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1. Heat is transferred from one fluid stream to a second fluid across a heat transfer surface. If the
film coefficients for the two fluids are, respectively, 1.0 and 1.5 kW/m2 K, the metal is 6 mm
thick (thermal conductivity 20 W/m K) and the scale coefficient is equivalent to 850 W/m2 K,
what is the overall heat transfer coefficient? Answer: 317.5 W/m2K

2. The exhaust duct from a heater has an inside diameter of 114.3 mm with ceramic walls 6.4 mm
thick. The average k = 1.52 W/m · K. Outside this wall, an insulation of rock wool102 mm thick is
installed. The thermal conductivity of the rock wool is k = 0.046 + 1.56 x 10-4 T 0C (W/m · K). The
inside surface temperature of the ceramic is T1 = 588.7 K, and the outside surface temperature
of the insulation is 311K. Calculate the heat loss for 1.5 m of duct and the interface temperature
T2 between the ceramic and the insulation. [Hint: The correct value of k, for the insulation is that
evaluated at the mean temperature of (T2 + T3)/2. Hence, for the first trial assume a mean
temperature of, say, 448 K. Then calculate the heat loss and T2. Using this new T2 , calculate a
new mean temperature and proceed as before.]

3. Outlet Temperature and Effectiveness of an Exchanger. Hot oil at a flow rate of 3.00 kg/s (cP =
1.92 kJ/kg · K) enters an existing counterflow exchanger at 400 K and is cooled by water entering
at 325 K (under pressure) and flowing at a rate of0.70 kg/s. The overall U = 350W/m2 ·K and
A=12.9m2. Calculate the heat-transfer rate and the exit oil temperature.

4. Oil flowing at the rate of 7258 kg/h with a cpm =2.01 kJ/kg · K is cooled from 394.3 K to 338.9 K in
a counterflow heat exchanger by water entering at 294.3 K and leaving at 305.4 K. Calculate the
flow rate of the water and the overall Ui if the Ai is 5.11 m2. Ans. 17 420 kg/h, Ui= 686 W/m2K

5. Heating Water with Hot Gases and Heat-Transfer Area. A water flow rate of 13.85 kg/s is to be
heated from 54.5 to 87.8oC in a heat exchanger by 54 430 kg/h of hot gas flowing counterflow
and entering at 427°C (cpm =1.005 kJ/kg · K). The overall U0 = 69.1 W/m2· K. Calculate the exit-gas
temperature and the heat-transfer area. Ans. T = 299.5 OC

6. Heat Transfer in Steam Heater. Water at an average of70oF is flowing in a 2-in. steel pipe,
schedule 40. Steam at 220°F is condensing on the outside of the pipe.' The convective
coefficient for the water inside the pipe is h= 500 btu/h · ft2 0F and the condensing steam
coefficient on the outside is h= 1500. {a) Calculate the heat loss per unit length of I ft of pipe
using resistances. (b) Repeat using the overall Ui based on the inside area Ai. (c) Repeat using U0.
7. A glass window with an area of 0.557 m2 is installed hi the wooden outside wall of a room. The
wall dimensions are 2.44 x 3.05 m. The wood has a k of 0.1505 W/m · K and is 25.4 mm thick.
The glass is 3.18 mm thick and has a k of 0.692. The inside room temperature is 299.9 K and the
outside air temperature is 266.5 K. The convection coefficient h1 on the inside wall of the glass
and of the wood is estimated as 8.5 W/m2K and the outside h0 also as 8.5 for both surfaces.
Calculate the heat loss through the wooden wall, through the glass, and the total.


Answer: Q/A = 31.25 Btu/h-ft2, T1 =54.3750F, T2 = 23.1250F

Answer: Q/A = 27.74 Btu/h-ft2, hi = 1.981 Btu/hft2 0F, h0 = 6.164 Btu/hft2 0F