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Master´s Course

Mechatronics and Sensor Systems Technology

Date:

Entrance Test Name:

Time to work on the test: 120 min helps: no helps

Mathematics combined with Physics (Answer the questions on separate concept paper.)

1. In a orthonormal coordinate system a force F has he components F = (1,2). It moves a mass from the
starting point (1,1) to the end point (4,2). Which work will be applied?

2. At the beginning a capacitor with the capacitance C is charged with the electric charge Q. Then C is
connected to a coil with the impedance L.
2.1 Describe what will happen in the system, if you neglect all losses?
2.2 Derive the differential equation of the system and solve it for the given initial conditions.

3. The voltage v(t) in an electric parallel circuit follows the time depending function
v(t) = 10V∗sin(10∗π∗t+ π/2). Calculate the voltage after two seconds. A Fourier analysis of the signal
will yield which frequency and which phase information?

Electrical Basics (Answer the questions directly here)

4. A signal Uin with a step function from 0V to 5V is applied


to the input of a black box. The inner circuit of the black box
has four positions (see Fig. 1). Each position can be shorted (s,)
open (o), a resistor (R), a capacitor (C) or an inductive coil (L). Fig. 1

Example: A simple resistive voltage divider is: A = R, B = o , C = R, D = o

4.1. What is inside if the output is like in Fig. 2 solutions:


Uout/V
A= B=
5 ------------ ------------

C= D=
------------ ------------
0
Fig. 2

4.2. What is inside if the output is like in Fig. 3 solutions:

Uout/V A= B=
------------ ------------
5
2.5-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - C= D=
Fig. 3 ------------ ------------

see overleaf
5. A temperature NTC-sensor in a bridge circuit is shown in Fig. 4.

5.1 At 25°C Uout is 0. What is the polarity of Uout at 50°C? …………………..

5.2 Which resistor must be replaced by another NTC (with the same
data) to increase the output signal by a factor of two?:

………………………..

5.3 What happens if R1 and R2 are increased by a factor of 10?


(mark only one box!)

Output is increased by about 10


Output is lowered by about 10
Load error is increased by about 10
Output signal is shifted
Nothing happens Fig 4.

Control Theory (Answer the questions directly here)

6.
An unstable process yes no
never occurs in practical applications
may be stabilized by a PD-controller
has poles in the right half-plane
may have zeroes in the left half plane

7.1 A given system is characterized by the equation y + T ⋅ y& = x . The input x(t) = 0 for t< 0
and x(t) = 1 for t ≥ 0 and the output y(t ≤ 0) = 0
The solution y(t) = yes no
1
t

T
e
⎛t⎞
sin ⎜ ⎟
⎝T ⎠
t

1− e T

7.2 Give a technical example for the realization of such a system.:……………………….........

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Programming (Answer the questions on separate concept paper.)

8. Write on paper a computer program to compute the sum of all numbers between 0 and 500 which
are multiples of 3. Use a programming language of your choice.

9. The central concepts in object-oriented programming are inheritance, polymorphism, and


encapsulation. Explain briefly in your own words.

Good luck for you!


(B. Deppisch 15.07.2009)