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Formative and Summative Assessment

Test types:
- Objective and subjective tests
1a) Objective, which require students to select the correct response from several
alternatives or to supply a word or short phrase to answer a question or complete a

Examples: multiple choice, true-false, matching, completion

b) Objective tests are appropriate when:

- The group to be tested is large and the test may be reused.

- Highly reliable scores must be obtained as efficiently as possible.

- Impartiality of evaluation, fairness, and free from possible test scoring

influences are essential.

2a) Subjective or essay, which permit the student to organize and present an original

Examples: short-answer essay, extended-response essay, problem solving,

performance test items

b) Essay tests are appropriate when:

-The group to be tested is small and the test is not to be reused

-You wish to encourage and reward the development of student skill in writing

-You are more interested in exploring student attitudes than in measuring his/her
- Norm-referenced
-Student achievement in comparison with other students in the
- Purpose: to rank the achievement of the students
To discriminate between high and low achieves
- Criterion-references
- Student in comparison with an absolute standard
- Purpose: to know the specific skills which have achieved
to know how far student’s ability

Authentic Assessment
- Portfolio
- Definition: A collection of a student’s work
specifically selected to tell a particular story about the student.
- Could include the following, but is not limited to samples
of work, reflections, belief statements, goals and evaluations
- Performance based
- an alternative assessment that requires students to
construct a response, create a product, or demonstrate
application of knowledge in authentic contexts.
- uses meaningful, naturalistic and contextualized tasks
- promotes hands-on or collaborative activities
- shows what students know and can do
- Peer Evaluation
- a process in which faculty members adjust individual
grades for team assignments by using data collected by
asking team members to evaluate each team member.
- is not the same as peer grading.
- Self Evaluation
- Looking at your progress, development and learning to
determine what has improved and what areas still need
improvement. Usually involves comparing a "before"
situation with a current situation.
- Online Evaluation