Sie sind auf Seite 1von 31

THE ATMOSPHERE

COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE


Was the composition of the
atmosphere always the same?
• Was there always oxygen in the
atmosphere?
• Evolución composición atmósfera
STRUCTURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE
• There are 5 layers:
– TROPOSPHERE
– STRATOSPHERE
– MESOSPHERE
– TERMOSPHERE
– EXOSPHERE
• Sobre las distintas capas
– http://recursostic.educacion.es/secundaria/edad/1e
– Video
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jv9r7ZCN-DU
• Aurora borealis
• Video aurora borealis
• Video troposphere
What happens in the..?
• Troposphere
– The closest layer to the Earth
– Meteorological phenomena take place here
– The greenhouse effect
– 80% of the gases are in this layer.
• Stratosphere
– It contains the ozone layer
• Mesosphere
– Falling stars form here
• Ionosphere or Termosphere
– Aurora borealis and aurora australis (Northern
and Southern lights) are produced here
• Exosphere
– The last layer
– Very very few air molecules in this layer
– No clear boundary between this layer and space
Weather and climate
• Weather:
• is what the forecasters on the TV news
predict each day.
Weather conditions include:
• Humidity Amount of water vapour.
• Clouds.
• Precipitacion (rain, snow or hail)
• Temperature (hot or cold air)
• Wind
Atmospheric pressure
• The pressure air exerts on a surface.
• Where is it higher, at sea level or at the
top of a mountain?
Low and high pressure areas
Air moves from high pressures
areas to low pressure areas
• Climate:
–  is the average weather in a place over
many years.
– While the weather can change in just a few
hours, climate takes hundreds, thousands,
even millions of years to change.
Factors affecting climate are:
• Latitude. How far North or South a place is
from the equator.
Longitude. The East or west position of a
point on the Earth´s surface.
• Video explaining latitude.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=K2b4iInGYq0
• Longitude video
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3z-
j6tXcLAk#t=10
• Distance from the sea. Coastal areas
have milder weather than inland areas.
• Ocean currents.
• Video Ocean currents
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=Hu_Ga0JYFNg
Meteorological instruments
• Thermometer:
– measures the air temperature.

• A BAROMETER:
– measures air pressure.
– It tells you whether or not the pressure is rising or
falling.
– A rising barometer means sunny and dry conditions,
while a falling barometer means stormy and wet
conditions.
– An Italian scientist named Torricelli built the first
barometer in 1643.
• Anemometer
– measures wind
speed.

Weather vane/ Wind


vane:
– determines the
direction from which
the wind is blowing.
• Hygrometer
– measures the water
vapor content of air.
– The humidity.

• Pluviometer
– the amount of rain that
has fallen over a
specific time period.
What is atmospheric pressure?
• Video instrumentos meteorológicos
– http://recursostic.educacion.es/secundaria/ed
ad/1esobiologia/1quincena5/1q5_contenidos_
3d.htm
• Animation