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This article was downloaded by: [McMaster University] On: 13 March 2013, At: 14:41 Publisher: Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK

This article was downloaded by: [McMaster University] On: 13 March 2013, At: 14:41 Publisher: Taylor &http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tjeo20 Chemical Composition of the Seed Oil of Eryngium foetidum L. from Cuba Jorge A. Pino , Aristides Rosado & Victor Fuentes Institute de Investigaciones para la Industria Alimenticia (IIIA), Carr. al Guatao Km 3½ Lisa, C. Habana, 19200, Cuba Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas (CNIC), C. Habana, Cuba Instituto de Investigaciones Fundamentales para Agricultura Tropical “Alejandro de Humboldt” (INIFAT), C. Habana, Cuba Version of record first published: 09 Dec 2011. To cite this article: Jorge A. Pino , Aristides Rosado & Victor Fuentes (1997): Chemical Composition of the Seed Oil of Eryngium foetidum L. from Cuba, Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9:1, 123-124 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1997.9700731 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and- conditions This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever " id="pdf-obj-0-6" src="pdf-obj-0-6.jpg">

Journal of Essential Oil Research

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Chemical Composition of the Seed Oil of Eryngium foetidum L. from Cuba

Jorge A. Pino a , Aristides Rosado b & Victor Fuentes c a Institute de Investigaciones para la Industria Alimenticia (IIIA), Carr. al Guatao Km 3½ Lisa, C. Habana, 19200, Cuba b Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas (CNIC), C. Habana, Cuba c Instituto de Investigaciones Fundamentales para Agricultura Tropical “Alejandro de Humboldt” (INIFAT), C. Habana, Cuba Version of record first published: 09 Dec 2011.

To cite this article: Jorge A. Pino , Aristides Rosado & Victor Fuentes (1997): Chemical Composition of the Seed Oil of Eryngium foetidum L. from Cuba, Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9:1, 123-124

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE

Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and- conditions

This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden.

The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever

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J. &sent. Oil Res., 9, 123-124 (Jan/Feb 1997)

RESEARCHNOTE

Chemical Composition of the Seed Oil of Eryngium foetidum L. from Cuba

Jorge A. Pino’ Instituto de Investigacionespara la Industria Alimenticia (I.> Car. a1 Guatao Km 3’4 Lisa, C. Habana 19200, Cuba

Atistides Rosado

Centm Nacional de Investigaciones Cientt&zs (CNIC), C.Habana, Cuba

Victor Fuemtcs

Instituto de Inmigaciones Fundamentialespara Agrlcultura Tropical “Alejandm de Humboldt” (INIFAD, C.Habana, Cuba

Abstract

The seed of Eryngiumfoetidum L. of Cuban origin has been analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Thirty-seven compounds were identified, of which carotol(19.31%), (E)-p-

farnesene (9.98%), (E)-anethole (7.43%) and a-pinene (7.6%) constituents.

were the major

Key Word Index

Eyngium foetidum, Umbelliferae, essential oil composition, carotol.

Plant Name Eyngium foetidurn L.

Source

Cultivated plants from INIFAT experimental station in Guira de Melena, near Havana were used. A voucher specimen is kept at the INIFAT herbarium (087).

Plant Part

Seeds of E. foetidum were collected in May 1994. The air-dried material (50 g) was comminuted and subjected to hydrodistillation,using a Clevenger-type apparatus for 3 h to produce an oil with 0.2% yield.

Prevlous Work

The volatiles of the seed of E. foetidum have not been the subject of previous studies. Only the essential oils from the leaves, flowers and roots were previously analyzed (1-4).

‘Address for correspondence

Received: Manb 1995 Rmed: October 1995

1041-2905/97/0001-0123$04.00/~01997 Allured Publishing Corp.

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124

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Table I. Cbmical composition of the aeed oil of ErVngiUm fuetldum from Cuba

Compounds

Percentago

Compounds

Percentage

a-thujene

0.02

thymol

0.06

a-pinene

7.69

undecanal

0.06

camphene

0.03

a-copaene

0.06

p-menthatriene'

0.27

dodecanal

0.04

sabinene

0.15

a-cedrene

3.39

p-pinene

0.16

p-caryophyllene

0.29

unidentified compound 1

0.03

a-santalene

0.09

myrcene

1.11

trans-p-bergamotene

0.16

a-terpinene

0.03

(2)-p-famesene

1.15

p-cymene

0.44

epi-p-santalene

1.37

limonene

0.39

(E)-p-farnesene

9.98

y-terpinene

4.65

tingiberene

0.67

terpinolene

0.03

p-bisabolene

6.77

linalool

0.08

p-sesquiphellandrene

0.06

safranal

0.13

caryophyllene oxide

2.38

nonanal

0.57

carotol

19.31

terpinen-4-01

0.03

unidentified compound 2

6.28

decanal

1.21

tetradecanal

0.09

(2)-anethole

0.45

hexadecanal

0.17

(E)-anethole

7.43

*correct isomer not identified Unident. Comp. 1: do (rel. int.): 120 [M*1(50). 105(1W), TI(18). 91(16), 51(10) Unident. Comp. 2: m/s (rel. int.): 220 IWMlO), 159(100). 93(77). 41(68). 91(56). 117(50)

Present Work

The oil was found to be a pale yellow liquid with a strong characteristic odor. The seed oil of E.foetfdum was analyzed on a Pye Unicam 204 GC equipped with FID and an SPB-1 fused silica column (25 m x 0.25 mm, 0.25 pm film thickness). The column was temperature programmed from 60°C (4 min)

to 220°C (20 min) at 4"C/min, with hydrogen as carrier gas. The GC/MS analysis was carried out on a

JEOL JMS-DX 300 system using a column with the same characteristics. The temperature program was

the same as for the GC except that helium was used as the carrier gas. The ion source temperature was 250°C and electron energy 70 eV. Identification of components was made on the basis of their mass spectral fragmentation and retention indices. Off-line searching using an IBM-AT computer made use of a data base file named IDENT, created under the FOXPRO data base program from Fox Holdings. The data base contains retention indices for two GC liquid phases, as well as molecular weight and the six most abundant ions in the mass spectrum. The list of components identitied in the seed oil ofE.Jbefkkrm gmwing in Cuba is presented in Table I. The qualitative and quantitative composition of the leaf and root oils, and of the seed oil are thus rather different. Compared to the latter oil, the lack of carotol in the leaf and root oils is striking.

References

  • 1. D. R. Koolhas, ?%be essential oil of Eryngiumfoetidum L. 7he occunwzce of 2-dodecen-141. Rec. Trav. 51,460468 (1932).

Chim.,

  • 2. P.-H. Yeh, EFsential oik. XV.Oil of Eryngium fmtidum. J. Chin. Chem. SOC. (Taipei), 21, 139-147 (1975).

  • 3. P. A. Leclercq, N. X. D iing, Y. N. Lo and N. V. Toanh, Composttion of tbe essential oil of Eyngium foetidum L.fmm Vietnam. J. Essent. Oil Res.,

4, 423424 (1992).

  • 4. K. C. Wong, M.C. Feng, T. W. Sam and G. L. Tan, Compasition of tbe leaf and mot oik of Eryngiumfmtidum L. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 369-374 (1994).