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JURISDICTION in ORDINARY CIVIL CASES

JURISDICTION SUPREME COURT (SC) COURT OF APPEALS (CA) REGIONAL TRIAL COURT (RTC)
1. Demand for money
1. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibition & Mandamus
- Actions for annulment of judgments of th RTC exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
against:
exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
a. Court of Appeals (CA)
b. Commission on Elelctions (ComElec) 2. Admiralty and maritime cases, the value of the
c. Commission on Audit (CoA) demand or claim:
d. Sandiganbayan exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
e. Court of Tax Appeals (CTA) exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
3. Actions invovling Personal property, the FMV of
2. 'Disciplinary proceedings against members of the which:
Bar and court employees exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
4. Probate proceedings (testate/intestate), gross
value of the estate:
exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
NOTE: EXCLUSIVE of INTEREST, DAMAGES (of whatever kind), ATT
EXPENSES & COSTS (IDALEC), the amount of which must be SPECIFIC
although IDALEC are excluded in determining the jurisdiction of the court, these
included in the determination of the filing fees. (BP 129 as amended)
NOTE: The exclusion of the term "damages of whatever kind" in determining ju
BP 129 as amendedby RA 7691 applies to cases where the damages are m
consequence of the main causeof action. However, in cases where the claim
cause of action, or one of the causes of action, the amount of such claim
determining the jurisdiction of the Court.
NOTE: The totality of all claims embodied in one complaint shall be the TEST i
whether the claims arise out of the same or different transactions, or whether th
different persons.
5. Actions involving title to or possession of real
property or any interest therein, the assessed
value of which:
exceeding P20,000 - outside MM
exceeding P50,000 - w/in MM

EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL
EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL 6. Action the subject matter of which is incapable of
pecuniary estimation
(Where the basic issue is something other than the
right to recover a sum of money, or the money claim
is merely incidental to the principal relief, the action
is incapable of pecuniary estimation.
Russel vs Vestil|GR no. 119347|Mar 17, 1999)
NOTE: Annulment of judgements of the RTC is also
an action which is incapable of pecuniary estimation
BUT is cognizable ONLY by the the CA by express
mandate of BP 129. All actions which are incapable
of pecuniary estimation is cognizable by the RTC
except the annulment of judgments of the RTC.

7. Cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any


court, tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or
quai-judicial functions.
(GENERAL JURISDICTION OF THE RTC)
8. Under Sec 5.2 of the Securties & Regulations
Code:
a. cases involving Devices/schemes employed by
or any acts, of the BOD, Business Assosiates, its
officers or partnership, amounting to fraud and
misrepresentation:
b. Controversies arising out of intracorporate or
partnership relations;
c. Controversies in the eletions or appointments of
directors, trustees, officers, or managers of
corporations, partnerships or associations; and
d. Petitions of corporations, partnerships or
associations to be declared in a state of suspension
of payments.

With the CA: With the SC: With the CA & SC:
1. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibition & Mandamus 1. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibition & Mandamus
1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus
against: against:
a. Regional Trial Court (RTC) a. Regional Trial Court (RTC) 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto
b. Civil Service Commission (CSC) b. Civil Service Commission (CSC) 3. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibtions & Mandamus

against inferior courts and other bodies


c. Central Board of Assessment Appeals (CBAA) c. Central Board of Assessment Appeals (CBAA) With the RTC, SC & Sandiganbayan:

CONCURRENT d. National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) d. National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) 1. Petitions for Writ of Amparo
Note: While the Rules e. Other quasi-judicial agencies e. Other quasi-judicial agencies 2. Petitions for Writ of Habeas Data
provide for concurrent 2. Petitions for Writ of Kalikasan 2. Petitions for Writ of Kalikasan With the SC:
jurisdiction among the With the RTC & CA: With the RTC & SC: Cases affecting ambassadors, other public
RTC, CA & SC, the ministers & consuls
same is subject to th e
Doctrine of Hierarchy of
jurisdiction among the
RTC, CA & SC, the
same is subject to th e 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus With the Insurance Commissioner:
Doctrine of Hierarchy of 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto Single claim not exceeding P 5,000,000
Cour ts 3. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibtions & Mandamus 3. Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibtions & Mandamus

against inferior courts and other bodies against inferior courts and other bodies
With the RTC, CA & Sandiganbayan: With the RTC, SC & Sandiganbayan:
1. Petitions for Writ of Amparo 1. Petitions for Writ of Amparo
2. Petitions for Writ of Habeas Data 2. Petitions for Writ of Habeas Data
With the RTC:
Cases affecting ambassadors, other public
ministers & consuls
1. Ordinary appeal from the RTC and the Family
- Petitions for review on Certiorari against:
Courts
2. Petition for Review from the RTC rendered in the
1. Court of Appeals (CA)
exercise of its appellate jurisdiction
2. Sanidganbayan
3. RTC on pure questions of law 3. Petition for Review from the decisions,
4. In cases involving the constitutionality/validity of resolutions, orders or awards of the:
All cases decided by the MTC in their respective
a treaty, international agreement or executive a. Civil Service Commission (CSC)
APPELLATE territorial jurisdiction except decisions of lower
agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, b. Office of the Ombudsman in administrative courts in the exercise of delegated jurisdiction.
order, instruction, ordinance or regulation, legality of disciplinary
c. Other bodies mentioned in Rule 43
a tax, impost, assessment, toll or penalty,
jurisdiction of the lower court
5. Court of Tax Appeals (CTA) EnBanc 4. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction by way of
Ordinary appealover decisions of the MTCs in
cadastral/land registration cases pursuant to its
delegated jurisdiction
The SC may designate certain branches of RTC to
handle exclusively criminal cases, juvenile and
domestic relation cases, agrarian cases, urban land
reform cases not falling under the jurisdiction of any
SPECIAL XXXXX XXXXX
quasi-judicial bodies and agencies and/or such
other special cases as the SC may determine in the
interest of speedy and efficient administration of
justice.

DELEGATED XXXXX XXXXX XXXXX


ICTION in ORDINARY CIVIL CASES
METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT
(MTC)
1. Demand for money
NOT exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
NOT exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
2. Admiralty and maritime cases, the value of the
demand or claim
NOT exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
NOT exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
3. Actions invovling Personal property, the FMV of
which:
NOT exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
NOT exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
4. Probate proceedings (testate/intestate), gross
value of the estate:
NOT exceeding P300,000 - outside MM
NOT exceeding P400,000 - w/in MM
NOTE: EXCLUSIVE of INTEREST, DAMAGES (of whatever kind), ATTY'S FEES, LITIGATION
EXPENSES & COSTS (IDALEC), the amount of which must be SPECIFICALLY alleged. However,
although IDALEC are excluded in determining the jurisdiction of the court, these items, however shall be
included in the determination of the filing fees. (BP 129 as amended)
NOTE: The exclusion of the term "damages of whatever kind" in determining jurisdictional amount under
BP 129 as amendedby RA 7691 applies to cases where the damages are merely incidental to or a
consequence of the main causeof action. However, in cases where the claim for damages is the main
cause of action, or one of the causes of action, the amount of such claim shall be conisdered in
determining the jurisdiction of the Court.
NOTE: The totality of all claims embodied in one complaint shall be the TEST in determining jurisdiction
whether the claims arise out of the same or different transactions, or whether they belong to the same or
different persons.
5. Actions involving title to or possession of real
property or any interest therein, the assessed
value of which:
NOT exceeding P20,000 - outside MM
NOT exceeding P50,000 - w/in MM
6. Inclusion and exclusion of voters

7. Cases falling under the 1991 Rules on Summary


Procedure:
a. Forcible entry & Unlawful detainer
b. Other civil cases

8. Cases falling under the Rule of Procedure for


Small Claims cases.

xXXXX
xXXXX

XXXXX

Petition for Habeas Corpus or application for bail in


criminal cases in the absence of ALL RTC judges in
th province or city.
In the absence of all RTC judges, any MTC judge in
the province or city where the absent RTC judges
sit, may hear and decide:
1. Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus
2. Application for bail in criminal cases

May be assigned by the SC to hear cadastral/land


registration cases where:
1. there is no controversy or opposition over the
land; or
2. in case of contested lands, the value does not
exceed P100,000
JURISDICTION in LABOR CASES

NATIONAL LABOR BUREAU OF SECRETARY OF


LABOR ARBITER RELATIONS DOLE REGIONAL LABOR LABOR &
JURISDICTION MED-ARBITERS
(LA) COMMISSION DIRECTOR (RD) RELATIONS (BLR) EMPLOYMENT
(NLRC) DIRECTORS (SOLE)

1. Labor Standards
enforcement cases under Art
128 (Visitorial & Enforcement
1. Complaints and petitions
Powers)
involving the registration or
a. Cases involving inspection
cancellation of registration of
1. Inter-union disoutes AKA of establishments to
1. Unfair Labor Practice 1. Petition for injunction in federations, national unions,
representation / certification determine compliance wth
(ULP) ordinary labor disputes industry unions, trade union
eletion conflicts labor standards (Visitorial
centers and their local
Powers)
chapters, affiliates and
b. Cases involving issuance
member organizations
of compliance orders and
writs of execution
(Enforcement Powers)

2. Small money claims cases


arising from Labor Standards
violations in the amunt not
2. Request for examination of
2. Petition for injunction in exceeding P 5,000 and not
books of accounts of said
2. Termination disputes strikes or lockouts under Art 2. Intra-union disputes accompanied with a claim for
labor organizations under ty
264 reinstatement under Art 129
274 (Visitorial Power)
(Recovery of wages, simple
money claims and other
benefits)

3. Certified cases which refer


3. If accompanied with a to labor disputes causing or
claim for reinstatement, likely to cause a strike or
those cases that workers lockout in an industry
3. Other related labor 3 Occupational safety &
may file involving wages, 3. Contempt cases
relations disputes health violations
rates of pay, hours of work, indispensable to the national
and other terms and interest, certified to it by the
conditions of employment SOLE for compulsory
arbitration by virtue of Art 263
4. Registration of unions &
4. Claims for actual, moral,
4. Petition to annul or modify cancellation thereof, cases
exemplary and other forms of
the order or resolution of the 4. Contempt Cases
damages arising from ER- filed against unions and other
LA
EE relations
labor relations related cases

5. Cases arising from any 5. Complaints against private


EXCLUSIVE violation of Art 264, including recruitment and placement
ORIGINAL questions involving legality of agencies (PRPAs) for local
strikes and lockouts employment

6. Except claims for EC, SS,


PhilHealth and maternity
benefits, all other claims
6. Cases submitted tothem
arising from ER-EE relations,
for voluntary arbitration in
including those of persons in
their capacity as Ex-Officio
domestic or household
Voluntary Arbitrators (EVAs)
service, involving an amount
under DO no. 83-07, 2007
exceeding P 5,000, whether
or not accompanied with a
claim for reinstatement

7. INTER-UNION/INTRA-
UNION /OTHER RELATED
LABOR RELATIONS
7. Money claims arising out DISPUTE:
of ER-EE relationships or by a. Petitions for cancellation of
virtue of any law or contract, registration of independent
involving claims for actual, unions, local chapters and
moral, exemplary and other workers' associations
forms of damages, as well as b. Petitions for
employment termination of deregistrations of CBAs
OFWs c. Request for examination of
books of accounts of said
labor organizations under Art
274 (Visitorial Powers)

8. Wage distortion disputes in


unorganized establishments
not voluntarily settled by the
parties
9. Enforcement of
compromise agreements
when there is non-
compliance by any of the
parties
10. Other cases as may be
provided by law
11. Gross and flagrant
violations of the CBA -
malicious refusal to comply
with the economic provisions
of the CBA

With the BLR DIRECTOR: With the DOLE RD:


CONCURRENT
Intra-union disputes involving Intra-union disputes involving
JURISDICTION said labor organizations said labor organizations

1. All decisions of the Med-


1. from DOLE RD
Artbiters in Intra-union
a. Labor Standards
dispute and other related
enforcement cases under Art
labor relations disputes
128
NOTE: Decisions in inter-
1. All cases decided by the b. Occupational safety and
union disputes or
LA health violations
representation/certification
c. Complaints aganst private
election conflicts are NOT
recruitment and placement
appealable to the BLR
agencies (PRPAs) for local
Director but directly to the
employment
SOLE.

2. from POEA
2. All decisions originaing
2. Cases decided by the a. Recruitment violations and
from the DOLE RD in the
DOLE Regional Directors other related cases
APPELLATE involving small money claims
cases falling under their
(administrative in character)
original jurisdiction as
under Art 129 b. Disciplinary action cases
enumerated
and other special cases

3. from BLR DIRECTOR


a. Decisions in inter-union
disputes or
representation/certification
election conflicts are
3. Contempt cases decide by
appealable to the SOLE.
the LA
b. Decisions in cases
cognizable by the BLR
Director in the exercise of his
original & exclusive
jurisdiction
ICTION in LABOR CASES
GRIEVANCE
MACHINERY &
VOLUNTARY
ARBITRATORS
(VAs)

1. Hear and decide all


unresolved grievances
GRIEVANCE - any
question by either the ER
or the union regarding the
interpretation or
application of the CBA or
company personnel
policies or any claim by
either party that the other
party is violating any
provisions of the CBA or
company personnel
policies

2. Violations of the CBA,


except those which are
gross and flagrant in
character, shall no longer
be treated as ULP and
shall be resolved as
grievances under the CBA

3. All issues cognizable by


the LA but the parties to
the controversy chose to
settle through voluntary
arbitration.