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Cabuyao, Laguna
MAPUA Institute of Technology at Laguna

“20 taong naglilingkod upang mapadaloy ang malinis at ligtas na tubig sa bayan ng Carmona, Cavite”

Dalipe, Krizzia Rosan

Matulac, Loren
Punzalan, Venus Marie
Salado, Cydel
Sibayan, Alyssa
CE122 – C06

Carmona is a municipality in the province of Cavite consists of 14 barangays. It is located

in between Biñan, Laguna and GMA, Cavite. It is generally flat to sloping, partly lowland and

partly hill. Some of its lands levels as Biñan and the rest are sloping towards GMA. Carmona River

is one of the inland water bodies the municipality has and with these the supply of water for

domestic and irrigation purposes is provided by deep wells.

The deep wells that supplies the water is being handled by the Carmona Water District

(CWD). Their mission is to provide safe, adequate, economical water and deliver services to

address the needs of the concessionaires thereby actively participating in the environmental

protection program of the community. They also visions that they will be a premier Water District

in Cavite highly recognized for excellence in providing service and quality water for welfare of

the concessionaires and waste water industry.

On April 27, 1997, the Local Water Utilities and Administration (LWUA) – an agency

created to assist provincial urban water-users through loans, training and other forms of assistance,

awarded a Certificate of Conditional Conformance Number 561 to Carmona Water District. They

started their first pumping station in Cabilang Baybay which was donated or turnovered by the

Manila Southwoods and Country Club to the municipality. Back in August 2006, the District had

been categorized by LWUA from Small Category to Big Category, having reached a remarkable

5,000 service connections that year. The fact that it was still non-self supporting utility at that time,

the Municipality of Carmona provided subsidy of 15,000 for a period of 1 year.

Significance of the Study

The research aims to know where the water supply comes from and how they achieve their

mission to supply the whole town with safe, clean potable water. It also aims to identify the positive

and negative effect on the way they filter their water supply. With this research we would know

the possible issues and problems of the water district and their solution to it. Lastly is to understand

our responsibilities as a consumer when it comes to consumption.


1. To understand the scope and responsibilities of the water district

2. To know how the water supply is distributed

3. To know where / how they got the water they supply

4. To know how they filter their water

5. To identify the issues, concerns or problems that they have encountered and how they solve



The CWD is supplying the whole town of Carmona with 14 pumping stations they have

established. The 14 pumping stations are: Cityland PS1, Cityland PS2, Cabilang Baybay PS1,

Cabilang Baybay PS2, Carmona Public Market, Maduya, Milagrosa Homes, Bancal PS1, Bancal

PS2, Bancal PS3, Bancal PS4, Bancal PS5, Villa Allegre and Villa Sorteo.
227 (60,000
Cityland PS1 20 Hp 18 164 10

228 (60,000
Cityland PS2 21 Hp 165 10
229 (60,000
Maduya PS 22 Hp 166 10
Carmona Public 230 (60,000
23 Hp 36 167 10
Market PS gal.)

231 (60,000
Villa Allegre PS 24 Hp 11 168 10

232 (60,000
Bancal PS1 25 Hp 1.5 169 10

233 (60,000
Bancal PS2 26 Hp 7 170 10

234 (60,000
Bancal PS3 27 Hp 7 171 10

235 (60,000
Bancal PS4 28 Hp 2.05 172 10

236 (60,000
Bancal PS5 29 Hp 8.3 173 10

Phase 4 Milagrosa 237 (60,000

30 Hp 41 174 10
Homes PS gal.)

238 (60,000
Villa Sorteo PS 31 Hp 2 175 10

Cabilang Baybay 239 (60,000

32 Hp 23 176 10
PS1 gal.)
33 Hp 23 177 10
Cabilang Baybay 240 (60,000
PS2 gal.)

The table above shows how much water does the pumping stations produce and how deep

the wells are, as of May 30, 2017. From this, we could see that the Milagrosa Homes produce the

largest supply with a capacity of 41 L/s. It supplies the whole barangay of Milagrosa.

CWD is classified as a Government-Owned and Controlled Corporation (GOCC) and is

not part of the LGU. It is also established under Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA)

where the memorandums, circulars, and rates come from. It also funds the water districts through

loans. LWUA offers four loan windows to water districts. Mostly, Loan Window 1 is used. It is

open to Level III (individual household connection) and Level II (communal faucet) projects

intended for the comprehensive development, repair or rehabilitation of new or existing water

supply systems with interest rates ranging from 8.5-15 % p.a. and a 25-year repayment scheme

that includes a 4-year grace period. Available loan is from 40-100 % of project cost.

All water supplies come from underground through deep wells. There are no dams and

reservoirs in the vicinity that could be a source of water. However, the Carmona River is not an

ideal source since its flow rate is too low that it can’t sustain the whole municipality. Also, using

the river’s water as a supply would require lots of filtration process and it will be pricy and still

not certain if it will provide potable water.

The CWD drills underground and then bury a submersible motor and pump that will lift

the water to the station ready for chlorination and storage. They also use a hydro-resistivity survey

to locate the location of potential groundwater. After determining the feasibility of a deep well for
a specific location, holes are drilled to extract water resource for usable ground water either for

domestic or industrial use. Depending on the purpose and the natural capability of an underground

water source, the diameter of a deep well can be optimized with the proper drill diameter.

For the filtration part, they use chlorine dioxide powder. Every day they filled two drums

of water with chlorine that will mix to the pumping station. They conduct a microbiological test

every month to test if the water has bacteria that can affect the health of many people. Also they

have physical and chemical examination every year to test if the water is already contaminated

with some chemicals. So they can see if the water is potable or not. And if the water is clean and

at the same time it is safe to drink.

One of the problems CWD encountered is that at Brgy. Bancal, they already have 4

pumping stations but the capacity is not enough to supply every household. Brgy. Bancal has 3000

households and the average consumption every household is 17 cu. meter / second. The main

priority of the water district are the households. But in Brgy. Bancal is has commercial place and

the pipe they use is booster pipe that can take all the water before it will reach to every household.

Shortage of water is the result in Brgy. Bancal. And its pumping station is not enough to supply

every household. It is about the quantity of the pumping station but the capacity of it to produce


Another problem they are currently facing is the depletion of ground water. The water

district excavate a 164 meter deep well. This year it has already 159 meters deep of water. It

depletes the ground water. In the previous year the flow of water is 8 cu. meter per sec. every

household but now it is already 5 cu. meter per sec. it may have a 3 cu. meter per second difference,
But that value is already a big loss. The solution that they make is to build a need deep well that

has a 240 meters deep. So it can lessen the shortage of water in every household.

Conclusion and Recommendations

Water is abundant in the Philippines even it is unequally distributed among the seasons and the

country. Groundwater is also abundant and of good quality. Laws exist on water resource

protection. Price, quality, and accessibility considerations influence water use and water service

delivery in the two sites. One of the issues confronting the Philippine water agencies is the lack

of appropriate institutional framework to address issues of development and management of

water and related resources. Water governance, whether it is good or bad, impact access to

potable water.

Proper management of water sources and regular maintenance of facilities should improve the

quality of water. Lack of equality in potable water service delivery systems across barangays.

These districts should invest more in the repair and maintenance of distribution lines and other

related facilities. To improve access of water for everyone and especially for the most

vulnerable, institutions need to improve their accountably and efficiency. Increase focus on

protection of water resources.