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PUMPS Section: 3 Page: 1 of 4

Date: September 1999

1. General
1.1 The available NPSH values shown in the Design Specifications are estimated. These
values are based on the following criteria:
a) Pump centerline level is assumed to be 0.6 m above grade.
b) Source elevation is as shown on the design flow plan or plot plan.
c) Unless otherwise specified, pump suction friction loss is based on the use of standard
weight pipe of the line size shown on the design flow plan and an estimated
equivalent length, plus 0.07 Kg/cm2 for permanent suction strainer where specified.
d) When NPSH available is calculated to be greater than 7.6 m, a value of 7.6 m is
specified rather than the actual value.

During detailed design, the contractor shall confirm that the NPSH available at the pump
suction is greater than the NPSH required by the pump for all specified conditions.

1.2 Maximum standarization of pumps is desired to minimize inventory of spare parts. Ease of
maintenance is also important. Lower basic equipment cost, therefore, is not the only
criterion for pump selection.

1.3 Preferred anti-friction bearings for pumps and drivers are from RHP or SKF. Plastic cages
are not allowed with anti-friction bearings.

1.4 Oil cups shall be Trico constant level oiler type.

1.5 Figure 8 blinds shall be provided on all pump suction and discharge piping between the
pump and the block valves.

1.6 All critical service pumps are to be spared. Critical service is defined as any service
required to prevent shutdown of the unit, to ensure an orderly and safe shutdown of the unit
during emergencies or to prevent an environmental incident.

1.7 The use of common spares is encouraged with the following considerations:
 A maximum of two services may be spared by any one pump.
 Clean and black product services will not share the same spare pump.
 No pump shall spare a service where it must run below 30% of its nominal rating, at a
temperature more than 83 ºC apart from normal, or with a suction pressure more than
3.5 kg/cm2 apart from normal.


PUMPS Section: 3 Page: 2 of 4
Date: September 1999

1.8 For most applications, primary pump and spare pump drivers are to be electric motors.
However, steam turbine drivers are to be used for critical services which must operate
through a power failure.

1.9 Non-API pumps may be considered for non-critical offsite services or on chemical product
services, but are subject to the owner's approval.

1.10 Temporary or permanent pump suction strainers shall be per IP 3-3-10. If permanent
strainers are not specified (e.g.: clean services), the suction piping design shall include, as a
minimum, a spool piece for the eventual installation of a basket type strainer.

2. Centrifugal Pumps
2.1 Centrifugal pumps shall be per IP 10-1-1, IP 10-1-3 and API Standard 610. The material
class designation for centrifugal pumps shall correspond to those given in API Standard
610, unless otherwise specified.

2.2 When a centrifugal pump is required, Refinery preference is for horizontal pump rather
than vertical. In-line pumps are preferred for low flow and high pressure service.

2.3 Approved centrifugal vendors are: Byron Jackson, Ingersoll Dresser Pumps (excluded type
EPR), Sulzer and Sundyne (for in-line centrifugal pumps).

2.4 Pumps in clean services shall be suitable for continuous operation at 30% of the capacity
shown on the pump specification. The contractor shall advise the owner if any service
requires a circulation system for continuous operation at the 30% level. Minimum
continuous stable flow shall be specified by the pump vendor and shall be defined as the
capacity at which the onset of flow recirculation in the impeler occurs.

Turndown for pumps in slurry services shall be reviewed and approved by the owner prior
to pump selection.

2.5 Pumps handling light ends shall be provided with a 1" connection to the flare header for
priming purposes. The connection shall be installed between check and discharge block

2.6 All sump pumps shall be fitted with automatic on-off switches on level control.

2.7 Vendor is requested to provide the pump curve for the size of impeller supplied and to
indicate on pump curve the maximum and minimum impeller diameter, and the NPSH


PUMPS Section: 3 Page: 3 of 4
Date: September 1999

2.8 Coupling will be in accordance with International Practices. Approved coupling

manufacturers are Metastream and Thomas.

2.9 All pumps with pumping temperature below 200 °C shall be designed to operate
continuously without actual use of cooling water and without exceeding 100 ºC bearing oil
temperature. For these pumps, bearing oil temperatures shall be measured during shop
tests. Do not depend on availability of motor cooling air for pump bearing housing cooling
(no axial air flow from the motor). Bearing cooling jacket connections shall be plugged.
For pumps operating above 200 ºC, bearing cooling water shall be used only where

3. Positive Displacement Pumps

3.1 The abbreviations used to designate materials of construction for the reciprocating pump
casing, cylinder, cylinder liner, piston and valves are the same as those given in API
Standard 674 and Section N° 11 of this Specification.

3.2 Positive displacement pump maximum working pressure shall be at least equal to the pump
pressure relief valve set pressure.

4. Pump Shaft Sealing

4.1 Sealing systems design and selection shall be per API Standard 682.

4.2 Approved mechanical pump seal vendors are Flowserve, John Crane, Burgmann, and

4.3 In general, the following sealing control levels are used:

Control level 1: Single mechanical seal with fixed, clearance restrictive bushing.
Control level 2: Single mechanical seal with floating carbon bushing.
Control level 3: Single mechanical seal with segmented floating carbon bushing and
leakage detection alarm.
Control level 4: Single mechanical seal with contacting abeyant back-up seal and leakage
detection alarm.
Control level 5: Unpressurized dual seal with leakage detection alarm.
Control level 6: Pressurized dual seal with leakage detection alarm.


PUMPS Section: 3 Page: 4 of 4
Date: September 1999

As a minimum, streams classified as R-1 shall use Sealing Control Level 6, R-2 streams
shall use Control Level 5, R-3 streams shall use Control Level 3 and R-4 streams shall use
Control Level 2 with exception of aqueous streams below 65 °C which may use Contol
Level 1. See also Table 2, "Equipment Selection Matrix" in Section N° 0 of this

Detailed construction of the seals and their associated auxiliary equipment such as barrier
fluid reservoir, level gauges, safety valves, abeyant seal, etc., shall be approved by the

4.4 All pumps specified as Control Level 5 or 6 with any one of the following additional
stream characteristics shall be provided with bearing monitoring:
a) Vapor pressure at 38 °C equal or above 1 Kg/cm2(a).
b) More than 40% of the volume of the fluid vaporizes when flashed from pump suction
conditions to atmospheric pressure.
c) Respiratory Class is R-1 or R-2.
d) pH is less than 4.
e) The stream contains phenol or HF acid (even in trace amounts).
f) The fluid burns with an invisible flame.
g) The fluid is defined as an H2S hazard per EE.15E.85 (more than 2% by volume H2S
in any vapor that results from leakage of the pumped fluid).

Monitoring shall be via thermocouples sensing the highest temperature on the radial
bearing and on the thrust bearing of the pump. The monitoring system shall be capable of
providing an alert (alarm) level and danger (shutdown) level independently.

4.5 Pumps in light ends service shall be provided with tandem seal arrangement
(unpressurized) with leakage detection, high pressure and low level alarms for the seal pot.

5. Wet H2S Requirements

5.1 Carbon steel pressure containing parts in wet H2S service shall meet the wet H2S
requirements of IP 5-1-1. Avoid use of carbon steel plate, use forgings and castings