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Appendix 2

Plate Reports and Questions


Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

Appendix 2
CSWIP 3.1 Training Questions for Plate Butt Weld 1

Answers to be indicated on the Candidate Answer Template.

Weld Face

1 Maximum excess weld metal height (highest individual point measured): Which
answer best matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a Equal to or less than 0mm.


b 1-4mm.
c 5-6mm.
d 7-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

2 Incomplete fill: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a None observed.
b 50-75mm.
c 10-30mm.
d 80-110mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

3 Slag inclusions: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 50-65mm.
b 22-35mm.
c None observed.
d 8-18mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-1
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

4 Undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the imperfection and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a Smooth intermittent.
b Sharp but less than 1mm deep.
c None observed.
d Sharp but more than 1mm deep.
e Accept.
f Reject.

5 Crater pipes in the weld: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
total accumulative area and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a The area is between 10-15mm2.


b The pore is greater than 1mm dia.
c None observed.
d The pore is less than 1mm dia.
e Accept.
f Reject.

6 Cracks: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total accumulative
length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm transverse crack.


b 15mm longitudinal crack.
c None observed.
d 9-14mm longitudinal crack.
e Accept.
f Reject.

7 Lack of fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 70-90mm.
b 30-60mm.
c None observed.
d 5-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-2
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

8 Arc strikes: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 3 areas.
b 4 areas.
c None observed.
d 1area.
e Accept.
f Reject.

9 Sharp indications of mechanical damage (excluding hard stamping and pop


marks): Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number of
areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels.

a 4 areas.
b 1 area.
c None observed.
d 3.
e Accept.
f Reject.

Weld Root

10 Misalignment: Which answer best matches your assessment of the maximum


value and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 1-2mm.
b 3-4mm.
c None observed.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

11 Root penetration height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 3-5mm.
b 1-2mm.
c None.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-3
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

12 Lack of root penetration: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 35-40mm.
b 20-25mm.
c None observed.
d 0-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

13 Lack of root fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 28-35mm.
b 0-10mm.
c None observed.
d 15-23mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

14 Root concavity or root shrinkage: Which answer best matches your assessment
of the accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to
the given acceptance levels?

a 31-39mm.
b 18-22mm.
c None observed.
d 40-60mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

15 Root undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the accumulative
total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 15-30mm.
b 5-8mm.
c None observed.
d 0-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-4
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

16 Cracks in the root: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 10-17mm.
b 0-4mm.
c None observed.
d 5-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

17 Sharp indications of mechanical damage in the root area weld and parent
material (excluding hard stamping): Which answer best matches your
assessment of the accumulative total and would you accept or reject you findings
to the given acceptance levels?

a 2-3 items observed.


b 1 item observed.
c None observed.
d 3 or more.
e Accept.
f Reject.

18 Crater pipes in the weld root area: Which answer best matches your assessment
of the total number of areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Individual pore diameter between 1-2mm.


b Individual pore diameter between 2-3mm.
c None observed.
d Individual pore diameter greater than 3mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

19 Burn-through in the root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the total number of areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 1area.
b 2 areas.
c None observed.
d 3 areas.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-5
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

20 Angular distortion: Which answer best matches your assessment and would you
accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels (measure from the
weld centreline to the plate edge).

a 3-5mm.
b 6-8mm.
c None observed.
d 1-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-6
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-7
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Appendix 2
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A2-8
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RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
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MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
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A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

CSWIP 3.1 Training Questions for Plate Butt Weld 2

Answers to be indicated on the Candidate Answer Template.

Weld Face

1 Maximum excess weld metal height (highest individual point measured): Which
answer best matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a Equal to or less than 0mm.


b 1-4mm.
c 5-6mm.
d 7-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

2 Incomplete fill: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a None observed.
b 45-80mm.
c 0-40mm.
d 100-120mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

3 Slag inclusions: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 60-70mm.
b 20-30mm.
c None observed.
d 5-18mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

4 Undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the imperfection and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 60mm in length.
b Sharp but less than 1mm deep.
c None observed.
d Sharp but more than 1mm deep.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-9
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

5 Porosity in the weld: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative area and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a The area is between 10-15mm2.


b The area is greater than 100mm2.
c None observed.
d The area is between 70-90mm2.
e Accept.
f Reject.

6 Cracks: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total accumulative
length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm transverse crack.


b 15mm longitudinal crack.
c None observed.
d 9-14mm longitudinal crack.
e Accept.
f Reject.

7 Lack of fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 35-45mm.
b 15-25mm.
c None observed.
d 5-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

8 Arc strikes: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 3.
b 4.
c None observed.
d 1.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-10
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

9 Sharp indications of mechanical damage (excluding hard stamping and pop


marks): Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number of
areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels.

a 4 areas.
b 1 area.
c None observed.
d 3 areas.
e Accept.
f Reject.

Weld Root

10 Misalignment: Which answer best matches your assessment of the maximum


value and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 1-2mm.
b 3-4mm.
c 0-1mm.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

11 Root penetration height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 4-5mm.
b 2-3mm.
c None.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

12 Lack of root penetration: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 35-40mm.
b 15-25mm.
c None observed.
d 0-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-11
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

13 Lack of root fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 28-35mm.
b 0-10mm.
c None observed.
d 13-20mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

14 Root concavity or root shrinkage: Which answer best matches your assessment
of the accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to
the given acceptance levels.

a 31-39mm.
b 18-22mm.
c None observed.
d 40-60mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

15 Root undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the accumulative
total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 15-30mm.
b 5-8mm.
c None observed.
d 0-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

16 Cracks in the root: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 10-17mm.
b 0-4mm.
c None observed.
d 5-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-12
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

17 Sharp indications of mechanical damage in the root area weld and parent
material (excluding hard stamping): Which answer best matches your
assessment of the accumulative total number and would you accept or reject
your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 3 or more items observed.


b 1 item observed.
c None observed.
d 2 items observed.
e Accept.
f Reject.

18 Porosity in the weld root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total area and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Individual pore diameter between 1-2mm.


b Individual pore diameter between 2-3mm.
c None observed.
d Individual pore diameter greater than 3mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

19 Burn-through in the root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 1 area.
b 2 areas.
c None observed.
d 3 areas.
e Accept.
f Reject.

20 Angular distortion: Which answer best matches your assessment and would you
accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels, measure from the
weld centreline to the plate edge.

a 3-5mm.
b 6-8mm.
c None observed.
d 1-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-13
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-14
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-15
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RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
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WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
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2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
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A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

CSWIP 3.1 Training Questions for Plate Butt Weld 3

Answers to be indicated on the Candidate Answer Template.

Weld Face

1 Maximum excess weld metal height (highest individual point measured): Which
answer best matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a Equal to or less than 0mm.


b 1-4mm.
c 5-6mm.
d 7-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

2 Incomplete fill: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a None observed.
b 40-60mm.
c 0-30mm.
d 75-100mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

3 Slag inclusions: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 60-70mm.
b 20-30mm.
c None observed.
d 5-18mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

4 Undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the imperfection and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 50mm in length.
b Sharp but less than 1mm deep.
c None observed.
d Sharp but more than 1mm deep.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-16
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

5 Porosity in the weld: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative area and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a The area is between 15-25mm2.


b The area is greater than 100mm2.
c None observed.
d The area is between 70-90mm2.
e Accept.
f Reject.

6 Cracks: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total accumulative
length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm transverse crack.


b 15mm longitudinal crack.
c None observed.
d 9-14mm longitudinal crack.
e Accept.
f Reject.

7 Lack of fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 70-90mm.
b 30-60mm.
c None observed.
d 91-100mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

8 Arc strikes: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 3 total.
b 4 total.
c None observed.
d 1 total.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-17
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

9 Sharp areas of mechanical damage (excluding hard stamping and pop marks):
Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number of areas and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels.

a More than 2 areas.


b 1 area.
c None observed.
d 2 areas.
e Accept.
f Reject.

Weld Root

10 Misalignment: Which answer best matches your assessment of the maximum


value and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm.
b 4-5mm.
c 0-1.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

11 Root penetration height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 2-3mm.
b 1-2mm.
c None.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

12 Lack of root penetration: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 40-55mm.
b 25-35mm.
c None observed.
d 0-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-18
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Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

13 Lack of root fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 30-45mm.
b 0-15mm.
c None observed.
d 16-29mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

14 Root concavity or shrinkage: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels.

a 31-39mm.
b 18-22mm.
c None observed.
d 40-60mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

15 Root undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the accumulative
total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 40-60mm.
b 5-8mm.
c None observed.
d 2-4mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

16 Cracks in the root: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 10-17mm.
b 0-4mm.
c None observed.
d 5-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-19
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Appendix 2
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17 Sharp indications of mechanical damage in the root area weld and parent
material (excluding hard stamping): Which answer best matches your
assessment of the total number of items and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 2 observed.
b 1 item observed.
c None observed.
d 3 or more items observed.
e Accept.
f Reject.

18 Porosity in the weld root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total area and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Individual pore diameter between 1-2mm.


b Individual pore diameter between 2-3mm.
c None observed.
d Individual pore diameter greater than 3mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

19 Burn-through in the root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the total number of areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 1.
b 2.
c None observed.
d 3.
e Accept.
f Reject.

20 Angular distortion: Which answer best matches your assessment and would you
accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels (measure from the
weld centreline to the plate edge).

a 3-4mm.
b 5-6mm.
c None observed.
d 1-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-20
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Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-21
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-22
www.twitraining.com
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

CSWIP 3.1 Training Questions for Plate Butt Weld 4

Answers to be indicated on the Candidate Answer Template.

Weld Face

1 Maximum excess weld metal height (highest individual point measured): Which
answer best matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a Equal to or less than 0mm.


b 1-4mm.
c 5-6mm.
d 7-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

2 Incomplete fill: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a None observed.
b 30-50mm.
c 0-25mm.
d 100-120mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

3 Slag inclusions: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 12-18mm.
b 8-10mm.
c None observed.
d 2-6mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

4 Undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the imperfection and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 10-20mm in length.
b Sharp but less than 1mm deep.
c None observed.
d Sharp but more than 1mm deep.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-23
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

5 Porosity in the weld: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative area and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a The area is between 0-5mm2.


b The pore is greater than 45-60mm2.
c None observed.
d The pore is between 20-30mm2.
e Accept.
f Reject.

6 Cracks: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total accumulative
length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm transverse crack.


b 15mm longitudinal crack.
c None observed.
d 9-14mm longitudinal crack.
e Accept.
f Reject.

7 Lack of fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 30-39mm.
b 40-55mm.
c None observed.
d 5-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

8 Arc strikes: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 2.
b 3.
c None observed.
d 1.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-24
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

9 Sharp areas of mechanical damage (excluding hard stamping and pop marks):
Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number of areas and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels.

a 4 areas.
b 1-2 areas.
c None observed.
d 3 areas.
e Accept.
f Reject.

Weld Root

10 Misalignment: Which answer best matches your assessment of the maximum


value and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 0.5-1mm.
b 1.5-2mm.
c None observed.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

11 Root penetration height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 3-5mm.
b 1-2mm.
c None.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

12 Lack of root penetration: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 35-40mm.
b 20-25mm.
c None observed.
d 0-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-25
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

13 Lack of root fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 28-35mm.
b 0-10mm.
c None observed.
d 15-23mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

14 Root concavity or root shrinkage: Which answer best matches your assessment
of the accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to
the given acceptance levels.

a 31-39mm.
b 18-22mm.
c None observed.
d 40-75mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

15 Root undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the accumulative
total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 15-30mm.
b 5-8mm.
c None observed.
d 40-50mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

16 Cracks in the root: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 10-17mm.
b 0-4mm.
c None observed.
d 5-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-26
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

17 Sharp indications of mechanical damage in the root area weld and parent
material (excluding hard stamping): Which answer best matches your
assessment of the accumulative total and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 2-3 items observed.


b 1 item observed.
c None observed.
d 4 or more items observed.
e Accept.
f Reject.

18 Porosity in the weld root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total area and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Individual pore diameter between 1-2mm.


b Individual pore diameter between 2-3mm.
c None observed.
d Individual pore diameter greater than 3mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

19 Burn-through in the root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total number of areas and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 1.
b 2.
c None observed.
d 3.
e Accept.
f Reject.

20 With refrence to cluster porosity which answer best matches your assessment
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels.

a 20-30mm2.
b 31-40mm2.
c None observed.
d 12-18mm2.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-27
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-28
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-29
www.twitraining.com
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

CSWIP 3.1 Training Questions for Plate Butt Weld 5

Answers to be indicated on the Candidate Answer Template.

Weld Face

1 Excess weld metal height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Equal to or less than 0mm.


b 1-4mm.
c 5-6mm.
d 7-8mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

2 Incomplete fill: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a None observed.
b 16-29mm.
c 0-15mm.
d 40-50mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

3 Slag inclusions: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 60-70mm.
b 20-30mm.
c None observed.
d 5-12mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

4 Undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the imperfection and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 60-70mm in length.
b Sharp but less than 1mm deep.
c None observed.
d Sharp but more than 1mm deep.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-30
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

5 Porosity in the weld: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative area and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 0-15mm2.
b Greater than 100mm2.
c None observed.
d The area is between 70-90mm2.
e Accept.
f Reject.

6 Cracks: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total accumulative
length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 2-3mm transverse crack.


b 15mm longitudinal crack.
c None observed.
d 9-14mm longitudinal crack.
e Accept.
f Reject.

7 Lack of fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total
accumulative length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given
acceptance levels?

a 40-60mm.
b 20-39mm.
c None observed.
d 5-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

8 Arc strikes: Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number
and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 3.
b 4.
c None observed.
d 1.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-31
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

9 Sharp areas of mechanical damage (excluding hard stamping and pop marks):
Which answer best matches your assessment of the total number of areas and
would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels.

a 4.
b 1-2.
c None observed.
d 3.
e Accept.
f Reject.

Weld Root

10 Misalignment: Which answer best matches your assessment of the maximum


value and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 1-2mm.
b 3-4mm.
c None observed.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

11 Root penetration height (highest individual point measured): Which answer best
matches your assessment and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 2-3mm.
b 0-1mm.
c None.
d Greater than 5mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

12 Lack of root penetration: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 30-40mm.
b 20-25mm.
c None observed.
d 0-10mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-32
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

13 Lack of root fusion: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 28-40mm.
b 0-10mm.
c None observed.
d 15-23mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

14 Root concavity or shrinkage: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels.

a 31-39mm.
b 18-25mm.
c None observed.
d 40-75mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

15 Root undercut: Which answer best matches your assessment of the accumulative
total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance
levels?

a 15-30mm.
b 5-8mm.
c None observed.
d 0-2mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

16 Cracks in the root: Which answer best matches your assessment of the
accumulative total length and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 10-17mm.
b 0-4mm.
c None observed.
d 5-8mm.
e Accept
f Reject.

A2-33
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

17 Sharp indications of mechanical damage in the root area weld and parent
material (excluding hard stamping): Which answer best matches your
assessment of the total number of items and would you accept or reject your
findings to the given acceptance levels?

a 2 items observed.
b 1 item observed.
c None observed.
d 3 or more items observed.
e Accept.
f Reject.

18 Porosity in the weld root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the accumulative total area and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a Individual pore diameter between 1-2mm.


b Individual pore diameter between 0-0.5mm.
c None observed.
d Individual pore diameter greater than 3mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

19 Burn-through in the root area: Which answer best matches your assessment of
the total number of areas and would you accept or reject your findings to the
given acceptance levels?

a 1.
b 2.
c None observed.
d 3.
e Accept.
f Reject.

20 Angular distortion: Which answer best matches your assessment and would you
accept or reject your findings to the given acceptance levels (measure from the
weld centreline to the plate edge).

a 2-4mm.
b 6-8mm.
c None observed.
d 0-1mm.
e Accept.
f Reject.

A2-34
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-35
www.twitraining.com
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

A2-36
www.twitraining.com
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
RETEST  RETEST  10 YR  10 YR  CANDIDATE TO FILL ALL BOXES INDICATED IN BLUE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INITIAL
1 2 INITIAL RETEST
WI 3.1 EXAM _
O O O O O O O O O O O O
INVIGILATOR NAME: INVIGILATOR SIGNATURE:
VERSION _
O O O O O O O
EXAM DATE: EVENT CODE
GENERAL THEORY TECHNOLOGY THEORY
A B C D A B C D A B C D CANDIDATE NAME: CANDIDATE SIGNATURE:

1 1 31
I agree with the terms and conditions of  Tick  Date of Birth
2 2 32 this examination Box D D M M Y Y
3 3 33 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
MACRO A
_ _
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O A B C D E F
4 4 34 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 1
5 5 35 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
_
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O 2
6 6 36 _
O O O O O O O O O O _
O O O O O O O O O O
3
7 7 37 BOOKING REFERENCE OFFICE USE ONLY CANDIDATE NUMBER FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
4
8 8 38
5
9 9 39
PLATE PIPE 6
10 10 40 A B C D E F A B C D E F
7
11 11 41 1 1
8
12 12 42 2 2
9
13 13 43 3 3
10
14 14 44 4 4
11
15 15 45 5 5
12
16 16 46 6 6
17 17 47 7 7
MACRO B
18 18 48 8 8 A B C D E F
19 19 49 9 9 1
20 20 50 10 10 2
21 21 51 11 11 3
22 22 52 12 12 4
23 23 53 13 13 5
24 24 54 14 14 6
25 25 55 15 15 7
26 26 56 16 16 8
27 27 57 17 17 9
28 28 58 18 18 10
29 29 59 19 19 11
30 30 60 20 20 12
Rev 2 April 2013
Appendix 2
Copyright  TWI Ltd 2013

Acceptance
Table number

Defect type Acceptance levels plate and pipe levels


macro only
Remarks Maximum allowance Remarks

At no point shall the excess weld


Excess weld metal will not exceed H = 2mm in
Excess weld metal fall below the outside
1 any area on the parent material, showing As for plate and pipe
metal surface of the parent material. All
smooth transition at weld toes.
weld runs shall blend smoothly.
Slag inclusions are defined as
non-metallic inclusions trapped in The length of the slag inclusion shall not
Slag/silica Slag and silica not
2 the weld metal or between the exceed 50mm continuous or intermittent.
inclusions permitted
weld metal and the parent Accumulative totals shall not exceed 50mm
material.
No sharp indications Smooth blend required.
Undercut is defined as a grove
The length of any undercut shall not exceed
melted into the parent metal,
50mm continuous or intermittent. Accumulative No sharp indications
3 Undercut at the toes of the weld excess
totals shall not exceed 50mm. Max D = 1mm Smooth blend required
metal, root or adjacent weld
for the cap weld metal.
metal.
Root undercut not permitted.
Trapped gas, in weld metal, Individual pores ≥ 1.5 max.
2 Cluster porosity not
Porosity or elongated, individual pores, Cluster porosity maximum 50 mm total area.
4 permitted. Individual
Gas Cavities cluster porosity, piping or Elongated, piping or wormholes
pores acceptable.
wormhole porosity. 15mm max. L continuous or intermittent.
Cracks or Transverse, longitudinal, star or
5 Not permitted Not permitted
Laminations crater cracks.
Incomplete fusion between Surface breaking lack of side wall fusion,
Lack of fusion the weld metal and base lack of inter-run fusion continuous or
6 Laps material, incomplete fusion intermittent not to exceed 15mm. Accumulative Not permitted
Cold lap between weld metal. totals not to exceed 15mm
(lack of inter-run fusion) over a 300mm length of weld.
Damage to the parent material or
weld metal, from an
unintentional touch down of the
7 Arc strikes Not permitted Not permitted
electrode or arcing from poor
connections in the welding
circuit.
Damage to the parent material or No stray tack welds permitted
Mechanical weld metal, internal or external Parent material must be smoothly blended
8 Not permitted
damage resulting from General corrosion permitted. Max. D = 1.5mm.
any activities. Only 1 location allowed
Mismatch between the
9 Misalignment Max H = 1.5mm As for plate and pipe
welded or unwelded joint.
Excess weld metal, above the
10 Penetration base material in the root of the Max H ≤ 3mm As for plate and pipe
joint.
The absence of weld metal in the
Lack of root
11 root area, two root faces Not permitted Not permitted
penetration
showing.
Lack of root Inadequate cross penetration of Lack of root fusion, not to exceed 50mm total
12 Not permitted
fusion (one) root face. continuous or accumulative.

Excessive penetration, collapse


13 Burn through Not permitted Not permitted
of the weld root
Angular Distortion due to weld
14 5mm max. Plate only Accept
distortion contraction
Root Weld metal below the surface of 50mm maximum length
15 Accept
concavity both parent metals 3mm maximum depth

A2-37
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