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© Armfield ltd. 2016

© Armfield ltd. 2016

Wetted wall columns may be used to determine gas/liquid

mass transfer coefficients, essential when calculating the
design of absorption towers. Such coefficients form the
basis of correlations used to develop packed towers.
CES examines the absorption of oxygen from air into
deoxygenated water (prepared by nitrogen sparging). This
is an example of liquid film controlled absorption.
The liquid film mass transfer coefficient can be
determined at various mass flow rates of water.
> Calculation of liquid film mass transfer coefficients
> Variation of coefficient with mass flow rate
> Variation of oxygen flow rate to determine power law relationship

The latest version of this data sheet is available at: ISSUE 6




Schematic diagram of the unit


The system chosen for the experiment is the The system components are mounted within passes up the column, giving up the oxygen to the Wetted wall column
absorption of oxygen into oxygen-free water. a floor standing painted steel framework. water. Dissolved oxygen at inlet and outlet can be Height: 900mm
In this system the solubility and enthalpy of The wetted wall column is a glass column with water measured in rapid succession. The water drains into Internal diameter: 32mm
solution are small and by saturating the inlet air inlet and outlet sections and is gimbal mounted the storage tank to be recycled to the deoxygenator. Material: Glass
with water, humidification effects are eliminated. to ensure that it can be set accurately vertical. Deoxygenating column
Thus it is possible to maintain reasonably Height: 1570mm
The deoxygenating column is of similar overall
isothermal conditions throughout the column. Internal diameter: 26mm
size to the wetted wall column, standing vertically
Experimental procedure allows a power law adjacent to it. Beside the columns is a control console Material: Clear acrylic
relationship to be calculated and comparison is made housing flow meters, pump controls and oxygen Range: 600-5,000 ml/min
between this and published relationships such as: analyser. Situated between the columns are two Water flow meter
special housings containing the oxygen analysis Range: 20-280 ml/min
(Sh) = f(Sc)1/2(Ga)1/6(Re) n probes which monitor the oxygen content in the Deoxygenator
water entering and leaving the absorption column. Feed pump: 20 l/min @ 2m head
That is, for a given gas/liquid system: The apparatus uses water as the working medium,
Absorption column feed pump: 10 l/min @ 1m head
contained in a storage tank at the rear of the unit.
a (Re)n Air feed pump: 24 l/min @ 1 kg/cm2
Pumps delivering water to the deoxygenator and the
L L Sump tank capacity : Approx 40l
absorption column are located at the base of the unit.

In operation, water is sparged with nitrogen in the OXYGEN METER

( )
kLz 4 n deoxygenator before entering the top of the wetted Saturation
a wall column. Air is pumped by the integral diaphragm- Range: 0-199.9%
DL µL type air pump into the base of the column. The air Accuracy: ± 0.5%
Resolution: 0.1%
Thus, construction of a logarithmic graph: Temperature compensation: 0-50°C automatic
kLz Range: 0-19.9ppm
vs (Re)L Accuracy: ± 0.2ppm

DL Slope = n
(Power law relationship) Resolution: 0.1ppm
for various flow rates of oxygen (in the DL
Temperature compensation: 0-50°C automatic
form of air) a power law can be determined ✖ Temperature
10000 ✖ ●
and compared to published values. ✖ ●
Range: -100°C to +200°C
In order to plot the graph, the student must ✖ ● Accuracy: ±0.3°C

calculate log mean concentration difference, ●

Resolution: 0.1°C
mass flux and transfer coefficients. Also, a
full error analysis can be carried out. ● - Published value
✖ - Experimental value
10 100 1000
Re ➤

Logarithmic graph to determine the power law relationship

Cylinder of compressed nitrogen gas with • A floor-standing apparatus, used for
pressure regulator (not supplied). demonstration and determination of
liquid film mass transfer coefficients
REQUIREMENTS • Comprises both wetted wall column
Electrical supply: and a deoxygenating column, a water
tank, two water pumps, an air pump and
CES-A: 220-240V / 1ph / 50Hz
an oxygen meter with two probes
CES-G: 220-240V / 1ph / 60Hz
• The wetted wall section is 900mm long,
OVERALL DIMENSIONS 32mm internal diameter, and made of glass
Length: 2.50m • The deoxygenating column is 1,570mm long,
Width: 1.00m 26mm internal diameter, and made of clear acrylic
Height: 0.50m • The equipment is used to study absorption
of oxygen from air into deoxygenated
SHIPPING SPECIFICATION water, specific demonstrations include:
Gross weight: 252kg > Calculation of liquid film mass
Volume: 2.1m3 transfer coefficient
> Variation of this coefficient
ORDERING CODES with mass flow rate
CES-A: 220-240V / 1ph / 50Hz > Determination of the power-law relationship
CES-G: 220-240V / 1ph / 60Hz

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Correct at time of going to press.
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