You are on page 1of 20

COST EFFECTIVE

ARCHITECTURE

Group :- 4
• Prof. Anil Laul was an Indian architect and urban
planner, particularly noted for his sensitivity to
the needs of the poor and for his use of
traditional methods and materials dovetailing
the contemporary element into his designs.
• He is the principal architect of Anangpur
Building Centre and Academy for Sustainable
Habitat Research and Action (ASHRA).

• He is considered the 'Master Blaster of Low Cost


Housing & Earthquake engineering' in the
country.
• He also has many Hi-end & Hi-tech structures
like the Cube-on-vertex, Geodesic domes, Space
frames, A-frames to his credit.
• He was also instrumental in setting up the
Laurie Baker Building Centre (LBBC) in Delhi, an
organization promoting low-cost, eco-friendly
structures.
BIRTH AND EDUCATION
• He was born on August 6, 1944, in Amritsar, Punjab
• He studied architecture at the School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi in 1968.
• He has worked with Joseph Allen Stein & Mrs. Stein, Ram Sharma Kanvinde to name a few.
• He was a former visiting professor at SPA, Delhi and the former Chairman of the Habitat
Polytechnic.
• He has been a passionate teacher, a terror in the class and a friend outside the class.
• He has been an inspiration for his students and fellow teachers.
• He has always been the favorite of his students.

AFFILIATIONS
• He was the prime member of the Art Advisory Committee, Architecture Advisory Committee, Projects
Appraisal Committee, Building Materials Advisory Committee and Governing Council of Building Centre of
HUDCO (Housing and Urban Development Corporation) in the past.

• He is the member of Indian National Trust for Art & Cultural Heritage (INTACH) and senior advisor/consultant to
various bodies like the Development Alternatives, Delhi Urban Art Commission, Unified Traffic and
Transportation Infrastructure Planning and Engineering Centre (UTTIPEC), The Energy and Research Institute
(TERI), Oxfam, Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA), United Nations Environment Program etc.

• He has been instrumental in promoting the sustainable and cost effective technologies throughout India and
abroad and is the co-author of several policies for Housing.
PHILOSOPHY AND DESIGN
 Anil Laul is known for his understated, pure organic but geometrical forms.
 His design concepts speak of the clarity of design and detailing.
 His works often incorporate tradition with contemporary style.
 After more than three decades of relentless work and unique masterpieces,
evolving the best cost effective and sustainable technologies in India and the
world, his name has become synonymous to this type of construction
 Laul has been involved in various teaching/hands-on training programs.
 Laul shares, 'I have chosen to do RE...SEARCH and not research as we know it.
To my mind it is simple and requires a blend of nature's bounty, traditional
wisdom and advancement of the technologies developed by man.'
 He lays stress on building for cost-effectiveness without compromising on the
aesthetics of any building.

Prof. Anil Laul residence Use of rock in kids bathroom


Some of his works techniques Book by Prof. Anil Laul Anangpur House

 The construction technologies used in high-income group housing are the same used in a slum
rehabilitation scheme.
 He built low-cost, low-energy, climatically suited and aesthetic houses with recycled waste for people’s real
needs keeping the human'e' scale alive.
 While constructing his own house at Anangpur, he practiced the same concepts he preached and
popularized. Indeed, his life is his message.
 "Will I live in a home built with the technologies that I propagate for the underprivileged? Yes, in my case I
do." - Book 'GREEN is RED' by Anil Laul.
 Recycling comes naturally to Laul. His projects used bits and pieces of waste to make aesthetically
appealing structures that are eco-friendly and rooted to the community and tradition. The roofs of the
Bhoomiheen Camp, a school for the slum children, have the waste stone found in that area, a signature
Laul technique. Laul is very sensitive to the environment and had a minimal use of the guzzling RCC in his
buildings.
PROMINENT WORKS
 Jaunapur Slum Resettlement, Delhi
 Deepalaya School
 Anangpur Building Centre and Residence
 Katha School for Slum Children
 Pushkarna Residence, Chandigarh
 Jhalawar Housing, Rajasthan
 Lucknow Housing, Uttar Pradesh
 Prince Ashokraje Gaekwad Pre-School, Vadodara, Gujarat
 Bhartiyam Gram, Delhi
 Bhoomiheen Camp, Delhi
 Exposition Centre, Bangluru
 Escorts J.C.B. Factory
 Kota General Hospital, Rajasthan
 Krishnan Residence, Gurgaon
 Vedaville Township in Jamaica
 Proposal for the Great Egyptian Museum
 Proposal for Bio-Climatic School in Greece BOOKS BY LAUL
 Sustainable City Strategies for Johannesburg Summit  Threads of Sustainability, 2005
 Common man's Water Filter  GREEN is RED, 2013
 'Do or Die' of Financial Crisis
Forms
Cube-on-vertex

Space Frames

A-frames
http://www.redbubble.com/people/redscorpion/works/8371461-the-
lakhori-wall?p=photographic-print

BRICKS

http://www.sikhiwiki.org/in
dex.php/File:Nanakshahi_br
ick.JPG
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES

LAKHORI()
PROMOTES

NANAKSHAHI
BRITISH

MODULAR
CRITICISES

http://www.pinehallbrick.com/p
age/FAQ

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals
.htm?articleid=844577
A simple yet splendid roofing system using natural materials

Funicular Shells can take any shape – square, rectangle, trapezium, triangular or any other shape.

Various artistic patterns


http://www.anangpur.org/

http://www.anangpur.org/apps/photos/photo
?photoid=179942654
CUBE- ON- VERTEX APPROPRIATE BUILDING MATERIALS & SYSTEMS

CUBE ASSEMBLY FLIPPING OVER CUBE-ON-VERTEX

PRIMARY SCHOOL AT NEW DEEPALAYA SCHOOL,


DUDHAI, GUJARAT DELHI

http://www.anangpur.org/
DETAILS ON SOME PROMINENT WORKS:
ANANGPUR BUILDING CENTRE AND RESIDENCE
• The Anangpur Building Centre is an entrepreneur Building Centre initiated in
1991 by Prof. Anil Laul, who has been involved with pioneering work in the
field of Appropriate Technologies for three decades.
• The Centre has been the forerunner of the Building Centre movement in
India.
• The issues it addresses are right from the Brick as a basic element in building
and its appropriateness to high-end technology structures such as Space
Frames and Geodesics
• The basic performance criterion required of a walling material remains unexplored.
• Built on 6,000 square feet, the house has a certain rustic charm to it, drawing students of architecture as
well as architects and planners who find it an apt example of a low-cost, eco-friendly house which also
helps protect, conserve and recycle resources.
• He wanted to preserve the natural look of the land as far as possible and
worked with the elements of nature including the sun and wind.
• No attempt is made to mask the fact that the walls
lack plaster. Instead of using regular bricks that are 3
or 4 inches in breadth for the walls, Laul used stones
that are 12 to 18 inches thick
• Says the architect: "The thickness of the walls insulates the house
in such a manner that it is cool in summer and warm during winter.
We seldom need to use the air conditioner."
• The ceiling is patterned with bricks and each pattern is different, adding an
interesting dimension to the interior.

• The concrete beams run diagonally to the walls of the building, for earthquake
resistance.
• Colored tiles, pieces of marble, waste granite... all have been recycled and used in
some way, adding to the house's allure.
• The house has been painted just once in its lifetime. This is because according to
him paint is the main cause of environmental degradation.
• Sofas, beds, bathtubs, counters are all inbuilt, thus reducing the cost of
furnishings drastically.
• The interiors are tastefully accentuated by accessories, giving the home a modern
look.
FAMILY LOUNGE
DRAWING EAST SUN FILTERING IN
ROOM THE COURTYARD

(-)3.0m FROM G.L.


(-)1.6m FROM G.L.
Drain running
around the house

MASTER BEDROOM
The kitchen and the formal living and
dining rooms are at the lower levels,
linked up through the central courtyard to
the personal areas.

BED ROOM
http://www.anangpur.org/

DRAWING ROOM
http://www.anangpur.org/
http://www.anangpur.org/
EXPOSITION CENTRE, BANGALORE

• Technology in its simplest form.


• The Permanent Exhibition Complex of Karnataka Trade Promotion Organization, not only makes a
statement in terms of its monumental scale, but also epitomizes Simplified Technologies.
• Regarded as a massive feat of engineering today, the Karnataka Trade Centre has been designed
with such simplicity; both at planning as well as detailing level; that it has now become a Symbol
of Engineering.
• It illustrates all that is possible in this country, provided one is willing to approach problems from
the root cause rather than designing for complexity and provide for simple working
methodologies as available in this country.

• It has excellent features and is also well equipped


with all kinds of modern technologies. The lounge
has ability to accommodate around 500 people at
a time. The venue has an option of outdoor as
well as indoor meeting space.
• The halls of the venue are fully air conditioned.
Business center of the venue is well equipped
with all kinds of modern machines. Bangalore
International Exhibition Center also has meetings
rooms which are available for national as well as
No. of Halls : 3 international exhibitors.
Coverage Area : 34 Acre
KRISHNAN HOUSE, GURGAON

• The roof slope on the west side of the building extends from the top to the ground and is
completely covered with tiles.
• The entire wall on the west side is blank with no openings.
• The building is completely shaded from the south and the west sun.
• The building is cool in summer and warm in winter.
• The hot air inside the building rises up and goes out through the skylight in the A-frame.
• Cool air enters the building through the windows.
• The predominant breezes are from the north
east and south east.
• The windows are provided at appropriate
locations so that they capture these breezes.
• The placement of the doors and windows are North East view Front Elevation
such that they provide for good cross
ventilation.
• The greenery around the building allows in
cool and fresh air.

West Elevation View from driveway