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Citro�n

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Citro�n Citroen 2016 logo.svg
"Cr�ative Technologie"
Type
Marque[1]
Industry Automotive
Founded 1919; 99 years ago
Founder Andr� Citro�n
Headquarters Saint-Ouen[2], France
Area served
Worldwide, except United States, Canada, Mexico, and South Asia
Key people
Linda Jackson, Director
Products Automobiles, Commercial Vehicles, Luxury Cars, Sports Cars
Services Citro�n Insurance
Number of employees
13,900[3]
Parent Groupe PSA
Website www.citroen.com
Share of the S. A. Andr� Citro�n, issued 30. September 1927

Citro�n (French pronunciation: ?[si.t??.'?n]) is a major French automobile


manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citro�n group since 1976, founded in 1919 by
French industrialist Andr�-Gustave Citro�n (1878�1935). In 1934, the firm
established its reputation for innovative technology with the Traction Avant.[4]
This car was the world's first mass-produced front wheel drive car, but also one of
the first to feature a unitary type body, with no chassis holding the mechanical
components.[5] In 2009, the company celebrated its 90th anniversary with a
celebration on the 3rd of October.[6]

In 1954 they had produced the world's first hydropneumatic self-levelling


suspension system[7] then, in 1955, the revolutionary DS, the first mass production
car with modern disc brakes[8] and, in 1967, they introduced in several of their
models swiveling headlights that allowed for greater visibility on winding roads;
these automobiles have received various international and national level awards,
including three European Car of the Year.

With a successful history in motorsport, it is the only automobile manufacturer to


have won three different official championships from the International Automobile
Federation: the World Rally Raid Championship five times,[9] the World Rally
Championship eight times[9] and the World Touring Car Championship. Citro�n has
been selling vehicles in China since 1984 largely via the Dongfeng Peugeot-Citro�n
joint venture, which today represents a major market for the brand. In 2014, when
PSA Peugeot Citro�n ran into severe financial difficulties, the Dongfeng Motor
Corporation took an ownership stake.