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Power tool 1

Power tool
A power tool is a tool that is actuated by an additional power source and mechanism other than the solely manual
labour used with hand tools. The most common types of power tools use electric motors. Internal combustion
engines and compressed air are also commonly used. Other power sources include steam engines, direct burning of
fuels and propellants,[1] or even natural power sources like wind or moving water. Tools directly driven by animal
power are not generally considered power tools.
Power tools are used in industry, in construction, in the garden, for housework tasks such as cooking, cleaning, and
around the house for purposes of driving (fasteners), drilling, cutting, shaping, sanding, grinding, routing, polishing,
painting, heating and more.
Power tools are classified as either stationary or portable, where portable means hand-held. Portable power tools
have obvious advantages in mobility. Stationary power tools however often have advantages in speed and
accuracy,[2] and some stationary power tools can produce objects that cannot be made in any other way.[3] Stationary
power tools for metalworking are usually called machine tools. The term machine tool is not usually applied to
stationary power tools for woodworking, although such usage is occasionally heard, and in some cases, such as drill
presses and bench grinders, exactly the same tool is used for both woodworking and metalworking.

History
The lathe is the oldest power tool, being known to the ancient Egyptians (albeit in a hand-powered form). Early
industrial revolution-era factories had batteries of power tools driven by belts from overhead shafts. The prime
power source was a water wheel or (later) a steam engine. The introduction of the electric motor (and electric
distribution networks) in the 1880s made possible the self-powered stationary and portable tools we know today.

Energy sources
Currently an electric motor is the most popular choice to power stationary tools, though in the past they were
powered by windmills, water wheels and steam. Some museums and hobbyists still maintain and operate stationary
tools powered these older power sources. Portable electric tools may be either corded or battery-powered.
Compressed air is the customary power source for nailers and paint sprayers. A few tools (called powder-actuated
tools) are powered by explosive cartridges. Tools that run on gasoline or gasoline-oil mixes are made for outdoor
use; typical examples include most chainsaws and string trimmers. Other tools like blowtorches will burn their fuel
externally to generate heat. Compressed air is universally used where there is a possibility of fuel or vapor ignition -
such as automotive workshops. Professional level electric tools differ from DIY or 'consumer' tools by being double
insulated and not earthed - in fact they must not be earthed for safety reasons.

Safety
While power tools are extremely helpful, they also produce large amounts of noise and vibrations.[4] Using power
tools without hearing protection over a long period of time can put a person at risk for hearing loss. The US National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has recommended that a person should not be exposed to
noise at or above 85 dB, for the sake of hearing loss prevention. Most power tools, including drills, circular saws,
belt sanders, and chainsaws, operate at sound levels above the 85 dB limit, some even reaching over 100 dB. NIOSH
strongly recommends wearing hearing protection while using these kinds of power tools.
Prior to the 1930s, power tools were often housed in cast metal housings. The cast metal housings were heavy,
contributing to repetitive use injuries, as well as conductive - often shocking the user. As Henry Ford adapted to the
manufacturing needs of World War II, he requested that A. H. Peterson, a tool manufacturer, create a lighter electric
Power tool 2

drill that was more portable for his assembly line workers.[5] At this point, the Hole-Shooter, a drill that weighed
5 lbs. was created by A. H. Peterson. The Peterson Company eventually went bankrupt after a devastating fire and
recession, but the company was auctioned off to A. F. Siebert,[6] a former partner in the Peterson Company, in 1924
and became the Milwaukee Electric Tool Company.
In the early 30's, companies started to experiment with housings of thermoset polymer plastics. In 1956, under the
influence of Dr. Hans Erich Slany, Robert Bosch GmbH was one of the first companies to introduce a power tool
housing made of glass filled nylon.

List of power tools


Power tools include:
• Impact driver
• Air compressor
• Alligator shear
• Angle grinder
• Bandsaw
• Belt sander
• Biscuit joiner
• Brushcutter
• Ceramic tile cutter
• Chainsaw
• Circular saw
• Concrete saw
• Cold saw
• Crusher
• Diamond blade
• Diamond tools
• Disc sander
• Drill
• Floor sander
• Food Processor
• Grinding machine
• Heat gun
• Hedgecutter
• Impact wrench
• Iron
• Jackhammer
• Jointer
• Jigsaw
• Knitting Machine
• Lathe
• Lawn Mower
• Leafblower
• Miter saw
• Nail gun (electric and battery as well as powder actuated)
• Needle scaler
• Pneumatic torque wrench
Power tool 3

• Powder-actuated tools
• Power wrench
• Radial arm saw
• Random orbital sander
• Reciprocating saw
• Rotary reciprocating saw
• Rotary tool
• Rotovator
• Sabre saw
• Sander
• Scrollsaw
• Sewing Machine
• Steel cut off saw
• Strimmer
• Table saw
• Thickness planer
• Vacuum Cleaner
• Wall chaser
• Washing machine
• Wood router

References
[1] e.g. in powder-actuated tools
[2] A typical table saw for instance not only cuts faster than a regular hand saw, but the cuts are smoother, straighter and more square than what
is normally achievable with a hand-held power saw.
[3] e.g. lathes produce truly round objects
[4] NIOSH Power tools database (http:/ / wwwn. cdc. gov/ niosh-sound-vibration/ default. aspx)
[5] History of first portable drill (http:/ / www. milwaukeetool. com/ company/ milwaukee-story/ history-of-milwaukee)
[6] History of Peterson and Milwaukee Companies (http:/ / www. milwaukee-et. com/ int/ int_about. nsf/ vwFiles/ milwaukee-story/ $FILE/
MilwaukeesHistory. pdf?OpenElement)

External links
• DIYinfo.org's Power Tools Wiki (http://www.diyinfo.org/wiki/Power_Tools) - Practical information on all the
power tools you'll use in and around the house
• Encyclopedia of power tools - Power Tools Learning Campus by Bosch (http://www.powertool-portal.com)
• Power tools and their use (http://www.builderbill-diy-help.com/DIY_power_tools.html)
• Power tools guide and safety tips (http://www.diy-power-tools.co.uk/) Easy to read guide on Power Tools.
• NIOSH Power Tool Sound and Vibrations Database (http://wwwn.cdc.gov/niosh-sound-vibration/)
• NIOSH Sound Meter (http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noise/abouthlp/noisemeter_html/hp0a.html)
Article Sources and Contributors 4

Article Sources and Contributors


Power tool  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=611829217  Contributors: Aaronbrick, Acalamari, Andrial12, Andy Dingley, Apayes, Artaxiad, Billbeee, Blanchardb,
Blogger1098, Bongwarrior, Bushytails, Calison01, ChrisGualtieri, Ckatz, Con Artist97, Courcelles, Cynwolfe, DavidWBrooks, Davydahl, Designerx, Desktopseo, Dfrg.msc, Diamond-blades,
Donrus48, Dstarrmittersil, Dugas, Eggman64, Elf, Fightfortruth, Gilliam, GoingBatty, Golbez, Graibeard, Hsh8, Ijx4, Industrial Torque Tools, Irf5, JederCoulious, Jmundo, Jonesey95, Josh
Parris, Kid Sinister, Kozuch, Kuru, LilHelpa, LinguistAtLarge, Luigizanasi, LukasMatt, Lumbercutter, M338, Makeemlighter, MegaSloth, Merphant, Minervaone, Mjs1991, NawlinWiki, Ober,
Old Moonraker, Onlinetedl, Peridon, Pinethicket, Ptitrade, RenamedUser01302013, Rjwilmsi, Rowan Adams, Sdornan, Seaphoto, Securiger, Shadowjams, Shalom Yechiel, Shawnstepleton1,
South Bay, Spike Wilbury, Studerby, TallGuy, The Magnificent Clean-keeper, Toolhire, Tooltechie, Typhoon, Veinor, Versageek, Virak, Walpole, Whubbard, Wizard191, Wrockca, Wywin,
Yesson20, Zhournas, Zimin.V.G., ZoFreX, 168 anonymous edits

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