Muhammad Inam. They noted record of the flock and
perform various management practices like watering, feeding, flock
observation etc.

In the second session Dr. Mashooq Ali discussed Coccidiosis disease in


flock with the trainees. He informed the farmers regarding causative agent
of the disease, types of the disease, its clinical signs and symptoms and
postmortem lesions. He also told the possible treatment of the disease and
preventive measures of Coccidiosis in birds.

Dr. Hasnain was the last resource person of the day. He told the trainees
about various marketing channels for poultry marketing. He tried to incline
the farmers to self-marketing. Different strategies were chalked out for
Dr. Mashooq discussing about Coccidiosis in poultry
successful poultry marketing. The session was mostly based on asking
telling technique.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-17

Dr. Mashooq Ali guided the trainees in day to day management practices at
farm. The trainees did flock observation, flock record. Temperature and
other parameters were checked by the trainees.

In the next session Dr. Khalid Khan discussed about Post Mortem
Examination. He demonstrated the post mortem examination to the farmers
of each group on dead birds. Each group observed the whole procedure
and practically participated in the post mortem examination of these birds.
The session was based on practical demonstration assisted by asking
telling technique both from the resource person and participants.

Dr. Hasnain discussed various marketing strategies. He also gave home


assignments to the trainees on poultry marketing.

Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib Dean FAHVS took keen interest and evaluated the
training at various stages. He visited the venue along with Dr. Naila Imtiaz
and evaluated the training. The trainees presented their home assignments
on farm feasibility and Dr. Habib asked various questions regarding their
homework. The learned Professor highly appreciated the work of these
trainees. Then Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib asked various questions from the
participants in previous topics to know if any deficiency or short coming A trainee presenting feasibility report and Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib and Dr. Naila Imtiaz evaluating
exists. In last Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib expressed his full satisfaction over the course

the standards of the training. He also appreciated the work done by the
trainers during the training and strong determination of LTC.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-18

An excursion visit to the Veterinary Research Institute Peshawar was the


part of Course Curriculum. The management of LTC did all the necessary
arrangements and VRI concerned staff was available for facilitation of
these trainees. The trainees were brought to the institute by the University
Bus in supervision of Dr. Muhammad Inam, where Dr. Zakir Hussain HRM
LTC welcomed the participants at the entrance gate. Dr. Willayat Hussain
In charge Poultry Division VRI gave a tour around the Poultry division to
the trainees. He gave full information of all the relevant facilities regarding
Poultry in VRI for the farmers.
Dr. Willayat Hussain SRO briefing the trainees regarding VRI during their visit Then Dr. Khalid Khan in charge Post Mortem Section gave a detail account
on post mortem examination in poultry farming. The section was one of the
busy sections of the institute having tens of post mortem cases daily. Dr.
Khalid performed post mortem examination on dead birds brought by
various farmers of the adjacent districts of Peshawar. The trainees took
keen interest in this post mortem and were very excited when they
observed all the clinical signs and lesions of diseases in those dead birds.
The treatment prescribed by the learned Poultry Expert was also shared
with them.
Dr. Khalid demonstrating Post Mortem Post Mortem Lesions in a dead bird
The whole day was very fruitful and informative for the young Poultry
farmers of District Swat.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-19

Day to day Management Practices were performed by the trainees in


supervision of Dr. Muhammad Israr. He also assessed the trainees for
accuracy. In his session he explained the techniques of reducing the
humidity in a shed.

Dr. Noor Muhammad a well experienced personality in Poultry sciences


was requested to spare some time and share his experiences with the
trainees. He informed the trainees about the endemic flu in birds and its
consequences in case of outbreak. He also discussed various respiratory
diseases and their similarities with Endemic flu. The learned Resource
Person also mentioned the points on which differential diagnosis is
possible.
Day to day Farm Management in the experimental Poultry farm at Training Venue
Later on Dr. Hasnain attended his session. The trainees presented their
home assignment on Poultry Marketing in the class. The instructor pointed
out the shortcomings and guided the trainees in marketing. Dr. Hasnain
appreciated the work done by the trainees.

Home Assignment Presentation Dr. Hasnain elaborating marketing

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-20

Dr. Zakir Hussain started day to day management at farm along the
trainees. The trainees checked house temperature, moisture content in
litter, feeding and watering of chicks besides flock observation and record
keeping.

In the next session the resource person Dr. Khalid Khan an expert of
Poultry especially in post mortem examination imparted skill of post
Day to day farm management mortem examination to the trainees. He first discussed importance of post
mortem examination, its procedure and techniques. Then the learned
instructor demonstrated post mortem examination and pointed out various
organs and their importance in disease diagnosis.

In the last session of the day the farmers had to perform farm duty. They
were asked to manage watering and feeding of chicks without the
supervision of facilitator/instructor. The aim of the activity was to make the
trainees more bold and decision maker on their own behalf.

Dr. Khalid guiding the trainees in day to day management

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-21

Vaccination for Hydro pericardium Syndrome was to be carried out but due
late arrival of the chicks could not performed, so general discussion about
hydro pericardium was given by Muhammad Mushtaq. He also gave
general discussion regarding broiler farming.

Dr. Sher Alam supervised the daily routine practices of the farmers. He
stressed on proper managemental practices through which the disease can
be prevented. Then the farmers performed the farm duty in the supervision
of course coordinator.
Day old Chick: 04-08-2010
He also discussed the methodology with trainees through which general
observations of the flock can be performed that whether it’s healthy or
some problem exists in the flock

Hence most of the activities were performed by the trainees and they were
kept busy at the daily practices.

11 days old Chick: 17-08-2010

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-22

Daily routine practices were performed by the trainees in the supervision of


Dr. Mohammad Israr. The practices were observed by him and suggestions
for its improvement were given.

Chick grading were also taught by Dr. Muhammad Israr. He told the tips
through which one can differentiate between the chicks whether the chick
is Grade A or Grade B. Flock observation was performed and discussed
with the trainees for practical experience.

Then the farm duty was conducted by the trainees participating in different
farm activities. Thus the day was mostly practical and the trainees gave
their full time.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-23

Trainees performed the daily routine practices at the farm in the


supervision of course coordinator then the farmers were taught about the
practices through which immunity against disease are developed. He
mentioned all the tips including vaccination through which the immunity
against the diseases could be maintained. The facilitator for the session
was Dr. Muhammad Inam.

The economic analysis of the group work of the trainees were performed &
discussed by Dr. Naila Imtiaz. She arranged presentations of the trainees
on the current group analysis. She calculated the feed conversion ratio of
the experimental flock

Thus the trainees were kept busy in the practical works and their Day To Day Farm Management
participation was highly appreciated. The trainees were quite happy for
their encouragement.

Participants are busy in record keeping

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-24

Day to day management practices at farm were done by the trainees and
Mr. Muhammad Inam supervised them. The training participants observed
flock status, did record keeping and practice watering and feeding of
chicks.

As it was the 2nd last day of the training, the trainees had to be evaluated
in both practical and theory of what they learnt. Dr. Naila Imtiaz and Mr.
Mushtaq were the examiners. First was viva session, the examiners
asked about various practical procedures from the trainees one by one.
They were asked to explain the practice verbally and then demonstrate it.
The trainees showed confidence and demonstrated each tool and practice
Viva voce: trainees and the examiners Dr. Naila Imtiaz and Mr. Mushtaq they had been asked for.
In the last session of the day the trainees took examination paper prepared
by LTC from the course curriculum. The exam duty was performed by Mr.
Mushtaq and Dr. Muhammad Inam. A proper examination discipline was
applied during the paper and the trainees attempted their papers 100%.
The result of the evaluation paper is annexed as Annex-2

Poultry Management paper: the trainees are busy in attempting paper

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

DAY-25

The day was started with course evaluation by Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib. He
gave a proforma to the trainees and they were asked to assess, the course
contents, training methodology, trainers approach and practical
demonstration. The participants appreciated all aspects of the training in
general and practical demonstrations in particular, in their written remarks.

Then the closing ceremony was started in the Video Conference Room of
the Agricultural University Peshawar. The Chief Guest for the ceremony
was the worthy Vice Chancellor KP Agricultural University Peshawar Prof:
Dr. Khan Bahadur Marwat. The event was attended by Prof: Dr. Ghulam Dr. G. Habib evaluating the training course
Habib Dean FAHVS, Dr. Naila Imtiaz, Dr. Shaukat Khan Program Director
LTC, and Dr. Ihsanullah Livestock Officer PJP Lasoona, Mr. Iftikhar Uddin The formal ceremony was started with the recitation of the Holly Quran by
Director KP Pakistan Jobs Project, Mr. Asad Ali NRM Coordinator a participant of the training. Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib presented course
PaRRSA, Mr. Asad PJP, and Mr. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector Specialist overview. He appreciated the zeal and interest of the trainees. He also
Pakistan Job Project. applauded the efforts of all the resource persons in general and Dr. Naila
Imtiaz, Mr.Mushtaq and Dr. Muhammad Inam in particular.

Dr. Shaukat Khan Program Director LTC in his remarks paid thanks to the
worthy Vice Chancellor for his keen interest in such like developmental
activities. He also extended his gratitude to Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib for his
full support and encouragement in the training. He also appreciated the
learning thirst of these young Poultry Farmers. The PD LTC offered free on
farm visits to the farms of those trainees.

Dr. Ihsan Ullah representative of Lasoona Organization appreciated the


efforts of LTC and AUP staff in successful conduction of the training. He
also lauded the efforts of Program Director LTC for his provision of all the
Prof: Dr. Ghulam Habib presenting Course overview possible facilities to the participants during the training.

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

Mr. Asad Ali NRM Coordinator PaRRSA briefed the audience about role of
PaRRSA. He stressed on coordinating efforts for poverty alleviation and
rural development.

Mr. Iftikhar Uddin Director KP Program of PJP appreciated the role of LTC
and AUP in conduction of a practical oriented training. He assured his
possible help to the trainees in their placement to earn better livelihood. He
also extended his special thanks to the Chief Guest for his full support and
encouragement.

The Chief Guest of the event, Prof: Dr. Khan Bahadur Vice Chancellor in
his address appreciated the joint collaboration of LTC and FAHVS. He
stressed on skill development and offered facilities of the University for this
purpose. The Chief Guest advised the trainees to keep liaison with the
university for future guidance.
Closing Ceremony: A View of the audience in the Conference Hall

Later on the Chief Guest distributed Course Completion Certificates among


the training participants. The Program Director LTC also presented
distinction certificate to the top three position holders among the trainees.

Vote of thanks was paid by Assistant Prof: Dr. Naila Imtiaz and a group
photo of the participants was taken with the honorable guests.

Mr. Asad Ali NRM Coordinator PaRRSA Dr. Ihsan Ullah LO Lasoona

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

The Chief Guest Vice Chancellor AUP Prof: Dr. Khan Bahadur Marwat addressing the
audience in the closing ceremony of 25 days Poultry training Mr. Iftikhar Uddin, Director KP Pakistan Jobs Project in closing Ceremony addresses

Various glimpses of Certificate Distributions: the Chief Guest and other honorable guests distributing certificates in closing ceremony

34 Livestock Trainers & Consultants KP Peshawar , www.ltc.org.pk , 091-2583580,091-5510235


August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

A
ANNN
NEEX
X --11:: LLIIS
STTO
OFF T
THHEE T
TRRA
AIIN
NEEEES
S
S.# Registration Name Address
1. 346-LTC/2010 Abdul Mastan DarbarDheri P/O Deolai Tehsil & District Swat
2. 347-LTC/2010 Adnan Khan MohallaMatra Bara Bandai Tehsil & District Swat
3. 348-LTC/2010 Arshad Ali MohallaShahi Abad P/O & Tehsil Kabal District
Swat
4. 349-LTC/2010 AttaUllah SimDeoli P/O Deolai Tehsil & District
5. 350-LTC/2010 Aziz Ahmad Koz Cham Tehsil &Distict Swat
6. 351-LTC/2010 Farman Ali Khan Village Ghari Tehsil & District Swat
7. 352-LTC/2010 FazalHussain Shah Dheri Tehsil & District Swat
8. 353-LTC/2010 FazalHussain AkhunKalaiKabal Tehsil & District Swat
9. 354-LTC/2010 Haroonur Rashid MohallaMatra Bara Bandai Tehsil & District Swat
10. 355-LTC/2010 Hussain Ali Shah Dheri Tehsil & District Swat
11. 356-LTC/2010 Ilyas Khaista Abad Hazara Tehsil & District Swat
12. 357-LTC/2010 Imran Khan Chino Kalai Tehsil KhwazaKhela District Swat
13. 358-LTC/2010 Imran Ullah AkhunKalaiKabal Tehsil & District Swat
14. 359-LTC/2010 Israr Ahmad MohallaSperogato P/O Deolai Tehsil & District
Swat
15. 360-LTC/2010 Issa Khan Village Garhii P/O & Tehsil Kabal District Swat
16. 361-LTC/2010 Jamil Ahmad MohallaKhundi Tehsil kabal District Swat
17. 362-LTC/2010 JahanZeb Village Garhii P/O & Tehsil Kabal District Swat
18. 363-LTC/2010 MianGhulam Village Garhii P/O & Tehsil Kabal District Swat
Shah
19. 364-LTC/2010 Muhammad QallaGarhii P/O & Tehsil Kabal District Swat
Idrees
20. 365-LTC/2010 Munawar Khan IhsanAbadHazara Tehsil & District Swat
21. 366-LTC/2010 NasarUllah Khan Village Garhii P/O & Tehsil Kabal District Swat
22. 367-LTC/2010 Riaz Ali Shifabad Tehsil kabal District Swat
23. 368-LTC/2010 Sajad Ali P/O Hazara Tehsil & District Swat
24. 369-LTC/2010 Umar Zada Village Kabal District Swat
25. 370-LTC/2010 ZakirHussain Shah Dheri Tehsil & District Swat

Training Coordinator
LTC KP Peshawar

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SUULLT
T

Sr.# Name Total Obtained Obtained Improvement Remarks


Marks Marks initial marks final
test test

1. Abdul Mastan 100 22 88 66%


2. Adnan Khan 100 22 93 71%
3. Arshad Ali 100 30 83 53%
st
4. Atta Ullah 100 26 100 74% 1 position
rd
5. Aziz Ahmad 100 26 97 71% 3 position
6. Farman Ali 100 20 81 61%
rd
7. FazalHussain 100 12 97 85% 3 position
8. FazalHussain 100 18 71 53%
9. Haroon- ur- Rashid 100 20 95 75%
10. Hussain Ali 100 16 78 62%
st
11. Ilyas 100 16 100 84% 1 position
12. Imran Khan 100 22 89 67%
13. Imran Ullah 100 18 92 74%
14. Isa Khan 100 28 85 57%
15. Israr Ahmad 100 24 88 64%
16. Jamil Ahmad 100 26 65 39%
17. JehanZaib 100 24 80 56%
18. Main Ghulam Shah 100 20 91 71%
19. Mohammad Idrees 100 24 80 56%
20. Munawar Khan 100 20 91 71%
21. Nasr -ul-Ullah 100 34 88 54%
22. Riaz Ali 100 22 72 50%
23. Sajad Ali 100 26 82 56%
24. Umar Zada 100 26 68 42%
nd
25. Zakir Hussain 100 34 98 64% 2 position
Average 23 86 63%

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

A
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X--33:: CCO
OUUR
RSSEE EEV
VAALLU
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ONNS
SPPEECCIIM
MEEN
N

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August 30, 2010 TRAINING ON BASICS OF POULTRY MANAGEMENT

A
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X--44:: PPR
REES
SSS CCLLIIPPPPIIN
NGGS
S

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