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EMPLOYMENT INTERVIEWING

Job interviews, for most of us, are intimidating; no one enjoys being judged and, possibly,
rejected. Should you expect to be nervous about an upcoming job interview? Of course!
Everyone is uneasy about being scrutinized and questioned. But think of how much more
nervous you would be if you had no idea what to expect in the interview and if you were
unprepared.

An interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given. In
common parlance, the word "interview" refers to a one-on-one conversation with one person
acting in the role of the interviewer and the other in the role of the interviewee. The interviewer
asks questions, the interviewee responds, with participants taking turns talking. Interviews
usually involve a transfer of information from interviewee to interviewer, which is usually the
primary purpose of the interview, although information transfers can happen in both directions
simultaneously. One can contrast an interview which involves bi-directional communication with
a one-way flow of information, such as a speech or oration.

Definitions
 A somewhat formal discussion between a hirer and an applicant or candidate, typically in
person, in which information is exchanged, with the intention of establishing the
applicant's suitability for a position.
 The definition of an interview is a conversation in which someone is questioned about
their background, lifestyle or experience.
 A formal meeting in person, especially one arranged for the assessment of the
qualifications of an applicant.

A tool to direct or guide a conversation between 2 or more people towards a particular outcome.
Frey and Oishi (1995:01) define Interview as:

“A purposeful conversation in which one person asks prepared questions (interviewer)


and another answers them (respondent).”

Examples:
 Journalistic
 Clinical
 Research
 Occupational