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Sudan university 1

MSc Highway and transportation

PROJECT TIME, COST, QUALITY


AND PRCUOREMENT
MANAGEMENT
ON HIGHWAYS PROJECTS
presented by:
Mustafa Bashar supervision :
Mohammed Amein Dr. Mona Adam
8/2017
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PLAN Quality

Procurement

Conclusion
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INTRODUCTION

The clients of the road construction project are


primarily concerned with quality, time and cost
and yet the majority of construction projects are
procured on the basis of only two of these
parameters, namely time and cost.
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Time, cost and quality
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Basically, the three corners are

Time:
When does it have to be finished ?
Cost:
What’s the budget ?
Quality:
What is this project for ?
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Project Time Management

 The
process required to manage timely
completion of the project.
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Project Time Management

1- Plan Schedule Management


2- Define Activities
3- Sequence Activities
4- Estimate Activity Resources
5- Estimate Activity Durations
6- Develop Schedule
7- Control Schedule
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Plan Schedule Management

 Isthe process of establishing the policies,


procedures, and documentation for planning,
developing, managing, executing, and controlling
the project schedule.
 Itaims to provide guidance and direction on how
the project schedule will be managed.
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Define Activities

 Is the process of identifying the specific actions


to be performed to produce the project
deliverables.
 It aims to provide a basis for estimating,
scheduling, executing, monitoring, and
controlling the project work .
 Work package decomposed into activities.
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Sequence Activities

 Process of identifying and documenting


relationship among the project activities.
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Estimate Activity Durations

 isthe process of estimating the number of


work periods needed to complete
individual activities with estimated
resources.
 Schedule shall be as believable and
realistic as possible (do not allow
padding).
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Develop Schedule

 Processof analyzing activity sequences,


durations, resource requirements, and
schedule constraints to create the project
schedule.
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Control Schedule

 Is the process of monitoring the status of project


activities to update project progress and
manage changes to the schedule baseline to
achieve the plan.
 It benefit in providing the means to recognize
deviation from the plan and take corrective
and preventive actions and thus minimize risk.
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Project Cost Management

 processes involved in planning, estimating,


budgeting, funding, managing, and controlling
costs so that the project can be completed within
the approved budget.
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Project Cost Management

1- Plan Cost Management


2- Cost Estimating
3- Cost Budgeting
4- Control Cost
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Plan Cost Management

 Itis the process that establishes the


policies, procedures and documentation
for planning, managing and controlling
project costs.
 Itbenefit in providing guidance and
direction on how the project costs will be
managed throughout the project.
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Estimate Cost

 The process of developing approximation


of the monetary resources needed to
complete project activities.
 It
benefit in determining the amount of
cost required to complete project work.
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Types of Cost

 Variable Costs
Change with the amount of production/work.
e.g. material, supplies, wages
 Fixed Costs
Do not change as production change.
e.g. set-up, rental
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Types of Cost

 Direct Costs
Directly attributable to the work of project.
e.g. team travel, team wages
 Indirect Costs
overhead or cost incurred for benefit of more
than one project.
e.g. taxes
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Determine Budget

 Process of aggregating the estimated


cost of individual activities or work
packages to establish cost baseline.
 It
benefit in determining the cost baseline
against which project performance can
be monitored and controlled.
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Control Cost

 The process of monitoring the status of the


project to update the project budget
and managing changes to the cost
baseline.
 It benefit in providing the means to
recognize variance from the plan in order
to take corrective action and minimize
risk.
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Project Quality Management

 Quality is degree to which the project fulfills requirements


 Quality Management includes the processes and activities
of the performing organization that determine quality
policies, objectives, and responsibilities so that the project
will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken.
 Project Quality Management works to ensure that the
project and product requirements are met and validated.
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Project Quality Management

1- Plan Quality Management


2- Perform Quality Assurance
3- Perform Quality Control
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Plan Quality Management

 Isthe process of identifying quality requirements


and/or standards for the project and its
deliverables, and documenting how the project
will demonstrate compliance with relevant quality
requirements.
 What is quality? How will we ensure it?
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Perform Quality Assurance

 The process of auditing the quality requirement


and the result of quality control measurements to
ensure appropriate quality standards and
operational definitions are used.
 Itbenefit in facilitating the improvement of quality
processes.
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Perform Quality Control

 The process of monitoring and recording results


of executing the quality activities to assess
performance and recommend necessary
changes.
 The benefits of this process include:
1.Identifying the causes of poor process or product
quality and take corrective actions.
2.Validating that project deliverables and work meet
the requirements.
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Project Procurement Management

 The process necessary to purchase and acquire product


or services, or result needed from outside the project
team to deliver the project.
 Can be applied to internal work orders, formal
agreements, and contracts between organization units
within single entity.
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Project Procurement Management

1- Plan Procurement Management


2- Conduct Procurements
3- Control Procurements
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Plan Procurement Management

 Is
the process of documenting project
purchasing decisions, specifying the approach
and identifying potential sellers.
 It
identifies those project needs which can done
outside of the project organization, versus those
can be done by the project team.
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Conduct Procurements

 The process of obtaining seller responses,


selecting a seller, and awarding a
contract.
 Itprovides alignment of internal and
external stakeholder expectations
through established agreements.
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Control Procurements

 Isthe process of managing procurement


relationships, monitoring contract
performance, and making changes and
corrections to contracts as appropriate.
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Conclusion

 Toplan and manage a successful project,


the three parameters of time, cost and
quality should be considered.
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1- Thistle Anderson 2009. Gide to project


management, university of technology
Sydney.

References: 2- Project management institute, Guide to


the Project. Management Body of
Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Fifth Edition.
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Thank you for


your attention!