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(Also known as custody.) Plaintiff (or Petitioner) – The spouse who starts the contested divorce
proceeding by serving a summons and complaint for divorce on the other spouse. Defendant (or
Respondent) – The spouse who is served the summons and complaint for divorce by the other
spouse.

CIVIL LAW CRIMINAL LAW


disputes between individuals wrongs committed against an individual but
action is taken by the aggrieved party regarded as harmful to society as a whole
action is taken against the wrong-doer in the
name of society
PLAINTIFF/PETITIONER/CLAIMANT PROSECUTOR/DEFENDANT (accused)
vs.
DEFENDANT/RESPONDENT

PETITIONERS – ako su zajedno podneli

Civil proceedings Criminal proceedings

 a claimant sues (brings an action against)  a prosecutor prosecutes (brings a case


a defendant = a lawsuit against) a defendant = criminal
 judgement for the claimant (if the prosecution
proceedings are successful)  a verdict – a decision of a jury
 remedy – damages, injunction, specific  conviction (if prosecution successful) a
performance … formal declaration of jury’s verdict or
 liable # not liable - defendant liable on the acquittal
BALANCE OF PROBABILITIES  a sentence – the punishment given by a
judge based on the verdict
 defendant punished by a variety of
punishments (imprisonment, fine,
probation, community work etc.)
 guilty # not guilty - liable # not liable
 - BURDEN OF PROOF – defendant guilty
beyond a reasonable doubt
CIVIL LAW CRIMINAL LAW
 to commit a civil wrong = počiniti  to commit a criminal wrong (crime) =
građanski prijestup počiniti kazneno djelo
 a dispute = spor  to charge with = optužiti, teretiti za
 aggrieved party = injured party = oštećena  to bring a case against = tužiti
strana/stranka  to prosecute (prosecutor, prosecution) =
 to sue; to take an action = to bring an krivično/kazneno goniti, tužiti u kaznenom
action against = tužiti, pokrenuti postupak, posupku (tužitelj, tužiteljstvo)
dići tužbu  defendant/accused = optuženik,
 claimant (plaintiff) = tužitelj, podnositelj osumnjičenik, tuženik
(odštetnog zahtjeva)  to punish – punishment = kazniti – kazna,
 defendant = tuženik, optuženik, branjenik sankcija
 Judgement = presuda, sudska odluka  conviction (to convict) = osuđujuća
 damages = odšteta presuda, proglašavanje krivnje
 injunction = sudski nalog  acquittal (to acquit) = oslobađajuća
 specific performance = izvršenje ugovora presuda
 Iiable for = (pravno) odgovoran  a verdict = pravorijek (odluka) porote
 balance of probabilities = stupanj  a sentence (to sentence to) = osuda,
vjerojatnosti kazna (koju izriče sudac na temelju odluke
porote)
 guilty / liable for = kriv, odgovoran
 imprisonment = zatvor, izdržavanje
zatvorske kazne
 burden of proof = teret dokazivanja
SENTENCE = the punishment given to a
person convicted of a crime, ordered by a
judge and based on a verdict.
JUDGMENT = the final decision by a court in a
lawsuit, criminal prosecution or appeal from a
lower court's decision.
CONVICTION = the result of a criminal trial in
which the defendant has been found guilty of a
crime.
LAWSUIT = a common term for a legal action
by one person or entity against another person
or entity, to be decided in a court of law.
bring, file, issue * against
* over a disputed estate

ACQUITTAL = a verdict (a judgment in a


criminal case) of not guilty.
VERDICT = the decision of a jury after a trial,
which must be accepted by the trial judge to be
final.
IMPRISONMENT = commitment to a prison
Alternative Dispute Resolution ("ADR") refers
to any means of settling disputes outside of the
courtroom. ADR typically includes early neutral
evaluation, negotiation, conciliation, mediation,
and arbitration.

to defend a case/claim # to pursue a case =


osporiti tužbu/zahtjev, odgovoriti na tužbu
to issue a claim = podnijeti tužbeni zahtjev (u
građanskom postupku)
to admit a claim = prihvatiti zahtjev
dispute a claim = osporiti zahtjev
a claim form = formular tužbenog zahtjeva
a counter claim = protutužba
to appeal against = žaliti se
to allocate the case = dodijeliti slučaj
to redress a grievance = povoljno riješiti žalbu
parties to the dispute = stranke u sporu
a claim arises from = zahtjev/tužba proizlazi iz
to infringe rights = povrijediti/kršiti pravo
an appelate court = prizivni sud
Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) =
alternativno rješavanje spora
order in default = naredba u slučaju ogluha

1 povoljno riješiti žalbu/tužbu 1 to redress a grievance


2 stranke u sporu 2 parties TO the dispute
3 slučaj proizlazi iz 3 a case arises from
4 sudski poziv 4 judgement summons
5 iznos dosuđen stranci na prethodnom 5 the amount judged by the court on a
suđenju koji je stranka dužna platiti previous occasion to be due
6 ispitivati / istraživati činjenice 6 to probe for the facts
7 dugovi 7 arrears
8 unakrsno ispitivanje svjedoka 8 cross-questioning the witness
9 relevantan svjedok 9 pertinent witness
10 odmjeriti krivnju / odštetu 10 to apportion blame / damages
11 priznanje 11admission
12 žaliti se na odluku prizivnom sudu 12 to make an appeal against a decision to the
appeal court