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Rosalio Eduarte National High School

Dolores, Abra

Detailed Lesson Plan in Science 10

I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:

a. explain the effect of changes in volume and temperature;
b. use the volume-temperature relationship to determine the new volume or temperature of a
given amount of gas at a constant pressure; and
c. give practical applications of Charles’s law.

II. Subject Matter

Topic: Charles’s Law

Materials: PowerPoint presentation, Video clips related to Charles’s law, balloons, hot water, ice,
beaker, ice, pail

References: Fundamentals of Chemistry, 5th Edition by Goldberg, D. ; Conceptual and Functional

Chemistry – Modular Approach, 2nd Edition by Padolina, M., and Exploring Life through Science,
Chemistry Laboratory Manual by Bayquen, Science 10 learner’ and teacher’s materials

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity Learner’s Activity

A. Preliminary activities
a) Prayer
May we all stand and let us pray.
Let’s bow our head and feel the
presence of God.
(Amen!) (Amen!)
b) Customary Greetings
“Good morning Class!” “Good morning, sir!”

How are you today? We’re good sir!

Have you taken your breakfast?

Yes sir
That’s good!
Everyone! Before taking your seats,
kindly arrange your chairs and pick up all
the litters.

You may now take your seats.

Thank you, sir!
a) Checking of attendance
Who are absent today? Are you all present? Yes sir!
That’s good!

B. Review of the Past Lesson

What was our topic last meeting? Anyone?
Yes Apple? We talked about behavior of gases sir!

Very good!
What else? Yes Aerwin?
We also learned about Boyle’s law which states
that if volume decreases the pressure increases.
And we are also done for the activity about the
Very good! second law of gases which is the Charles’ Law.

B. Motivation
Let’s watch a video related about your
activity last meeting which is the Charles’
C. Presentation
That’s our activity all about! So, today let’s
have a continuation of that topic which is
Charles’ law.
D. Discussion
Through our activity last meeting we’ve learned
that when the temperature of a gas increases, its
volume increases and vice versa. This is the
principle of Charles’ Law of Gases.
Before we proceed for the calculations we need to
know who is the man behind this law or who
introduced this law? Do you have any idea?
Sir! He is Jacques Alexandre César Charles, a
French inventor, scientist, mathematician, and
Very Good!

In Charles’ Law the Kelvin temperature of a gas is

directly related to the volume where P (Pressure)
and n (amount of air) are constant.

• For two conditions, Charles’ Law is

V = V (P and n constant)
1 2
1 2
• Rearranging Charles’ Law to solve
for V
T xV = V x T
2 1 2 1
1 1
V = V xT
2 1 2

Let’s have an example applying the Charles’ Law


a. A balloon has a volume of 785 mL at 21°C.

If the
temperature drops to 0°C, what is the new volume
of the balloon (P constant)?

1. Set up data table:

Conditions 1 Conditions 2

V1 = 785 mL V2 = ?

T1 = 21°C = 294 K T2 = 0°C = 273 K

2. Solve Charles’ law for V :

V = V
1 2
1 2
V = V x T
2 1 2
V = 785 mL x 273 K = 729 mL
294 K
Again, let’s have another problem to solve for you
to understand well, for now you’re going to solve
on your own.

Seatwork; 5 minutes, ¼ sheet of paper

a. A sample of oxygen gas has a volume of

420 mL at a temperature of 18°C. At what
temperature (in °C) will the volume of the
oxygen be 640 mL (P and n constant)?

(after five minutes)

I want two volunteer, boy and girl show
1. Set up data table:
your computation in front and explain.
Conditions 1 Conditions 2
V1 = 420 mL V2 = 640
T1 = 291 K T2 = ?

2. Solve Charles’ law for T2:

T 2 = T 1 x V2

T2 = 291 K x 640 mL = 443 K

420 mL
= 443 K - 273 K = 170°C

Very good!

E. Generalization

So, that’s our entire topic for today! So let’s

sum up! What is the principle of Charles’ Law?
When the temperature of a gas increases, its
volume increases.

The Kelvin temperature of a gas is directly related

to the volume.

P and n are constant.

Very Good!

IV. Application

Let’s have an activity ; a Quiz bee. I have here set

of problems and questions, you’re going to answer
it by group. For now let’s make your group into

Everyone stay with your group mates!

So, here are the rules; for easy round I will give
you 30 seconds for you to answer the questions, 1
point for correct answer, for difficult round I will
give you 1 min. and 30 seconds to answer! 3 points
for correct answer. Write your answers in the
cardboard, if I tell you ‘time’s up!’ you’re going to
raise your cardboard. Understood?
Yes, sir!
Easy round;

1. Who introduced Charles’ Law? Complete Jacques Alexandre César Charles

2. What is the formula in computing T2 ? T 2 = T 1 x V2
3. What is the equation that you can derive on
the principle of Charles’ Law? V1 = V2 (P and n constant)
T1 T2
Difficult round;

Solve the following problems

1. A cylinder with a movable piston contains

250 cm3 air at 10 degrees Celsius. If the
pressure is kept constant, at what
temperature would you expect the volume
to be 150 cm3?
2. A tank (Not rigid) contains 2.3 L of
Helium gas at 25 degrees Celsius. What
will be the volume of the tank after heating
it and its content to 40 degrees Celsius
temperature at constant pressure?

V. Evaluation

½ sheet of paper

Use the gas laws to complete sentence with

1) increases 2) decreases.

A. Pressure _______, when V decreases.

B. When T decreases, V _______.

C. Pressure _______ when V changes from 12 L
to 24 L

D. Volume _______when T changes from 15 °C to


Solve for the following;

1. At 20 degrees Celsius, the volume of

Chlorine gas is 15 dm3. Compute for the
resulting volume if the temperature is
adjusted to 318K provided that the pressure
remains the same.

VI. Assignment

Who is the man behind Gay-lusac’s Law?

What is the principle of Gay-Lussac’s Law?

Write it in ¼ sheet of paper.

Prepared by;


Practice Teacher MR. JUDY TACIS

Critique Teacher