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Safety in Nuclear Medicine

Although exposure to radioactivity in very large dose can be

harmful, the radioactivity in radiopharmaceuticals is carefully
selected by the nuclear medicine physician to be safe. Like
any medicine, they are prepared with great care before they
are used. The quantity of the radiopharmaceutical part is very
small, generally, 1/10th of millionth of an ounce. The risk of
a reaction is 2-3 incidents for 100,000 injection, over 50% of
which are rashes.

Pte Ltd

290 Orchard Road #08-06 Paragon Medical

Singapore 238859

For more information please contact us at:

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Pte Ltd

What is Radiation? As a result, radiation exposure is very low and poses little or no
risk. The radiation dose received by a patient for a diagnostic
The terms radiation and radioactivity are often used
procedure averages 300 mrem. This is equal to, or even less
interchangeably but actually denote different processess.
than the natural background radiation dose received on a
Radiation is simply the release of energy through the space.
yearly basis by almost every person living in the United States,
The most familiar form of radiation is visible light like that
and in many other parts of the world during the course of our
produced by the sun or even a light bulb. Other forms of
daily lives. This natural radiation comes from space, rocks and
radiation include radiowaves, microwaves, ultraviolet light,
soil. There is even a small amount of radioactivity that exists
and X-rays and gamma rays used in medical procedures.
naturally in our bodies. We are also exposed to radiation from
Radioactivity relates to the more specific, spontaneous release typical consumer products like household smoke detectors,
of energy in atomic level. This energy can have a number of color television sets, building materials and domestic water
different forms but can be broadly divided into particulate supply.
emissions which have kinetic energy and photon emissions.
Radiation known as cosmic radiation, is in the upper
atmosphere due to solar galactic emissions. Airline crews get
more cosmic but less terrestial radiation than other workers
do. A typical coast-to-coast flight in the U.S. is responsible for
an exposure of approximately 5 mrem. The higher we go the
Cosmic less shielding our atmosphere provides for us from this cosmic
SUN Radiation radiation.

Chest X-rays, dental X-rays, CT scans and many other medical

procedures also expose patients to radiation.

Atmosphere Natural and Man-made Sources of Radiation

Natural Sources Man-made Sources

Cosmic rays from Medical X-rays 11%

EARTH space 8% Nuclear
Medicine 4%
Rocks and Soil 8% Consumer
Products 3%
Inside Human Other > 1%
Body 11%
Is Radioactivity Harmful?
The radioactivity given to a patient does not pose any Radon 55%
demonstrable health hazard. The amount given is small as
it can be to achieve clear and accurate imaging results. The
actual weight of the radiation is less than 1/10th of billionth of
an ounce.
Source: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

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