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a.

The given data tabulates bivariate probability distribution for the manufacturing costs

which comprises direct labor and parts. It is required to show the marginal distribution of

direct labor cost and to compute its expected value, variance and standard deviation.

The marginal distribution of labor cost are shown in the last row of the table

corresponding to Total. The expected value for labor cost is as follows:

= 45.3

2 2 2

= 3.81

SD x Var x

= 3.81

= 1.95

b.

The marginal distribution of parts cost are shown in the last column of the table

corresponding to Total. The expected value for parts cost is as follows:

E ( y ) 0.45 85 0.55 95

= 90.5

2 2

= 24.75

SD y Var y

= 24.75

= 4.97

c.

Define s x y , where, x denote the direct labor cost and y denote parts cost, and the

total of these two denote manufacturing cost. The probability distribution for x y is as

follows:

s f (s)

128 0.05

130 0.2

133 0.2

138 0.25

140 0.2

143 0.1

Table 5c-28E probability distribution for x y .

f (s 128) f s 85 f (s 43) . The rest of the calculations are done accordingly.

d.

Use Excel formula =Sum to calculate the expected value and variance of x y . The

following screen shot in Excel shows the expected value, E x y and variance,

V x y .

Figure 5d-28E shows the expected value, variance and standard deviation in highlighted

cells.

Therefore, the required answers are 135.8 , 21.26 and 4.61 respectively.

e.

P( A | B) P( A)

Or

P( B | A) P( B)

Since, the condition does not hold true for the two events-labor cost and parts cost, the

two events are assumed to be dependent.

f.

The total manufacturing cost for producing 1500 printers is $198350. It is to check

whether it is same with that of the expected cost.

E (ax by ) aE ( x) bE ( y ) (1)

E ( x) 45.3, E ( y ) 90.5

Substitute the values in the equation (1) and obtain the required return. The required

manufacturing cost is as follows:

= 1500 45.3 +1500 90.5

= 203700

The expected manufacturing cost is higher than actual expenditure. This might be due to

taking inter dependency of the two costs.

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