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6 metre İstinat

Serkan AYDOĞDU

Cantilever wall analysis


Input data
Project
Task : 6 metre İstinat
Author : Serkan AYDOĞDU
Date : 1/4/2018
Settings
Standard - safety factors
Materials and standards
Concrete structures : EN 1992-1-1 (EC2)
Coefficients EN 1992-1-1 : standard
Wall analysis
Active earth pressure calculation : Coulomb
Passive earth pressure calculation : Caquot-Kerisel
Earthquake analysis : Mononobe-Okabe
Shape of earth wedge : Calculate as skew
Base key : The base key is considered as inclined footing bottom
Verification methodology : Safety factors (ASD)
Safety factors
Permanent design situation
Safety factor for overturning : SFo = 1.50 [–]
Safety factor for sliding resistance : SFs = 1.50 [–]
Safety factor for bearing capacity : SFb = 1.50 [–]
Material of structure
Unit weight g = 23.56 kN/m3
Analysis of concrete structures carried out according to the standard EN 1992-1-1 (EC2).

Concrete : C 30/37
Cylinder compressive strength fck = 30.00 MPa
Tensile strength fct = 2.90 MPa
Longitudinal steel : B420
Yield strength fyk = 420.00 MPa
Geometry of structure
Coordinate Depth
No.
X [m] Z [m]
1 0.00 0.00
2 0.40 6.00
3 2.90 6.00
4 2.90 6.80
5 2.90 7.50
6 2.10 7.50
7 2.10 6.80
8 -2.00 6.80
9 -2.00 6.00
10 -0.50 6.00
11 -0.50 0.00

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[GeoStructural Analysis - Cantilever Wall | version 5.16.13.0 | Copyright © 2013 Fine spol. s r.o. All Rights Reserved | www.finesoftware.eu]
6 metre İstinat
Serkan AYDOĞDU

The origin [0,0] is located at the most upper right point of the wall.
Wall section area = 8.68 m2.

Name : Geometry Stage : 1

0.50

6.00 15.00:1
6.80
7.50

1.50 2.50

0.80
1.50

0.80
4.90

Basic soil parameters


jef cef g gsu d
No. Name Pattern
[°] [kPa] [kN/m3] [kN/m3] [°]

1 soil1 3.00 70.00 18.60 10.00 0.00

All soils are considered as cohesionless for at rest pressure analysis.

Soil parameters
soil1
Unit weight : g = 18.60 kN/m3
Stress-state : effective
Angle of internal friction : jef = 3.00 °
Cohesion of soil : cef = 70.00 kPa
Angle of friction struc.-soil : d = 0.00 °
Soil : cohesionless
Saturated unit weight : gsat = 20.00 kN/m3

Geological profile and assigned soils


Layer
No. Assigned soil Pattern
[m]

1 20.00 soil1

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[GeoStructural Analysis - Cantilever Wall | version 5.16.13.0 | Copyright © 2013 Fine spol. s r.o. All Rights Reserved | www.finesoftware.eu]
6 metre İstinat
Serkan AYDOĞDU

Layer
No. Assigned soil Pattern
[m]

2 - soil1

Terrain profile
Terrain behind construction has the slope 1: 8.14 (slope angle is 7.00 °).

Water influence
Ground water table is located below the structure.

Resistance on front face of the structure


Resistance on front face of the structure is not considered.

Earthquake
Horizontal seismic coefficient kh = 0.1670
Vertical seismic coefficient kv = 0.1110
Water below the GWT is restricted.

Settings of the stage of construction


Design situation : permanent
The wall is free to move. Active earth pressure is therefore assumed.

Verification No. 1
Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0.00 -1.86 204.53 2.30 1.000
Earthq.- constr. 34.16 -1.86 -22.70 2.30 1.000
Weight - earth wedge 0.00 -3.97 310.92 3.56 1.000
Earthquake - soil wedge 51.92 -3.97 -34.51 3.56 1.000
Active pressure 0.94 0.59 0.00 4.90 1.000
Earthq.- act.pressure 82.05 -4.58 4.19 4.90 1.000
Verification of complete wall
Check for overturning stability
Resisting moment Mres = 1421.96 kNm/m
Overturning moment Movr = 644.89 kNm/m

Safety factor = 2.20 > 1.50


Wall for overturning is SATISFACTORY

Check for slip


Resisting horizontal force Hres = 251.09 kN/m
Active horizontal force Hact = 101.98 kN/m

Safety factor = 2.46 > 1.50


Wall for slip is SATISFACTORY

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[GeoStructural Analysis - Cantilever Wall | version 5.16.13.0 | Copyright © 2013 Fine spol. s r.o. All Rights Reserved | www.finesoftware.eu]
6 metre İstinat
Serkan AYDOĞDU

Forces acting at the centre of footing bottom


Overall moment M = 415.05 kNm/m
Normal force N = 481.69 kN/m
Shear force Q = 99.25 kN/m
Overall check - WALL is SATISFACTORY

Name : Verification Stage : 1; Analysis : 1

310.92

82.16

6.80 62.35
204.53 7.50

41.01

+x
0.94

4.90

+z

Warning - allowable range of input data exceeded during earthquake analysis!


The analysis is carried out with the modified value of terrain inclination b.

Bearing capacity of foundation soil


Forces acting at the centre of the footing bottom
Moment Norm. force Shear Force Eccentricity Stress
No.
[kNm/m] [kN/m] [kN/m] [m] [kPa]
1 415.05 481.69 99.25 0.86 149.29
Bearing capacity of foundation soil check
Eccentricity verification
Max. eccentricity of normal force e = 861.7 mm
Maximum allowable eccentricity ealw = 1633.4 mm
Eccentricity of the normal force is SATISFACTORY

Footing bottom bearing capacity verification


Max. stress at footing bottom s = 149.29 kPa
Bearing capacity of foundation soil Rd = 300.00 kPa
Safety factor = 2.01 > 1.50
Bearing capacity of foundation soil is SATISFACTORY

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[GeoStructural Analysis - Cantilever Wall | version 5.16.13.0 | Copyright © 2013 Fine spol. s r.o. All Rights Reserved | www.finesoftware.eu]
6 metre İstinat
Serkan AYDOĞDU

Overall verification - bearing capacity of found. soil is SATISFACTORY

Dimensioning No. 1
Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0.00 -2.71 98.94 0.36 1.000
Earthq.- constr. 16.52 -2.71 -10.98 0.36 1.000
Pressure at rest 333.46 -2.00 22.26 0.77 1.000
Earthquake - pressure at rest 99.37 -3.00 0.00 0.50 1.000
Wall stem check
Reinforcement and dimensions of the cross-section
Bar diameter = 32.0 mm
Number of bars = 5
Reinforcement cover = 50.0 mm
Cross-section width = 1.00 m
Cross-section depth = 0.90 m
Reinforcement ratio r = 0.48 % > 0.18 % = rmin
Position of neutral axis x = 0.09 m < 0.55 m = xmax
Ultimate moment MRd = 1170.79 kNm > 1010.57 kNm = MEd
Cross-section must be reinforced by shear reinforcement with minimal area of 655.7 mm2.
Cross-section is SATISFACTORY.

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[GeoStructural Analysis - Cantilever Wall | version 5.16.13.0 | Copyright © 2013 Fine spol. s r.o. All Rights Reserved | www.finesoftware.eu]