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# CL 307

Transport Phenomenon

Assignment No: 1
Due Date: Jan 27, 2018
Instructor: Anugrah Singh

1. (a) Derive the expression for vector differential operator ∇ in cylindrical and spherical coordinates.
(b) Derive expressions for ∇.v, ∇v, ∇×v and ∇.(∇v) in cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Where v is a vector.

2. Flow through an inclined tube: Consider the steady-state, laminar flow of fluid of constant density  and viscosity
 in an inclined tube of length L and radius R as shown in Fig. 1. The liquid flows downward under the influence of
a pressure difference (P0 – PL) and gravity. We specify that the tube length be very large with respect to the tube
radius, so that "end effects" will be unimportant throughout the tube. Make a differential momentum balance and
apply appropriate boundary conditions to obtain
(a) The expression for momentum-flux.
(b) The expression for velocity distribution.

## Fig. 1. Computational geometry for problem 2.

3. Flow through Couette cell: Consider the steady-state, laminar flow of fluid of constant density  and viscosity  in
Couette cell as shown in Fig. 2. The inner wall is rotating with an angular velocity and the outer wall stays
stationary. Make a differential momentum balance and apply appropriate boundary conditions to obtain
(a) The expression for momentum-flux.
(b) The expression for velocity distribution. (Hint: vr = 0, vz = 0, and v = v (r))

## Fig. 2. Computational geometry for problem 3.

4. Flow through parallel plates: A Newtonian fluid is in laminar flow in a narrow slit formed by two parallel walls a
distance 2B apart. The two plates are moving with v0 velocity in the positive x-direction. The pressure at both ends
is the same, so that the fluid moves through the annular region solely because of the plate motion. Make a differential
momentum balance and apply appropriate boundary conditions to obtain
(a) The expression for momentum-flux.
(b) The expression for velocity distribution.