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Type MVAPM 32

Voltage Balance Relay

Type MVAPM 32
Voltage Balance Relay

drawn out from case

Features schemes cannot detect primary fuse In the event of a primary system fault
failure. In such cases, the voltage causing the voltage supplied to the
• 3 phase relay in MIDOS size balance principle is used for relays to become unbalanced or
4 case. detecting the failure of the VT due to when machine excitation is being
• Less panel space and less panel either primary or secondary fuse run up or down, the MVAPM 32
wiring. failure. relays of all VTs will operate together.
Hence no alarm is sounded. The
• Less than 0.1 amp/phase at rated The relay recommended from our
inherent delay on pickup of the
voltage and dc burden less than MIDOS range for this application is
output relays of the MVAPM 32 will
3 watts. type MVAPM 32 which monitors the
further ensure stability in the event of
• Conforms to IS/IEC-255 with three phase voltage supply and
transient operations.
respect to high voltage withstand. operates if the supply is interrupted
or becomes unbalanced due to
failure of the VT primary or Relay description
secondary fuses. Three attracted armature units are
Normally generator circuits have employed as shown in Figure 1. Unit
One MVAPM 32 relay per VT is to
more than one voltage transformer, A is fed from a resistance/
be used and a scheme for two VTs is
for protection, metering and for capacitance network which under
as shown in Figure 2. The output
automatic voltage regulator (AVR). healthy conditions with negligible
contacts of the two relays are
These will be, in general, Star/Star harmonics has zero output. An
connected in such a way as to
connected with primary and operating voltage appears across
monitor the individual VT supply
secondary neutrals earthed. They the coil of Unit A when the
voltages. The relay output contacts
will also have fuses both on primary secondary voltages become
can be used to block relays or other
and secondary sides. However, unbalanced due to loss of any one
devices that will operate incorrectly
standard fuse failure relay schemes primary or secondary fuse. Unit B is
when the associated VT primary
connected across secondary fuses energised via the normally closed
and/or secondary fuses blow and
will not be adequate for monitoring contact on Unit A from two phases
to give an alarm indicating the
the healthiness of such VTs as these of the supply.
faulty VT.
Unit B has three changeover Technical data Temperature
contacts and this unit drops off
on operation of Unit A, or on Voltage ratings
complete loss of supply, or on –10°C to +55°C
110/125V ac.
loss of two primary or secondary Storage & transport:
phases. Operative range
–25°C to +70°C.
Unit C is a dc auxiliary unit 80% -125%.
energised by normally closed
Frequency Insulation
contact of Unit B. The Unit C has
30 to 40 m. sec. time delay on 50 Hz. 2 kV rms for 1 minute between all
pickup. Unit C has 2 N/O + 2 case terminals connected together
C/O output contacts, which can Auxiliary voltage and the case.
be used to block protection trip
110/220V dc. 2 kV rms for 1 minute between
and sound VT faulty alarm when
independent circuits of the relay,
VT fault occurs.
Burden including contact circuits.
Voltage balance AC 1 kV rms for 1 minute across the
scheme operation contacts of the normally open
Less than 0.1 amp per phase at outgoing contact pairs.
Figure 2 shows the voltage rated voltage.
balance scheme for monitoring DC High voltage impulse
healthiness of two VTs, viz VT1
and VT2 supplies. The C Unit of Less than 3 watts. The relay complies with IEC 255–6.
both MVAPM 32 relays 27C1
and 27C2 are connected Contacts Case
through a combination of Size 4 MIDOS.
2 N/O + 2 C/O contacts are
contacts of B units 27B1 and
provided for block/alarm functions.
27B2 such that:
i) Under healthy conditions
Contact ratings
neither 27C1 nor 27C2 is
energised. Make and carry Make and carry Break
ii) When the machine is shut continuously for 3 seconds
down neither 27C1 nor 27C2 1250VA with 7500VA with 1250VA with
is energised. AC maxima of 5A maxima of 30A maxima of 5A
iii) When the VT1 becomes faulty and 660V and 660V and 660V
27C1 is energised and when
VT2 becomes faulty, unit 27C2
is energised.
The contacts on the auxiliary
units 27C1 and 27C2 can be
used for blocking/alarm
purposes, depending upon which
VT has become defective.
Where there are more than two
VTs, (say, one each for protection,
metering and AVR) one MVAPM
32 relay per VT can be used. In
this case the VTs are monitored
two-by-two principle as illustrated
in Figure 3.
Figure 1 :
MVAPM 32 Wiring Diagram

DC Ckt.

Figure 2 :
Voltage balance scheme for two VT’s
DC Ckt.

Figure 3 :
Voltage balance scheme for three VT’s

1 2 28 way
Ventilated enclosure Earth 224
20 each way accepting:
housing* connection 2-M4 ring terminals
M4 or
Rear flange mounting 2-4, 8x0, 8 snap on
type D3 or D4 terminals
27 28 or
90 154 1-ring + 1 snap on
20 terminal
Semi-projecting Note: Clearance
mounting type D2 for wiring entry Terminal block detail
103 32 212
25 min Terminal block - See detail

Flush mounting
157 max The terminal position
177 type D1
shown is typical only
Wiring entry
Resets* See note

Front 11 Ventilated 26
Side Rear
enslosure 22 52
Flush & semi projecting mounting Rear flange housing* References of optional mounting
panel cut out detail mounting detail 4 holes positions for terminal blocks and
4 holes Ø 4,4 Ø 4,4 ventilated enslocure housings
Alternative fixing Cover outline
may be by M4 Mounting screws: M4x10 steel pan head with
159 168 157
tapped holes or by nuts & lockwashers are
notched cutouts for provided
the selection of Note: If mounting Terminal screws: M4x8 brass cheese head with
suitable M4 captive 52 plate is required lockwashers are provided
(cage) nuts 23,5 12,4 use flush
99 77,7 mounting cut out

Figure 4 :
Outline and mounting details for single size 4 MIDOS case.
ALSTOM Limited Pallavaram Works: 19/1, GST Road, Pallavaram, Chennai-600 043. India.
Tel: 91-044-2368621 Fax: 91-044-2367276 Email:
© 1998 ALSTOM Limited

Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure should
only be regarded as a guide and is intended for information purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer for sale or advice on the application of any product referred to in it.
ALSTOM Limited cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any decision taken on its contents without specific advice

PR:046:0799:A Printed in India.