Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF

@achyarnurandi
Network Engineer with Telco-Glasses

Home About Calendar

T u e s d a y, M a r c h 0 1 , 2 0 1 6

Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and


7705-SARF
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a method of transmitting and receiving independent signals over a common signal path by means of
synchronized switches at each end of the transmission line so that each signal appears on the line only a fraction of time in an alternating pattern.
(Source: wikipedia). Nowadays, there are some subscriber that still use TDM circuit for interconnection their network with service provider. If you
are vendor working with NOKIA/Alcatel-lucent or you are operator that use 7705 SAR in your edge network. It's better to know. How to configure,
and how to verify your MPLS transport can carry TDM Traffic as well.

For the basic concept TDM, I hope you're done. So for this step, We will focus with how to make the service that emulate TDM traffic. If it's the first
time with TDM. I recommend to read the article or maybe information from ITU-T G series.

Overview

Nokia 7705 SAR-8 has media dependent adapter that support TDM channel. and Nokia 7705 SARF has 16 port TDM channel. That port can be
used as Service Access Port (SAP) to carry TDM service over MPLS (Usually called Circuit Emulation Service) or in Nokia we called CPIPE
Service. Or that port can be used as Interface port that interconnection with TDM Transport Carrier, like SDH Network Transport or Microwave link
that used E1/T1 interface.

Note to remember, TDM need time synchronization to deliver the traffic. and it's mandatory, without time synchronization, TDM traffic can't deliver
correctly, maybe some issue will be triggered, like overun and underun, FAS, (Please refer to TDM alarm information for further information )

Hardware Preparation

7705 SAR-8 and SARF have different module to running TDM, For 7705 SAR-8, we need module to running TDM service, there are:

1. 16-port T1/E1 ASAP Adapter card


2. 32-port T1/E1 ASAP Adapter card
3. 12-port Serial Data Interface card
4. 6-port E&M Adapter card

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 1/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
5. 2-port OC3/STM1 Channelized Adapter card
6. 4-port OC3/STM1 Channelized Adapter card
7. 4-port DS3/E3 Adapter card
8. 8-port Voice & Teleprotection card
9. 4-port T1/E1 and RS-232 Combination module
10. 8-port FXO Adapter card
11. 6-port FXS Adapter card

7705 SARF has different TDM interface, the port is integrated with the box, and the port seems like ethernet port but have their own pin
configuration.

Usually there are some separation, to make differentiation between customer domain and provider domain. Maybe some of you call it Point Of
Interconnection (POI). We need (Digital Distribution Frame) DDF for this. DDF is termination point device that connect between Service Provider
Device with Customer Device or Router device with Transport Device.

The LSA DDF have two part, customer pin (Cable From Customer) and router pin (Cable From SAR-8 and SAR-F). To make it connected, TX
customer should be facing with RX router and vice versa. From SAR-8 that using E1/T1 16 Port module, we need E1/T1 cable. It has 2 cable
contain TX and RX like picture below.

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 2/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF

The mapping pin and color cable from E1/T1 cable is like below :

To mapping cable E1/T1 to LSA DDF, there are some rule should be followed:
One LSA Block serve 5 E1 Channel/Port
Each Port has Tx and Rx
Each Sub-bundle cable contains 4 cable.
Each Sub-bundle cable contains 2 port
Each Tx and Rx using 2 cable from E1/T1 cable, for mapping you may see the table above
Tx and Rx must be cross pair, it means, If the RX cable using white-blue, so the Tx cable using Turquoise-Violet (Please see the table
to help you understand)
On The LSA, mapping the Rx cable first ( MAP-1) then continue with the Tx cable (MAP-2)
From the mapping table and the rule, we know the mapping behaviour for E1/T1 in one LSA block,

How about the 7705 SAR-F port? Like mentioned before, E1/T1 ports in SAR-F are integrated port. There are 16 port like ethernet port but have
different pin. It's easy to mapping on the LSA block. Because they no need to E1/T1 cable. Usually, you may use utp cat-5 or something else.
Below, the pin configuration on SAR-F E1/T1 port.

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 3/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF

Pre-Configuration Procedure

Before we try next step, make sure IGP, MPLS, RSVP (if need it) were established. (I'll try to explain to build mpls network in other post).

Below the Topology,

To achieve the synchronization transport. TDM Customer Equipment must have same clock source with TDM Transport. In Nokia 7750-SAR8 and
Nokia 7750-SARF, to receive clock information. We need to configuration system sync clock under system sync-if-timing configuration. The
configuration is like below (Note: in this case, I use external as clock source, it's mean, we use clock source device as sync time reference) :

A:LAB-7705-SAR8# configure system sync-if-timing

Before editing, you must type begin,

*A:LAB-7705-SAR8>config>system>sync-if-timing# begin

After that, you type external, it's means you want to use external source clock reference.

ref-order external ref1 ref2


external
input-interface
no shutdown
exit
exit

Then Save the configuration change

A:LAB-7705-SAR8# /admin save

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 4/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
For external clock port position, in your Nokia 7705-SAR8 put in CSM (Control Switch Module). See the red circle below. One port as input then
other port is output to other device or to standby CSM (Note: Nokia 7705-SAR8 using 2 CSM, for redundancy).

But, in 7705-SARF, there is different. SAR-F box. The port that use to receive external port is on board. (SAR-F is single board device).

Verify the clock sync running well, do command

A:LAB-7705-SAR8# show system sync-if-timing

The source clock system status must uup and the system status CSM A must Master Lock, It's mean the clock is stable and sync with clock
source. In other means, the clock quality is good. Verify with command "show system sync-if-timing"

*A:LAB-7705-SAR8# show system sync-if-timing

===============================================================================
System Interface Timing Operational Info
===============================================================================
System Status CSM A : Master Locked
Reference Input Mode : Non-revertive
Quality Level Selection : Disabled

Reference Order : external ref1 ref2

Reference Input 1
Admin Status : down
Configured Quality Level : none
Rx Quality Level : unknown
Qualified For Use : No
Not Qualified Due To : disabled
Selected For Use : No
Not Selected Due To : disabled
Source Port : None

Reference Input 2
Admin Status : down
Configured Quality Level : none
Rx Quality Level : unknown
Qualified For Use : No
Not Qualified Due To : disabled
Selected For Use : No
Not Selected Due To : disabled
Source Port : None

External Reference Input


Admin Status : up
Configured Quality Level : stu
Qualified For Use : Yes
Selected For Use : Yes
Type : 2048Khz-G703
Impedance : 50-Ohm

External Reference Output


Type : 2048Khz-G703
===============================================================================
*A:LAB-7705-SAR8#

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 5/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF

Configuration Procedure

In configuration procedure, we will do several step, like configuration access port, in Nokia we call it SAP (Service Access Point). Configuration
Between SAR-F and SAR-8 is same. The Port Allocation like below:

SAR-8 Port SAR-F Port


port 1/1/1.1 port 1/1/1.1
The port configuration in SAR-8

A:LAB-7705-SAR8>config>port# info
----------------------------------------------
tdm
e1
framing e1-unframed
channel-group 1
encap-type cem
no shutdown
exit
no shutdown
exit
exit
no shutdown
----------------------------------------------
A:LAB-7705-SAR8>config>port#

The port configuration in SAR-F

A:LAB-7705-SARF>config>port# info
----------------------------------------------
tdm
e1
framing e1-unframed
channel-group 1
encap-type cem
no shutdown
exit
no shutdown
exit
exit
no shutdown
----------------------------------------------
A:LAB-7705-SARF>config>port#

Creating cpipe service:using satop-e1, we use this because we deliver E1 unframed traffic, not channelized traffic.
CPIPE Service in 7705-SAR8

A:LAB-7705-SAR8# configure service cpipe 11 vc-type satop-e1 create


A:LAB-7705-SAR8>config>service>cpipe# info
----------------------------------------------
description "satop unframe to sar-f"
sap 1/1/1.1 create
exit
spoke-sdp 11:11 create
exit
no shutdown
----------------------------------------------
A:LAB-7705-SAR8>config>service>cpipe#

CPIPE Service in 7705-SAR8F

A:LAB-7705-SARF# configure service cpipe 11 vc-type satop-e1 create


A:LAB-7705-SARF>config>service>cpipe# info
----------------------------------------------
description "satop unframe to sar8"
sap 1/1/1.1 create
exit

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 6/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
spoke-sdp 11:11 create
exit
no shutdown
----------------------------------------------
A:LAB-7705-SARF>config>service>cpipe#

After create the service, you may verify using several command below:
1. Make sure the service up (administrative and operation), to check, do command: /show service service-using cpipe
2. Make sure SAP and SDP tunnel is up. do command : /show service id <service id> base
3. Make sure no error on SAP, using command: /show service id 11 sap <port id>.<channel group> detail

A:LAB-7705-SARF# /show service service-using cpipe

===============================================================================
Services [cpipe]
===============================================================================
ServiceId Type Adm Opr CustomerId Service Name
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11 Cpipe Up Up 1
12 Cpipe Up Up 1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Matching Services : 2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
===============================================================================
A:LAB-7705-SARF# show service id 11 base

===============================================================================
Service Basic Information
===============================================================================
Service Id : 11
Service Type : Cpipe VLL Type : SAToPE1
Name : (Not Specified)
Description : satop unframe ke sar8
Customer Id : 1
Last Status Change: 07/14/2013 11:52:52
Last Mgmt Change : 07/14/2013 11:52:52
Admin State : Up Oper State : Up
MTU : 1514
Vc Switching : False
SAP Count : 1 SDP Bind Count : 1

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Service Access & Destination Points
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identifier Type AdmMTU OprMTU Adm Opr
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sap:1/1/1.1 cem 1514 1514 Up Up
sdp:11:11 S(192.168.200.4) n/a 0 1546 Up Up
===============================================================================
A:LAB-7705-SARF# show service id 11 sap 1/1/1.1 detail

===============================================================================
Service Access Points(SAP)
===============================================================================
Service Id : 11
SAP : 1/1/1.1 Encap : cem
Description : (Not Specified)
Admin State : Up Oper State : Up
Flags : None
Multi Svc Site : None
Last Status Change : 07/14/2013 11:52:52
Last Mgmt Change : 07/14/2013 11:39:56
Sub Type : regular
Split Horizon Group: (Not Specified)

Admin MTU : 1514 Oper MTU : 1514


Ingr IP Fltr-Id : n/a Egr IP Fltr-Id : n/a

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 7/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
Ingr Mac Fltr-Id : n/a Egr Mac Fltr-Id : n/a
Ingr IPv6 Fltr-Id : n/a Egr IPv6 Fltr-Id : n/a
tod-suite : None qinq-pbit-marking : n/a
Ing Scheduler Mode : 4-priority Egr Scheduler Mode: 4-priority

Endpoint : N/A

Acct. Pol : None Collect Stats : Disabled

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
QOS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ingress qos-policy : 1 Egress qos-policy : 1
Shared Q plcy : n/a Multipoint shared : Disabled
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sap Statistics
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Last Cleared Time : N/A

Packets Octets
Forwarding Engine Stats
Dropped : 0 0
Off. HiPrio : 569094 145688064
Off. LowPrio : n/a n/a

Queueing Stats(Ingress QoS Policy 1)


Dro. HiPrio : 0 0
Dro. LowPrio : n/a n/a
For. InProf : 569094 145688064
For. OutProf : 0 0

Queueing Stats(Egress QoS Policy 1)


Dro. InProf : n/a n/a
Dro. OutProf : n/a n/a
For. InProf : n/a n/a
For. OutProf : n/a n/a
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sap per Queue stats
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Packets Octets

Ingress Queue 1 (Priority)


Off. HiPrio : 569094 145688064
Off. LoPrio : n/a n/a
Dro. HiPrio : 0 0
Dro. LoPrio : n/a n/a
For. InProf : 569094 145688064
For. OutProf : 0 0

Egress Queue 1
For. InProf : n/a n/a
For. OutProf : n/a n/a
Dro. InProf : n/a n/a
Dro. OutProf : n/a n/a
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CEM SAP Configuration Information
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Endpoint Type : Unstruct. E1 Bit-rate : 32
Payload Size : 256 Jitter Buffer (ms) : 5
Jitter Buffer (packets): 5 Playout Threshold (packets): 3
Use RTP Header : No Differential : No
Timestamp Freq : 0 CAS Framing : No CAS
Effective PDVT : +/-2.0 ms

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 8/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
Cfg Alarm : stray malformed pktloss overrun underrun
Alarm Status :
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CEM SAP Statistics
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Packets Seconds Events
Egress Stats
Forwarded : 599374
Dropped : 0
Missing : 0
Reordered Forwarded : 0
Underrun : 713678 1
Overrun : 0 0
Misordered Dropped : 0
Malformed Dropped : 0
LBit Dropped : 0
Error : 0
Severely Error : 0
Unavailable : 699
Failure Count : 1
Jitter Buffer Depth : 2

Ingress Stats
Forwarded : 599377
Dropped : 0
===============================================================================
A:LAB-7705-SARF#

Okay, This is simple configuration how to Make CPIPE to carry TDM traffic from customer over MPLS netwrok in Nokia 7705-SAR

Writed by Achyar Nur Andi di 20:26

Label: #ALU, #ISP, 7705-SAR, Edge Router, Nokia, TDM over MPLS

No comments:
Post a Comment

Enter your comment...

Comment as: Select profile...

Publish Preview

Newer Post Home Older Post

Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom)

Labels Blog Archive Search This Blog

#ALU (5) Linux (5) #Cisco (4) March 2016 (1) Search
#Juniper (4) Alcatel-lucent (4)
#Mikrokontroller (3) #Nokia (3)
Omniswitch (3) server (3)
#Telecommunication (2) CumulusNetwork (2)

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 9/10
16/10/2017 @achyarnurandi: Simple Configuration TDM emulation service on your Nokia 7705-SAR8 and 7705-SARF
Debian (2) ESxi (2) Multilayerswitch (2) Unetlab
(2) static (2) #Router (1) Cent-OS (1) Cumulus VX (1)
ETH-CFM. (1) Edge Router (1) IP Security (1) MEF (1)
Network Security (1) Nokia (1) ONOS (1) Open Source (1)
Openetworking (1) SDN (1) SROS (1) Serial (1) Service
Provider (1) Snipping (1) Sourcelist (1) Strongswan (1)
TDM over MPLS (1)

Research for Human Being is made by Achyar Nur Andi. Powered by Blogger.

http://www.achyarnurandi.net/2016/03/simple-configuration-tdm-emulation.html#more 10/10