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Reflex

Stimulus Receptors Response


Hering-Breuer Lung inflation Stretch receptors Apnea
Inflation in airways Decreased
respiration
Bronchodilation
Hering-Breuer Lung deflation J receptors Hyperpnea
Deflation Irritant receptors Associated with sigh
Stretch receptor in response
airways
Paradoxic Reflex Lung inflation Stretch receptors Inspiration
of Head in lungs Sigh response
Sneeze Reflex Irritation at the Nasal mucosa Sneeze
nose receptors Bronchoconstriction
Nasal congestion
Rise in BP
Cough reflex Irritation beyond Upper airway Cough
the nose receptor Bronchoconstriction
Diving reflex Immersion of the Receptors in nasal Apnea
face in water mucosa and face Decreased heart
rate
Vasoconstriction
Pharyngeal Negative pressure Receptors in nose, Contraction of
Dilator Reflex in the upper mouth and upper pharyngeal dilator
airway airways muscles
Pulmonary Presence of drugs J receptors Apnea
chemoreflex in the pulmonary Tachypnea
circulation Bronchoconstriction
Arterial Low PO2 Peripheral Hyperpnea
chemoreceptor Low pH chemoreceptors Bronchoconstriction
reflex (carotid and aortic Bradycardia
bodies) Vasoconstriction
Arterial Increased Baroreceptors Apnea
Baroreceptor systemic BP (carotid and aortic Bronchodilation
Reflex sinuses) Bradycardia
Vasodilation
Reflexes from Stretch of Muscle spindle (for Hyperpnea
Muscles, muscle/tendon muscle)
Tendons, Joints Movement of Golgi tendon organ
joints (for tendon)
Proprioreceptors
(for joints)
Reflexes due to Any form of Nociceptors (a- Hyperpnea
pain somatic pain delta, c-fibers) Tachycardia
Vasoconstriction
(depend on
intensity of pain)