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KUNCI JAWABAN

Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. deliver and write
recount texts,
b. use “was/were +
adjective” in simple
past tenses.
2. be able to:
a. deliver and write
recount texts,
b. use “was/were +
adjective” in simple
past tense.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be cooperative and
confident when
communicating with other
people.

Have you ever met your idol? What did you feel when you met him/her? You must have
been very happy, right? Meeting one’s idol must be a memorable experience. Now, in this
unit, you will learn about recount texts relating experiences.

2 It was Memorable
Work in pairs. Listen carefully and repeat.
Look at the pictures carefully and answer the questions that
follow.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik bekerja What do the words in TASK 3 mean?
berpasangan. Mereka sebaiknya mencari pasangan yang
bukan teman sebangku. Jawaban:
2. Setiap pasangan mengamati tokoh-tokoh dalam gambar 1. muncul 2. memulai
dan memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan di bawah 3. bersorak 4. pakaian
gambar. 5. sesak, penuh 6. terakhir
3. Setiap pasangan diberi waktu untuk mendiskusikan 7. menjaga 8. gedung
jawaban atas pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut. Apabila 9. memperkenalkan 10. baru
perlu, peserta didik dapat mencari referensi tentang 11. mempertunjukkan 12. bagian
tokoh-tokoh tersebut. 13. keberhasilan 14. anak muda usia belasan
4. Setelah waktu berdiskusi habis, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta 15. dikenal luas, terkenal
beberapa pasangan menyampaikan jawaban mereka.
Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik lain menyimak. Apabila
memiliki jawaban yang berbeda, peserta didik yang lain
dapat tunjuk jari dan menyampaikan jawabannya.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
bersama-sama.
Read the text aloud.
Jawaban: Then, answer the questions that follow.
1. They are Cinta Laura Kiehl (picture 1), Hendrawan and
Moch. Akhsan (picture 2) and Tri Rismaharini (picture 3).
2. Cinta Laura Kiehl is a singer and an actress, Hendrawan 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati
and Moch. Akhsan are badminton players, gambar berikut dan bertanya apakah peserta didik
Tri Rismaharini is the mayor of Surabaya. mengenal tokoh dalam gambar tersebut. Apabila ada
3. (Contoh jawaban) I think they are successful because they peserta didik yang mengenal tokoh dalam gambar
work hard. tersebut, mereka diminta menjelaskan secara singkat.
4. (Contoh jawaban) They are disciplined and hard working. 2. Peserta didik diminta membaca nyaring teks berikut, baik
secara klasikal, kelompok, maupun individual.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi pelafalan
peserta didik yang masih kurang tepat.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru kemudian meminta peserta didik
memahami per tanyaan pemahaman teks dan
menjawabnya.
Sebagai kegiatan pengembangan, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
meminta peserta didik mencari gambar tokoh idola mereka di bersama-sama.
surat kabar, majalah, atau internet, kemudian menjelaskan 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif dan pujian
alasan mereka mengidolakan tokoh tersebut. kepada peserta didik yang aktif menjawab.
7. Selanjutnya Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik
memahami penjelasan dalam Supporting Feature .
Apabila peserta didik mengalami kesulitan dalam
memahami, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat memberi penjelasan.

Jawaban:
Match the words in column A with their synonyms in column B,
1. The writer and his/her friends’ experience meeting Su Ju-M
correctly.
and watching its concert.
Jawaban: 2. One day before the concert, on Saturday evening.
1. i 2. f 3. n 4. c 5. h 3. He/she welcomed the band at the hotel they were booked
6. p 7. a 8. m 9. e 10. k into.
11. b 12. o 13. j 14. d 15. l 4. On Sunday night.
5. By taxi.
6. Teenagers, especially girls.
7. K-pop costumes.
8. They cheered, sang and followed the dances.
9. They said thank you in Indonesian or terima kasih.
10. It was a success.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 3


Contoh jawaban:

Part of a Recount Text Purpose Summary from the Text

To introduce what 1. Last week Super


Complete the sentences with the suitable words from the box. Junior-M or Su
happened, where
Jawaban: the story happened Ju-M, a famous
and who was Korean boy band that
1. e 2. i 3. a 4. h 5. c involved in the story. is widely known for its
6. k 7. f 8. j 9. d 10. b pop songs and
Introductory Paragraph dance, performed in
Jakarta.
2. The band of eight
boys were to perform
on Sunday night.
3. They had arrived in
Jakarta one day
Discuss the following questions based on the text in TASK 4. before the concert.

To describe a series 1. The band arrived at


of events. Soekarno-Hatta
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami Airport on Saturday
kembali teks di TASK 4. evening.
2. Many fans, including
2. Peserta didik memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut the writer, welcomed
dan menjawabnya. them at the hotel they
3. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik were booked into.
3. The boy band had
menyampaikan jawaban mereka. a press conference at
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban the hotel lobby.
bersama-sama. 4. In the final section,
the writer took
photographs with
Jawaban: them and received
1. The writer, his/her friends, Su Ju-M and Su Ju-M’s fans. their autographs.
5. The writer and his/
2. The event was held in Jakarta last week. her friends went to
3. The events in the text were arranged chronologically. the concert on
4. The sequence of events in the text is: Sunday night at the
convention hall by
• Su Ju-M’s arrival at Soekarno Hatta Airport and their taxi.
fans’ welcome 6. The concert was due
• Su-Ju M’s press conference at the hotel lobby to begin at eight, but
the writer and his/her
• Su-Ju M’s concert at the convention hall in Jakarta friends had arrived
5. Yes, there is. The conclusion of the story is that the concert there at six thirty.
was a success. 7. The tickets were sold
out and it was very
crowded.
8. Most of the audience
A Sequence of Events were teenagers,
especially girls, and
many of them wore
K-pop costumes.
9. The police and
Complete the following chart to find out the structure of the security officers
recount text in TASK 4. guarded the line
between the stage
and audience. They
didn’t let anyone jump
onto the stage.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami 10. At about eight, the
kembali teks di TASK 4 dan mengamati bagan yang boy band appeared
tersedia. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat menjelaskan bahwa on stage. They sang
their songs and
bagan tersebut merupakan outline teks recount. danced.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik melengkapi 11. During the concert,
bagan berdasarkan teks tersebut. they also introduced
their new songs.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menyampaikan 12. The audience
jawaban mereka. cheered, sang and
4. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas followed their dances.
13. At the end of the
jawaban bersama-sama. concert, the band
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi evaluasi dan balikan. said thank you in
Indonesian or terima
kasih and the
audience gave them
a big round of
applause.

To conclude the Overall, the performance


story. was a success.

4 It was Memorable
Suddenly, Ardy realized that he had to be at school. He
looked at his watch and it was time to leave the cat. Ardy put
the cat on the sidewalk gently and rode his bicycle quickly.
Fortunately, he wasn’t late for school.
Sebagai kegiatan pengembangan, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat Ardy was happy that day because he could help an
meminta peserta didik mencari satu contoh teks recount di injured animal.
surat kabar, majalah, atau internet, dan kemudian Questions:
mengidentifikasi struktur teksnya. 1. What is the text about?
2. Who were involved in the story?
3. Where did the story take place?
4. When did the story take place?
5. Write the sequence of events in the story.
TASK 2
Work in pairs. Complete the chart based on the text in TASK 1, to describe
Discuss your answers in TASK 6 and 7, then draw a conclusion. the structure of the text.

Part of a Recount Text Summary from the Text


1. Bapak/Ibu Guru memahami kembali jawaban
________________________________________________
pertanyaan-pertanyaan di TASK 6 dan 7. Introductory paragraph
________________________________________________
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik membuat
kesimpulan tentang teks di TASK 4 berdasarkan jawaban- ________________________________________________
jawaban tersebut. ________________________________________________
A Sequence of Events
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotifasi peserta didik untuk tunjuk ________________________________________________
jari menyampaikan jawabannya. Bapak/Ibu Guru
________________________________________________
memberi kesempatan kepada sebanyak-banyaknya
peserta didik untuk menyampaikan jawaban mereka. Conclusion ________________________________________________
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi pelafalan ________________________________________________
peserta didik yang masih kurang tepat. Bapak/Ibu Guru
dan peserta didik menyimpulkan jawaban tersebut.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang TASK 3
aktif agar aktif ber par tisipasi dalam kegiatan Suppose you are Ardy.
pembelajaran sehingga mereka menguasai keterampilan Relate the story in TASK 1 using your own words.
yang telah ditentukan. Jawaban:
TASK 1
Contoh jawaban: 1. It is about Ardy who helped an injured cat.
The text tells the readers about the writer’s experience when 2. Ardy and a cat.
meeting his/her idol, Su Ju-M, a famous Korean boy band. The 3. On the way to school.
event took place in Jakarta. The boy band arrived at the airport on 4. In the morning.
Saturday evening and held a concert on Sunday evening. The 5. The sequence of events in the story:
events in the text are arranged chronologically. At the introductory – Ardy went to school by bicycle and noticed
paragraph, the writer tells the readers about the subject of the an injured cat.
event. Then, in the sequence of events, the writer tells the readers – Ardy took pity on the cat and applied iodine on the
his/her experience from the beginning (the boy band’s arrival) until cat’s injured body.
the end (the boy band’s concert). The conclusion of the story was – The cat looked at him and wagged its tail.
written in the last paragraph. – Ardy put the cat on the sidewalk gently and rode
away quickly on his bicycle.
– Ardy wasn’t late for school.
– Ardy was happy since he could help an injured
animal.
TASK 2
TASK 1
Read the text aloud. Part of a Recount Text Summary from the Text

Then, answer the questions that follow. Introductory One morning, Ardy went to school by bicycle
On Wednesday morning, Ardy went to school by bicycle. Paragraph and noticed an injured cat on the way.
He rode his bicycle slowly since he still had a lot of time 1. Ardy took pity on the cat and took iodine
before the bell rang. On the way, Ardy saw a cat lying on the out of his bag.
ground. Several parts of the cat’s body were in blood. It 2. He applied the iodine on the cat’s injured
body.
seemed to have been hit. A Sequence of Events 3. The cat looked at him and wagged its tail,
Ardy took pity on the cat so he stopped his bicycle and as if to say thanks to Ardy.
approached it. He took iodine out of his bag and applied it on 4. Ardy put the cat on the sidewalk gently and
rode away on his bicycle quickly so that
the cat’s injured body. The cat looked at him and wagged its he wouldn’t be late for school.
tail, as if to say thanks to him. Ardy nodded his head and
caressed its fur. Conclusion Ardy was happy since he could help an injured
animal.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 5


TASK 3 (Contoh jawaban) Soal yang dikerjakan oleh peserta didik:
It was Wednesday morning. As usual, I went to school by Last week a few friends and I performed in a school
bicycle. I rode my bicycle slowly since I still had a lot of time drama, Romeo and Juliet. To my surprise, I was appointed
before the bell rang. On the way, I saw a cat lying on the road. (1) ________________ Ms. Rara, (2) ________________,
It seemed to have been hit. guided us patiently during the practice. She emphasized that
Taking pity on the cat, I stopped my bicycle, approached we should practice seriously. She also prepared everything,
it and examined its injury. I presumed it was not seriously including (3) ________________ and choosing our
injured. I took iodine out of my bag and applied it on the cat’s costumes. However, she didn’t decide everything by herself.
injured body. The cat looked at me and wagged its tail, as if Instead she often asked our opinions about the stage and
to say thanks to me. I nodded my head and caressed its fur. costumes.
Suddenly, I realized that I had to be at school soon. On the day of the performance, we gathered backstage.
I looked at my watch, then rode my bicycle quickly. Thanks to Ms. Rara gave us a brief speech and reminded us to act
God, I wasn’t late for school. wholeheartedly. As the main character, I felt
It was a memorable experience. I was happy since (4) ________________. Ms. Rara knew that and she gave
I could help an injured animal. me spirit. She was sure that I could do it well.
During the performance, I performed my best. Actually it
was (5) ________________ for me since I had never played
a main character before.
Thank God, the performance ran well. The audience
applauded our performance and we were very happy.
Listen and complete the statements based on what you have heard. TASK 2
Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: Listen and find the synonyms of the following words in the
My elder brother attended a singing competition on television. text in TASK 1.
He was one of ten contestants who should be quarantined during
the competition. During the quarantine, he had many memorable
experiences. He made friends with contestants from different
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru mendiktekan kata-kata berikut.
regions with various characteristics.
2. Peserta didik mendengarkan dan menulis kata-kata
Although he was only third placed at the competition, he was
yang didiktekan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru.
happy. One thing that made him happy was that he could meet
3. Peserta didik mencari arti kata-kata tersebut, lalu
and sing together with his favorite singer. It was a surprising
membacakan jawabannya.
moment! He didn’t imagine meeting, or even singing on stage, with
4. Peserta didik saling mengoreksi jawaban temannya.
his favorite singer.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.
Jawaban:
1. singing competition; television Kata-kata yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru dan
2. ten
sekaligus jawaban:
3. from different regions with various characteristics
1. pal = friend
4. third
2. chosen = appointed
5. he could meet and sing with his favorite singer on stage
3. principal = main
4. wholeheartedly = seriously
5. short = brief
6. certain = sure
7. show = performance
8. delighted = happy
TASK 1
TASK 3
Listen to and complete the text based on what you have
heard. Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 1.
1. When did the speaker and his/her friend perform in
Teks yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: a drama?
Last week a few friends and I performed in 2. What was the drama about?
a school drama, Romeo and Juliet. To my surprise, 3. Who guided the students during drama practice?
I was appointed (1) main character. Ms. Rara, (2) our 4. What did the speaker feel before performing on stage?
art teacher, guided us patiently during the practice. She 5. How did the performance run?
emphasized that we should practice seriously. She also Jawaban:
prepared everything, including (3) designing the stage TASK 1
and choosing our costumes. However, she didn’t decide 1. main character 2. our art teacher
everything by herself. Instead she often asked our 3. designing the stage 4. a little nervous
opinions about the stage and costumes. 5. a challenge
On the day of the performance, we gathered
backstage. Ms. Rara gave us a brief speech and reminded TASK 3
us to act wholeheartedly. As the main character, I felt 1. Last week.
(4) a little nervous. Ms. Rara knew that and she gave me 2. Romeo and Juliet.
spirit. She was sure that I could do it well. 3. Ms. Rara, the art teacher.
During the performance, I performed my best. 4. He/she felt a little nervous.
Actually it was (5) a challenge for me since I had never 5. It ran well.
played a main character before.
Thank God, the performance ran well. The audience
applauded our performance and we were very happy.

6 It was Memorable
Read the following text and pay attention to the words in bold.
Work in pairs.
Ask and answer questions about your friend’s holiday
experience.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca nyaring Then, share the result with the class.
teks berikut. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi
pelafalan yang kurang tepat.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati kata-
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja
kata yang dicetak tebal serta kata-kata yang meng-
berpasangan dan memahami kegiatan yang akan
ikutinya.
dilakukan.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru kemudian meminta peserta didik
2. Setiap pasangan ber tanya jawab tentang
memahami penjelasan dalam Supporting Feature.
pengalaman mereka saat liburan seperti dalam
4. Apabila peserta didik masih kesulitan memahami, Bapak/
contoh.
Ibu Guru dapat memberi penjelasan.
3. Peserta didik menulis hasil tanya jawab tersebut di
5. Sebagai kegiatan pengembangan, peserta didik dapat
buku mereka.
diminta membuat kalimat menggunakan subject + was/
4. Selanjutnya, peserta didik diminta menceritakan
were + adjective.
kembali hasil tanya jawab tersebut. Bapak/Ibu Guru
menyimak dan mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik
yang kurang tepat.
5. Selama kegiatan berlangsung (tanya jawab maupun
retelling ) Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi pujian dan
balikan positif kepada peserta didik yang aktif
Work in pairs. ber par tisipasi. Bapak/Ibu Guru senantiasa
Ask and answer questions based on the text in TASK 10, in memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang aktif agar aktif
turns. berpartisipasi.

Example:
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik bekerja You : What did you do last Sunday?
berpasangan. Your friend : I did many things.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta setiap pasangan memahami You : Did you have an interesting experience?
kembali teks di TASK 10. Your friend : Yes.
3. Setiap pasangan peserta didik bertanya jawab tentang You : What was that? Please tell me the story.
isi teks tersebut. Contoh jawaban:
4. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru (Interview)
mengamati kegiatan peserta didik dan mengoreksi You : What did you do last Sunday?
pelafalan yang masih kurang tepat. Your friend : I did many things.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru senantiasa memotivasi peserta didik You : Did you have an interesting experience?
yang kurang aktif agar aktif berpartisipasi. Your friend : Yes.
You : What was that? Please tell me the story.
Contoh jawaban: Your friend : I celebrated my birthday.
You : How did Viona return home from school? You : O, gosh! Sorry, I forgot your birthday. It’s late,
Your friend : She went home on foot. but let me say, “Happy birthday.”
You : How was the atmosphere? Your friend : Thank you.
Your friend : It was very hot. You : Then, how was your birthday celebration?
You : Now, it’s your turn to ask questions. Please tell me.
Your friend : O.K. I’ll ask you questions. Why did Viona stop Your friend : Together with my family, I celebrated my
walking? birthday in an orphanage near my house.
You : She was tired and hungry. At the orphanage, we played, sang and had
Your friend : What did she do then? lunch together with the orphans.
You : She entered a food stall. You : It must be very interesting.
Your friend : Now, your turn, please. Your friend : Yeah. I was very glad that I could share
You : O.K. How was the food stall? happiness with orphans. They lack their
Your friend : It was not large, but clean and tidy. parents’ love and affection. I couldn’t imagine
You : What was the seller like? how they can live without their parents.
Your friend : She was friendly. Viona had a chit chat with her. It must be very hard for them.
You : Now, it’s your turn to ask me questions. You : What about the caretakers?
Your friend : Yes. Listen to me, please. What did the woman tell Your friend : They are very kindhearted and patient. They
Viona? have important roles on the orphan’s lives
You : She told Viona that she was like her daughter who since they replaced their parents’ functions.
had passed away.
Your friend : How old was her daughter when she passed away?
You : She was fifteen.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 7


(Result)
I’ve asked Shanty about her experience last Sunday. I’d
like to tell you her experience.
Last Sunday Shanty celebrated her birthday. Together
Write sentences using “was/were + adjective” based on the
with her family, Shanty celebrated it at an orphanage. Shanty
picture in TASK 13.
wanted to share her happiness with the orphans. She and
Use the adjectives you have written before.
her family played, sang and had lunch together with the
orphans. Contoh jawaban:
Shanty was very glad since she could share her 1. It was cold.
happiness with the orphans who lack their parents’ love and 2. It was dim, with good lighting systems.
affection. She could not imagine how they can live without 3. It was free of charge.
their parents’ attention. Fortunately, the caretakers are very 4. It was very crowded.
kindhearted and patient. They have replaced the orphans’ 5. The people were interested in watching the show.
parents’ functions. 6. The performance was attractive.
7. The woman was beautiful.
8. The woman’s dance was graceful.
9. The man was energetic.
10. The audience was happy.

Complete the text with “was/were + adjective”, correctly.


Use the adjectives in brackets.
Jawaban:
Write a recount text to relate the event, shown by the picture in
1. was poor 2. was small
TASK 13.
3. were not desperate 4. were optimistic
You may use the sentences you have written in TASK 14.
5. were diligent

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami


kembali gambar di TASK 13 dan menjelaskan gambar
tersebut secara singkat.
2. Peserta didik diminta memahami kembali kata-kata sifat
Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat yang berkaitan dengan gambar tersebut (TASK 13) serta
memberikan soal lain. kalimat-kalimat yang telah mereka tulis pada TASK 14.
Linda and her friends had a camping activity last 3. Peserta didik diminta menulis teks recount untuk
Saturday and a bonfire was the peak of the activity. It was menyampaikan peristiwa yang ditunjukkan oleh gambar
held on Saturday night. It [1. cold] ________________. tersebut, menggunakan kalimat-kalimat yang telah
All the scouts [2. exhausted] ________________ after mereka tulis.
participating in many activities during the camp. However, 4. Selanjutnya Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik
they [3. ready] ________________ for the bonfire. When the membaca nyaring teks yang telah mereka buat. Bapak/
scout leader blew the whistle, the scouts gathered in the Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang kurang
middle of the camp site. They [4. happy] _______________. tepat.
It was time to relax. Like other scouts, Linda [5. interested] 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi pujian dan balikan positif
________________ in seeing many performances during the kepada peserta didik yang berani membacakan teks
bonfire. yang mereka buat.
Jawaban:
Contoh jawaban:
1. was cold 2. were exhausted 3. were ready
Last Saturday night my friends and I watched a Ramayana
4. were happy 5. was interested
ballet performance. It was cold, but people didn’t care about that.
The atmosphere was dim, with good lighting systems. It was free
of charge so many people were interested in watching the show.
It was very crowded. Many people watched the performance
attentively. The stage was big and the performance was
attractive. The woman who played Sita was very beautiful.
Look at the picture. Her dance was graceful. Meanwhile, the man who played
Think of adjectives that are suitable to describe the picture. Hanuman was energetic. The audience was very interested in
watching his performance. They were happy and gave a big
Contoh jawaban:
round of applause after the performance.
• cold • dim
• free • crowded
• interested • attractive
• beautiful • graceful
• energetic • happy
Complete the text with the correct words from the box.
Then, read the text aloud.
Jawaban:
1. d 2. j 3. g 4. b 5. i
6. e 7. k 8. a 9. f 10. h

8 It was Memorable
3. Apabila B berhasil menebak tokoh tersebut, ia
memberikan tebakan kepada A. Namun, apabila B tidak
berhasil menebak tokoh tersebut, ia harus menebak
tokoh berikutnya yang disampaikan oleh A.
Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 16. 4. Kegiatan berlangsung hingga waktu habis. Selama
1. Where did Bayu spend his two days off? kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru berkeliling
2. What did Bayu and his uncle watch at the town square? mengamati kegiatan peserta didik sambil memberi nilai.
3. What did Bayu buy from the expo? Bapak/Ibu Guru membetulkan pelafalan peserta didik
4. Why did Bayu agree to watch a puppet show? yang masih kurang tepat dan memotivasi peserta didik
5. “. . . and intended to grow them.” (Paragraph 3) yang kurang aktif agar aktif berpartisipasi.
What does ‘them’ refer to?
Jawaban: Contoh jawaban:
1. In his uncle’s town. Student A : She is a singer.
2. A reog performance. Student B : Is she old or young?
3. Small plants. Student A : She is not young, but not too old. She is in her
4. Because it was a first experience for him. thirties or forties I think.
5. It refers to ‘small plants’. Student B : Where does she come from?
Student A : She was born in Pati, but she has lived in
Yogyakarta after her marriage. Now, she has
a house in Jakarta.
Student B : Was she a traditional singer?
Student A : Yes, she began her career as a traditional singer.
Student B : I know. She is Soimah, right?
Suppose you are Bayu. Student A : Yes, you’re right.
Relate the story in TASK 16 using your own words.
Contoh jawaban:
Hello, friends. I’d like to tell you about my experience.
Last week, I had two days off and I spent them in my uncle’s
town. You know, my uncle’s town celebrated its anniversary.
Arrange the paragraphs to form a meaningful text.
That’s why, I could enjoy many performances.
In the morning, my uncle and I cycled around the town. We Jawaban:
stopped at the town square. There, we saw the crowds. Do you The correct arrangement of the paragraphs is 5–4–1–3–6–2.
know what they were doing? They wanted to see reog,
a traditional performance. My uncle and I were interested in
watching it. We parked our bicycles and then walked towards the
crowds to join them. A moment later, the reog performance
began. We were enthusiastic to watch it.
After the performance, my uncle and I rode our bicycles to Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer based on the
the town hall. Guess what we would do there! Visit an expo. Well, text in TASK 19.
many things were displayed. I bought small plants and intended 1. What did Olivia suffer from?
to grow them at home. A. Dengue fever. B. Malaria.
Then, at night, my uncle invited me to attend a puppet show C. Typhoid. D. Diarrhea.
and I agreed. You know, it was my first time. I was happy to see E. Headache.
a puppeteer perform roles with his leather puppets.
2. Who visited Olivia on her third day in hospital?
A. Her old friend. B. Her pen friend.
C. Her new neighbor. D. Her cousin.
E. Her new friend.
In pairs, let’s play a game. 3. What did Olivia and Anggi promise?
Follow the instructions. A. To stay in one town.
B. To study at the same school.
C. To have regular meetings.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik bekerja D. To keep their friendship.
berpasangan dan memahami kalimat-kalimat dalam E. To break their friendship.
Instructions. Apabila peserta didik belum memahami, 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat memberi penjelasan. A. Anggi wore a small hat.
2. Salah satu peserta didik (A) memilih seorang tokoh yang B. Olivia and Anggi lived in different towns.
terkenal. A memberi satu kalimat petunjuk dan C. Olivia and Anggi have not known each other before.
pasangannya (B) menyimak petunjuk tersebut. D. Anggi’s visit didn’t surprise Olivia.
B berusaha menebak tokoh tersebut dengan mengajukan E. Anggi felt bored at the hospital.
maksimal tiga pertanyaan.
5. “. . . that they will be best friends forever.” (Paragraph 5)
What is the antonym of ‘best’?
A. Greatest. B. Closest.
C. Dearest. D. Farthest.
E. Worst.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 9


Jawaban:
1. C. Berdasarkan kalimat pertama teks, ”Last week
Olivia suffered from typhoid . . . .” yang artinya
”Minggu lalu Olivia menderita tipus . . . .”, Write a recount text based on the series of pictures in TASK 20.
disimpulkan bahwa Olivia menderita tipus. Jadi,
pilihan jawaban (C) benar. Contoh jawaban:
2. A. Jawaban disimpulkan berdasarkan kalimat-kalimat I like sport, especially running. I have a nice experience
”On her third day in hospital, a girl entered her about sports. Here is the story.
room. . . . She was Anggi, Olivia’s old best friend One day, during the break, I passed the announcement
who had moved to another town.” yang artinya board and read an announcement about a running competition.
”Pada hari ketiganya di rumah sakit, seorang gadis Every student could participate in it. I was interested in joining it,
masuk ke ruangannya. . . . Ia adalah Anggi, so I decided to do so and enrolled myself with the committee.
sahabat lama terbaik Olivia yang telah pindah ke
kota lain.”. Jadi, pilihan jawaban (A) yang artinya
sahabat lamanya benar.
3. D. Berdasarkan kalimat ”She and Anggi promised
that they would be best friends forever.” yang Suppose you have met your idol.
artinya ”Ia (Olivia) dan Anggi berjanji bahwa Write an outline about the experience.
mereka akan menjadi teman terbaik selamanya.”, Contoh jawaban:
disimpulkan bahwa mereka berjanji untuk menjaga
persahabatan mereka. Jadi, pilihan jawaban (D) Title My Happy Day
benar.
• I visited grandpa by train.
4. B. Pilihan jawaban (B) yang artinya Olivia dan Anggi Introductory Paragraph • I had one seat with a famous singer
tinggal di kota yang berbeda, benar karena sesuai accidentally.
dengan kalimat ”She was Anggi, Olivia’s old best
• my irst impression when meeting the singer.
friend who had moved to another town.” yang • I had a chit chat with the singer.
artinya ”Ia adalah Anggi, teman lama terbaik Olivia Sequential Events • I took photographs with him and received his
yang telah pindah ke kota lain.”. Pilihan jawaban autographs.
• I received a souvenir from the singer.
yang lain salah karena tidak sesuai dengan teks;
(A) tidak sesuai dengan kalimat ”The girl wore
Conclusion I felt very happy.
a large cap . . . .”, (C) tidak sesuai dengan kalimat
”She was Anggi, Olivia’s old best friend . . . .”,
(D) tidak sesuai dengan kalimat ”When the girl
took off her cap, Olivia was very surprised!”, dan
(E) tidak sesuai dengan kalimat ”She just stayed in
bed and it was boring.” yang kata ’she’ dalam
kalimat ini merujuk kepada Olivia, bukan Anggi. Write a recount text based on your outline in TASK 22.
5. E. Pilihan jawaban yang memiliki makna berlawanan
Contoh jawaban:
dengan kata ’best’ yang artinya paling baik adalah
(E) worst yang artinya paling buruk/jelek. Pilihan My Happy Day
jawaban yang lain salah; (A) artinya paling hebat/ Last week I visited my grandpa in Bandung. I went there by
besar, (B) artinya paling dekat, (C) artinya paling train and there was an empty seat next to me. At the next station,
disayangi, dan (D) artinya paling jauh. someone boarded the train and occupied the empty seat beside
me. I was half asleep so I didn’t care about him. The train honk
woke me up. I opened my eyes and was very surprised. I saw
Charlie, a famous singer sitting next to me! Disbelieved,
I pinched my left hand and felt pain. Instead I saw Charlie smiling
at me. O, gosh! It was real. I was not dreaming.
My first impression when meeting Charlie was that he was
Write the sentences in the box under the suitable pictures.
friendly. He greeted me warmly and moments later, I had a chit
Jawaban:
chat with him. I didn’t want to miss the chance. I took
1. Read an announcement about a school running race.
photographs with him and asked for his autograph. Surprisingly,
2. Enroll with the committee.
before alighting from the train, he gave me an interesting
3. Practice running around the field.
souvenir with his name and signature on it.
4. Get ready on the start line.
I was very happy. It was a really unforgettable experience.
5. Arrive at the finish line and win the game.
6. Receive a gold medal.

10 It was Memorable
Homework A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Draw a series of pictures and write a recount text based on the Jawaban:
pictures. 1. A 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. E
Hang your work on the class wall magazine. 6. D 7. B 8. C 9. E 10. D

B. Write a recount text about your experience.


1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menggambar Contoh jawaban:
rangkaian gambar yang membentuk sebuah teks Last Sunday my family and I held a house-warming party.
recount. Since early in the morning, we were very busy preparing for it.
2. Peserta didik menulis teks recount berdasarkan My mother and I prepared meals and drinks, while my father and
rangkaian gambar tersebut. brother were busy decorating the room.
3. Peserta didik dapat berkonsultasi dengan Bapak/Ibu At about three, our neighbors and relatives arrived. They
Guru tentang tulisan mereka. Bapak/Ibu Guru congratulated us and gave us gifts. My parents asked them enter
mengoreksi tulisan peserta didik dan peserta didik the house. When we thought that all the invited people had
memperbaiki tulisan mereka berdasarkan hasil arrived, we started the party. My father delivered a short speech
konsultasi dengan Bapak/Ibu Guru. and then asked the guests enjoy food and drinks. During the
4. Setelah selesai, peserta didik dapat menempelkan party, we had a chit chat with our new neighbors. They were very
gambar dan tulisan yang dibuatnya di majalah dinding friendly.
kelas. The house-warming party put a deep impression in our
mind.

Read the song lyrics.


What is the message?
Contoh jawaban:
It is about the singer who has experienced many things in her
life. She doesn’t want to trap herself in the past. She decides to
begin a new life.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 11


Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. relate personal
experiences/events,
b. write a recount text in
a form of a diary, and
c. use simple past and
past continuous
tenses.
2. be able to:
a. relate personal
experiences/events,
b. write a recount text in
a form of a diary,
c. use simple past and
past continuous
tenses.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be tolerant, confident and
responsible when
communicating with other
people.

Look at the picture carefully. What is the boy doing? In your opinion, what is he going to
write about? Do you also do what the boy does? What do you usually write? In your opinion,
why many people, especially girls, like doing this activity?
In this unit, you will try to relate your personal experiences/events in a diary. For your
information, a diary is a form of a personal recount text. So, understand the explanation and
do the exercises.

12 My Dearest Diary
Jawaban:

Look at the puzzle below.


Find twenty verbs, horizontally, vertically and diagonally.
Identify whether they are regular or irregular verbs.
Then, write their past forms and meanings.

1. Peserta didik mengamati huruf-huruf acak. Mereka


diminta menemukan kata-kata kerja dengan meng-
hubungkan huruf-huruf tersebut secara horisontal,
vertikal, dan diagonal.
2. Setelah menemukan kata kerja tersebut, peserta didik
menentukan setiap kata kerja termasuk kata kerja
beraturan (regular) atau tidak beraturan (irregular).
3. Kemudian, peserta didik menuliskan bentuk lampau dan
arti setiap kata kerja tersebut. Peserta didik diminta
menuliskan jawabannya ke dalam tabel seperti di bawah
ini. Sebelumnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru menuliskan tabel
tersebut di papan tulis.
Regular Verb Regular Verb

Base Past Meaning Base Past Meaning

1. _________ ___________ _______________________ 1. SHARE SHARED berbagi, membagi


2. _________ ___________ _______________________ 2. DECIDE DECIDED memutuskan
3. _________ 3. WATCH WATCHED menonton
___________ _______________________
4. REMIND REMINDED mengingatkan
4. _________ ___________ _______________________ 5. AGREE AGREED setuju, menyetujui
5. _________ ___________ _______________________ 6. MISS MISSED rindu, ketinggalan
6. _________ ___________ _______________________ 7. WALK WALKED berjalan
7. _________ ___________ _______________________ 8. REMEMBER REMEMBERED ingat, mengingat
8. _________ ___________ _______________________ 9. TURN TURNED berbelok
10. WORRY WORRIED mengkhawatirkan
9. _________ ___________ _______________________
10. _________ ___________ _______________________
Irregular Verb

Irregular Verb
Base Past Meaning
Base Past Meaning 1. BUY BOUGHT membeli
2. MAKE MADE membuat
1. _________ ___________ _______________________ 3. LOSE LOST kehilangan, kalah
2. _________ ___________ _______________________ 4 FALL FELL jatuh
3. _________ ___________ _______________________ 5. WEAR WORE memakai, mengenakan
4. _________ 6. HOLD HELD memegang, mengadakan
___________ _______________________
7. SPEAK SPOKE berbicara
5. _________ ___________ _______________________ 8. READ READ membaca
6. _________ ___________ _______________________ 9. WAKE WOKE bangun
7. _________ ___________ _______________________ 10. THINK THOUGHT berpikir, memikirkan
8. _________ ___________ _______________________
9. _________ ___________ _______________________
10. _________ ___________ _______________________

4. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik


membacakan jawaban mereka, secara bergiliran.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
bersama-sama.
Kegiatan-kegiatan di bagian Variasi ini bertujuan untuk
mengasah pemahaman peserta didik tentang kata kerja
bentuk past (regular and irregular verbs) dan mengetahui
kemampuan peser ta didik membuat kalimat
menggunakan bentuk simple past tense.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membuat
kalimat menggunakan kata kerja lampau yang telah
mereka temukan di TASK 1.
2. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik
mencari sepuluh kata kerja dasar lainya dan
menuliskannya di dalam tabel untuk masing-masing
verb (regular and irregular verbs).
3. Peserta didik melengkapi tabel dengan verb past
dan artinya.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 13


4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas kata- 5. Yesterday I walked to Linda’s house since her house is
kata yang ditulis peserta didik bersama-sama. not far from mine.
5. Dalam kegiatan berikutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta 6. My mother bought a kilogram of oranges from the
peserta didik menulis 20 kalimat menggunakan market this morning.
semua kata kerja yang telah mereka tulis dalam 7. My sister made a strawberry pudding yesterday and it
bentuk simple past tense. tasted delicious.
6. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik 8. Farell fell from his motorcycle, but luckily he wasn’t
menukarkan hasil kerja mereka dengan hasil kerja seriously injured.
teman sebangku. 9. My father’s office held a tour to Bandung for the staff
7. Peserta didik berusaha menyunting kalimat-kalimat and their families last month.
yang dibuat temannya sesuai kemampuan masing- 10. I felt embarrassed yesterday because I wore my T-shirt
masing. inside-out.
8. Pekerjaan peserta didik yang disunting tersebut
TASK 2
dikumpulkan kepada Bapak/Ibu Guru dan dinilai.
9. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif atas hasil Regular Verb
kerja peserta didik. Jika perlu, Bapak/Ibu Guru
Base Past Meaning
mengingatkan peserta didik agar selalu membuat
kalimat-kalimat yang bermakna. 1. ask asked bertanya
2. boil boiled mendidihkan
TASK 1 3. change changed mengubah
4. complete completed melengkapi
Make ten sentences using the past verbs from the previous 5. like liked menyukai
task. 6. listen listened mendengarkan
7. plant planted menanam
TASK 2 8. stay stayed tinggal
9. use used menggunakan
Write ten verbs, each for regular and irregular verbs, and 10. yell yelled berteriak
their meanings in the table.
Read the words aloud.
Irregular Verb
Regular Verb
Base Past Meaning
Base Past Meaning
1. choose chose memilih
1. _________ ___________ _______________________ 2. creep crept merangkak dengan pelan
2. _________ ___________ _______________________ 3. do did mengerjakan
3. _________ 4 find found menemukan
___________ _______________________
5. keep kept menjaga, memelihara
4. _________ ___________ _______________________ 6. shake shook menggoncangkan
5. _________ ___________ _______________________ 7. sweep swept menyapu
6. _________ ___________ _______________________ 8. wear wore mengenakan
7. _________ ___________ _______________________ 9. weep wept menangis
8. _________ 10. write wrote menulis
___________ _______________________
9. _________ ___________ _______________________
10. _________ ___________ _______________________
TASK 3
Regular Verbs
Irregular Verb
1. Rully asked why I didn’t attend the course yesterday.
Base Past Meaning 2. Mrs. Dewi boiled eggs in the pan for a few minutes.
3. The witch changed the prince into a frog.
1. _________ ___________ _______________________ 4. Vika completed her task with an interview.
2. _________ ___________ _______________________
3. _________
5. When I was a child, I liked dolls very much.
___________ _______________________
4. _________ ___________ _______________________
6. I listened to music in my room this morning.
5. _________ ___________ _______________________ 7. My father planted trees in the back garden.
6. _________ ___________ _______________________ 8. We stayed at a luxurious hotel during the trip.
7. _________ ___________ _______________________ 9. Gerry used a pair of scissors to cut the paper.
8. _________ ___________ _______________________ 10. Being frightened, the little girl yelled loudly.
9. _________ ___________ _______________________
10. _________
Irregular Verbs
___________ _______________________
1. Kayla chose a pink dress for her birthday party.
2. The soldiers crept on the ground to get close to the
TASK 3 enemy’s headquarters.
Make sentences using the regular and irregular verbs you 3. Linda did a lot of homework yesterday evening.
have written in the table in TASK 2. 4. Leo found a wallet on his way home from school.
Share your work with the class. 5. Harry kept the house when his parents went abroad.
Contoh jawaban: 6. Tania shook her head when I asked her to join me.
TASK 1 7. This room is clean. Alda swept it this morning.
1. In the last English class, we shared our holiday 8. All people who attended the party wore yellow cos-
experiences. tumes.
2. Finally, we decided to spend the holiday in our 9. Mrs. Pipit wept sadly when her husband passed away.
grandparents’ hometown. 10. I wrote a letter to Sandra last week, but she has not
3. I woke up late this morning because I watched TV until replied yet.
midnight.
4. Because of heavy traffic, my father almost missed the
train to Surabaya.

14 My Dearest Diary
Read the words with proper pronunciation.
Then, match the words with their correct meanings from the box. Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 3.
Jawaban: 1. What is the text about?
1. air terjun 2. rekan, teman 2. How did the writer and his friends spend their holiday?
3. menjelajah 4. pemandangan 3. What equipment did they prepare for the activity?
5. terpesona 6. mengusulkan 4. How did they get to their destination?
7. yang mengesankan 8. petualangan 5. What did they do after arriving at their destination?
9. angin sepoi-sepoi 10. kebetulan 6. Where did they fish?
7. Why were they happy to catch a big fish?
8. What did they do the following day?
9. How did they find a waterfall?
10. Will the writer and his friends have an adventure with
their new acquaintances? Show proof.
Jawaban:
Complete the sentences with the suitable words from TASK 2. 1. It is about the writer’s unforgettable adventure with his
1. My brother has joined a Sumatra–Java friends.
________________ by motorcycle. 2. They hiked and explored the hills out of town.
2. My first day at senior high school is 3. A tent, a camp stove, 3 sleeping bags, ropes, bottles of
a ________________ moment for me. drinking water, food, fishing rods and books.
3. Grojogan Sewu is a famous ________________ 4. By public transport.
located at the foot of Mount Lawu. 5. They looked for a good place to pitch a tent. Ali and
4. The ________________ from the top of Mount Bromo Tigor pitched the tent, while the writer made
is really amazing, especially after day break. a campfire and cooked noodles for dinner.
5. It was a lucky ________________ that I met several 6. At the stream near their camp.
Indonesian people on my trip to Thailand. 7. Because they would have enough food for lunch.
6. The OSIS chairperson ________________ to hold 8. They explored the hills.
a bazaar for our school’s celebration. 9. By following a sign telling them that there was
7. The foreign visitors were ________________ to see a waterfall nearby.
the beauty of Raja Ampat Islands. 10. Yes, they will. From the last sentence: “In fact, my
8. The rescue team ________________ the forest in friends and I have new friends and all of us have
search for mountain climbers who had been missing for decided to have another adventure together, next
three days. holiday!”
Jawaban:
1. adventure 2. memorable 3. waterfall
4. scenery 5. coincidence 6. proposed
7. astonished 8. explored

Complete the text with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.
Jawaban:
1. happened 2. was 3. boarded
4. was 5. fell 6. began
Rewrite the sentences in the box into the table correctly. 7. did not have 8. fell 9. hit
Each sentence represents the main idea of each paragraph of 10. were 11. was not 12. thought
the text in TASK 3. 13. was 14. tried 15. stopped
16. subsided 17. was 18. felt
Jawaban:
19. continued 20. entered
Main Topic

Orientation The writer just returned from his unforgettable


adventure with his friends.
Event 1 The writer and his friends were talking about
vacations.
Event 2 The writer and his friends prepared their equipment
and supplies.
TASK 1
Event 3 The writer and his friends arrived at their destination
Complete the texts with the correct forms of the verbs in
and pitched a tent. brackets.
Events Event 4 The writer and his friends went fishing on the stream Text 1
near their camp.
Dear diary,
Event 5 The writer and his friends explored the hills.
Event 6 The writer and his friends found a waterfall. This morning I [1. go] ________ to school by bus.
Event 7 The writer and his friends met new aquaintances at The bus [2. be] ________ very crowded. I [3. not have]
the waterfall area. ________ a seat. On the bus, I [4. see] ________
Reorientation The writer says that his journey is memorable. a pickpocket who was trying to pick a woman’s purse.
I [5. think] ________ about how to prevent the crime.
I [6. rush] ________ to the front of the bus and [7. bump]
________ into the pickpocket. I [8. act] ________ as if

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 15


I [9. do] ________ it unintentionally and [10. apologize] Text 2
________. Overall, I [11. be] ________ satisfied, I [12. can] 1. watched 2. began 3. occupied
________ prevent the pickpocket from committing a crime. 4. could 5. wore 6. had
7. performed 8. invited 9. finished
Text 2 10. applauded 11. were 12. looked
Dear diary,
TASK 2
Yesterday evening my friends and I [1. watch] 1. g. contacted 2. j. did 3. e. said
________ a magic show at the town hall. The show 4. l. talked 5. h. finished 6. b. remembered
[2. begin] ________ at seven p.m. I [3. occupy] ________ 7. k. ran 8. c. sent 9. a. felt
a seat on the second row from the front so I [4. can] 10. f. kept
________ see the performance clearly. The magician
[5. wear] ________ black clothes. He also [6. have] TASK 3
________ a black wand. One at a time he [7. perform] 1. She was ironing her uniform.
________ magic tricks. Sometimes he [8. invite] ________ 2. She would visit the writer next holiday.
the audience to come on stage to participate with him. 3. She found her uniform burnt.
After the magician [9. finish] ________ each trick, the 4. She had not unplugged the iron.
audience [10. applaud] ________. They [11. be] ________ 5. Her mother.
entertained and [12. look] ________ happy. 6. Her mother.
7. She had to go to her cousin’s house to collect
TASK 2 a uniform.
Complete the text with the suitable verbs from the box. 8. Because her cousin still kept her old senior high school
Change the forms of the verbs if necessary. uniform.
a. feel b. remember c. send
d. thank e. say f. keep
g. contact h. finish i. forget
j. do k. run l. talk
Dear diary,
Yesterday was my good and bad day. It was a good day Fill in the blanks with the suitable auxiliaries (am, is, are, was, were).
because my old friend (1) __________ me again after a long Jawaban:
time. It was bad since I (2) __________ a careless thing. 1. is 2. were 3. was 4. are
You know, yesterday I was at home alone. At the time, 5. were 6. was 7. is 8. am
I was ironing my uniform. Suddenly, there was a call from
my old friend, Nadilla. She had left my town for almost two
years. I was very happy to get a phone call from her. She
(3) __________ that she would visit me next holiday. We
also (4) __________ about our experiences during our time
at senior high school. TASK 1
When I (5) __________ chatting with her, suddenly Fill in the blanks with the suitable auxiliaries (am, is, are,
I (6) __________ that I had not unplugged the iron! Hastily was, were).
I (7) __________ to my room. My uniform was burnt! I was
very sad and I cried. I had only two uniforms and one of 1. When you ________ sitting, don’t lean too far forward
them was burnt! It’s all because of my carelessness! or backward.
Then, I (8) __________ a text to my mother, telling her 2. My family and I ________ going to hold a barbecue
about the incident. I (9) __________ really guilty. After party tomorrow.
several minutes, my mother called and told me that I should 3. I ________ sorry about the hole in the floor. Make sure
go to my cousin’s house to collect a uniform. Luckily, my you don’t step on it.
cousin, who was already at college, still (10) __________ 4. On my way home, I noticed there ________ many
her old senior high school uniform. people standing in a queue in front of a new bakery.
5. The storm had brought wind and rain last Sunday
TASK 3 afternoon and the situation ________ quite terrifying.
Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 2. 6. There ________ a playground for kids at the bottom of
the hill with a skateboard park next to it.
1. What was the writer doing when she got a phone call?
7. A few years ago I really loved my place because it
2. What would Nadilla do?
________ a very peaceful place right in the center of
3. What did the writer find after chatting with Nadilla?
a lively and noisy city, but it ________ not anymore.
4. How did it happen?
8. When Sadako ________ only two years old, an atomic
5. To whom did the writer inform about the incident?
bomb ________ dropped on Hiroshima and destroyed
6. Who called the writer again?
the city.
7. What did the writer have to do?
9. Thousands of people ________ evacuated due to the
8. Why did she have to do that?
heavy storm and the local government declared a state
Jawaban: of emergency.
TASK 1 10. Different from another chick with soft feathers on its
Text 1 wings, the chick’s wings ________ similar to a mature
1. went 2. was 3. didn’t have bird’s, so it can fly.
4. saw 5. thought 6. rushed 11. My recent summer vacation to North Africa ________
7. bumped 8. acted 9. did a dramatic life changing experience that made me
10. apologized 11. was 12. could thankful, humble myself and change my perception of
life.

16 My Dearest Diary
12. There ________ various choices of cell phones on the
market so you should decide on one that meets your
needs and whether you can afford it or not.

TASK 2 Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru


Identify whether the following sentences are grammatically dapat memberikan soal berikut.
correct.
Correct the incorrect sentences. Dear diary,
1. Last holiday I visit my grandparents who live in Last month, there was a book fair in my city. My family
Yogyakarta. visited it on the last day. We couldn’t visit it over the first two
2. I was in the middle of cooking, so I didn’t know about days because my parents were busy and I had many
my mother’s message. assignments.
3. While having lunch, my friends and I were chatting At first, I was in doubt whether to attend it or not. My friends
about the test we just did. were attending a concert that night. My father said, “Please
4. Taking a monorail for the first time is an unforgettable decide for yourself, based on the benefits of doing it.” Then,
experience for me. I chose to attend the book fair.
5. Suddenly, we heard the bell ring which means that It was an interesting fair. There were many books on
break time is over. sale. I found good books at low prices, only Rp5,000 each.
6. The new coffee shop provided coffee harvested and I was interested in an old cake recipe book, containing
produced from their own plantation. 100 cake recipes.
7. Donna returned from her vacation in Lombok yesterday Suddenly I remembered that there would be a bazaar
and she really has great time there. in my neighborhood next month. We had to sell items we
8. The competition’s goal is to introduce and develop made ourselves. The recipes in the book were interesting
softball itself which is a new game for many students. with pictures and they seemed easy to follow. I thought
9. After completing the document check at around 2 p.m., I could make cakes to be sold, so I decided to buy the book.
we immediately walk out of the airport and look for The next day, I tried one of the recipes and succeeded.
a bus. I felt very happy. Then, I tried another recipe, a tomato cake.
10. Losari Beach is a very suitable place to hang out with However, this time I failed. The cake was a bit sour because
friends or families, especially in the afternoon when the I had used too many tomatoes. My mother said, “Don’t be
sun sets in the west. disappointed. Why don’t you just use some milk sauce like
Jawaban: you did yesterday?” She was right. It was fantastic! The
TASK 1 combination was a good match and it turned out a good
1. are 2. are 3. am cake.
4. were 5. was 6. is When the day of the bazaar arrived, I sold cakes like
7. was; is 8. was; was 9. were the ones I had made. All the the cakes were sold! My father
10. are 11. was 12. are said, “Practicing a lot result in success.”
“You’re right, Dad,” I replied. “I’m glad that I had chosen
TASK 2 a more advantageous activity.” Then, we smiled together.
1. Incorrect. Last holiday I visited my grandparents who
live in Yogyakarta. 1. What was the writer in doubt of?
2. Correct. A. Whether to buy books or not.
3. Correct. B. Whether to visit a book fair or attend a concert.
4. Correct. C. When she should visit the book fair.
5. Incorrect. Suddenly, we heard the bell ring which D. Whether to participate in the bazaar or not.
meant that break time was over. E. Whether to make cakes for the bazaar.
6. Incorrect. The new coffee shop provides coffee
2. Why did the writer buy a recipe book?
harvested and produced from their own plantation.
A. She liked cakes very much.
7. Incorrect. Donna returned from her vacation in Lombok
B. It was cheaper than the others.
yesterday and she really had great time there.
C. She would give the book to her sister.
8. Correct.
D. She would sell cakes at the bazaar, using the
9. Incorrect. After completing the document check at
recipes from the book.
around 2 p.m., we immediately walked out of the
E. She would make cakes for her sister, using the
airport and looked for a bus.
recipes from the book.
10. Correct.
3. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
A. The book the writer bought was old.
B. The cake the writer sold had milk sauce.
C. The book looked interesting with pictures.
D. The writer used all her savings to buy the book.
E. The writer was successful at her first attempt, to
Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer. practice on one of the recipes.
Jawaban: 4. What can we learn from the writer’s experience?
1. C 2. E 3. B 4. A 5. E A. Buying books at a fair is better than buying ones
at a bookshop.
B. It is good to visit a book fair even when we are busy.
C. We can learn from other people’s mistakes.
D. We should always study diligently.
E. Reading books is advantageous.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 17


You : Correct. Who is Luksita?
5. “I’m glad that I had chosen a more advantageous Your friend : She was the writer’s classmate when they were in
activity.” (Last paragraph) the ninth grade.
The antonym of the underlined word is ________. You : Good answer. Your turn, please.
A. meaningful B. beneficial Your friend : Thanks. How long has the writer not met Luksita?
C. useless D. profitable You : Since graduation.
E. preferable Your friend : How could that happen?
Jawaban: You : Well, Luksita and her family moved to another town.
1. B. Pilihan jawaban (B) benar karena sesuai dengan Your friend : Correct. Your turn, please.
kalimat di paragraf dua, ”At first, I was in doubt You : Where was Luksita’s house?
whether to attend it or not. My friends were Your friend : At the corner of Indragiri alley.
attending a concert that night.” yang artinya You : What happened to the writer when he/she was
”Awalnya, saya merasa ragu apakah akan pergi ke going to Luksita’s house?
pameran buku itu atau tidak. Teman-teman saya Your friend : He/she got lost. My turn now. How could he/she
akan menonton konser bersama-sama malam itu.”. get lost?
2. D. Pilihan jawaban (D) benar karena sesuai You : Luksita’s house is located in a housing estate with
dengan kalimat di paragraf empat ”Suddenly many similar alleys.
I remembered that there would be a bazaar in my Your friend : You’re right. On his/her attempt to find Luksita’s
neighborhood next month. We had to sell items we house, what made the writer ride his/her bicycle
made ourselves. . . . I thought I could make cakes to fast?
be sold so I decided to buy the book.” yang artinya You : The alley he/she took was calm and there were no
”Tiba-tiba saya ingat bahwa akan ada bazar di vehicles passing. Moreover, on the left, there was
lingkungan saya bulan depan. Kami harus menjual a tomb and on the right was a river. Am I right?
barang-barang buatan kami sendiri. . . . Saya pikir Your friend : You’re right. Now your turn, please.
saya dapat membuat kue untuk dijual sehingga You : O.K. When did the writer see Mr. Arya?
saya memutuskan untuk membeli buku resep itu.”. Your friend : When he/she arrived at a T-junction.
3. D. Pilihan jawaban (D) yang artinya penulis meng- You : Right. How did the writer arrive at Luksita’s house?
gunakan semua uang tabungannya untuk membeli Your friend : Mr. Arya accompanied him/her to Luksita’s house.
buku itu, benar untuk soal tentang pernyataan
yang salah karena tidak dijelaskan dalam teks.
Pilihan jawaban yang lain salah karena sesuai
dengan teks; (A) sesuai dengan kalimat ”I was
interested in an old cake recipe book, . . . .”,
(B) sesuai dengan kalimat ”’Why don’t you just
use some milk sauce like you did yesterday?’ Answer the following questions based on the previous text.
She was right.”, (C) sesuai dengan kalimat ”The 1. What is the purpose of the text?
recipes in the book were interesting with pictures 2. When did the experience occur?
. . . .”, dan (E) sesuai dengan kalimat ”The next 3. What should the writer do when he/she was on
day, I tried one of the recipes and succeeded.”. Mayapada alley?
4. E. Jawaban disimpulkan dari kalimat-kalimat di 4. Where is Luksita’s house located?
bagian akhir teks, ”My father said, ’Practicing a lot 5. Why was the writer afraid?
result in success.’ ’You’re right Dad,’ I replied. ’I’m 6. When did the writer see a motorcycle with two people?
glad that I had chosen a more advantageous 7. Who were the riders?
activity.’” yang artinya ”Ayah saya berkata, ’Banyak 8. How did the writer find Luksita’s house?
berlatih membawa kesuksesan.’ ’Ayah benar,’ Jawaban:
jawab saya. ’Saya senang telah memilih kegiatan 1. To relate the writer’s experience.
yang lebih menguntungkan.’”. Jadi, pilihan 2. When he/she was looking for a friend’s house.
jawaban (E) yang artinya membaca buku 3. He/she should turn left.
menguntungkan, benar. 4. At the corner of Indragiri alley.
5. C. Kata ’advantageous’ artinya menguntungkan 5. The alley he/she took was calm and there were no
sehingga lawan kata yang sesuai yaitu ’useless’ vehicles passing. Moreover, there was a tomb on his/
yang artinya tidak menguntungkan/bermanfaat. her left and there was a river on his/her right.
Jadi, pilihan jawaban (C) benar. Pilihan jawaban 6. When he/she arrived at a T-junction.
yang lain salah; (A) artinya penuh arti, (B) artinya 7. Mr. Arya and Ita, his daughter.
bermanfaat, (D) artinya menguntungkan, dan 8. Mr. Arya accompanied him/her there.
(E) artinya lebih baik/lebih disukai.

Complete the text with the suitable words from the box.
In pairs, ask and answer questions about the following text.
See the example. Jawaban:
1. d 2. l 3. g 4. j 5. i
Contoh jawaban:
6. k 7. a 8. e 9. b 10. h
You : What is the text about?
Your friend : It’s about the writer’s experience of getting lost
when he/she was going to his/her friend’s house.

18 My Dearest Diary
Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in
brackets. TASK 1
Complete the text with the suitable words from the box.
Jawaban:
1. was watching 2. blew 3. was chasing a. ran b. betrayal c. on stage
4. watched 5. was having 6. was digging d. older e. shocked f. applause
7. were standing 8. shouted 9. was trying g. kingdom h. very loud i. traditional
10. smiled j. perfect k. nervous l. lost

Dear diary,
Last week my friends and I had a performance at
school. We had to wear (1) ________ clothes; boys had to
wear blangkon and girls had to wear kebaya and kain jarik.
Dengan kegiatan pembelajaran yang sama Bapak/Ibu Guru We performed a drama about a kingdom named
dapat memberikan soal berikut. Mahamulya which was attacked by another (2) ________.
The king was angry because he heard that there was
1. Ida ________ [play] with her dolls when her mother a (3) ________ in the kingdom. I played the King of
________ [call] her. Mahamulya Kingdom.
2. The girl ________ [stumble] when she ________ I was a bit (4) ________ because the audience was
[chase] the rabbit. larger than I had expected. When I went (5) ________ with
3. Laila ________ [cry] when her mother ________ [see] several friends, there was shouting from here and there.
her. I knew they were happy seeing us wearing traditional
4. Vindy and Vita ________ [study] when they ________ clothes, which we had never worn before.
[hear] a voice shouting out loud. The dialog in the drama (6) ________ well, but I still felt
5. Mr. George ________ [give] a talk while Mrs. George nervous because I hadn’t acted the important part. I had to
________ [cook] for the guests. act angry knowing about the betrayal.
6. While the students ________ [do] exercises, the When it was due, I came forward and uttered in an
principal ________ [enter] the room. angry voice. It was (7) ________! Even Ratih, the girl who
7. Grandma ________ [read] the newspaper when her acted as my wife, looked (8) ________. I thought the
glasses ________ [fall]. audience were too. Then, a big round of (9) ________ was
8. The man ________ [jog] when he ________ [witness] heard. I felt wonderful.
a car accident. After we finished performing, I met a teacher by
9. Mr. Rahardian ________ [watch] TV while Mrs. chance. He raised his hands, as if showing respect, and
Rahardian ________ [sew]. said, “Please don’t get angry anymore, King of Mahamulya.”
10. Edwin and Dimas ________ [go] window shopping I laughed and responded him, “Surely, not, Mr. Mahameru.
when they ________ [meet] their friend. Being angry for a long time will make us look
Jawaban: (10) ________.”
1. was playing, called 2. stumbled, was chasing
3. was crying, saw 4. were studying, heard TASK 2
5. was giving, was cooking 6. were doing, entered Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 1.
7. was reading, fell 8. was jogging, witnessed
1. What is the purpose of the text?
9. was watching, was sewing 10. were going, met
2. Where did the performance take place?
3. What did the performers have to wear?
4. What was the drama about?
5. What role did the writer play?
6. According to the writer, why was there shouting when
the actors went on stage?
7. What was the hardest part for the writer?
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 9. 8. What was the writer’s angry voice like?
Jawaban: 9. How did the audience respond to the writer’s
1. The writer’s experience when flying in a small plane with his/ performance?
her uncle. 10. How did the writer feel?
2. The writer’s uncle.
Jawaban:
3. A pair of black, shiny earphones.
TASK 1
4. To allow him/her to listen and talk to the pilot.
1. i 2. g 3. b 4. k 5. c
5. The window as small as the door of a bird cage suddenly
6. a 7. h 8. e 9. f 10. d
opened and the cool, cold air blew all over him/her.
6. To see two dolphins swimming in the beautiful, calm sea. TASK 2
7. When they were getting close to the airport. 1. To relate the writer’s experience when performing a drama.
8. The control tower and runway. 2. At school.
9. He/she hopes that he/she can fly his/her own plane one day. 3. They had to wear traditional clothes; boys had to wear
10. It is ‘took off’. blangkon and girls had to wear kebaya and kain jarik.
4. A kingdom named Mahamulya which was attacked by
another kingdom.
5. He played the King of Mahamulya Kingdom.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 19


6. The audience were happy seeing them wearing 4. To sit on whenever there was good sightseeing.
traditional clothes, which they had never worn before. 5. They waited for them on a field near the parking area.
7. When he had to act getting angry, knowing about the 6. Because his/her left shoe was torn.
betrayal. 7. On their way back to the parking lot.
8. It was very loud. 8. He/she bought them from the stall nearby.
9. They gave him a big round of applause. 9. The place was very beautiful, even more beautiful than
10. He felt wonderful. their first destination.
10. They took a lot of photographs.

Identify the orientation, events and re-orientation/personel


comments of the text in TASK 9. Reread the diary in TASK 13.
Write the main topic or each paragraph (see TASK 4). Relate the story from Fariz’s point of view.
Jawaban: Read your work aloud.

Main Topic

Orientation The writer had a great moment in his/her life, flying Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk melatih peserta didik melakukan
with his/her uncle.
monolog berdasarkan teks yang tersedia.
Event 1 The writer’s uncle started the engine and the plane 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca
was ready to fly.
Event 2 The plane was airborne. kembali dan memahami teks di TASK 13.
Event 3 The writer freezed because the small window 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menceritakan
suddenly opened and the cool, cold air blew all over kembali teks tersebut dari sudut pandang pelaku lain
him/her.
Events
Event 4 The writer yelled for help due to the opened yaitu Fariz.
window. 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membacakan
Event 5 The writer saw two dolphins swimming in the teks yang ditulisnya, secara bergiliran.
beautiful, calm sea when the plane was getting
close to the airport. 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang
Event 6 The plane landed at the airport, safe and sound. masih kurang tepat.
Reorientation The writer hopes that he/she can fly his/her own
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi pujian kepada peserta didik
plane one day. yang berani maju dan memotivasi peserta didik yang
belum berani agar berani maju. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi
penilaian.

Contoh jawaban:
Dear diary,
Arrange the following paragraphs to form a meaningful diary. Last month, my family and I went on a trip to a mountainous
Read the diary aloud. area, about 3 kilometers from our house. It is a beautiful place,
Jawaban: with many paths for hiking.
The correct arrangement of the paragraphs is 2–4–6–3–5–1. We left in the morning. We brought food and drinks, an MP4
player and several newspapers for us to sit on whenever there
was good sightseeing.
My parents chose to wait for us on a field near the parking
area. Meanwhile, my sister Farah, my younger brother Firman
and I went hiking. After walking for a half an hour, Firman told us
that he felt uncomfortable with his foot. Guess what! His left shoe
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 13. was torn so he decided to drop out.
1. Who did the writer go on a trip to a mountainous area Frankly, my sister and I felt a little disappointed. Apparently,
with? he noticed our disappointment. Then, he asked us to continue,
2. What is their destination like? but he would return to the parking area by himself. He convinced
3. What did they prepare for their trip? us that he would be fine. However, I couldn’t let my brother walk
4. Why did they bring newspapers? alone. Therefore, we decided to return to the parking area
5. What did the writer’s parents do when their children together.
went hiking? When we were near the parking area, Firman shouted,
6. Why did the writer and his/her siblings decide to return “Hey, there is a beautiful place there!” while pointing to his left
to the parking area? side. Farah and I looked and agreed that the view there was
7. When did the writer see a beautiful spot? beautiful.
8. How did the writer get new sandals? Arriving at the parking lot, Firman looked for a stall selling
9. What did the writer think about the new spot? sandals and he bought them. Soon afterwards, the three of us
10. What did they do there? went to the spot we saw earlier. Arriving there, we felt
astonished. Honestly, the place was beautiful, even more
Jawaban:
beautiful than our first destination. We took a lot of photographs.
1. His/her parents, his/her elder brother Fariz and his/her
The three of us were really excited!
younger sister Farah.
2. It is beautiful and has many paths for hiking.
3. They prepared food and drinks, an MP4 player and
several newspapers.

20 My Dearest Diary
Well, it took place last month. At first, I didn’t want to
participate, but my classmates supported me in joining it. In fact,
they partly insisted because I was the only one who hadn’t
participated in any contest. That was why, I couldn’t refuse.
Continue the following paragraphs to form a good diary. However, my classmates are the best. They helped me
Share your work with the class. a lot in preparing the materials for my speech. They made
suggestions to build my confidence. They also gave input about
how I should act and deliver my speech.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca dan When the day to perform arrived, I felt really nervous.
memahami isi paragraf yang tersedia. However, my classmates encouraged me. They said that I could
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peser ta didik melakukan do it well because I had practiced hard. Finally, the announcer
brainstorming untuk membahas kemungkinan lanjutan called my name. I walked onto the stage and delivered my
paragraf tersebut. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta speech. At the end, I felt relieved although I had to stop to think
didik untuk menjawab menggunakan bahasa Inggris dan about what to say next.
menuliskan kemungkinan tersebut sehingga menjadi I didn’t win, but I was happy. It was my first experience,
sebuah diari yang bermakna dan koheren. speaking before the public. The experience is really precious for
3. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik me.
mengembangkannya menjadi sebuah teks yang
bermakna dan koheren. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat
memberikan kosakata yang diperlukan.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk
membacakan teks yang telah ditulisnya.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi masukan, evaluasi, atau nilai Read the song lyrics.
atas hasil kerja peserta didik. What is the message?
Jawaban:
Contoh jawaban: The message of the song is that we just had a bad day and we
Dear diary, need to have a rest to recharge our life with beautiful things and
to be stronger.
When I was on my way to school yesterday, I found a box in
a black plastic bag near the school gate. I was curious, so
I observed it carefully. However, I didn’t dare open it.
Then, a pedicab driver noticed me, approached me and said
that I had to report it to my principal and to the police. He thought
that the box could be a bomb. A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
I was afraid if what the pedicab driver said was true. So,
Jawaban:
I returned to school and looked for my teachers. Soon I met one
1. B 2. C 3. C 4. E 5. D
of my teachers and I told him about what I found near the school
6. A 7. E 8. C 9. D 10. D
gate.
My teacher then went out to check the box and decided B. Write a diary about one of your unforgettable moments.
to report it to the principal. At that time, the principal was Mind the text structure.
busy hosting a guest. My teacher decided to wait for
a moment and asked me to go to where the box was. Contoh jawaban:
A few minutes later, I saw a woman running towards me Dear diary,
and said that it was her box of knitting tools. She explained
Last Sunday my brother and I went fishing far from home.
that the box fell from her motorcycle without her noticing it.
We brought several cakes with us.
She convinced me that the box was really hers so I returned
We rode our bikes for about an hour and felt tired. Then, we
it to the woman. I felt so relieved, it was not a bomb.
had a rest on a sheltered bench at the side of the road.
At that time, my principal and teacher ran to me. They
Suddenly, we saw the sky turn dark. My brother said that it
had phoned the police. I told them that it was only a box of
was going to rain. He was right. Soon, it rained very heavily. We
knitting tools and the owner had collected it. They felt
waited for the rain to stop, then felt hungry and decided to eat
relieved although they had to phone the police again to
our cakes.
explain the situation.
We were about to eat when we saw a boy running towards
It was a tense moment, but thank God, it wasn’t bad.
us. He looked cold and hungry. We felt pity for him. “Please have
a few cakes,” I said.
The boy looked happy and took a few. We then spoke.
Apparently, he is Reno. He used to be our neighbor. Three years
ago, he moved to a new house in another part of the city.
Write your personal experience in a diary. During our conversation, the rain stopped. Reno gave us his
Share your work with the class. phone number and left.
As my brother and I didn’t have any more provisions, we
Contoh jawaban: decided to go home. We felt happy although our trip was
Dear diary, canceled. We met our old friend!
I don’t know why, but suddenly I remember my first
experience of participating in a public speaking contest. Frankly,
it was a memorable moment for me.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 21


Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. relate people’s lives,
b. complete people’s
bio-data, and
c. use regular and
irregular verbs in past
forms, correctly.
2. be able to:
a. relate people’s lives,
b. create people’s
bio-data, and
c. use regular and
irregular verbs in past
forms, correctly.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be polite, respectful,
responsible and honest
when communicating with
others.

Source: http://www.fototokoh.com,,
Source: http://www.fototokoh.com
downloaded September 18, 2014
downloaded September 18, 2014

Who is he? Is he famous? What is he famous for? What did he do? In this unit you will
learn about people’s lives. You will also learn about the simple past tense. Please understand
the texts and use regular and irregular verbs in the past forms correctly. Make sure you are able
to relate people’s lives, by the end of this unit.

22 Inspirative People
Complete the sentences with the correct words from TASK 2. Write the irregular verbs in past forms in the text in TASK 5.
Read the sentences aloud, in turns. What do the words mean?
Jawaban: Jawaban:
1. sworn in 2. resignation 3. descendants
4. release 5. respectively 6. retirement Word Meaning
7. settled in 8. relinquishing 9. sick leave went pergi
10. reacquainted
began mulai

read membaca

became menjadi

made membuat

spoke berpidato, berbicara


Listen and choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie was born on June 25, 1936.
He was the Third President of the Republic of Indonesia, from
1998 until 1999.
He was born in Parepare, South Sulawesi to Alwi Abdul Jalil
Habibie and R.A. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. His father was Make sentences using the irregular verbs in TASK 6.
an agriculturist from Gorontalo of Bugis descent and his mother Read your sentences aloud, in turns.
was a Javanese noblewoman from Yogyakarta. 1. We went to the campsite yesterday morning.
Habibie continued his studies in Jakarta. In 1955, he moved 2. We began to pitch the tents.
to Germany. He received a degree in engineering in Germany, 3. Maya read notices at the campsite.
giving him the title Diplom-Ingenieur in 1960. 4. We became aware that we had to preserve nature.
In 1962, Habibie returned to Indonesia for three months on 5. My sister and I made a tart cake to celebrate my parents’
sick leave. During this time, he was reacquainted with Hasri anniversary.
Ainun, the daughter of R. Mohamad Besari. The two married on 6. Egar, the captain, spoke to the villagers who passed by.
May 12, 1962 and returned to Germany shortly afterwards. They
settled in Aachen for a short time before moving to
Oberforstbach. In May 1963 their first son, Ilham Akbar Habibie,
was born and later another son, Thareq Kemal Habibie.
Adopted from: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/
MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X Semester 2, Jakarta, Kementerian Pendidikan dan
Kebudayaan, 2014.
Jawaban: Answer the questions based on the texts in TASK 5.
1. C 2. E 3. A 4. B 5. A
Jawaban:
1. It’s about the biography of Sukarno.
2. He would be 114 years old.
3. His father named him first Kusno Sosrodihardjo.
4. They were Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and Ida Ayu
Nyoman Rai.
5. He spoke ten languages. They were Javanese, Balinese,
Listen carefully and repeat. Sundanese, Dutch, English, French, Arabic, Bahasa
Indonesia, German and Japanese.
6. He established Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) in 1927.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan teks berikut. 7. He served in Sukamiskin Prison in Bandung for one year.
Peserta didik mendengarkan dengan saksama. 8. They built airfields and railways and grew crops for the
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan teks tersebut Japanese.
kalimat demi kalimat dan peserta didik menirukan 9. He introduced his five-point Pancasila, or principles of
dengan lafal dan intonasi yang benar. an independent Indonesia.
3. Selanjutnya, beberapa peserta didik diminta membaca 10. It is ‘captured’ or ‘seized’.
nyaring teks tersebut secara bergiliran.
4. Peserta didik yang lain diminta mendengarkan dengan
saksama sambil membetulkan pelafalan temannya yang
kurang tepat.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru mencermati pelafalan peserta didik dan
memberikan contoh pelafalan yang benar jika ada Read the words and match them with their correct meanings
pelafalan peserta didik yang masih kurang tepat. from the box.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta seluruh peserta didik You will hear the words in the text in TASK 9.
mengucapkan kata-kata tersebut beberapa kali hingga
benar. Jawaban:
1. d 2. i 3. g 4. a 5. l
6. h 7. b 8. k 9. e 10. c

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 23


Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru:
1. Who was Alfred Simanjuntak?
2. Where was he born?
Listen carefully and answer the following questions based on the 3. How old would he be in 2015?
text you have heard. 4. When was he inspired to write Bangun Pemudi Pemuda?
5. How many children does he have?
Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Good morning, everyone. I would like to tell you about one Jawaban:
of Indonesia’s greatest poets. Do you know who he is? He’s 1. He was the man who wrote the national song entitled
Chairil Anwar. Bangun Pemudi Pemuda.
Chairil Anwar was born in Medan, North Sumatra on July 2. He was born in Parlombuan, North Tapanuli, North
26, 1922 and died in Jakarta on April 28, 1949. He was educated Sumatera.
at Dutch schools, but dropped out aged 18 or earlier. He moved 3. He would be 95 years old in 2015.
to Jakarta with his mother after his parents divorced. Chairil 4. When he was having a shower.
began to read western literature. It influenced his own writing and 5. He has four children, Aida, Toga, Dorothea and John.
distinguished him from the previous generation of traditional
writers. His poems were circulated on cheap paper during the
Japanese occupation of Indonesia and were not published until
1945.
It was apparently the death of his grandmother that inspired
Chairil to write poetry and death became a theme of many of his
poems. During his lifetime Chairil wrote approximately 94 works, TASK 1
including seventy-one poems. Most of those were unpublished at Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 10.
the time of his death, but were later collected in several collections
of his work, published posthumously. Of these, Chairil considered
only 13 to be truly good poems. The first published was Deru
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut dimaksudkan untuk
Tjampur Debu or Roar Mixed with Dust, which was followed by
meningkatkan pemahaman peserta didik mengenai isi
Kerikil Tadjam dan Jang Terampas dan Terputus or Sharp Pebbles
teks pada TASK 10.
and the Seized and the Broken. He died at CBZ Hospital, now
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru membacakan per tanyaan-
Cipto Mangunkusomo Hospital.
pertanyaan berikut, satu per satu.
This is what I wanted to say about Chairil Anwar, one of
2. Peserta didik berlomba-lomba tunjuk jari dan
Indonesia’s greatest poets and a member of the ‘1945 generation’
menjawab setiap pertanyaan secara lisan.
of writers.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai, sambil
Adapted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chairil_Anwar (August 28, 2014)
terus memotivasi peserta didik agar selalu aktif
Jawaban: dalam setiap kegiatan.
1. He was born in Medan, North Sumatra.
2. He was about 27 years old. 1. When was Alfred Simanjuntak born?
3. His hobby of reading western literature which influenced his 2. What was he?
own writing made him different from the previous generation 3. Who were Lamsana Simanjuntak and Kornelia Silitonga?
of traditional writers. 4. How did he feel about his life?
4. The theme of most of his poems was death. 5. How many grandchildren does he have?
5. He created seventy-one poems.
TASK 2
Read the text aloud, in turns.
Then, complete the statements based on the text.
Sutomo, known as Bung Tomo, was born in Kampung
Blauran, Surabaya, on October 3, 1920. In his youth, Bung
Tomo was interested in journalism and had registered as
Read the text.
a freelance journalist for the daily Soeara Oemoem in
Then, listen to and answer the questions correctly.
Surabaya in 1937. A year later, he became an editor for the
weekly Pembela Rakyat and became a journalist and corner
writer for a daily Javanese newspaper, Ekspres, in Surabaya
1. Peserta didik membaca teks berikut dengan saksama. in 1939.
Mereka mencatat dan mencari arti kosakata baru. During the Japanese occupation, Sutomo worked for
2. Setelah itu, Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan Domei, the Japanese occupation news agency, managing
pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut dua kali. the bahasa Indonesia section for the entire East Java (1942–
3. Peserta didik menjawab setiap pertanyaan berdasarkan 1945). When the Declaration of Independence echoed on
teks yang telah mereka baca di buku masing-masing. August 17, 1945, he and senior journalist Romo Bintarti
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan per tanyaan- proclaimed it in Javanese in order to avoid Japan’s
pertanyaan tersebut sekali lagi. Peserta didik menyimak censorship. Subsequently, he became the Chief Editor for
sambil memeriksa jawaban mereka. Mereka Antara News Agency in Surabaya.
membetulkan jawaban yang masih belum tepat. When a battle broke out in Surabaya on November 10,
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peser ta didik membahas 1945, Bung Tomo appeared as an orator for a radio
jawabannya. broadcast, motivating people’s spirit to fight against the
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai. British army and NICA-Dutch troops. History recorded that
the battle in Surabaya was formidable. There was no fear on
their faces facing armed British soldiers. November 10 was
then remembered as Heroes’ Day.

24 Inspirative People
Sutomo died in Mecca while on pilgrimage. Bung Tomo’s 4. left 5. studied 6. joined
body was brought back to Indonesia and was buried in 7. underwent 8. enlisted 9. came
Ngagel, Surabaya. He officially received the title of a hero 10. killed
from the government in 2008.
Here is a quote of his speech which motivated
Surabaya people to fight against colonialists, “When the
Indonesian bulls still have red blood that can raise a piece of
white cloth becoming red and white, never will we surrender
to anybody!”
Translated from: http://www.pahlawanindonesia.com/biografi-pahlawan-nasional- Read the text about Ahmad Yani once again.
sutomo-bung-tomo/ (August 28, 2014) Write his bio-data.
Jawaban:
Name : Ahmad Yani
Date of birth : June 19, 1922
Place of birth : Jenar, Purworejo, Central Java
We honor our heroes by fullfilling their wishes to make our country Date of Death : October 1, 1965
peaceful and prosperous.
Education : – Primary and secondary education
in Batavia
Statements: – Compulsory military service in the
1. Bung Tomo was born in ________________. army of the Dutch East Indies
2. He was ________________ years old when a battle colonial government
broke out in Surabaya. – Training in Magelang after joining
3. He became ________________ for the daily Soeara
PETA
Oemoem in Surabaya.
– Training as PETA platoon commander
4. He worked for Domei, managing ________________
Government’s : Revolution Hero
for the entire East Java.
5. He and senior journalist Romo Bintarti Acknowledgment
________________ in Javanese in order to avoid
Japan’s censorship.
6. He became the Chief Editor for ________________ in
Surabaya.
7. Bung Tomo motivated Surabaya’s youngsters to fight
against the British army and NICA-Dutch troops by
________________ through a radio broadcast. Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 11, orally.
8. We commemmorate November 10 as ________________
to honor people’s struggles against colonialists. Jawaban:
9. Bung Tomo passed away in Mecca and he was burried 1. He was born in Jenar, Purworejo, Central Java.
in ________________. 2. He was born on June 19, 1922.
10. In ________________, the government granted Bung 3. Because he underwent compulsory military service in the
Tomo the title of a hero. army of the Dutch East Indies colonial government.
4. No, he didn’t. Because the arrival of the invading Japanese
Jawaban: in 1942 interrupted his studies.
TASK 1 5. After joining PETA, he underwent further training in
1. He was born on September 8, 1920. Magelang.
2. He was a teacher and song writer. 6. After he completed his training in Bogor, West Java.
3. They were Alfred Simanjuntak’s parents.
7. Tragedy struck him in the early hours of October 1, 1965.
4. He was very grateful for the grace of God and lived
8. It refers to people who kidnapped Ahmad Yani from his house.
happily with his family.
5. He has eleven grandchildren. 9. We find a museum which formerly was Ahmad Yani’s house.
10. He dedicated his life for his country by becoming a skillful
TASK 2 soldier and underwent many trainings to improve his military
1. Kampung Blauran, Surabaya skills.
2. 25 (twenty-five)
3. a freelance journalist
4. the Bahasa Indonesia section
5. proclaimed the Declaration of Independence
6. Antara News Agency
7. delivering a speech
8. Heroes’ Day TASK 1
9. Ngagel, Surabaya Match the following words with their correct meanings from
10. 2008 the box.
Read and memorize them.

Bapak/Ibu Guru perlu melakukan kegiatan berikut


sebelum melanjutkan ke TASK 13.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru mendiktekan kata-kata berikut dan
Complete the text with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. peserta didik menulisnya dalam buku catatan
Read the text aloud, in turns. mereka.
Jawaban: 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru menuliskan arti kata-kata tersebut
1. worked 2. moved 3. worked di papan tulis.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 25


3. Peserta didik menjodohkan kata-kata tersebut
dengan artinya yang sesuai. Kata-kata yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik bersama-sama 1. to move = ____________________
membahas jawabannya. 2. backward = ____________________
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan kembali manfaat 3. jungle = ____________________
mempunyai perbendaharaan banyak kosakata. 4. fortunately = ____________________
5. to worsen = ____________________
6. to surrender = ____________________
• oleh karena itu, maka dari itu 7. to insist = ____________________
• perang, peperangan 8. to end = ____________________
• markas, kantor pusat 9. dagger = ____________________
• berjuang, berkelahi 10. to remain = ____________________
• menangkap
• mengingatkan Jawaban:
• meningkatkan, menambah, memperbanyak TASK 1
• menghukum, menjatuhkan hukuman 1. pahlawan perempuan
• mengalahkan, memukul 2. mengizinkan, membiarkan
• pahlawan perempuan 3. oleh karena itu, maka dari itu
• mencegah 4. bekerja sama
• mencegat 5. berjuang, berkelahi
• tentara 6. memimpin
• melarikan diri 7. perang, peperangan
• pengepungan 8. mencegat
• menyerang 9. tentara
• mengizinkan, membiarkan 10. mengalahkan, memukul
• menjebak 11. menyerang
• bekerja sama 12. penjajah
• penjajah 13. markas, kantor pusat
• memimpin 14. menangkap
• pendudukan, pekerjaan 15. menghukum, menjatuhkan hukuman
• tertekan 16. pendudukan, pekerjaan, jabatan
• mundur kembali 17. meningkatkan, menambah, memperbanyak
18. pengepungan
1. heroine = ________________ 19. tertekan
2. to allow = ________________ 20. melarikan diri
3. therefore = ________________
4. to work hand in hand = ________________ TASK 2
5. to fight = ________________ 1. to move = bergerak, pindah
6. to lead = ________________ 2. backward = mundur
7. war = ________________ 3. jungle = hutan belantara
8. to intercept = ________________ 4. fortunately = untungnya
9. troop = ________________ 5. to worsen = menjadi lebih buruk
10. to beat = ________________ 6. to surrender = menyerah
11. to attack = ________________ 7. to insist = bersikeras, menuntut
12. colonialist = ________________ 8. to end = mengakhiri, berakhir
13. headquarter = ________________ 9. dagger = belati
14. to capture = ________________ 10. to remain = masih tetap
15. to sentence = ________________
16. occupation = ________________
17. to increase = ________________
18. encirclement = ________________
19. depressed = ________________
20. to escape = ________________
Work in pairs.
TASK 2
Ask and answer questions about the text, in turns.
Listen to and write down the words you have heard.
Contoh jawaban:
You : What is the text about?
Your friend : It’s about Cut Nyak Meutia.
Bapak/Ibu Guru memberikan kosakata berikut sebagai
You : Where did she come from?
tambahan.
Your friend : She came from Aceh.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru membacakan kata-kata berikut
You : Good! Your turn, please.
dan peserta didik menulisnya di buku masing-
Your friend : Thanks. Suppose Cut Nyak Meutia is still alive in
masing.
2015. How old would she be?
2. Peserta didik menjelaskan arti kata-kata yang
You : She would be 145 years old. Wow!
ditulisnya.
Your friend : Well, who was Teuku Cik Tunong?
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik mengoreksi hasil
You : He was Cut Nyak Meutia’s husband.
pekerjaan bersama-sama.
Your friend : That’s right. Your turn, please.
4. Peserta didik menghapalkan kosakata tersebut dan
You : Thank you. How did Cut Nyak Meutia and her
menggunakannya dalam kesempatan ber-
husband fight against the Dutch troops?
komunikasi.

26 Inspirative People
Your friend : They intercepted the Dutch troops’ patrols and 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi masukan sesuai dengan hasil
beat them. At other times, they attacked the tulisan peserta didik, misalnya tentang pilihan kata dan
headquarters of the Dutch troops in Idie. tenses- nya. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat menyampaikan
You : Very good! When was Teuku Cik Tunong arrested masukan semacam ini secara klasikal apabila dianggap
by the Dutch troops? kekurangan tersebut dilakukan oleh banyak peserta didik.
Your friend : He was arrested one day in May 1905 and was 4. Peserta didik memperbaiki tulisan mereka sesuai dengan
sentenced to death. masukan Bapak/Ibu Guru.
You : Excellent! Your turn, please. 5. Peserta didik menunjukkan hasil perbaikan kepada
Your friend : O.K. Who was Pang Nangru? Bapak/Ibu Guru. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi persetujuan
You : He was the next husband of Cut Nyak Meutia jika tulisan mereka telah layak disampaikan di kelas.
after Teuku Cik Tunong died. 6. Peserta didik belajar manyampaikan hasil tulisan mereka
Your friend : Good! When was Cut Nyak Meutia killed and tanpa teks.
how? 7. Selanjutnya, beberapa peserta didik tunjuk jari dan
You : She was killed on October 24, 1910 by three menyampaikan teks tentang Anis Baswedan di depan
shots from the Dutch’s troops. kelas, secara bergiliran.
8. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak sambil memperhatikan
pelafalan, tekanan, dan intonasi temannya. Jika ada yang
kurang tepat, mereka diberi kesempatan untuk
menyampaikan gagasan mereka itu.
9. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati dan memberi nilai.
10. Pada akhir kegiatan, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan
Write down the verbs past in the text in TASK 13 and read balikan, misalnya tentang kelebihan dan kekurangan
them aloud. peserta didik terkait dengan kejelasan pengucapan,
Identify whether the verbs are regular or irregular. keras-lembutnya suara, mimik wajah, dan gerak tubuh.
Then, write their meanings.
Jawaban: Contoh jawaban:
Verb Regular or Irregular Meaning “Good morning, my friends. I would like to tell you about
an inspirative person who has motivated Indonesian people to be
married Regular menikah
better. He’s Mr. Anis Baswedan. I’m sure you are familiar with his
worked Regular bekerja name and appearance on TV, but do you know about him and his
led Irregular memimpin excellent achievements? Well, let me tell you about him.
Mr. Anis Baswedan, the son of Mr. Rasyid Baswedan,
intercepted Regular mencegat
former Vice Rector of UII Yogyakarta, and Mrs. Aliyah, professor
beat Irregular mengalahkan from Yogyakarta State University, was born in 1969. He has
attacked Regular menyerang shown his talent as a leader since young. He became the
chairperson of farewell party of SMPN 5 Yogyakarta in 1983 and
captured Regular menangkap
the OSIS chairperson in SMA 2 Yogyakarta in 1987. Then, he
continued Regular melanjutkan was appointed chairperson of the Indonesian OSIS. These
increased Regular meningkatkan experiences brought him to become the Chairman of the Gadjah
Mada University Senate in 1992.
made Irregular membuat
Mr. Anis Baswedan has a lot of experience. In 1987 he was
killed Regular membunuh a participant of AFS, Indonesian-American student exchange
died Regular meninggal, wafat program. He stayed in Milwakuee, Wisconsin, United States
for one year which broadened his horizons. He became
worsened Regular memburuk
an interviewer when he worked for Televisi Republik Indonesia
forced Regular memaksa (TVRI) Yogyakarta in 1989. He managed a program entitled
insisted Regular bersikeras Tanah Merdeka. He learned a lot of things from great people.
He also received many scholarships from abroad, such as
ended Regular berakhir
Japan Airlines Scholarship of JAL Foundation in 1993,
found Irregular menemukan a scholarship to continue his master’s degree in International
kept Irregular menyimpan terus Security and Economic Policy at the University of Maryland,
College Park in 1997, a doctoral scholarship program of Northern
Illinois University in 1999 and Outstanding Doctoral Student
Scholarship which was awarded to the students of Northern
Illinois University with merit and integrity in the development of
political science, in 2004. In addition, Mr. Anis also received
many awards, such as William P. Cole III Fellowship of the
School of Public Policy, University of Maryland in 1998 when he
Read and retell the following text using your own words. was taking his master’s degree and the ASEAN Student Awards
Program of USAID - AGE – NAFSA in the same year.
Mr. Anis Baswedan has many other awesome achievements.
Kegiatan ini bertujuan meningkatkan speaking skill dan He was the Director of the Indonesian Research Institute,
keberanian peserta didik dalam berbicara. an organization that focuses on research and analysis of public
1. Peserta didik membaca teks tentang Anis Baswedan. policy, in 2005. He became the youngest rector in Indonesia when
Mereka mencatat kosakata baru dan mencari artinya. he was elected as Rector of the University of Paramadina in 2007.
2. Peserta didik membuat draf teks tentang Anis Baswedan Then, he initiated Paramadina Fellowship, a program to recruit the
dan kemudian mengembangkannya menjadi teks utuh best students and a compulsory subject entitled Against
dengan kata-katanya sendiri. Setelah itu, peserta didik Corruption, an anti-corruption teaching. In 2008 he was elected as
meminta masukan Bapak/Ibu Guru. one of the Top 100 Public Intellectuals by Foreign Policy

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 27


Magazine. He was the only figure from Indonesia and Southeast Today, despite being on leave, she was given the task to
Asia in the list of the world’s 100 intellectuals. He established prepare Upin-Ipin for the big screen. Kiki was the one who gave
Gerakan Indonesia Mengajar which sends the best young people the movie a touch of Indonesia’s cultures or customs in the
to teach at elementary schools in remote areas. The program is movie. For example, through the figure named Susanti, Upin’s
intended to fill the shortage of qualified teachers and be a vehicle friend from Jakarta. To be truly Indonesian, Kiki put a lot of
for the leadership of the best young generation to have global makeup on Susanti.
competence and understanding of the grass roots. In the same On other occasions, such as in the Berkelah or Picnic
year, he was appointed one of 20 Important People for the Next episode, Kiki added Indonesia’s elements to adjust the character
20 Years by Foresight magazine. He is predicted to change the of Susanti as an Indonesian. For example, she created animated
world in the next 20 years to come. Still many more! cakes called bakpia, semprong and keripik ceker ayam (chips
Mr. Anis Baswedan married Fery Farhati Ganis and has four made from chicken’s legs). “To make the story rich in Indonesian
children. cultures. This made them love it,” Kiki said proudly.
That’s my story about Mr. Anis Baswedan, an inspirative Not only as an animator Upin and Ipin, Kiki also initiated the
person.” creation of Unyil, a very popular animated movie originated in
Indonesia, and Upin shakes hands in the virtual world. They
became an icon of the campaign “Let’s Make Peace” for
Indonesia and Malaysia posted on Twitter and Facebook
accounts.
Translated from: http://www.cyber4rt.com/2012/09/7-orang-indonesia-yang-terkenal-di-
mata.html (September 2, 2014)
Write ten sentences in the simple past tense using irregular verbs.
Read your work aloud, in turns.
Contoh jawaban:
1. I met Mrs. Diana at the gas station yesterday afternoon.
2. Mother brought a sack of groceries.
3. Mrs. Riana bought a pack of fried rice and cap jay just now. Read the song lyrics.
4. Maya put her bag in her room before she had lunch. What is the message?
5. Who cut this cake? I don’t know. Jawaban:
6. We left home for scouting at two this afternoon. The message of the song: it’s all about personal empowerment,
7. The boys made a successful experiment from unused taking control of your life and being who you are because you
materials last week. only get to live once.
8. I heard our basketball team won the interschool basketball
competition.
9. Anita sent an e-mail to her pen-friend from Canada a few
minutes ago.
10. Arga and his family spent their weekend in Puncak.
A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Jawaban:
1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. E
6. D 7. E 8. A 9. C 10. B
B. Write someone’s life that inspires you.
Homework
Work in pairs. Contoh jawaban:
Write about the girl in the picture and read your work aloud. Among today’s leading motivators, Andrie Wongso has an
inspiring life experience. He is the 2nd child of 3 siblings from
Contoh jawaban: a poor family in Malang. At the age of 11 when he was in the 6th
Marsha Chikita, the daughter of Ikang Fawzi, called Kiki grade of elementary school, he had to quit school. Mandarin
started her career when she participated the internship program school where little Andrie studied was closed. Then, he spent his
in Las’ Copaque Productions. It is the production house which childhood and adolescence helping his parents make and sell
created the Upin-Ipin animated film. Since early 2010, she had cakes to the shops and markets around. At the age of 22, Andrie
been working there. She was the only Indonesian who worked at moved to Jakarta. Initially, he worked as a salesman of soap
the company at that moment. She directly involved in creating products and became a shop assistant.
that animated children’s movie which is much favored in His fate changed when he applied to be a movie star at the
Indonesia. Hong Kong Film Eterna company and was accepted, with
During the internship program, Kiki had been paid RM500 or an employment contract for 3 years. In 1980, Andrie went
Rp1,400,000 per month. Because of her special achievement, abroad. After 3 years living in Taiwan, Andrie realized that
Kiki was finally accepted as an employee with, of course, becoming an artist was not the world he liked. So, he decided to
a better salary. However, starting September 2012, she had to return to Indonesia.
take time off to finish her college thesis. Andrie wrote all of his life experiences in the form of
In the production house, Las’ Copaque Productions, Kiki aphorisms in his diary. He had an idea to create greeting cards
confessed that she had learned a lot about 3D modeller and the with aphorisms when knowing his roommate used the words he
setting and background modeller. However, she eventually felt made. Aided by his lover Haryanti Lenny (now his wife), he
more comfortable as an animator for Upin-Ipin movies. She began his business making cards with brand HARVEST, which
explained that animators animated every scene shoot. For later he was acknowledged as king of greeting cards.
example, when Upin was walking, the animator made his His business grew fast and he later founded the AW
animated leg motions look as real as possible. She continued motivation training and AW Publising, Multimedia and opened
about eye blinking, lipsing and so on. “Therefore, an animator several outlets AW Success Shops, the first store in Indonesia
likes looking at himself/herself in a mirror while talking to himself/ that specialized in selling motivational products.
herself in order to get real expressions when creating animation,” Now he is a renowned motivator–perhaps no.1 in Indonesia.
she explained. Translated from: http://www.apakabardunia.com/2012/11/tanpa-ijazah-5-tokoh-
indonesia-ini.html (September 13, 2014)

28 Inspirative People
Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. relate biographies of
admirable people,
b. write people’s
biographies in
a chronological order,
and
c. reduce adverb
clauses into adverb
phrases.
2. be able to:
a. relate biographies of
admirable people,
b. write people’s
biographies in
a chronological order,
and
c. reduce adverb
clauses into adverb
phrases.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be courages, responsible,
honest and strong-willed
in achieving goals,
3. be active and polite when
communicating with other
people. Source: http://www.wprokimal-online.
blogspot.com., downloaded September 20, 2014

Look at the picture carefully. Who is the man? He is one of the greatest heroes we have
ever had. He dedicated his whole life to preserve our independence that was proclaimed on
August 17, 1945. Do you know how he fought againts colonialism? You will read more about
General Sudirman and other admirable people in this unit.
Such texts which relate people’s life are called biographical recounts. Study the
explanation about the text type and attempt the exercises.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 29


Jawaban:
1. disbanded 2. defensive 3. deteriorated
4. pursuit 5. paratroopers 6. settled down
Read the words with proper pronunciation. 7. strong-willed 8. reverence 9. unwavering
Then, match the words with their suitable meanings from the box. 10. reoccupation

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati


phonetic transcript setiap kata.
2. Peserta didik diminta membaca nyaring setiap kata
dengan pelafalan yang sesuai dengan phonetic transcript Fill in the dashes with the suitable letters to form meaningful
yang tertulis. words, based on their definitions.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru membetulkan pelafalan peserta didik Read the words with proper pronunciation and explain their
yang kurang tepat, lalu meminta semua peserta didik meanings.
membaca nyaring kata-kata tersebut dengan pelafalan
yang benar.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menjodohkan
kata-kata tersebut dengan artinya yang sesuai. 1. Peserta didik memahami definisi setiap kata dengan baik.
5. Peserta didik membacakan jawabannya. Peserta didik Jika perlu, Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas
yang lain menyimak dan menyampaikan jawabannya arti atau maksud setiap definisi tersebut.
apabila berbeda dengan jawaban temannya. 2. Peserta didik melengkapi setiap garis bawah dengan
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menghapalkan huruf yang sesuai sehingga membentuk kata yang
kata-kata tersebut lengkap dengan artinya, untuk bermakna dan sesuai dengan definisinya.
menambah perbendaharaan kosakata mereka. 3. Setelah itu, peserta didik mencari arti kata-kata tersebut.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk
Jawaban: menyampaikan jawabannya. Peserta didik yang lain
1. sukar, sulit 2. yang memburuk menyimak dan menyampaikan jawabannya apabila
3. yang beriman, saleh 4. bersifat bertahan berbeda dengan jawaban temannya.
5. membubarkan 6. mengagungkan 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik bersama-sama
7. pelantikan (jabatan) 8. pasukan terjun payung membahas jawabannya.
9. usaha memperoleh 10. pengejaran, pencarian 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan memberi nilai.
11. pendudukan kembali 12. bergema/termasyur
13. penghormatan, ta’zim 14. tandu Jawaban:
15. menetap 16. memohon 1. OATH = sumpah
17. bertekad kuat 18. teguh, kokoh, tetap 2. MILITARY = ketentaraan, militer
19. berperang 20. persenjataan 3. CHARISMATIC = berkharisma
4. GUERILLA WAR = perang gerilya
5. VICTORY = kemenangan
6. COMMANDER = komandan
7. PATRIOTISM = kecintaan pada tanah air
8. LEADERSHIP = kepemimpinan
9. CEASEFIRE = gencatan senjata
Fill in the blanks with suitable words from TASK 1. 10. SOVEREIGNTY = kedaulatan
Change the forms of the words if necessary.
1. The medical clinic was _______________ because of
malpractice.
2. After scoring three goals, my school’s football team
changed to a _______________ strategy during the
second half. Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru
3. Sadly, my grandmother’s condition _______________ dapat memberikan soal tambahan berikut.
after being treated in hospital for a week.
1. G__NE__A __ : the highest rank in a military
4. The robber who was under _______________ by the
institution
police, hid in bushes near my village.
2. EN__ __A__OR : to make an effort; to attempt
5. The air force’s anniversary was celebrated, with one
3. OC__ __PA__IO__ : the period of time that
hundred _______________ making an amazing jump
a nation, place or position is
configuration in the air.
occupied
6. My uncle’s family has finally _______________ in
4. R__ __IN__UI__H : to retire from; give up or
Surabaya after living in several other cities in Java.
abandon
7. My brother is such a _______________ person who
5. IN __ __ SI __N : the act of invading,
tries hard repeatedly to achieve his goal.
especially the entrance of
8. We are going to hold a farewell party as
an armed force into
a _______________ for our principal who will be
a territory to conquer
retiring next month.
6. R__ __RE__T : to withdraw or retire in the
9. Alan’s strong will is _______________ to win the sprint
face of or from action with
race although his opponents are taller than him.
an enemy
10. On _______________ of the farmland the farmers
7. DE__E__S__ : the act of defending against
faced great difficulties by the company who claimed to
attack, danger or injury
be the owner.

30 Admirable People
8. S__ __FI__IE__ __ : enough; being as much/
many as is needed
9. S__ __OR__IN__ __E : to put a lower rank or
position Complete the following bio-data of General Sudirman based on
10. INA__E__UA__Y : shortcoming; deficiency the text in TASK 3.
Jawaban: Jawaban:
1. GENERAL = jenderal Name : Sudirman
2. ENDEAVOR = berusaha keras Date of Birth : January 24, 1916
3. OCCUPATION = pendudukan Place of Birth : Rembang, Central Java
4. RELINQUISH = menyerahkan Year of Marriage : 1936
5. INVASION = penyerbuan Date of Death : January 29, 1950
6. RETREAT = mundur (pasukan) Place of Death : Magelang
7. DEFENSE = pertahanan Wife’s Name : Alfiah
8. SUFFICIENT = cukup Father’s Name : Karsid Kartawiraji
9. SUBORDINATE = bawahan Mother’s Name : Siyem
10. INADEQUACY = kekurangan, ketidakcakapan Foster Father’s Name : Raden Cokrosunaryo
Military Rank : Commander-in-Chief of the Indonesian
armed forces
Military Records : – Joined PETA, an auxiliary military
force established by Japan in
1944.
– British forces landed in Indonesia
Read the following text and pay attention to its structure. in September 1945, to supervise
the Japanese surrender and
preserve order, which triggered the
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta beberapa peserta didik outbreak of violence between the
membaca teks biografi tentang Jenderal Sudirman British and the Indonesian
secara bergiliran, dengan lafal, tekanan, dan intonasi independence fighters.
yang tepat. – TKR (Tentara Keselamatan
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru membetulkan pelafalan peserta didik Rakyat––the People’s Security
yang kurang tepat dan meminta mereka membaca Army) was formed out of self-
kembali kata-kata yang pelafalannya masih salah, lalu formed local units, mostly
membahas arti kosakata baru. constituted by ex-PETA members,
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati on October 5, 1945.
struktur teks tersebut, lalu membaca penjelasannya di – On November 12, 1945, he had
bagian Supporting Feature. already been elected by the other
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan hal-hal yang belum Indonesian military commanders
dipahami peserta didik. as the Commander-in-Chief
(panglima besar) of all Indonesian
forces.
– By late November 1945, the British
and Dutch troops had withdrawn to
Ambarawa to form a strong
defensive ring.
– Sudirman and all commanders
Find the synonyms of the following words in the previous astoundingly routed the Allied
text. forces in Ambarawa on December
1. incursion = ____________________ 15, 1945.
2. to draw back = ____________________ – Sudirman’s appointment as the
3. chase = ____________________ Commander-in-Chief was formally
4. firm = ____________________ inaugurated by President Sukarno
5. exhausting = ____________________ on December 18, 1945.
6. protective = ____________________ – The Dutch sprang a rapid invasion,
7. honor = ____________________ with bombers bombing Maguwo,
8. unselfish = ____________________ Yogyakarta’s airport, and
9. deficiency = ____________________ paratroopers landing near and into
10. enemy = ____________________ the capital on December 19, 1948.
Jawaban: – Sudirman led a guirella war until
1. invasion 2. to retreat 3. pursuit he was seriously sick because of
4. unwavering 5. draining 6. defensive tuberculosis.
7. respect 8. selfless 9. inadequacy – The Dutch formally transferred
10. opponent sovereignty to the Republic of
Indonesia on December 27, 1949.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 31


One day while Henry was on his way to town, he saw
a horseless wagon coming down the road. This gave Henry
the idea for the automobile that ran on gasoline. This was the
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 3. beginning of a hard life that would pay off in the end.
Henry became a machinist at the age of 16. He was
Jawaban: hired as a mechanic for the Edison Company. The reason
1. He united and led the Indonesian armed forces in resisting he chose this company was because Thomas Edison just
colonial re-occupation after the Japanese occupation. invented the light bulb and many other things. While at
2. His uncle adopted Sudirman. He was adopted in order to a party he met Thomas Edison in person. Henry told Edison
receive a better education. about his idea for gasoline engines and Edison suggested
3. He studied at the Dutch Native School in Purwokerto, but Henry try it.
later transferred to a nationalist school, where he became When Henry was 18, his father was worried about him
strongly influenced by nationalism and Islam. because Henry was jobless. Hence, he gave Henry a large
4. His education and activities during his youth had fuelled his piece of farmland, Henry left the farm and moved to Detroit
patriotism, nationalism and religiousness which also to refine the gasoline engine.
developed his leadership ability. One night in Detroit, while his wife was cooking
5. He did not display the usual martial qualities of a heroic Christmas dinner, Henry developed a prototype of the
military leader; instead, he was a soft-spoken and devout gasoline engine. He ate Christmas dinner in the shop, as he
Moslem but extremely charismatic, strong-willed and firm. began his first car. His first car turned out very well. A few
6. He joined PETA, an auxiliary military force established by investors were interested and a company was established.
Japan in 1944 and unsurprisingly was selected to be However, this company and the next three companies
a daidancho (battalion commander) he started were unsuccessful. Henry was a very patient man
7. He had been elected by the other Indonesian military and put numerous amounts of time and effort in to them. This
commanders as the Commander-in-Chief (panglima besar) led him to switch from producing racecars to regular cars.
of all Indonesian forces. Moreover, his first car was a regular car. Then, he came out
8. He exploited Indonesia’s terrain and geography and with the simple Model T. It was inexpensive and family-
Indonesians’ superior spirit and morale against the enemy’s friendly. It cost about $200.00 which even in 1924 was
sophisticated weaponry. inexpensive.
9. His selfless patriotism and personal charm gained the trust Assembly line was Henry Ford’s masterpiece. Without it,
of the President, respect from the Indonesian people and not many of us would have cars, in fact none of us would
his subordinates’ loyalty––“a symbol of exalted service to probably have a car. It is all due to the curious man known as
his nation and his people which would be difficult for anyone Henry Ford who died of old age. He made history during the
to match”. Industrial Revolution.
10. His biggest legacy was his unwavering selfless patriotism, Adopted from: http://www.kyrene.org/schools/brisas/sunda/inventor/ford/
prioritizing the nation’s security and sovereignty above his life. index.html (August 12, 2013)

TASK 3
Answer the following questions based on the previous text.
1. What is the purpose of the text?
2. Who was Henry Ford?
3. When did Henry decide to invent?
TASK 1
4. How did Henry make a better watch?
What are the meanings of the following words?
5. How did Henry get an idea to create a gasoline
You will read the words in the text in TASK 2.
automobile?
1. assembly line = ____________________ 6. In your opinion, why did Henry choose to work for the
2. to do chores = ___________________ Edison company?
3. horseless wagon = ____________________ 7. What did Henry do on a Christmas night, in Detroit?
4. gasoline engine = ___________________ 8. How did Henry’s first car turn out? Provide proof.
5. light bulb = ____________________ 9. Why did he switch from producing racecars to regular
6. jobless = ___________________ cars?
7. to refine = ____________________ 10. What happened if Henry Ford didn’t develop assembly
8. prototype = ___________________ lines?
9. racecar = ____________________
10. inexpensive = ___________________ Jawaban:
TASK 1
TASK 2 1. perakitan (mobil)
Read the text aloud, with proper pronunciation. 2. melakukan pekerjaan sehari-hari (rumah)
Henry Ford 3. kereta tanpa kuda
4. mesin dengan bahan bakar
Henry Ford was born in a town near Detroit, Michigan, 5. bohlam
in 1863. He was well-known as a creator of assembly lines. 6. tidak memiliki pekerjaan, pengangguran
At an early age while Henry was doing chores at the 7. memperbaiki
family farm, he would sometimes whisper to the animals, 8. bentuk asli/dasar
“Someday somebody will invent an easier way to do this.” 9. mobil balap
The reason for this was Henry hated doing that work and 10. murah, tidak mahal
would rather invent.
When he was ten, he went to town, to buy clock TASK 3
wheels. He tried putting these clock wheels together. Soon 1. To relate Henry Ford’s biography.
he made these clocks work by themselves. Henry’s plan 2. He was the creator of assembly lines.
was to make a better watch. 3. When he was still young.

32 Admirable People
4. He went to town, to buy clock wheels, and tried putting 3. To supervise the Japanese surrender and preserve
the clock wheels together. Soon he made these clocks order.
work by themselves. 4. He gathered and organized all commanders in the
5. When he was on his way to town, he saw a horseless sector for a coordinated attack.
wagon coming down the road. 5. On December 18, 1945, three days after the
6. Because he wanted to meet Thomas Edison, the resounding victory at Ambarawa.
inventor of the light bulb and many other things, 6. He ordered the entire Indonesian military to abandon
in person and to share his idea for gasoline engines. linear defense and retreat to the non-urban areas to
7. He developed a prototype of his gasoline engine. wage a guerilla war.
8. It turned out very well. It can be proven by the fact that 7. He was carried on a sedan chair throughout the
a few investors were interested and journey as far as 1,000 kilometers for six months.
a company was established. 8. On December 27, 1949.
9. Because the companies he started were unsuccessful. 9. He had an open, accommodating style of leadership
10. Not many of us would have cars, in fact none of us and solicited advice from anybody he met, including his
would probably have a car. opponents and endeavored to listen to all perspectives
and viewpoints before making a firm decision.
10. This was partly because he recognized his own
inadequacies and partly because he saw the
importance of maintaining good relations with all
centers of power and of maintaining harmony within the
army.
Work in groups of three or four.
Discuss the answers of the following questions.
Contoh jawaban:
1. We can learn many things from him, such as his great
sense of nationalism and patriotism, where sickness did not
stop him fighting in maintaining Indonesia’s independence,
his open leadership where he listened and welcomed any Fill in the blanks with the suitable words from the box.
advice from anyone. Jawaban:
2. Today, Indonesia remembers General Sudirman in many 1. j 2. f 3. i 4. b 5. l
ways, including the naming of major streets in Indonesian 6. a 7. d 8. k 9. c 10. g
cities and the University of General Soedirman in
Purwokerto is also named after him. Numerous statues
and a museum are dedicated to commemorating his
contributions. Most symbolically, a tall statue of Sudirman
was erected at the Indonesian military headquarters in
Cilangkap in 1991, cementing him as the Father of the
TASK 1
Indonesian armed forces.
What are the meanings of the following words?
1. founder = ____________________
2. descendant = ____________________
3. aviation = ____________________
4. license = ____________________
5. courageous = ____________________
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 3. 6. determination = ____________________
1. Who were the majority of the members of TKR? 7. troops = ____________________
2. How did Sudirman’s regiment in Banyumas have more 8. advanced = ____________________
than sufficient weapons? 9. to insist = ____________________
3. What did British forces land in Indonesia for? 10. Air Force = ____________________
4. What did Sudirman do when the British and Dutch
TASK 2
troops had withdrawn to Ambarawa?
Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer based on the
5. When was Sudirman officially inaugurated as the
text in TASK 7.
Commander-in-Chief of all Indonesian forces?
6. What did Sudirman order to deal with the Dutch’s 1. Adisucipto is one of Indonesia’s prominent heroes
invasion in which bombing Maguwo and landing because he was _________.
paratroopers near to and in the capital? A. the founding father of the Indonesian Air Force
7. How did Sudirman lead a guirella war, considering his B. the first Indonesian pilot
worse health condition? C. the head of the School of Aviation
8. When did the Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to the D. the grandson of Prince Diponegoro
Republic of Indonesia? E. a very brilliant Air Force official
9. What kind of leadership did Sudirman have? (Ujian Nasional 2011/2012)
10. Why did he use such a leadership style?
2. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
Jawaban: A. Adisucipto went to the Militaire Luchtvaart
1. Ex-PETA members who had been disbanded by the Opleidings.
Japanese. B. Adisucipto finished his studies in two years.
2. He succeeded in persuading the Japanese to turn in C. Adisucipto received an advanced pilot license.
their weapons.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 33


D. Adisucipto demonstrated high level a courageous and honest wayang character
achievements in aviation. . . . .”, (B) sesuai dengan kalimat awal paragraf
E. Koninklijk Nederlands Indische Luchtvaart tiga, ”. . . an aviation school in Kalijati, West Java,
Maatschapij was the Dutch aviation company. . . . .”, (D) sesuai dengan kalimat di paragraf tiga,
(Ujian Nasional 2011/2012) ”He . . . received an advanced pilot license.”, dan
(E) sesuai dengan kalimat di paragraf dua, ”That
3. What is the main idea of paragraph two? was why Adisucipto’s father insisted that his son
A. Adisucipto attended an aviation school. go to School tot Opleidings van Indische Arisen
B. Adisucipto was predicted to die young. (STOVIA), a medical school for
C. Adisucipto attended STOVIA, a medical school. Indonesians during the Dutch Colonial period, to
D. Adisucipto dropped out of his medical school. become a doctor.”.
E. Adisucipto was like Palgunadi, a courageous and 5. B. Pilihan jawaban (B) benar karena sesuai dengan
honest wayang character. isi paragraf akhir yang artinya ”Setelah proklamasi
4. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? Republik Indonesia, Adisucipto membentuk
A. Palgunadi was a courageous and honest wayang Angkatan Udara bersama dengan Suryadarma,
character. yang kemudian menjadi Kepala Staf Angkatan
B. There was an aviation school in Kalijati, West Java. Udara Indonesia pertama.”.
C. Mbah Wiryo predicted Adisucipto to have a short life.
D. Adisucipto received an advanced pilot license.
E. Adisucipto’s father wanted him to be a doctor.
5. Who became the first Commander of the Indonesian Air
Force?
A. Adisucipto. Fill in the missing paragraphs by choosing the suitable paragraphs
B. Suryadarma. from the box.
C. Adisucipto’s father. Read the text aloud.
D. Adisucipto’s instructor.
E. Suryadarma’s instructor.
Jawaban: 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca dan
TASK 1 memahami teks yang tidak lengkap berikut.
1. pendiri 2. keturunan 2. Peserta didik diminta melengkapi teks tersebut dengan
3. penerbangan 4. surat izin memilih paragraf-paragraf dalam kotak yang sesuai.
5. berani 6. kebulatan tekad 3. Peserta didik diminta tunjuk jari dan menyampaikan
7. pasukan 8. lanjutan, maju jawabannya, secara bergiliran.
9. bersikeras, menuntut 10. Angkatan Udara 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peser ta didik membahas
jawabannya bersama-sama.
TASK 2 5. Untuk mengetahui pemahaman peserta didik, Bapak/
1. A. Pilihan jawaban (A) yang artinya karena ia Ibu Guru dapat meminta mereka menjelaskan gambaran
merupakan bapak pendiri Angkatan Udara, benar. umum teks tersebut. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak
Hal ini sesuai dengan kalimat awal di paragraf satu, dan menyampaikan jawaban mereka apabila berbeda
”. . . Agustinus Adisucipto was known as the dengan jawaban temannya.
founding father of the Indonesian Air Force.”. 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan atau evaluasi.
2. A. Paragraf tiga bercerita tentang pendidikan
Adisucipto di sekolah penerbang (Militaire Jawaban:
Luchtvaart Opleidings), yang ada di Kalijati, Jawa 1. g 2. d 3. f 4. a
Barat, yaitu ia menyelesaikannya dalam waktu dua 5. c 6. h 7. b 8. e
tahun dan memperoleh surat izin terbang tingkat
lanjut. Jadi, pikiran utama paragraf tersebut tentang
pendidikan Adisucipto di sekolah penerbang
(Militaire Luchtvaart Opleidings), sesuai dengan
pilihan jawaban (A). Pilihan jawaban yang lain salah
karena hanya sebagai gagasan pendukung.
3. B. Pikiran utama paragraf dua terdapat di kalimat awal TASK 1
teks yang artinya ”Seorang keturunan empu yang What are the meanings of the following words?
merupakan anak buah Pangeran Diponegoro 1. inventor = ________________
memprediksi Adisucipto akan mati muda.”. Jadi, 2. wireless telegraph = ________________
pilihan jawaban (B) benar. Pilihan jawaban yang 3. naval officer = ________________
lain salah karena merupakan gagasan pendukung. 4. disapproval = ________________
4. C. Pernyataan yang salah terdapat pada pilihan 5. attic = ________________
jawaban (C) yang artinya Mbah Wiryo orang yang 6. electromagnetic wave = ________________
memprediksi Adisucipto tidak akan berumur 7. physicist = ________________
panjang. Pernyataan tersebut tidak sesuai dengan 8. solid = ________________
kalimat di paragraf dua, ”Mbah Wiryo, Adisucipto’s 9. liquid = ________________
grandfather, said that his grandson was like 10. to transmit = ________________
Palgunadi, . . . .” yang artinya ”Mbah Wiryo, kakek 11. to persevere = ________________
Adisucipto, berkata bahwa cucu laki-lakinya seperti 12. discouraged = ________________
Palgunadi . . . .”. Pilihan jawaban yang lain salah 13. to set sail = ________________
karena sesuai dengan isi teks; (A) sesuai dengan 14. suspicious = ________________
kalimat di paragraf dua, ”. . . Palgunadi, 15. custom official = ________________

34 Admirable People
16. to reassemble = ________________
17. to apply for = ________________
18. share = ________________
19. triumph = ________________ Change the adverb clauses in the following sentences into
20. to pay respect = ________________ adverb phrases.
TASK 2 Jawaban:
Complete the following statements based on the text in TASK 8. 1. After playing basketball for two hours, the children went
1. Guiglielmo Marconi was born when home.
__________________________; the era starting the 2. Upon reading your essay, I noticed a lot of mistakes.
modern world. 3. Not wanting to miss my flight, I set the alarm for 6 a.m.
2. Marconi attended school for the first time when he was 4. Before receiving your mother’s telephone call, you
__________________________. looked sad.
3. His schoolmates in Florence often teased him because 5. While waiting for the bus, I saw a flying squirrel.
__________________________. 6. On arriving home from work, my mother noticed that the
4. Marconi found his passion for elecricity when front door was open.
__________________________. 7. Since moving here, I have met many great people.
5. Marconi decided to conduct his experiments in his 8. Being a perfectionist, Dono noticed all the flaws.
garden because __________________________. 9. Don’t go to bed before brushing your teeth.
6. Heinrich Hertz was __________________________. 10. After finishing his homework, Amir started playing video
7. After reading Hertz’s article, Marconi had an idea of games.
__________________________.
8. The Italian government rejected his invention because
__________________________.
9. The name of Marconi and his invention became publicly
known after he __________________________.
10. According to the text, Marconi was well known for
TASK 1
inventing __________________________,
Change the adverb clauses in the following sentences into
__________________________ and
adverb phrases.
__________________________.
1. While I was driving past the bank, I saw Jeffrey.
Jawaban:
2. After Bayu finished his homework, he went to bed.
TASK 1
3. Because Rima knew I didn’t have any money, she paid
1. penemu 2. telegraf nirkabel
for my meal.
3. opsir/petugas angkatan laut 4. ketidaksetujuan
4. Rida was returning from work and she got stuck in traffic.
5. loteng 6. gelombang
5. Andy looked at his sister as he was hoping she would
7. fisikawan elektromagnetik
speak.
8. zat padat 9. zat cair
6. Because Mrs. Arman was worried about her son, she
10. mengirimkan 11. tekun, gigih
called the police.
12. berkecil hati 13. berlayar
7. Fiona fell asleep while she was watching TV.
14. curiga 15. petugas kepabean
8. After I have finished reading the book, I lent it to my
16. merakit kembali 17. mendaftarkan
sister.
18. saham 19. kemenangan
9. While I was camping at the camp site near the forest,
20. menghormati
I saw lots of reptiles.
TASK 2 10. Since Romi came to Padang, he has gained 10 pounds.
1. the age of modern technology was just beginning
2. twelve years old TASK 2
3. he could not speak Italian very well The following sentences contain reduced adverb clauses.
4. he went to Livorno Technical Institute where, for the first Underline the reduced clauses.
time, he heard formal lectures on physics and chemistry Then, indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or incorrect (I).
5. his father disliked his interest of constructing new Correct the incorrect ones.
gadgets which he considered ‘scientific rubbish’ Number one has been done for you.
6. a German physicist who proved the existence of 1. If not completely satisfied, you can return the product
electromagnetic waves to the manufacturer. (C)
7. using the electromagnetic waves for sending and 2. Steve has had to learn how to cook and clean since left
receiving messages without wires home.
8. they already had a working system of overhead 3. The ointment can be applied where necessary.
telegraphs and did not think that a wireless system was 4. Tom began to look for a job after completing his
necessary master’s degree in engineering.
9. demonstrated the use of his wireless transmitter during 5. Although not selecting for the team, Rama attends all
William Preece’s lecture before the British Association, of the games as a fan.
an organization devoted to science and technology 6. When purchased at this store, the buyer gets
10. the wireless telegraph; radio; radar a guarantee on all items.
7. The medicine is not effective, unless taken as directed.
8. You should negotiate before buy a new car.
9. Once purchased, the gown cannot be returned.
10. Though located near the coast, the town does not
enjoy much of an ocean breeze.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 35


2. If Guglielmo Marconi were still alive today, he could have
Jawaban: invented a lot of great things. Maybe he would have created
TASK 1 a robot that would do housework and cooking so that one
1. Driving past the bank, I saw Jeffrey. could just sit back and relax! Perhaps, even an addition to
2. After finishing his homework, Bayu went to bed. one of his inventions would be like a voice controlled “radio
3. Knowing that I didn’t have any money, Rima paid for my ring.” It would be a ring that you wear on your finger and tell
meal. it what station you would like. Then, listen away!
4. Returning from work, Rida got stuck in traffic.
5. Andy looked at his sister, hoping she would speak. 3. The lesson we learn is, if we keep trying and not give up, we
6. Worried about her son, Mrs. Arman called the police. will finally achieve our goals. For example, at first we were
7. Fiona fell asleep while watching TV. too shy to speak English. However, now we realize that if we
8. Having finished reading the book, I lent it to my sister. try to speak English more often, we will be finally bold
9. While camping at the camp site near the forest, I saw enough to do it. Once we set our goals, we have to hold on
lots of reptiles. to it tightly. If we don’t reach our goals, then we should try
10. Since coming to Padang, Romi has gained 10 pounds. even harder. So just like Guglielmo Marconi, we are
persevering and keeping up hopes like Marconi with his
TASK 2 wireless systems.
2. I – Steve has had to learn how to cook and clean
since leaving home.
3. C – The ointment can be applied where necessary.
4. C – Tom began to look for a job after completing
his master’s degree in engineering.
5. I – Although not selected for the team, Rama Role play
attends all of the games as a fan.
6. I – When purchasing at this store, the buyer gets
a guarantee on all items. 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membentuk
7. C – The medicine is not effective, unless taken as pasangan atau kelompok yang terdiri atas tiga orang.
directed. 2. Setiap pasangan atau kelompok menentukan salah satu
8. I – You should negotiate before buying a new car. peristiwa dalam teks biografi Marconi, misal ketika
9. C – Once purchased, the gown cannot be Marconi dan saudara laki-lakinya yang bernama
returned. Alphonso melakukan percobaan atau ketika Marconi dan
10. C – Though located near the coast, the town does ibunya hendak masuk ke Inggris dan harus berurusan
not enjoy much of an ocean breeze. dengan pegawai pabean yang curiga dengan barang
bawaan Marconi.
3. Setiap pasangan atau kelompok membuat draft
percakapan berdasarkan situasi yang dipilih.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan kepada setiap
pasangan dan kelompok untuk berlatih memeragakan
Work in groups of three or four. percakapan yang telah disusunnya.
Discuss the following issues. 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi setiap pasangan dan
kelompok untuk memeragakan percakapan yang telah
disusunnya di depan kelas. Pasangan dan kelompok lain
menyimak peragaan temannya dan memberi balikan atas
1. Sebelumnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik penampilan temannya.
membuat kelompok yang terdiri atas tiga atau empat 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.
orang.
2. Setiap kelompok berdiskusi tentang isu-isu berikut. Contoh jawaban:
Mereka dapat membaca buku referensi atau menjelajah Marconi : Brother, I have finished setting the signal receiver.
internet untuk menemukan jawaban yang mendukung Now, please stand next to it and watch it carefully.
isu-isu tersebut. Alphonso : O.K. No problem. What about you?
3. Pada pertemuan berikutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta Marconi : I’m going to the laboratory to tap several Morse
setiap kelompok menyampaikan hasil diskusinya, secara Codes on the transmitter. Right after I tap the
bergantian. Peserta didik yang lain dapat bertanya codes, please observe the receiver.
kepada kelompok yang membacakan hasil diskusinya Alphonso : Do you mean, I should check whether the codes
apabila ada hal-hal yang belum jelas. appear on the receiver?
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membuat simpulan Marconi : That’s right. If you notice something, please wave
berdasarkan jawaban-jawaban peserta didik. the red flag. Have you got that?
Alphonso : Yes, sure.
Contoh jawaban: Marconi : O.K., I’ll be back in the lab. (Right after tapping
1. Marconi’s invention changed our lives dramatically. Before several codes from the lab, he saw his brother
Marconi’s success in wireless signals, long distance waving a red flag.) Wow, great! (He rushed to meet
communication was impossible except for personal visits or his brother in the garden.)
letters. His discovery of using a radio wave to transmit Alphonso : You did it, Marconi! Congratulations!
messages led to many new developments in Marconi : Thank you, brother.
communications. Without it, radar, radio and television Alphonso : What’s next?
broadcasts would not have been possible. His wireless Marconi : Let’s make the distance between the transmitter
telegraph was even used to help in the capture of the and the receiver farther.
infamous murderer, Dr. Crippen, trying to escape across the Alphonso : Good idea! Let’s do it!
Atlantic Ocean on a passenger liner. It was also responsible Marconi : Let’s!
for saving many lives when the Titanic struck an iceberg in
1912 and sunk.

36 Admirable People
Complete the chart below to find out the structure of the biographical recount of Guglielmo Marconi.
Write the purposes.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca kembali teks biografi Guglielmo Marconi.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik melengkapi bagan seperti di buku untuk mengetahui struktur teks biografi Guglielmo
Marconi. Peserta didik diminta menjelaskan tujuan setiap paragraf dalam struktur teks tersebut.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan kepada peserta didik apabila belum paham tentang tugas yang harus mereka lakukan.
4. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk menyampaikan jawabannya secara bergiliran. Peserta didik
yang lain menyimak dan menyampaikan jawabannya apabila berbeda dengan jawaban temannya.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik bersama-sama membahas jawabannya.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.

Contoh jawaban:

Purpose Details

Introductory To introduce the person to be related his – Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna, Italy on April 25, 1874.
Paragraph biography. – For when Marconi was born, the age of modern technology was just beginning.

Supporting To describe Marconi’s first school. – His first school was in Florence when he was twelve, but he disliked it.
Paragraph 2 – He felt shy among the other boys who often teased him because he could not speak Italian very well.

Supporting To relate Marconi’s movement to Livorno. – His mother Annie, Marconi and his brothers moved to Livorno on the Mediterranean coast of Italy.
Paragraph 3 – He wanted to be a naval officer, but failed the test.

Supporting To relate Marconi’s first interest in – At the age of thirteen, he went to Livorno Technical Institute where initially he heard formal lectures
Paragraph 4 electricity. on physics and chemistry.
– Marconi was spending most of his spare time studying and experimenting with electricity.

Supporting To explain about Marconi’s father’s – His father disliked Marconi’s interest and considered it “scientific rubbish”.
Paragraph 5 disapproval. – He thought that Marconi should have better spent his time studying other things.

Supporting To explain about Marconi’s mother’s – His mother was very supportive of his scientific interests and even gave him an old attic in which to
Paragraph 6 support for him. conduct his experiments.
– She convinced Professor Augustus Righi, from Bologna University, to help Marconi further develop
his interests in electricity.

Supporting To relate how Marconi had an idea to send – Marconi read an article about the works of the German physicist, Heinrich Hertz., which explained
Paragraph 7 and receive messages without wires. about the existence of electromagnetic waves.
– He saw opportunities of using the waves for sending and receiving messages without wires.

Supporting To show Marconi’s determination to – Marconi continued to work long hours in his attic laboratory.
Paragraph 8 continue his work. – Even without his father’s approval, by not giving him money to pay for his experiments, Marconi
kept working.
– Once he even sold his shoes to get money to buy equipment and other things so he could continue
to work on his experiments.

Supporting To tell about Marconi’s first success. – Finally, Marconi succeeded in reproducing Hertz’s experiment and was able to send electromag-
Paragraph 9 netic waves over an inch or so.
– After that, he tried to find ways to transmit the waves over longer distances.

Supporting To explain how Marconi conducted his – Marconi, helped by his brother Alphonso, sent signals in the open air. He set up a receiver in the
Paragraph 10 further experiment. garden a short distance from the house and asked his brother to stand next to it and wave a red
flag if a signal was received.
– Marconi rushed to his laboratory to tap out Morse Code on his transmitter. Almost immediately he
saw Alphonso excitedly waving the red flag and he knew his experiment had worked!
– The two brothers then tried to extend their range farther and farther, eventually transmitting
a message from one side of a hill to the other.

Supporting To relate Marconi and his parents’ efforts to – Marconi then tried to offer his invention to the Italian Government, but it was rejected.
Paragraph 11 offer his invention. – In February 1896, Marconi and his mother set off for England with two large trunks filled with
wireless equipment.

Supporting To describe Marconi’s entry into England. – Marconi’s first entry into England was not promising.
Paragraph 12 – Suspicious customs officials were so puzzled by the strange equipment Marconi brought that they
insisted him on taking them apart.
– Marconi’s first job in England was to reassemble his broken equipment.

Supporting To describe what Marconi did in England. – After repairing his equipment, Marconi applied for a patent for his invention.
Paragraph 13 – With the help of his mother’s relatives he was introduced to William Preece, the chief engineer of
the General Post Office, who was very impressed with Marconi’s achievements.
– Through Preece’s connection, Marconi was able to perform several successful demonstrations of
his wireless equipment to the Post Office officials, and then to the military and naval observers.

Supporting To relate Marconi’s success after – The general public became aware of Marconi’s work when Preece presented a lecture to the British
Paragraph 14 demonstrating his invention before the Association.
British Association. – Marconi demonstrated the use of his wireless transmitter during the lecture and, the next day, the
name “Marconi” was in the newspaper headlines.

Supporting To show Marconi’s success of sending – Marconi continued to work on his wireless system and was soon able to send wireless signals
Paragraph 15 wireless signals over water. across the Bristol Channel, a distance of 8 miles.
– This was the first time wireless signals had been sent over water.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 37


Purpose Details

Supporting To describe Marconi’s business. – To protect his wireless system from competitors he set up a business.
Paragraph 16 – On July 20, 1897, with the help of his cousin, he set up the Wireless Telegraph and Signal
Company Limited.

Supporting To relate Marconi’s return to Italy. – The Italian government was beginning to be impressed with Marconi’s work.
Paragraph 17 – They sent the Minister of the Italian Navy to invite him back to Italy to show his equipment.
– Guglielmo returned to Italy in triumph.
– He met the King and Queen of Italy who congratulated him on his work.

Supporting To describe Marconi’s further goal. – Marconi now wanted to send signals across the Atlantic Ocean.
Paragraph 18 – Finally on December 12, 1901, Marconi heard the faint “dot dot dot” through his headphones.
– His assistants too, could hear the faint transmission.
– For the first time, at last, wireless signals had been sent across the Atlantic.

Concluding To state closing information about Marconi – Guglielmo Marconi died of a heart attack in his home in Rome, on July 20, 1937.
Paragraph and his invention. – At the time of his death, wireless signals were buzzing around the whole world.
– To pay respect for the man who invented the wireless system, operators of wireless communications
stopped transmissions for two whole minutes.

Write the biographical recount of a famous person you admire. A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Read your work aloud. Jawaban:
Contoh jawaban: 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. E 5. C
6. B 7. A 8. D 9. C 10. E
A Memoir of W.S. Rendra
Willibrordus Surendra Broto Rendra, known as W.S. Rendra B. Write a biography of one of the world’s greatest people that
was born in Solo on 7th November 1935. He was a poet, writer, you know.
dramatist, cultural activist and theater director. He was one of the Share your work with the class.
most talented artists and often called “The Peacock” by the
Contoh jawaban:
press.
On September 20, 1519, five ships and 237 men left San
Rendra studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts,
Lucar in Spain, commanded by the Portuguese explorer,
the same school as Marlon Brando, a great movie actor. After he
Ferdinand Magellan. They were bound for the spices of India.
graduated, he returned to Indonesia in 1968 and founded
However, instead of going west, as Columbus had in 1492,
Bengkel Teater (Theater Workshop) in Yogyakarta. The group
Magellan went south, along the little-explored African coast,
quickly astonished audience with works that were artistically
before crossing the Atlantic.
experimental. Rendra rose to fame as a poet in the 1950s. He
One ship sank, another turned back, but Magellan carried
was also credited as the man who brought modern Indonesian
on until he reached the southern-most tip of South Africa. He
theater to its maturity through his experimental works with
sailed through the straits named after him and into the Pacific
Bengkel Teater. Rendra brought traditional expressions into
Ocean.
modern context.
The sacrifices and hardships were tremendous, but
In 1969, he created a series of dramas without dialogues,
Magellan landed in the Philippines. Here, attacked by natives,
where actors employed body language and simple sounds such
Magellan and many of his crew lost their lives.
as bip bop, zzzz and rambate rata-rata. The journalist poet
However, the journey continued. In 1522, eighteen men
Gunawan Mohammad dubbed these experimental performances
returned home, including the Italian Antonio Pigafetta who wrote
as a “mini-word theater”.
his “Report of the First Voyage around the World”–the journey
Rendra died at the age of 73, but he remains the most
which had proved that the world was indeed round.
influential poet in the country. Adopted from: Maureen Spurgeon, 366 Questions & Answers, England, Brown Watson,
2008.

Read the song lyrics.


What is the message?
Contoh jawaban:
It tells us about broken heroes who disappeared. The singer
wonders where they are.

38 Admirable People
Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. tell and write stories,
b. use action and thinking
verbs, and
c. use direct and indirect
sentences.
2. be able to:
a. tell and write stories,
b. use action and thinking
verbs, and
c. use direct and indirect
sentences.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be careful, kind, humble,
polite, respectful,
responsible and honest
when communicating with
others.

What are the couple doing? Do they look surprised? Are you familiar with the story “Tom
the Little Thumb”? You will read, tell and write stories in this unit. Please do the tasks to your
best and get the morals of the stories to make you a better person. You will also learn about
past verbs and direct and indirect sentences. You should be able to tell and write stories, by
the end of this unit.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 39


Read and memorize the following words. Read the following text with proper pronunciation, in turns.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta beberapa peserta didik


membaca nyaring teks yang tersedia dengan lafal dan
intonasi yang benar, secara bergiliran.
Complete the following sentences with the correct words 2. Peserta didik yang lain diminta mendengarkan dengan
from TASK 1. saksama sambil membetulkan pelafalan temannya yang
Read the complete sentences aloud, in turns. kurang tepat.
1. Mr. Hartana is a ________ man. Although he is a village 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru mencermati pelafalan peserta didik dan
chief, he is humble, kind and helpful. memberikan contoh pelafalan yang benar jika ada
2. Prince Halilintar ________ the giant’s heart using pelafalan peserta didik yang kurang tepat.
a sword and killed him. 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta seluruh peser ta didik
3. Mr. and Mrs. Teduh were the ________ who saved mengucapkan kata-kata tersebut beberapa kali hingga
Mayang from a robber and returned her to her family. benar.
4. We should not ________ people. We should realize that 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas gambaran
such a bad behavior leads to crimes. umum teks tersebut.
5. Princess Tania disguised as a ________ to know how
her people treated others.
6. Mrs. Hertina decided to ________ her only daughter
alone after her husband passed away.
7. Malin Kundang ________ his ship at the harbor bringing
new commodities to sell. He was successful, but he was
ungrateful to his mother. TASK 1
8. Look, I have a new comic book. It’s a ________ from my
Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 3.
cousin.
1. Who are the characters of the story?
Jawaban: 2. What was the peacock like before it had its beautiful
1. respectable 2. stabbed 3. couple tail?
4. bully 5. retainer 6. raise 3. What did the peacock wish for?
7. anchored 8. gift 4. Why did Juno grant its wish?
5. What did the peacock have after Juno granted its wish?
6. What did the pheasants feel about the the peacock’s tail?
7. “After showing off its tail, the peacock decided to fly.”
(Paragraph 4)
What does ‘show off’ mean?
Read the following text. 8. Why was the peacock shocked after being given
Then, listen to and answer the questions based on the text. beautiful tail of feathers from Juno?
9. “She knew that it was a good bird . . . .” (Paragraph 2)
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Who does ‘she’ refer to?
Guru:
10. What can we learn from the story?
1. Who are the characters of the story?
2. Where did the dialog between the two characters take place? TASK 2
3. What was Issumboshi’s intention to meet the lord? Write the action and thinking verbs from the text in TASK 3.
4. What did Issumboshi do to prove that he deserved a job?
What do the words mean?
5. What can we learn from the story?
Jawaban: Action Verb Meaning Thinking Verb Meaning

1. They are Issumboshi and the lord. _________ _________ ___________ ___________
2. It took place at the palace. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________
3. He wanted a job as a retainer. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________
___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________
4. He stabbed a fly which came buzzing by when he was ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________
talking with the lord.
5. Contoh jawaban: We should not underestimate others. TASK 3
Make sentences using the verbs from TASK 2, at least five
for each type of verbs.
Read your sentences aloud, in turns.
Jawaban:
TASK 1
1. A peacock and Juno, the Goddess of Protection.
2. It was an ordinary bird, with a normal bunch of feathers.
3. It wished to look grand and beautiful.
4. Because it was a good bird and she liked it.
5. It had blue and green with a jewel-like pattern tail
feathers. When the peacock raised and opened them
up, it was like a fan.

40 Let Me Tell You a Story


6. They were jealous.
7. It means ‘exhibit’.
8. Because it simply could not fly. It only could take a few
leaps, but nothing more!
9. It refers to Juno. TASK 1
10. We should not be greedy. Read the words and match them with their correct meanings
from the box.
TASK 2
You will hear the words in the text in TASK 2.
Action Verb Meaning Thinking Verb Meaning
a. memperhatikan b. menunjukkan
tell menceritakan, wished mengharapkan, c. tepi d. memberi nama
memberi tahu berharap
visited mengunjungi knew mengetahui, tahu
e. dengan erat f. teriakan
described mendeskripsikan liked suka, menyukai g. kaki-kaki belakang h. tenggelam
smiled tersenyum agreed setuju, menyetujui i. mengemudikan j. tetap tenang
raised mengembangkan decided memutuskan
(sayap) realized menyadari
k. melambaikan tangan l. menirukan
held menahan wanted ingin
walked berjalan 1. bank 2. a shout 3. to wave
looked at melihat
show off memamerkan
4. to drown 5. to stay calm 6. tightly
fly terbang 7. to notice 8. to imitate 9. hind legs
10. to name
TASK 3 (Contoh jawaban)
Action verbs: TASK 2
1. I didn’t know why that man smiled at me. Listen to the text and answer the folowing questions.
2. The bird raised its wings before it flew.
3. The people held the cliff with sacks of sand in order not Teks yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
to slide. Good morning, everyone. I would like to tell you
4. Maya and Ratna walked to the canteen together. a story. One bright morning, Frog was walking on the
5. The boys looked at the paintings attentively. banks of a lake. Suddenly, it heard a shout. It jumped to
Thinking verbs: the lakeside and saw a boy in the water. When the boy
1. When I was a child, I liked flying kites. saw the frog, he waved his arms and shouted, “Frog,
2. Father agreed to teach me photography. please help me! I will drown.”
3. The Kartono’s family decided to move to Palembang. Frog asked the boy to stay calm. He said, “Son,
4. The children realized that friendship is very important in don’t panic! I’ll get you out of the water.” Then,
their lives. it leapt into the water and swam towards the boy.
5. We want to see a music concert next weekend. “Please hold my back tightly. I’ll bring you ashore.”
The boy did what Frog said whilst noticing how Frog
swam. He imitated the movement of Frog’s hind legs. Frog
felt the boy loosen his grip and shouted, “Watch out! Keep
holding my back tightly. Otherwise, you will drown.”
The boy replied, “Don’t worry, Frog. I was learning
how to swim from you. I feel I can swim.”
Listen and choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer. Soon, the boy and Frog arrived ashore. Frog looked
Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: at the boy and smiled, “Clever boy! You learn so fast.”
Let me tell you a story. Once, a farmer and his wife had their “Thank you, Frog. You taught me a very valuable
first child after many years of marriage. The boy was as small as lesson. From now, I won’t be afraid of water and
his father’s thumb. The queen of fairies, the wife’s friend, came I named the way you swam ‘the frog stroke’,” the boy
and named him Tom Thumb. said. Since then, people learnt to swim the frog stroke
One day, Tom’s mother was making pudding while Tom was from the start.”
playing nearby. His mother said, “Tom, please play outside.
I can’t watch you.” Tom replied, “Don’t worry, Mom. I will be 1. Where did the story take place?
alright.” 2. When did it take place?
Suddenly Tom slipped inside the bowl and ended under the 3. Who were the characters of the story?
batter. He started kicking and thrashing to save himself. The 4. What was the boy doing when Frog saw him?
movement in the pudding scared his mother, who didn’t see Tom 5. What did Frog do for the boy?
inside. She gave the batter away to a beggar, who later 6. What was the boy doing when Frog tried to save him?
discovered little Tom inside. Tom came back from the beggar’s 7. Why did Frog shout, “Watch out! Keep holding my back
house and told his parents all that had happened. His mother felt tightly.”?
very sorry for what she had done. 8. What did the boy say when Frog shouted?
A few days later, a raven picked up little Tom and dropped 9. What did the boy say to Frog when they arrived ashore?
him in the sea. A magnificent fish swallowed him. After a while, 10. What can we learn from the story?
some fishermen caught the fish and gave it to King Arthur’s Jawaban:
servants. When the servants cut the fish, they were surprised to
see Tom inside and presented him to King Arthur. The king was TASK 1
delighted and kept Tom who entertained everyone with his funny 1. c 2. f 3. k 4. h 5. j
tricks. Later, Tom was knighted and became Sir Thomas Thumb. 6. e 7. a 8. l 9. g 10. d
Tom lived happily ever after.
Adopted from: http://shortstoriesshort.com/story/tom-thumb/ (September 2, 2014)
Jawaban:
1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. E

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 41


TASK 2
1. The story took place on a lake.
2. It took place one bright morning.
3. The characters of the story were a boy and a frog. TASK 1
4. He was going to drown. Recite the story in TASK 5 in front of the class, in turns.
5. It asked the boy to be calm and then leapt into the water.
It asked the boy to hold its back tightly and brought him
ashore.
6. He was imitating Frog’s hind leg movements when Frog Kegiatan ini bisa dijadikan semacam perlombaan
was swimming. bercerita.
7. Because it felt the boy loosen his grip. 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyampaikan tujuan kegiatan ini,
8. He explained that he was learning how to swim from it. yaitu peserta didik diminta berlomba menceritakan
He felt he could swim. kembali teks di TASK 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru
9. He said, “Thank you, Frog. You taught me a very menyediakan hadiah sederhana kepada pemenang
valuable lesson. From now, I won’t be afraid of water 1, 2, dan 3, misalnya buku cerita atau buku referensi
and I named the way you swam ‘the frog stroke.’” belajar Bahasa Inggris.
10. Contoh jawaban: We should help each other and we 2. Peserta didik berlomba-lomba ke depan kelas dan
can learn about values from others. menceritakan kembali teks di TASK 5.
3. Peserta didik yang lain diminta menyimak dan
memberikan balikan, misalnya tentang keras-
lembut suara, intonasi, tekanan, pelafalan, mimik
wajah, dan gerak tubuh. Balikan ini dapat Bapak/
Ibu Guru jadikan sebagai masukan dalam
memberikan penilaian.
Read the text and study its text structure. 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai, sambil
Then, listen to and answer the questions based on the text. terus memotivasi peserta didik agar selalu aktif
dalam setiap kegiatan.

1. Peserta didik membaca teks berikut dengan saksama. TASK 2


Mereka mencatat dan mencari arti kosakata baru. Read the text aloud, in turns.
2. Kemudian, peserta didik diminta memahami identifikasi Complete the statements that follow.
struktur teks tersebut. A Selfish Greengrocer
3. Setelah itu, Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan A long time ago, there was a village in a remote area.
pertanyaan-pertanyaan pemahaman dua kali. The people made a living by planting cassava, because
4. Peserta didik menjawab setiap pertanyaan berdasarkan rice, fruits and vegetables could not grow well there.
teks yang telah mereka baca. However, there was a rich person, Mr. Tunjung, whose land
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan per tanyaan- was so fertile that he could plant rice, fruits and vegetables.
pertanyaan sekali lagi. Peserta didik menyimak sambil Besides, he was the only greengrocer who sold rice, fruits
memeriksa jawaban mereka. Mereka membetulkan and vegetables in the village. Because of this, he sold them
jawaban yang masih belum tepat. at twice their normal prices.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban. Most of the greengrocer’s customers were poor people.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai. They often pleaded with him to reduce the prices, but he
8. Selanjutnya, peserta didik memahami penjelasan dalam ignored their pleas. He always said, “You can go to another
Supporting Feature . Apabila peserta didik belum village if you want a lower price. If you still want to buy from
memahami, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi penjelasan. me, please do not complain.” The poor people were sad.
They needed the rice, fruits and vegetables, but the prices
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu were beyond their affordability.
Guru: One day, a greengrocer named Mr. Rahmat from
1. When did the story take place? another village came. He sold his goods at affordable
2. What did the people meet the village chief for? prices, so everybody bought from him. Mr. Tunjung
3. Why did the village chief and his people rush to the spring? gradually lost his customers. He felt very angry and asked
4. What did the chief ask his men to do? the people to buy from him again. However, they refused
5. What did the man in the well see? and said, “You sell yours at high prices, so we don’t want to
Jawaban: buy from you anymore.”
1. The story took place on one very hot dry season. Hearing the reason, Mr. Tunjung came to Mr. Rahmat
2. To ask for a solution. and asked him to leave the village. He claimed that the
3. Because someone came to them suddenly and informed village was his. Before Mr. Rahmat answered him, all the
that the remaining water in the spring had flowed away. He villagers had come to chase the mean greengrocer away.
said they would lose everything. The greengrocer asked for the people’s pity and the
4. The chief asked his men to dig the spring to trace where the villagers allowed him to stay.
water flowed. No one bought from him anymore and he went
5. He saw water. bankrupt. That was the fate of a selfish greengrocer.

42 Let Me Tell You a Story


Statements: 13. to surround = ____________________
1. The story took place in _________________________. 14. fortress = ____________________
2. The people ________________________________ 15. to advise = ____________________
because rice, fruits and vegetables could not grow well 16. to manage = ____________________
there. 17. useless = ____________________
3. Mr. Tunjung was rich because his 18. prosperous = ____________________
________________________________ so he could 19. to hug = ____________________
plant rice, fruits and vegetables. 20. noble = ____________________
4. He was the only greengocer that sold rice, fruits and
TASK 2
vegetables. It made him sell his goods
Make sentences using the words from TASK 1.
________________________________.
Read your work aloud, in turns.
5. The villagers had asked him to ___________________,
but he refused. Jawaban:
6. Mr. Tunjung’s fate changed when _________________. TASK 1
7. Mr. Rahmat ___________________________________ 1. singgasana 2. mengundurkan diri
that made people buy from him. 3. bertanya-tanya 4. sederhana
8. Mr. Tunjung asked Mr. Rahmat to __________________ 5. mengusulkan 6. masa sulit
his village. 7. perintah, permintaan 8. menggantikan
9. Mr. Tunjung ________________________________ 9. pantas menerima 10. tameng, pelindung
because no one bought from his store. 11. menghadirkan 12. tidak bisa berkata-kata
10. From the story, we can learn a message that 13. mengelilingi 14. benteng
________________________________. 15. menasihati 16. mengurus, mengatur
17. tidak berguna, sia-sia 18. makmur, sejahtera
Jawaban:
19. memeluk 20. bangsawan
1. a village in a remote area
2. planted cassava TASK 2 (Contoh jawaban)
3. land was very fertile 1. The king sits on his throne and the ministers sit beside
4. at twice their normal prices him.
5. reduce the price 2. Is it true that Mr. Eros has stood down from the
6. a greengrocer named Mr. Rahmat from another company?
7. sold his goods at affordable prices 3. I wonder how you could finish the test so quickly.
village came 4. Monalisa is not only beautiful and smart, but she is also
8. leave humble and kind.
9. went bankrupt 5. The committee proposes an English Night Program to
10. we should not be selfish the principal.
6. Are our hard times over?
7. The king behested his men to save the princess.
8. Would you like to replace me as the treasurer, please?
9. Oki is clever and she deserves the trophy.
10. Please wear your shield to protect you from opponents’
weapons.
Complete the text with the correct verb forms. 11. We would like to meet the class teacher to present our
Read the text aloud, in turns. experiment.
12. The audience was speechless after hearing the boy’s
Jawaban:
poem. It was so touching.
1. hand 2. replace 3. came
13. A bamboo fence surrounds the man’s house.
4. solve 5. stood 6. deserve
14. Have you ever visited a fortress?
7. met 8. thought 9. saw
15. The teacher called and adviced me to be ready for the
10. built
test next week.
16. Father and mother manage the store all day long.
17. Your knowledge is useless if you don’t have a good
character, right?
18. Everyone agrees that Indonesia is a prosperous
country.
TASK 1 19. Why don’t you hug your little crying sister?
What do the following words mean? 20. Laymen and nobles are equal before the law.
1. throne = ____________________
2. to stand down = ____________________
3. to wonder = ____________________
4. humble = ____________________
5. to propose = ____________________
6. hard time = ____________________
7. behest = ____________________
8. to replace = ____________________
9. deserve = ____________________
10. shield = ____________________
11. to present = ____________________
12. speechless = ____________________

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 43


again and again when someone destroys my home. So, please
stop crying. Don’t waste your tears. Ask your mother to mend
your dress. I’m sure she will understand and won’t be angry.”
After hearing the spider’s advice, Amelia stood up and
Read the text in TASK 6 again. smiled. She said, “Thank you, Spider. You have opened my mind.
Describe the characteristic of each character of the story, in the On the other hand, you should forgive me when my maid
table below. destroyed your web in order to keep my house clean.”
Contoh jawaban: Since then, Amelia never wasted her time in thinking of what
is lost.
Character Characteristic
That’s my story. Thank you.
The King wise, loving/tender, attentive, patient
The Queen wise, loving
The Princes loyal, humble, kind, respectful, loving, powerful, energetic

Write at least five direct sentences from the stories you have
read.
Then, change them into indirect sentences.
Read and retell the following text using your own words. Read your work aloud, in turns.
Contoh jawaban:
Direct sentences:
Kegiatan ini bertujuan meningkatkan speaking skill dan 1. Issumboshi said, “I shall ask them at once.”
keberanian peserta didik dalam berbicara. 2. Issumboshi said, “I want to meet the lord.”
1. Peserta didik membaca teks, mencatat kosakata baru 3. The lord asked, “Why do you want to meet me?”
dan mencari artinya. 4. “Sire, it has not rained for so long,” said a farmer.
2. Peserta didik membuat draf teks dengan menggunakan 5. “The fields are barren,” said a farmer.
kata-kata mereka sendiri dan kemudian meminta 6. “I see water here!” said the man in the well.
masukan Bapak/Ibu Guru. 7. “Fetch me a pail!” asked the man in the well
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi masukan sesuai dengan hasil
tulisan peserta didik, misalnya tentang pilihan kata dan Indirect speech:
tenses- nya. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat menyampaikan 1. Issumboshi said that he should ask them at once.
masukan semacam ini secara klasikal apabila dianggap 2. Issumboshi said that he wanted to meet the lord.
kekurangan tersebut dilakukan oleh banyak peserta didik. 3. The lord asked why Issumboshi wanted to meet him.
4. Peserta didik memperbaiki tulisan mereka sesuai dengan 4. A farmer said that it had not rained for so long.
masukan Bapak/Ibu Guru. 5. A farmer said that the fields were barren.
5. Peserta didik menunjukkan hasil perbaikan kepada 6. The man in the well said that he found water there.
Bapak/Ibu Guru. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi persetujuan 7. The man in the well ordered the people to fetch him a pail.
jika tulisan mereka telah layak disampaikan di depan
kelas.
6. Peserta didik belajar manyampaikan hasil tulisan mereka
tanpa teks.
7. Selanjutnya, beberapa peserta didik tunjuk jari dan
menyampaikan teks hasil gubahan mereka di depan Homework
kelas secara bergiliran. Write about a legend you are familiar with and read your work
8. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak sambil memperhatikan aloud.
pelafalan, tekanan, dan intonasi temannya. Jika ada yang Contoh jawaban:
kurang tepat, mereka diberi kesempatan untuk Once there lived a fisherman and his wife. The woman kept
menyampaikan gagasan mereka. a lovely cat to accompany her when her husband was away.
9. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati dan memberi nilai. One day, the woman was cooking for her husband who was
10. Di akhir kegiatan, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberikan balikan, expected home soon. Her cat was with her, sleeping. While
misalnya menyampaikan kelebihan dan kekurangan cutting vegetables, the woman imagined that her husband would
peserta didik terkait dengan kejelasan pengucapan, bring a lot of fish home. She wanted to buy a television set so
keras-lembutnya suara, mimik wajah, dan gerak tubuh. that she didn’t need to go to her neighbor’s house to watch TV.
She also dreamt that she would buy a new bicycle so that she
Contoh jawaban: would not need to walk to the market. She would not be tired and
Good morning, my friends. I would like to tell you a story it was much more practical.
about a girl named Amelia and a spider who lived in a two-story Suddenly, “Ouch!” she cried aloud and kicked the cat which
house. slept near her leg. She blamed it as the cause to cut her finger.
One day, Amelia was walking up to the balcony to play with The cat avoided her and said, “Madam, I was sleeping and did
her dolls. She was careless. When she was walking up the stairs, nothing wrong. It was your fault. You were daydreaming while
her dress was torn by a sharp nail. She was very upset and cried cooking. You must be more careful.” The woman realized her
knowing her lovely dress torn. mistake and apologized to the cat.
A spider heard Amelia’s sobs and approached her. It asked We must be concentrate when doing something.
her what had happened and Amelia explained. The spider tried to
calm her down by saying, “Look at that web. It’s my home. I just
finished weaving it. You know, I work so hard in weaving my web.
It takes hours and hours to create my home. You know what. Your
maid destroyed it only in a second. I was very sad, but I must not
sink in a deep sorrow. So, I started weaving a new web. I do it

44 Let Me Tell You a Story


Read the song lyrics. A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
What is the message?
Jawaban:
Jawaban: 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. C 5. A
The message of the song: It’s about someone who try to face the 6. E 7. D 8. A 9. B 10. B
future. He/she will not be afraid about the future because
everyone will have to face the same thing. B. Write a story that inspires you.
Contoh jawaban:
Once upon a time in Banten, there lived a poor fisherman,
named Dampu Awang. He lived with his mother. Dampu always
worked hard in order to be a rich man. However, he only had
a small boat and a small net for fishing. That was why, he could
not catch a lot of fish and did not have much money. He would
remain poor if he could not change his fate.
Dampu heard that there was a rich merchant coming to his
village. The merchant had a big ship. He always sailed the seas.
He bought and sold things in the places he visited. Dampu
wanted to work for him.
Dampu Awang had made up his mind. He was tired of being
a poor man and really wanted to be rich. His mother could not do
anything when he asked for permission. She let him go.
Dampu met the merchant. He told him that he wanted to
work for him.
“O.K., I will let you join me, but you have to work hard. If you
want to be rich, you have to pay attention to what I’m doing,” said
the merchant.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 45


LISTENING SECTION PART II

PART I 5. Write your answer on your answer sheet.

1. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Guru: diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Boy : I’m looking for you. Where have you been? Man : Listen. That’s Anggun C Sasmi’s voice, isn’t
Girl : I just prepared costumes with my classmates. it? I like the way she sings. I want to meet
Boy : Will you play a role? her so much or even just see her.
Girl : Yes. We’ll join a drama contest tomorrow. Woman : She held Meet and Greet here last year.
Narrator : What did the girl just do? Didn’t you come?
Man : ________
Jawaban: B Narrator : Which is the best response?
A. I attended that event seriously.
2. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu B. That event was very satisfying.
Guru: C. If I hadn’t visited my grandpa, I could have met
Boy : Let me tell you. I attended a seminar her.
yesterday, delivered by Ridwan Kamil who D. My friends and I attended that event.
I admire a lot.
Girl : Wow! Sounds great. What did you learn? Jawaban: C
Boy : Now I know how to become a creative 6. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
entrepreneur.
Narrator : What did the boy do yesterday? Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Jawaban: A Woman : I think Darwis Tere Liye is a good novelist.
What do you think?
3. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Man : I think so. Two of his novels had been
Guru: filmed, Bidadari-Bidadari Surga and
Boy : Excuse me. Is this seat vacant? Hafalan Shalat Delisa. Both of them inspire
Girl : Yes. Please sit down. Mmm . . . us.
I think I’ve seen you before. Did you Woman : ________
graduate from SMP 10? Narrator : What does the woman most likely reply?
Boy : I did. You’re Shinta who used to read a book A. That’s why I love his novels so much.
under a tree in the morning, aren’t you? B. I don’t know anything about him.
Girl : I am! It seems you know me well. C. O.K. Let’s go to the movie.
Narrator : What did the girl use to do when she was D. All of his novels had been filmed.
at junior high school?
Jawaban: A
Jawaban: D
7. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
4. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru: Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Man : Bawang Putih, here is the cloth. diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Girl : Thank you. Finally I have got the cloth Girl : I heard that your classroom received
back. May I go home now? appreciation from the principal.
Man : Wait a minute. You can choose one of these Boy : You’re right. My classroom was nominated
two pumpkins as the cleanest room.
a gift because you have helped me do the Girl : ________
chores. Narrator : What does the girl most likely reply?
Girl : Thanks a lot, Sir. I choose the smallest A. The principal’s room was cleaner than my
pumpkin. I’m afraid, classroom.
I can’t carry the big one. B. You just had a new classmate.
Narrator : What did the girl do for the man so he gave C. You and your friends must be diligent in keeping
her a gift? the room clean.
D. They must be appreciative.
Jawaban: E
Jawaban: C

46 Mid-Term Test
PART III Now the giant was amazed and said, “You are
exhaling hot and cold air from your one and only mouth.
8. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
I can’t believe it. You may stay here as long as you
Guru:
wish.”
Boy : I had a challenging experience last holiday. Adopted from: http://www.english-for-students.com/The-Giant-and-The-
Girl : Did you? Tell me about it. Traveller.html (September 15, 2014)
Boy : My friends and I climbed Mount Rinjani. Narrator : Which picture shows the suitable characters
How about your holiday? in the story?
Girl : I went camping and had a campfire with my
classmates. Jawaban: A
Narrator : Where did the boy spend his holiday?
PART IV
Jawaban: B
Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
9. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Questions 12 and 13 refer to the following monolog.
Guru: Raden Adjeng Kartini was born to a noble family on
Girl : When my sister was young, she used to April 21, 1879, in the village of Mayong, Jepara, Central
listen to the radio. Java. Kartini’s mother, Ngasirah, was the daughter of
Boy : My brother did too. Many people were a religious scholar. Her father, Sosroningrat, was a Javanese
listening to the radio while they were doing aristocrat working for the Dutch colonial government. This
their activities. The radio was so useful. Who afforded Kartini the opportunity to attend a Dutch school, at
invented it anyway? the age of 6. The school opened her eyes to Western ideals.
Girl : Guglielmo Marconi did. Unfortunately, During this time, Kartini also had sewing lessons from
people often prefer using handphones and another regent’s wife, Mrs. Marie Ovink-Soer. Ovink-Soer
computers or watching televison to get news imparted her feminist views to Kartini and was therefore
these days to listening to the radio. instrumental in planting the seed for Kartini’s later activism.
Narrator : What did Guglielmo Marconi invent? When Kartini reached adolescence, Javanese tradition
dictated that she left her Dutch school for the sheltered
Jawaban: C existence deemed appropriate to a young female noble.
In 1903, she opened the first Indonesian primary school
10. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: for native girls that did not discriminate based on social
Once there lived a very hardworking farmer who standing. She corresponded with Dutch colonial officials to
had three sons. They were strong and healthy, but they further the cause of Javanese women’s emancipation up
were all lazy. He was sad thinking about his sons and until her death, on September 17, 1904, in Rembang
the future of his farmland. Regency, Central Java. In 1911, her letters were published.
One day, he had a flash of an idea. He called all of Adopted from: http://www.biography.com/people/raden-adjeng-kartini-
his sons and said, “I have hidden a treasure in our 37859#synopsis (September 18, 2014)
farmland. You search for it and share the treasure Narrator:
between you.” 12. How did Kartini get the opportunity to go to a Dutch school?
The three sons were overjoyed. They went to the 13. What did Kartini do in 1903?
fields and started searching. They had dug each and
every inch of the field, but they could not find anything. 12. Jawaban: B
The farmer said to his sons, “Dear boys! Now you 13. Jawaban: B
have turned and conditioned the field, why not we sow
a crop?” Off went the sons to sow the crops. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Days passed. Soon, the crops grew lushly green. Questions 14 and 15 refer to the following monolog.
The sons were delighted. The farmer said, “Sons, this is Once upon a time there lived a farmer in a village. One
the real treasure I wanted you to share.” hot afternoon, he was digging his field. Suddenly, his spade
Adopted from: http://www.english-for-students.com/The-Farmer-and-His- hit something. “It is a big metal pot,” said the farmer. It was
Lazy-Sons.html (September 15, 2014)
big enough to boil rice for more than a hundred people. “It
Narrator : Where did the sons search for the treasure? does not seem to be of any use to me. I will dig deeper.
Maybe I will find something else,” thought the farmer.
Jawaban: D He continued to dig.
After he had dug for a long time, he felt tired. “It is
11. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: useless. There is nothing in this field,” he thought. Immediately
A giant was roaming around the forest. It saw he threw the spade into the pot in frustration and sat under
a hungry traveler shivering in the cold. The giant a tree to have a rest for a while.
felt sympathy and called him to his cave. When he got up to leave, he could not believe his eyes.
On the way the giant saw the traveler exhaling at There were one hundred spades in the pot. “This is a magical
his fingers. The giant asked why he was doing that, he pot. I will put this mango inside the pot and see what will
replied that he was heating his hands with his breath. happen,” the farmer thought. Then, he put a mango into the
After reaching the cave, the giant served him pot. To his astonishment, he found one hundred mangoes in
a cup of hot soup. On receiving it, the traveler again the pot. He carried the pot home and kept it in a secret place
started exhaling at the cup. The giant was surprised so that no one would
and asked why he was doing the same again and find it.
whether the heat was not sufficient for him. The traveler
replied that he was cooling the soup.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 47


After that, he put many items in the pot and everything READING SECTION
became a hundred fold. He soon became a rich man. The
16. E 31. A 46. E
king wondered about the pot and its whereabouts. “I want to
17. C 32. E 47. A
find the magical pot. It should be in the king treasury,” he
18. B 33. B 48. B
thought. Immediately, the king ordered his men to invite the
19. E 34. C 49. B
farmer and his pot to the palace.
20. D 35. D 50. A
When the magic pot was brought to the king’s chamber,
21. B 36. A
he did not know what to do with it. The king thought, “Let me
22. C 37. C
put this apple into the pot.” The apple became a hundred
23. A 38. B
apples. The king was so amazed. He wanted to save this pot
24. D 39. B
in the king treasury and asked the farmer to stay at the
25. E 40. D
palace.
Adopted from: http://www.english-for-students.com/The-Magic-Pot.html 26. C 41. C
(September 17, 2014) 27. B 42. B
Narrator: 28. D 43. D
14. What did the farmer do after he had known 29. C 44. C
that the pot was magical? 30. C 45. A
15. Why did the King order his men to invite the
farmer and his pot to the palace?

14. Jawaban: B
15. Jawaban: C
This is the end of the listening section.

48 Mid-Term Test
Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. relate and write
narrative texts, and
b. use adverbs of time in
simple past tense,
especially in narrative
texts.
2. be able to:
a. relate and write
narrative texts, and
b. use adverbs of time in
simple past tense,
especially in narrative
texts.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be cooperative and
confident when
communicating with other
people.

Look at the picture. The people in the picture are performing a drama about Indonesian
folklore. As you know, Indonesia is rich in folklore. Can you guess what folklore is performed
by the people in the picture?
Now, in this unit you will learn several stories from Indonesia, as examples of narrative
texts.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 49


Work in pairs. Read the text and pay attention to its text structure.
Look at the pictures and describe them briefly. Then, answer the questions that follow.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mencari 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik secara individu,
pasangan dan mengamati kedua gambar berikut. kelompok, maupun klasikal membaca nyaring teks
2. Setiap pasangan diminta mendeskripsikan masing- berikut.
masing gambar. 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi pelafalan
3. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peser ta didik yang masih kurang tepat.
membahas jawaban bersama-sama. 3. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik
memahami struktur teks tersebut dan penjelasan dalam
Contoh jawaban:
Supporting Feature.
Picture 1
4. Apabila peserta didik masih mengalami kesulitan
This is Lake Toba, the largest and deepest volcanic lake in
memahami, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi penjelasan.
Indonesia. Located in North Sumatra, it is one of the most
5. Setelah itu, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik,
famous tourist resorts in Indonesia. The water is clear and the
secara bergantian, menjawab pertanyaan pemahaman
landscape is very beautiful. There is an island in the middle of
teks yang tersedia.
the lake named Samosir Island.
6. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak jawaban temannya
Picture 2 dan menyampaikan jawabannya sendiri apabila berbeda
The picture is about a young man who is fishing at a river and dengan jawaban temannya.
catching a big fish. The man is Toba. It depicts the Lake Toba story. 7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan atas hasil kegiatan
ini.

Jawaban:
1. How Lake Toba was formed.
2. He was a farmer.
Match the words in column A with their correct meanings in 3. At a river.
column B. 4. He returned it into the river.
Jawaban: 5. The fish changed into a young woman and was willing to be
1. h 2. c 3. m 4. f 5. o Toba’s wife.
6. k 7. b 8. n 9. e 10. p 6. He should not tell anyone that his wife was once a fish.
11. i 12. a 13. l 14. g 15. d 7. He was spoilt and had a great appetite.
8. Because he had eaten all his father’s food.
9. That he was a fish’s son.
10. Because Toba broke his promise not to tell anyone that she
was once a fish.

Listen carefully and repeat.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru membaca nyaring kata-kata berikut


dengan lafal yang tepat dan peserta didik menyimak. Work in pairs.
2. Peserta didik menirukan membaca nyaring kata-kata Discuss the answers of the following questions, based on the
tersebut secara individu, ber pasangan, maupun text in TASK 5.
kelompok. 1. Where and when did the story take place?
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak pelafalan peserta didik dan 2. Who were involved in the story?
mengoreksi pelafalan yang masih kurang tepat. 3. What event started the plot of the story?
4. What happened next?
5. What caused the problem, to make the story more
complicated?
6. What was the climax of the story?
7. Is there any resolution to the story? What is it?
8. Is there any conclusion or message of the story?
Complete the sentences with the suitable words from the box.
Jawaban:
Jawaban: 1. On fertile land in North Sumatra, a long time ago.
1. b 2. d 3. g 4. k 5. a 2. Toba, his wife who was once a fish and his son named
6. h 7. f 8. i 9. j 10. c Samosir.
3. Toba fished at a river and caught a talking fish.
4. The talking fish turned into a young woman and became
Toba’s wife.
5. Samosir (Toba’s son) ate all his father’s food.

50 Once Upon a Time . . . .


6. Toba was very angry with Samosir and told his son that 7. Yes, there is. Finally, Sura returned to the sea, its territory.
he was a fish’s son. 8. Yes. The conclusion or message of the story is that we
7. Yes, there is. The resolution is the land finally turned into should not be greedy.
a lake (Lake Toba) with an island (Samosir island) in the
middle of the lake.
8. Yes, there is. The conclusion or message of the story is
that we should not break our promises.

TASK 1
Complete the text with the correct words from the box.

a. insulted b. admired c. scales


d. clean e. jealous f. turned
Complete the text with the correct words from the box. g. easy h. skin i. prayed
Jawaban: j. sad
1. h 2. c 3. f 4. a
Once there lived a fisherman and his wife in Mandar,
5. i 6. d 7. b 8. g
West Sulawesi. They were married for many years, but they
had no children. Every day they (1) ________ to God to give
them a child.
“O God, please give us a child even though he may look
like a tui-tuing fish,” prayed the couple.
Tui-tuing is a flying fish found in that area.
God granted their wish. The man’s wife became
Complete the following statements based on the text in TASK 6.
pregnant. However, when the baby was born, they were
1. The story is about ________________. surprised. The baby looked like a fish. His skin had
2. Sura was a ________________. (2) ________, just like the body of a fish. They remembered
3. Sura and Baya became greedy when ________________. their prayer, but they were still very happy. They took care of
4. To avoid quarrels, Sura and Baya had an agreement to the baby with great love. They named him I Tuing-Tuing.
________________. I Tuing-Tuing grew up to be a great boy. He was diligent and
5. After the agreement, Sura and Baya quarreled again obedient to his parents.
because ________________. Soon I Tuing-Tuing grew into a young man. It was time
6. Baya was angry with Sura because it thought that Sura for him to get married. He asked his parents to find him a girl.
________________. The parents knew it would not be (3) ________ to find a wife
7. People named Surabaya for the place of ________________. for their child. They thought no girls would want to marry him.
8. The symbol of Surabaya municipality is ________________. However, they did not want to make him sad. The parents
Jawaban: went to the villagers’ houses, proposing for any single girl to
1. the origin of Surabaya’s name be their daughter-in-law.
2. shark Then, it happened as they thought. All the girls they met
3. they were hungry rejected their marriage proposal. There was one last house
4. share the territory (Sura lived in the sea/water and Baya they hadn’t visited yet. It was a merchant’s house.
lived on land) The merchant lived in a very big house with his six
5. Sura looked for food in the river which was claimed by daughters. All the daughters looked very happy. However, the
Baya as its territory third daughter, Rukiah, looked unhappy. She was the most
6. broke its promise beautiful daughter and her sisters were very (4) ________ of
7. Sura and Baya’s fight her beauty. They put charcoal dust on her body, so her white
8. a shark and a crocodile skin turned dark.
In the meantime, I Tuing-Tuing’s parents arrived at the
merchant’s house. After they explained the purpose of their
visit, the merchant asked all his daughters to answer. All the
daughters rejected! They also (5) ________ I Tuing-Tuing
being a fish.
Suddenly, Rukiah answered, “Yes, I will marry I Tuing-
Work in pairs. Tuing.”
Discuss the answers of the following questions, based on the All the other sisters laughed at her and said that she
text in TASK 6. was crazy. They did not know that Rukiah did not want to live
with them any longer.
Jawaban: I Tuing-Tuing was very happy. Finally, there was a girl
1. It took place in Surabaya, a long time ago. who was willing to be his wife. He did not care about Rukiah’s
2. Sura the shark and Baya the crocodile. dark skin. After they got married, they lived in their own
3. Two animals (Sura and Baya) were actually friends, but house. I Tuing-Tuing worked as a fisherman and Rukiah
often fought for food, especially when they were hungry. stayed home. Rukiah had a lot of time to wash her skin until
4. They made an agreement to live in their own territories; her skin was completely (6) ________. Her beauty returned.
Sura lived in the sea/water and Baya lived on land. While she was waiting for her husband, a man knocked
5. Sura secretly searched for food in the river which was on the door. Rukiah opened it and saw a handsome man in
claimed by Baya as its territory. front of the door.
6. There was a fierce fight between Sura and Baya, because
of their arrogancy.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 51


“Who are you?” asked Rukiah.
“My name is I Tuing-Tuing. Where is my wife?” he asked.
“You are lying. I Tuing-Tuing has fish scales on his body.”
“It is true, but I was healed after I got married. My
(7) ________ has returned to normal. By the way, who are Work in pairs.
you?” asked I Tuing-Tuing. He also did not recognize his Identify the structure of the text in TASK 6.
wife. Then, compare your work with the other pairs’ and share the
“I’m Rukiah. My sisters did a terrible thing to me. They result with the class.
put charcoal dust on my body. However, I have completely
washed and cleaned my skin,” said Rukiah.
Since then, they lived very happily. All the villagers 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara
(8) ________ their great looks and Rukiah’s sisters were berpasangan dan memahami perintah kegiatan.
even more jealous of her. 2. Setiap pasangan memahami teks tentang asal-usul
Adopted from: http://www.penmai.com/forums/stories-novels/22993-indonesian- nama Surabaya dan mengidentifikasi struktur teks
folklore-6.html (September 25, 2014)
tersebut.
TASK 2 3. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik
Find the synonyms of the following words in the text in membandingkan jawaban mereka dengan jawaban
TASK 1. pasangan yang lain.
1. region = ________________ 4. Kemudian, beberapa pasangan diminta menyampaikan
2. glad = ________________ identifikasi struktur teks mereka dan membacakan hasil
3. simple = ________________ diskusi dengan pasangan yang lain.
4. sorrowful = ________________ 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif dan pujian
5. to refuse = ________________ kepada peserta didik yang aktif berpartisipasi.
6. to humiliate = ________________
7. mad = ________________ Jawaban:
8. to recover = ________________ Parts of the Text Summary from the Text
9. to acknowledge = ________________
Once upon a time there lived a shark named Sura and
10. horrible = ________________ a crocodile named Baya. They lived in the eastern part of
Java. They were friends, but they often competed for food.
TASK 3 When they were hungry, they would become ferocious and
Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 1. Orientation greedy.
One day, they found a buffalo and fought to have it. Neither
1. What did the man do? of them was willing to surrender, so the fighting lasted for
2. What did the man and his wife pray to God for? a long time. Feeling tired, they stopped fighting.
“Let’s stop fighting and make an agreement. I will stay on
3. What was I Tuing-Tuing like? land and you will stay in water. We should stay and search for
4. Why did I Tuing-Tuing have such a physical appearance? food in our own territory,” said Baya.
5. How many daughters did the merchant have? “O.K. I agree with you,” replied Sura.
After that, they lived in peace. They never fought for food
6. Why did Rukiah’s sisters put charcoal dust on her body? any longer.
7. Who was willing to marry I Tuing-Tuing?
8. What finally happened to I Tuing-Tuing and Rukiah? One day, Sura could not find food in water, so it secretly
Complication looked for it in a river. Baya knew that and it was very angry
because the river belonged to its territory, on land.
Jawaban:
TASK 1 “Hi, Sura. Why didn’t you keep your promise? You should
1. i 2. c 3. g 4. e look for food in the sea. We have made an agreement that we
will look for food in our own territory, right?” asked Baya.
5. a 6. d 7. h 8. b “You said that my territory was in water. Doesn’t a river
contain water too? It means that I can search for food in the
TASK 2 Sequence of
river,” answered Sura.
Events
1. area 2. happy 3. easy “That’s nonsense. The river is on land, so you should stay
away from the river. Otherwise, I’ll chase you from here,
4. sad 5. to reject 6. to insult meaning that we will fight,” said Baya angrily.
7. crazy 8. to heal 9. to recognize “That’s not a big problem. Let’s see who is more powerful,”
10. terrible replied Sura arrogantly.

Afterwards, Sura and Baya fought fiercely. They hit,


TASK 3 pinched and bit each other. The fighting lasted for
1. He was a fisherman. Resolution a long time, so the area around them was red with blood.
2. To give them a child. Finally, Sura decided to return to the sea. Meanwhile, Baya
was satisfied since it could defend its territory.
3. He had scales on his body like a fish.
4. Because the fisherman and his wife prayed to God that Since that day, the area was called Surabaya. The picture
they wanted to have a child even though he might be Coda of Sura and Baya’s fight is used as the symbol of Surabaya
municipality.
like a tui-tuing fish.
5. Six daughters.
6. Because they were jealous of Rukiah’s beauty.
7. Rukiah.
8. They lived happily. I Tuing-Tuing changed into a handsome
man and Rukiah received her beauty again.

Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat meminta peserta didik secara individu,


berpasangan, atau kelompok mencari sebuah cerita di Internet,
kemudian mengidentifikasi struktur teksnya seperti kegiatan di
TASK 8.

52 Once Upon a Time . . . .


Read the text and pay attention to the words in bold. Write your own sentences using the adverbs of time you have
found in TASK 10.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca


nyaring teks berikut.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati
2. Peserta didik diminta memahami kata-kata yang dicetak
kembali kata keterangan waktu yang ditemukan dalam
tebal dalam teks tersebut.
teks sebelumnya.
3. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru bertanya apakah peserta
2. Peserta didik diminta membuat kalimat menggunakan
didik mengetahui kelompok kata dari kata-kata tersebut.
kata-kata tersebut dalam kalimat masing-masing.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca nyaring
penjelasan dalam Supporting Feature.
kalimat yang mereka buat.
5. Apabila peserta didik masih belum memahami, Bapak/
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi kalimat
Ibu Guru memberi penjelasan.
peserta didik yang masih salah.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat meminta peserta didik mencari
berbagai kata keterangan waktu yang biasa digunakan
dalam past tense, khususnya dalam teks narrative. Contoh jawaban:
1. Once upon a time there lived a king and queen without a child.
2. One day, Bawang Putih went to a river to wash many clothes.
3. After that, the fairy changed Cinderella’s cat into a horse.
4. Afterwards, the dwarfs asked Snow White to stay home.
5. Finally, the frog prince found its true love.
6. Since then, people called the place Simalungun.
Underline the adverbs of time in the text in TASK 6.
Jawaban:
Once upon a time there lived a shark named Sura and
a crocodile named Baya. They lived in the eastern part of Java.
They were friends, but they often competed for food. When they
were hungry, they would become ferocious and greedy. TASK 1
One day, they found a buffalo and fought to have it. Neither What do the following words mean?
of them was willing to surrender, so the fighting lasted for a long 1. peahen = __________
time. Feeling tired, they stopped fighting. 2. to admire = __________
“Let’s stop fighting and make an agreement. I will stay on 3. perfect = __________
land and you will stay in water. We should stay and search for 4. peacock = __________
food in our own territory,” said Baya. 5. parrot = __________
“O.K. I agree with you,” replied Sura. 6. amazed = __________
After that, they lived in peace. They never fought for food 7. owl = __________
any longer. 8. to cheat = __________
One day, Sura could not find food in water, so it secretly 9. peachick = __________
looked for it in a river. Baya knew that and it was very angry 10. ashamed = __________
because the river belonged to its territory, on land.
“Hi, Sura. Why didn’t you keep your promise? You should TASK 2
look for food in the sea. We have made an agreement that we will Arrange the paragraphs to form a meaningful story.
look for food in our own territory, right?” asked Baya. 1. Later, the peahen flew to the east happily. It often
“You said that my territory was in water. Doesn’t a river asked other birds the way to Sumbawa. After flying for
contain water too? It means that I can search for food in the a long time, the peahen finally arrived at Sumbawa.
river,” answered Sura. There it met a bird named Bongarangsang.
“That’s nonsense. The river is on land, so you should stay 2. Meanwhile, Santoana regretted that it didn’t meet
away from the river. Otherwise, I’ll chase you from here, meaning the peahen earlier. It was broken hearted and never flew
that we will fight,” said Baya angrily. again. Since then, it became a jungle chicken. It was
“That’s not a big problem. Let’s see who is more powerful,” a chicken that had beautiful feathers and a great voice.
replied Sura arrogantly. 3. A long time ago the most beautiful bird was the
Afterwards, Sura and Baya fought fiercely. They hit, pinched peahen. All birds admired its beauty. Although it was
and bit each other. The fighting lasted for a long time, so the area beautiful, it felt lonely. It didn’t have a mate. It was
around them was red with blood. Finally, Sura decided to return to waiting for a handsome bird to marry it.
the sea. Meanwhile, Baya was satisfied since it could defend its 4. Moments later, the peahen gave birth to a peachick
territory. and it held a party. Before the party began,
Since then, the area was called Surabaya. The picture of an owl asked the peahen not to start the party because
Sura and Baya’s fight is used as the symbol of Surabaya Santoana was not there yet. Then, a very handsome
municipality. bird arrived. It had very beautiful feathers and a great
voice.
5. That’s why people said that we would not see
peafowl in Sumbawa.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 53


6. Bongarangsang was amazed at the peahen’s Later, the peahen flew to the east happily. It often asked
beauty. Knowing that the peahen wanted to meet the other birds’ the way to Sumbawa. After flying for a long
Santoana, Bongarangsang told the peahen that it was time, the peahen finally arrived at Sumbawa. There it met
Santoana. The peahen was disappointed. Santoana was a bird named Bongarangsang.
not as handsome as it thought. However, it decided to Bongarangsang was amazed at the peahen’s beauty.
stay at Sumbawa and got married. The peahen didn’t Knowing that the peahen wanted to meet Santoana,
know that Bongarangsang had lied to it. Bongarangsang told the peahen that it was Santoana. The
7. One day, an eagle told the peahen that there was peahen was disappointed. Santoana was not as handsome
a handsome bird living in Sumbawa Island named as it thought. However, it decided to stay at Sumbawa and
Santoana. Santoana was perfect to be the peahen’s got married. The peahen didn’t know that Bongarangsang
peacock. However, the peahen didn’t hear the news. It had lied to it.
was difficult for the peahen to meet Santoana since it Moments later, the peahen gave birth to a peachick and it
lived in Sumbawa. A pigeon also told the peahen about held a party. Before the party began, an owl asked the peahen
Santoana, but the peahen didn’t think about it. The not to start the party because Santoana was not there yet.
peahen changed its mind when a parrot told it about Afterwards, a very handsome bird arrived. It had very beautiful
Santoana. Then, it decided to fly to Sumbawa to meet feathers and a great voice.
Santoana. The peahen was shocked. It realized that Bongarangsang
8. The peahen was shocked. It realized that had cheated it. Finally, it decided to return to Java. The
Bongarangsang had cheated it. Finally, it decided to peachick was ashamed and didn’t want to meet other birds.
return to Java. The peachick was ashamed and didn’t People usually called the peachick Bertong.
want to meet other birds. People usually called the Meanwhile, Santoana regretted that it didn’t meet the
peachick Bertong. peahen earlier. It was brokenhearted and never flew again.
Adapted from: http://indonesianfolklore.blogspot.com/2013/09/the-broken-hearted- Since then, it became a jungle chicken. It was a chicken that
peacock.html (September 19, 2014) had beautiful feathers and a great voice.
TASK 3 That’s why people said that we would not see a peafowl
Underline the adverbs of time in the text in TASK 2. in Sumbawa.

TASK 4 TASK 4
Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 2. 1. Why there wasn’t a peafowl in Sumbawa.
2. It was very beautiful.
1. What is the story about? 3. Because it didn’t have a mate.
2. What was the peahen like? 4. There was a handsome bird named Santoana that was
3. Why was the peahen lonely? perfect to be its husband.
4. What did an eagle, pigeon and parrot tell the peahen about? 5. Because it was very difficult to meet the handsome bird
5. Why was the peahen not interested in meeting the bird that lived in Sumbawa.
initially? 6. The bird was not as handsome as it thought.
6. Why was the peahen disappointed when it met 7. When it held a party.
Bongarangsang? 8. It was handsome and had a great voice.
7. When did the peahen know that Bongarangsang had 9. It returned to Java.
lied to it? 10. It changed into a jungle chicken that had beautiful
8. What was Santoana like? feathers and a great voice.
9. What finally happened to the peahen?
10. What finally happened to Santoana?
Jawaban:
TASK 1
1. merak betina 2. mengagumi
3. sempurna 4. merak jantan
5. burung beo/nuri 6. mengherankan, menakjubkan Work in pairs or groups.
7. burung hantu 8. menipu Write a scenario of a drama about a fragment of the story of
9. anak merak 10. malu “Lake Toba” or “Surabaya”, then perform it.
TASK 2
The correct arrangement of the jumbled paragraphs is 3–7–
1–6–4–8–2–5. 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara
berpasangan atau berkelompok.
TASK 3 2. Setiap pasangan/kelompok diminta memahami kembali
A long time ago the most beautiful bird was the peahen. cerita tentang asal-usul Danau Toba atau Surabaya.
All birds admired its beauty. Although it was beautiful, it felt 3. Setiap pasangan/kelompok memilih satu babak dari
lonely. It didn’t have a mate. It was waiting for a handsome cerita tersebut dan menulis skenario drama dari cerita
bird to marry it. tersebut.
One day, an eagle told the peahen that there was 4. Setiap pasangan/kelompok berlatih memeragakan
a handsome bird living in Sumbawa Island named Santoana. adegan tersebut. Selama berlatih memeragakan, Bapak/
Santoana was perfect to be the peahen’s peacock. However, Ibu Guru mengamati kegiatan peserta didik dan
the peahen didn’t hear the news. It was difficult for the mengoreksi pelafalan yang masih kurang tepat.
peahen to meet Santoana since it lived in Sumbawa. 5. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta setiap pasangan/
A pigeon also told the peahen about Santoana, but the kelompok memeragakan drama yang mereka buat di
peahen didn’t think about it. The peahen changed its mind depan kelas.
when a parrot told it about Santoana. Then, it decided to fly 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai atas
to Sumbawa to meet Santoana. penampilan peserta didik.

54 Once Upon a Time . . . .


Contoh jawaban: Red dragon : A wizard told me.
(Fragment: Toba was waiting for his lunch in the rice field.) Elephant : Then, it must be true. What shall we do?
On a very hot afternoon . . . . Red dragon : You can all climb onto my back and I’ll fly
Toba : Ugh . . . it was very hot. It has been lunch time and I’m you to another world. What about you,
very hungry. Why haven’t Sam arrived here yet? I’ll wait Lion?
for him while having a rest in this hut. Lion : I’m king around here and I’m not
Not long after . . . . frightened of anything. I’m going to stay
Sam : Dad, I’m coming . . . . here on earth.
Toba : Ugh, I have been waiting for you for a long time. Where Tiger : I’m going to stay too. Tigers are just as
have you been? brave as lions.
Sam : I didn’t go anywhere, Dad.
Toba : O.K. Now, please give me the food. I’m very hungry. Part 2
Sam : But, Dad . . . . (giving the food container to his father) When the other animals were ready to fly, the dragon
Toba : O, gosh! Where is the food? Why do you bring an empty flapped its wings and jumped into the air. When flying . . . .
food container? Hippopotamus : Get your tail out of my eye.
Sam : I . . . I had eaten it, Dad. Sorry . . . . Elephant : Watch where you’re putting that paw.
Toba : What a disobedient son! How could you do that? It’s my Rhinoceros : Oh, we’re going very high.
lunch, you know. Red dragon : Give me a break and sit still. All you’re
Sam : I know, Dad, but I was very hungry on the way here. fighting and shoving, making it very hard
That’s why, I ate it. for me to fly.
Toba : It’s not a wonder that you could do such a thing. You are Rhinoceros : But it’s a terrible journey.
the son of a fish! Snake : Yeah. I am afraid of flying.
Red dragon : Shut up! I am very tired so I can’t flap my
wings anymore. Be alert! We will fall from
the sky and land on land.
All animals : Oh . . . no . . . .
Part 3
After the red dragon landed on land . . . .
TASK 1 Snake : Ugh . . . my legs fell off.
Work in groups of seven. Rhinoceros : Oops . . . I landed on my face and my
Perform the scenario of a drama below. nose turned into a horn.
Hippopotamus : Ouch . . . How embarrassed! I kept rolling
and bumping over the hillside, getting
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja bigger and fatter now.
secara berkelompok. Tiap kelompok terdiri atas Elephant : Look at my teeth! I broke all my teeth
tujuh peserta didik. except for two that stuck into the ground.
2. Setiap kelompok mengamati skenario drama berikut I tried to pull them out of the ground, but
dan memahami isinya. they stretched into two long tusks.
3. Setiap kelompok berlatih memeragakan drama Giraffe : Look what has happened to me! I caught
tersebut. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu my head in a high tree and my neck
Guru berkeliling mengamati keaktifan peserta didik stretched and stretched until my body
dan mengoreksi pelafalan yang masih kurang tepat. reached the ground.
4. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta beberapa Lion and Tiger : Ha . . . ha . . . ha . . . All of you have
kelompok tunjuk jari dan memeragakan drama different shapes now.
tersebut di depan kelas. Rhinoceros : I don’t see what’s so funny. It’s very
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi embarrassing!
pelafalan peserta didik yang masih kurang tepat. Adapted from: http://www.planetozkids.com/oban/reddrag.htm (September 2,
2014)
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi pujian dan balikan positif
kepada peserta didik yang berani memeragakan TASK 2
drama tersebut di depan kelas. Answer the questions based on the drama in TASK 1.
1. Where did the story take place?
Part 1
2. What was once the hippopotamus’ body like?
Once the animals had different shapes from how they look
3. What did the red dragon say about the world?
today. One day in a forest . . . .
4. What would all the animals do after hearing the news, as
Rhinoceros : Haven’t I got the most handsome face
the red dragon told?
you’ve ever seen? Don’t you think my left
5. Why didn’t the lion want to leave the forest?
side is as handsome as my right?
6. Why was the red dragon angry at the animals, sitting
Hippopotamus : Look at my slim body. Isn’t this the most
on its back?
beautiful body you’ve ever seen?
7. What did the red dragon do knowing that the animals
Elephant : Huuh! Look at my beautiful ivory teeth.
didn’t listen to its saying?
They’re the most perfect teeth in the world.
8. Why did the rhinoceros’ nose turn into a horn?
Red dragon : The world is going to end! The world is
9. What finally happened to the giraffe?
going to end!
10. What can we learn from the story?
Lion : We’ve heard that one before. The chicken
said the sky was falling, but nothing TASK 3
happened. Write the scenario of drama in TASK 1 into a narrative text.
Red dragon : It’s for real this time. The world is coming
to an end!
Rhinoceros : How do you know?

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 55


Jawaban:
TASK 2
1. In a forest.
2. It was slim.
3. The world was going to an end. Develop the outline you have written in TASK 13 into a narrative
4. They would climb on the red dragon’s back and fly to text.
another world.
5. Because it was the king of the forest.
6. They were fighting and shoving, making it very hard for
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami
the red dragon to fly.
kembali outline tentang cerita rakyat yang telah
7. It landed on land.
dibuatnya di TASK 13.
8. Because it landed on its face.
2. Selanjutnya, peserta didik membuat teks naratif
9. It caught its head in a high tree and its neck stretched
berdasarkan outline tersebut.
and stretched until its body reached the ground.
3. Setelah selesai menulis, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta
10. We should not be arrogant although we have beautiful
peserta didik membacakan tulisan yang mereka buat.
physical characteristics. Physical characteristics may
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan memberi balikan positif
change as time goes by.
kepada peserta didik yang berani membacakan
TASK 3 (Contoh jawaban) tulisannya.
A long time ago there lived many animals in a forest. 5. Peserta didik mengumpulkan tulisan mereka kepada
The animals had different shapes from how they look today. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi dan
Almost all of the animals were good looking. A rhinoceros memberi nilai tulisan-tulisan tersebut.
had the most handsome face, a hippopotamus had a slim
body and an elephant had beautiful ivory teeth. They often Contoh jawaban:
boasted their physical appearances. The Legend of Moopoo Bird
One morning, a red dragon told the animals that the (Folklore from North Sulawesi)
world was going to end. He heard the news from a wizard. A long time ago in Minahasa lived an old man with his
Then, a lion told the animals that a chicken also said the sky grandson named Nondo. The old man loved Nondo very much.
was falling, but nothing happened. The animals panicked, He was a nice and diligent boy. When his grandfather went to the
but the red dragon asked them to calm down. It would fly the jungle to collect firewood, Nondo stayed at home. He always did
animals to another world. However, lions and tigers decided the household chores.
to stay in the forest. Nondo always wanted to join his grandfather in the forest.
When all the animals were ready to go, the dragon However, his grandfather did not allow him. Nondo had a limp
flapped its wings and jumped into the air. Flying high, many and could not walk well.
animals were afraid. They began to shout in dispute. This His grandfather always went to the forest in the morning and
condition made the red dragon upset and very hard for it to returned home in the afternoon. In the evening, just before
fly. Soon, it felt very tired and decided to land. bedtime, the grandfather always told Nondo about everything
Afterwards, the red dragon landed. The snake’ legs fell that happened in the forest.
off, the rhinoceros landed on its face and its nose turned into Nondo really enjoyed listening about the animals in the
a horn. Meanwhile, the hippopotamus kept rolling and forest. Nondo always dreamed of going into the jungle and
bumping over the hillside, getting bigger and fatter. The seeing the animals.
elephant broke all its teeth except for two that stuck on the One morning, Nondo could not hold his urge anymore. He
ground. The giraffe caught its head in a high tree and its begged to his grandfather. He really wanted to go into the forest,
neck stretched and stretched until its body reached the to see the animals.
ground. “Please, Grandpa. Let me join you. Just this time, please,”
Finally, all the animals felt embarrassed due to their Nondo begged. The old man did not want to disappoint his
ugly physical appearances. beloved grandson. After thinking deeply, he then said, “You can
join me this time. But you have to be near me, O.K.? I will bring
wood and cannot watch you all the time.”
Nondo was so happy. He promised his grandfather that he would
always be near him. Nondo could not wait to see the animals.
Then, they left the house and went into the forest. Initially,
Nondo was able to walk near his grandfather. However, the
Write an outline about a story in your local area. distance was getting longer. Every time Nondo saw an animal,
Use the following key words. he stopped for a moment. He was really amazed. Grandfather
Contoh jawaban: always reminded Nondo not to stop walking. Sadly, Nondo was
1. The story took place in Minahasa. very happy looking at the animals and ignored his grandfather’s
2. The characters of the story were Nondo and his grandfather. warning.
3. The story started when Nondo wanted to join his grandfather Soon, Nondo was lost and separated from his grandfather in
in the forest, but his grandfather refused it. the forest.
4. After that, Nondo insisted to go to the forest with his “Grandpa! Grandpa! Where are you? Grandpa, don’t leave
grandfather. me here,” Nondo screamed.
5. The problem became more complicated when Nondo’s Slowly, darkness covered the forest. Nondo was really
grandfather allowed Nondo go to the forest with him. scared. The sounds of the animals really frightened him. He kept
6. The climax of the story was Nondo went to the forest with on calling his grandfather. Meanwhile, the grandfather just realized
his grandfather, but then he got lost. that his grandson was lost. He looked for Nondo and called out his
7. The resolution of the story was that Nondo’s grandfather could name, but still he could not find Nondo. The grandfather was really
not find Nondo because Nondo had changed into a bird. sad. He regretted allowing Nondo to join him. The grandfather
8. The conclusion or message of the story is that we should be decided to return home. He hoped Nondo would have already
obedient, especially to the elder people. arrived home. Unfortunately, Nondo was not home yet.

56 Once Upon a Time . . . .


In the morning, the grandfather went to the forest again.
He wanted to find Nondo. When he arrived in the forest, he saw
a bird. The bird made a strange sound, “Moo poo . . . Moo po . . . .”
The grandfather was really curious. He never heard a bird
A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
make a sound like that. He looked at the bird carefully and again
the bird said, “Moo poo . . . .” Jawaban:
Then, he felt very strange. He felt that the bird said, “Opoku 1. C 2. E 3. C 4. A 5. B
. . . Opoku . . . .” which meant “My grandpa . . . My grandpa . . . .” 6. D 7. A 8. D 9. B 10. E
Being really curious, he approached the bird. He was very
surprised because the bird had a limp. B. Write a folktale from Indonesia you have already known.
The grandfather cried. He remembered his grandson. He Contoh jawaban:
was sure that his grandson had changed into a bird. Since then, A long time ago there was a king named Prabu Baka. The
people named the bird the Moopoo bird. It can be found in king had a beautiful daughter named Roro Jonggrang.
Minahasa, North Sulawesi. One day, Bandung Bondowoso attacked the kingdom and
Adopted from: http://indonesianfolklore.blogspot.com/2009/05/th-e-legend-of-moopoo- killed Prabu Baka. When he saw Roro Jonggrang, he was
bird.html (September 25, 2014) attracted by her beauty. He intended to marry Roro Jonggrang.
Roro Jonggrang knew that Bandung Bondowoso had killed her
father, so she didn’t want to be his wife. However, she could not
refuse. After thinking hard, she had an idea. Bandung
Bondowoso had to build one thousand temples in one night for
her. She thought that it was impossible and Bandung Bondowoso
Read the song lyrics. would not be able to fulfill her requirement.
What is the message? To her surprise, Bandung Bondowoso agreed to fulfill the
requirement. He was optimistic that he would be able to do that.
Contoh jawaban:
He had a supernatural power and would ask the spirits of the
The song tells us that we can make our neverending stories by
demons to help him build the temples.
dreaming and reaching the stars.
In the evening, the spirits of the demons began their work.
They worked very hard and didn’t stop. At midnight, Roro
Jonggrang saw that all temples were almost finished. She was
afraid of Bandung Bondowoso fulfilling her requirement. Then,
she thought about how to make Bandung Bondowoso fail. She
asked women pound rice so the roosters crowed. Hearing the
roosters’ crow, the spirits of the demons disappeared. They
thought it was dawn. Meanwhile, they almost finished building the
last temple.
Bandung Bondowoso was very surprised. He realized that
Roro Jonggrang had cheated him. He was very angry and finally
cursed Roro Jonggrang into a stone. Since then, we can see
Roro Jonggrang stone in Prambanan Temple.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 57


Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. ask about and state
past activities or
events,
b. interview people about
past activities or
events, and
c. understand the use of
simple past and
present perfect
tenses.
2. be able to:
a. ask about and state
past activities or
events,
b. interview people about
past activities or
events, and
c. understand the use of
simple past and
present perfect
tenses.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be confident, responsible
and polite when
communicating with
other people. Source: http://www.2.bp.blogspot.com.,
downloaded October 2, 2014

Look at the picture carefully. What are the people doing? They are carrying out
interviews, aren’t they? Who is the man being interviewed? Is he a famous person? What
might the interviewer be asking the interviewee about?
In this unit, you will learn how to carry out an interview; sentences you should use,
topics you may choose and statements to open and close an interview. You will also practice
asking about and stating past actions or events, with your friends. Study the examples and
explanations well. Then, you will be able to do the exercises provided.

58 Interview with Famous People


Look at the pictures carefully. Read the following words and explain their meanings.
Then, answer the questions that follow. Jawaban:
• penjelmaan, perwujudan
• perangkat lunak
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati • siaran radio
gambar tokoh dan benda-benda dalam gambar. • mengunduh (dari Internet)
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi waktu kepada peserta didik • tendensi
untuk mencari jawaban dari pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang • direktori, petunjuk
tersedia. Bapak/Ibu Guru mempersilakan peserta didik • peluncuran
untuk berdiskusi dengan temannya. • komentar, uraian
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru membacakan pertanyaan-pertanyaan • mengucapkan, mengeluarkan
yang tersedia, satu per satu dan meminta peserta didik • pelanggaran
menjawabnya. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak dan • memimpikan
menyampaikan jawabannya apabila berbeda dengan • menghargai, memahami
jawaban temannya. • mengabadikan, menghidupkan terus-menerus
4. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membuat • berlangganan
simpulan berdasarkan jawaban-jawaban yang telah
dikemukakan.

Jawaban:
1. He was Steve Jobs.
2. He was well-known as the creator of a sophisticated In pairs, complete the following short dialogs with suitable
smartphone iPhone, music player iPod and tablet iPad. responses based on the interview in TASK 3.
3. The phone on the right is a sophisticated and advanced
product: it has a touchable wide screen, many sophisticated
features and operation systems to browse the Internet and 1. Bapak/Ibu meminta peserta didik membentuk pasangan.
connect to social media. Meanwhile, the phone on the left is Sebaiknya pasangan peser ta didik bukan teman
an old version of a cellular phone: its screen is narrow and sebangkunya.
untouchable, it has limited functions (to call and send texts) 2. Setiap pasangan peserta didik membaca kembali dan
and no operation systems, meaning it can’t be used to memahami isi naskah wawancara di TASK 3.
browse the Internet. 3. Setiap pasangan melengkapi percakapan dengan
4. The device on the left is called a walkman. We use it to informasi yang sesuai, berdasarkan isi naskah
listen to music from cassettes which contain limited songs. wawancara di TASK 3.
Meanwhile, the device on the right is a sophisticated music 4. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru
player named iPod. We can store many songs in this device berkeliling dan mengamati aktivitas peserta didik. Bapak/
and it is smaller and lighter than a walkman. Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang aktif dan
membantu mereka apabila menemui kesulitan.
5. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi pasangan
peserta didik membacakan jawabannya. Pasangan
peserta didik yang lain menyimak jawaban temannya
dan menyampaikan jawabannya apabila berbeda dengan
jawaban temannya.
Match the following inventors with their inventions, correctly.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik bersama-sama
No. Inventor Invention menyimpulkan jawabannya.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.
1. Levi Strauss • X-rays
2. Alexander Fleming • telephone
3. Orville and Wilbur Wright • diesel engine
Jawaban:
4. Wilhelm C. Rontgen • light bulb 1. Steve : The new incarnation of iTunes, which provides
5. Bartolomeo Cristofori • denim trousers digital music software and an online music store.
6. Renne Laennec • modern ballpoint pen
7. Thomas Alva Edison • penicillin
2. Steve : Yes. First, the iTunes 4.9 was dedicating new
8. Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel • stethoscope resources to podcasting––audio broadcast
9. Laszlo Biro • airplane programs to download into our iPod. Second, the
10. Alexander Graham Bell • piano
company has a partnership with Disney for those
podcasts.
Jawaban:
3. Steve : Since the beginning, podcasting has been free
1. denim trousers 2. penicillin
and it’s been an emerging phenomenon that has
3. airplane 4. X-rays
been growing very rapidly. Moreover, the latest
5. piano 6. stethoscope
version of iTunes hopefully has everything we
7. light bulb 8. diesel engine
need to podcast built right in it. So, I think
9. modern ballpoint pen 10. telephone
podcasts are going to remain free.
4. Steve : Yeah. You know, somebody in their garage making
a podcast talking about what’s on their mind,
whether it’s a commentary on new movies that
have come out in the last few weeks to whatever.
So, there’s a wide range.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 59


5. Steve : Yes. Except that on our directory, we’re not
allowing any pornography. And we’re not allowing
copyright infringement, etc.
6. Steve : I think one of the most precious resources we all
have these days is free time. One of the great In pairs, perform the short dialogs you have been completed in
things about an iPod is you can use it while you’re TASK 4, before the class.
doing other things, like exercising, taking the
subway to work, driving to work, etc. Then, what
podcasting does is, it lets you pick out precisely 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengerjakan
what you’re interested in. Whether it’s a podcast tugas ini bersama pasangannya ketika mengerjakan
on new films that have just come out, on news, on tugas pada TASK 4.
music, whatever. Every time there’s a new 2. Setiap pasangan berlatih bercakap-cakap menggunakan
episode of that particular show, it automatically percakapan yang telah dilengkapi pada TASK 4.
puts it on iTunes and syncs it to your iPod. 3. Ketika peserta didik praktik bercakap-cakap, Bapak/Ibu
7. Steve : I’m sorry. We never talk about future products to Guru berkeliling mengamati kegiatan tersebut dan
public. There used to be a saying at Apple: Isn’t it membetulkan pelafalan peserta didik yang kurang tepat.
funny? A ship that leaks from the top. I don’t want 4. Setelah dirasa cukup, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi
to perpetuate that. So I really can’t say. peserta didik untuk memeragakan percakapan tersebut
di depan kelas. Peserta didik yang lain diminta menyimak
penampilan temannya.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat meminta balikan dari peserta didik
yang lain tentang penampilan pasangan temannya.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi evaluasi dan nilai kepada
Reread the interview in TASK 3. peserta didik yang berani melakukan peragaan di depan
Answer the following questions based on the interview. kelas dan yang aktif memberi balikan.
1. Who is Jake Tapper?
2. When was the talk show broadcast?
3. What did the interview mainly talk about?
4. Who was Steve Jobs?
5. How does Apple become one of the largest podcast
directories in the world?
6. What did Steve think about the free audio programs in
Fill in the blanks with the suitable sentences from the box.
the coming months? Jawaban:
7. Who or what are able to contribute to the podcast 1. d 2. g 3. a 4. f
directory? 5. h 6. b 7. e 8. c
8. What did the host think about the Internet?
9. What did Steve say about his directory, compared to
the Internet?
10. What is one of the great things about an iPod?
Jawaban:
1. He is the host or interviewer of the talk show broadcast Complete the statements based on the interview in TASK 6.
by ABC.
1. Mark Zuckerberg likes to shape his thoughts into
2. On Tuesday morning.
____________________________.
3. It was about Apple’s new product as the new
2. In 2010, Mark vowed that he would
incarnation of iTunes, which provides digital music
__________________________________.
software and an online music store, called iTunes 4.9
3. In 2013, he decided
and new resources to podcasting.
____________________________.
4. He was the CEO of Apple, the company that creates
4. In 2014, he wrote at least one thank you note every
iTunes.
day because ____________________________.
5. Because there are going to be 3,000 free audio
5. Until the beginning of 2014,
programs available.
__________________________________ around the
6. He thought that we might start to see a lot of
world connected to Facebook.
advertising tagged onto the programs.
6. According to Mark, one of his company’s
7. Companies like Disney, ESPN, ABC News, the Dawn
characteristics is ____________________________.
and Drew Show, Newsweek and a few NPR member
7. Evan Spigel, who has posted screen shots of e-mail
stations, as well as individuals who have their own
conversation with Mark on Twitter, is
podcast on their home computers, connected to the
__________________________________.
Internet.
8. The app Paper looks nothing at all like a Facebook
8. He thought that the Internet is complete and utters
product because ____________________________.
freedom.
9. Facebook formed a group called Internet.org in order to
9. His directory is not allowing any pornography, copyright
____________________________.
infringement, etc.
10. According to Mark, if we are always under
10. We can use it while we’re doing other things, such as
pressure of real identity,
exercising, taking the subway to work, driving to work,
__________________________________.
etc. Furthermore, it lets us pick out precisely what we
11. To use the apps Paper, we might not need to
are interested in.
__________________________________.

60 Interview with Famous People


12. By subscribing to mobile services for the opportunity to
use Facebook makes it more economical for mobile
operators ____________________________.
13. According to Mark, if he could help develop some Listen carefully and repeat.
countries, ____________________________.
14 Since the beginning, he developed Facebook, not to be
a company, but ____________________________.
15. Mark is not ready yet to have a baby because 1. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah mengenalkan percakapan yang
____________________________. memuat pernyataan dan pertanyaan tentang tindakan/
kejadian yang dilakukan/terjadi pada waktu lampau yang
Jawaban: merujuk waktu terjadinya dengan merujuk pada
1. 3-, 5- and 10-year plans kesudahannya serta contoh ungkapan yang digunakan.
2. learn Mandarin 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan percakapan dan
3. to meet someone new each day peserta didik menyimak dengan baik. Kemudian, peserta
4. he’d been doing very well on so many things so he didik diminta untuk mengidentifikasi gagasan utama/topik
thought it was important to show gratitude for that percakapan.
5. 1.23 billion people 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan percakapan sekali
6. he and his staff are pretty strong-willed lagi dan meminta peser ta didik mempraktikkan
7. the co-founder of Snapchat percakapan dengan teman sebangku. Bapak/Ibu Guru
8. Paper strives to be the Internet’s magazine: photos, membetulkan pelafalan yang kurang tepat.
friend updates and shared articles shown up in 4. Dengan bimbingan dan arahan dari Bapak/Ibu Guru,
an image-heavy, uncluttered way peser ta didik memahami penjelasan dan contoh
9. simplify their services so they can be delivered more pernyataan dan pertanyaan tentang tindakan/kejadian
economically over primitive wireless networks and yang dilakukan/terjadi pada waktu lampau yang merujuk
tapped into using cheaper phones waktu terjadinya dengan yang merujuk pada
10. we will feel burdened kesudahannya.
11. log in with Facebook credentials or share pictures with 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi contoh pernyataan dan
friends on the social network pertanyaan tentang tindakan/kejadian yang dilakukan/
12. to improve their wireless networks to support terjadi pada waktu lampau yang merujuk waktu terjadinya
higher-bandwidth services such as online education dengan merujuk pada kesudahannya dalam berbagai
and banking konteks. Kemudian, peserta didik diminta mengidentifi-
13. they would have turned into markets that his current kasi ciri-ciri (fungsi sosial, struktur, dan unsur
business could take in kebahasaan) kalimat simple past dan present perfect
14. to fulfill a vision of connecting the world tense. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat membantu peserta didik
15. he wants to make sure when he has kids, he can mengingat tentang simple past dan present perfect tense
spend time with them yang sudah dipelajari, serta contoh-contoh kalimat.

In pairs, practice the interview in TASK 6. Write five things that you did and five others that you did not do
Suppose you are the host and your partner is Mark Zuckerberg. last Sunday.
You are allowed to make changes, to make the interview shorter Contoh jawaban:
and simpler.
No. Things I Did Last Sunday Things I didn’t Do Last Sunday

1. planted roses swept the backyard


1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca 2. played badminton washed my bicycle
3. shopped at the market went to the cinema
kembali naskah wawancara dengan Mark Zuckerberg di 4. made chicken soup went to the night fair
TASK 6. 5. visited my uncle watched my favorite TV drama
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membentuk
pasangan yang masing-masing berperan sebagai
pewawancara dan Mark Zuckerberg.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan kepada semua
pasangan untuk berlatih memeragakan wawancara itu
seperti yang sebenarnya. Selama kegiatan berlangsung,
Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati dan membetulkan pelafalan Make sentences in simple past tense, using the words in TASK 9.
peserta didik yang kurang tepat. Contoh jawaban:
4. Peserta didik diperkenankan untuk membuat kalimat- 1. I planted roses in my garden.
kalimat dalam wawancara menjadi lebih singkat dan 2. I played badminton with my brother.
sederhana, asalkan tidak mengubah isi atau maksud. 3. I shopped at the market, with my mother.
5. Setelah dirasa cukup, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi 4. My mother and I made chicken soup.
semua pasangan untuk memeragakan wawancara 5. My family and I visited my uncle who was sick.
tersebut di depan kelas. 6. I didn’t sweep the backyard.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai kepada 7. I didn’t wash my bicycle.
peserta didik yang melakukan peragaan. 8. I didn’t go to the cinema.
9. I didn’t go to the night fair.
10. I didn’t watch my favorite TV drama.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 61


TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in
TASK 1.
Extend the sentences you have written in TASK 10, using Dialog 1
present perfect tense. 1. Who did Yuda go to Pesta Rakyat with?
Contoh jawaban: 2. Why didn’t Farah attend Pesta Rakyat?
1. I have planted roses in my garden since 6:30 a.m. 3. What performances were held at Pesta Rakyat?
2. I have played badminton with my brother for an hour. 4. Who performed the traditional dances and folksongs at
3. I have shopped at the market, with my mother since I was Pesta Rakyat?
twelve. 5. How was Pesta Rakyat?
4. My mother and I have made chicken soup for thirty minutes. Dialog 2
5. My family and I have visited my sick uncle for two hours. 1. What are Amelia and Kirana talking about?
6. I haven’t swept the backyard since last week. 2. Where did Akmal and his family move to?
7. I haven’t washed my bicycle since last week. 3. When did Akmal’s grandfather pass away?
8. I haven’t been to the cinema for two months. 4. Kirana asked, “When did they move?”
9. I haven’t been to the night fair for three years. Who does ‘they’ refer to?
10. I haven’t watched my favorite TV drama for a week. 5. Amelia said, “They are going to settle in Bandung, with
Akmal’s grandmother.”
What does ‘to settle’ mean?
Jawaban:
TASK 1
Dialog 1
TASK 1 1. Did, attend 2. had 3. went
Fill in the blanks with the suitable forms of the verbs in 4. have been 5. were 6. were
brackets. 7. performed 8. have been
Change the verbs into simple past or present perfect forms. Dialog 2
1. didn’t see 2. have moved 3. haven’t heard
Dialog 1
4. did, move 5. told 6. lived
Yuda : [1. attend] ________ you ________ Pesta
7. passed away 8. didn’t tell
Rakyat last night?
Farah : No, I [2. have] ________ the flu. Did you? TASK 2
Yuda : Yes, I [3. go] ________ with my family. Dialog 1
Farah : It must [4. be] ________ crowded. 1. He went there with his family.
Yuda : Absolutely! There [5. be] ________ crowds of 2. She had the flu.
people enjoying the cultural performances and the 3. Traditional dances, folksongs and ketoprak.
bazaar. 4. Students of elementary, junior and senior high schools.
Farah : What were the cultural performances? 5. It was a crowded, but spectacular show.
Yuda : There [6. be] ________ traditional dances, Dialog 2
folksongs and ketoprak. 1. Akmal’s move to Bandung.
Farah : Ketoprak? A Javanese theatrical performance? 2. They moved to Bandung.
Who [7. perform] ________? 3. A few months ago.
Yuda : Yes. It was performed amusingly by local artists 4. ‘They’ refers to Akmal and his family.
under Yayasan Bhakti Utama, while the traditional 5. It means to stay permanently.
dances and folksongs were performed amazingly
by elementary, junior and senior high students.
Farah : It must [8. be] ________ a spectacular show.
Yuda : Indeed!
Dialog 2
Kirana : I [1. not, see] ________ Akmal these last few In pairs, ask and answer questions based on the following dialogs.
days.
Amelia : Didn’t you know? Akmal and his family [2. move]
________ to Bandung.
1. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk memfasilitasi peserta didik
Kirana : Really? I [3. not, hear] ________ about that.
meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara mereka sekaligus
When [4. move] ________ they ________?
untuk mengetahui pemahaman mereka tentang
Amelia : A week ago. They are going to settle in Bandung,
penggunaan simple past tense. Peserta didik diminta
with Akmal’s grandmother.
membaca percakapan berikut dan memahami isinya.
Kirana : It means that he won’t return to this city?
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membuat
Amelia : That’s right. Akmal once [5. tell] ________ me
pasangan dengan peserta didik yang lain, sebaiknya
that his grandmother [6. live] ________ alone
yang belum pernah menjadi pasangannya.
since his grandfather [7. pass away] ________
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik untuk bertanya
a few months ago. So, they will stay and look
jawab tentang isi percakapan tersebut.
after his grandmother.
4. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru
Kirana : He [8. not, tell] ________ me anything about it.
berkeliling mengamati keaktifan peserta didik dan
I’ll miss him.
memberi koreksi jika ada kesalahan pelafalan. Bapak/
Amelia : Me too.
Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang aktif
berbicara untuk aktif mengungkapkan gagasannya.

62 Interview with Famous People


5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk 3. Mr. Tantowi : ______________________________?
melakukan percakapan di depan kelas. Peserta didik Yuda : I did. I cleaned the motorcycle this
lainnya menyimak dan memberi masukan atas kegiatan afternoon.
tanya jawab yang dilakukan temannya. Mr. Tantowi : Thank you, son.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi evaluasi dan nilai. 4. Tyas : ______________________________?
Bayu : I wrote about my memorable diving
Contoh jawaban: experience for the English essay.
Dialog 1 5. Anneke : ______________________________?
You : What are Yuda and Anton talking about? Yuda : Yes, I have informed Tigor that we will
Your friend : They are talking about a soccer match last night. do group work this afternoon.
You : You’re right. Your turn, please.
TASK 2
Your friend : Why didn’t Anton watch the whole match?
You : Because he fell asleep.
Write questions and answers about past activities using
Your friend : That’s correct.
the clues.
You : My turn. What was the score during the normal
See the example.
90 minutes? Example
Your friend : It was scoreless. Where (you/go) yesterday? (to the bookstore)
Question : Where did you go yesterday?
Dialog 2
Answer : I went to the bookstore.
You : Where do you think the dialog takes place?
Your friend : At home. 1. What (you/watch) on TV last night? (a comedy show)
You : That’s right. Your turn, please. 2. Where (you/go) last holiday? (to Bali)
Your friend : What did Amelia lose? 3. What (you/have) for breakfast this morning? (bread and
You : A watch. tea)
Your friend : Yup! Correct answer. 4. When (you/visit) Bayu at the hospital? (yesterday
You : My turn. When did Amelia last wear the watch? afternoon)
Your friend : Yesterday afternoon, at a music course. 5. Who (you/go to) Anneke’s birthday party with? (with
Susan)

TASK 3
Work in pairs.
Ask your friend using the questions in TASK 1.
Do it turns.
TASK 1
Write the correct questions to ask about past activities/events. Jawaban:
The underlined words are the intended answers. TASK 1 (Contoh jawaban)
See the example. 1. Where did you go after school?
2. How was the running race?
3. Who cleaned the motorcycle?
4. What did you write about for your English essay?
1. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk memfasilitasi peserta
5. Have you informed Tigor that we will do group work this
didik mengenal ungkapan menyatakan dan
afternoon?
menanyakan tindakan/kejadian yang dilakukan/
terjadi pada waktu lampau yang merujuk waktu TASK 2
terjadinya dengan merujuk pada kesudahannya, 1. Question : What did you watch on TV last night?
dengan menuliskan pertanyaan yang sesuai dengan Answer : I watched a comedy show.
jawaban yang tersedia. 2. Question : Where did you go last holiday?
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi waktu kepada peserta Answer : I went to Bali.
didik untuk mengerjakan latihan secara mandiri. 3. Question : What did you have for breakfast this
Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat membantu peserta didik yang morning?
mengalami kesulitan. Answer : I had bread and tea.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas 4. Question : When did you visit Bayu at the hospital?
jawaban. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan Answer : I visited Bayu yesterday afternoon.
kepada peserta didik untuk menyampaikan jawaban 5. Question : Who accompanied you to Anneke’s
secara lisan, secara sukarela. Peserta didik yang birthday party?
lain memperhatikan dan menyampaikan pendapat Answer : I went there with Susan.
mereka jika ada jawaban yang berbeda. Bapak/Ibu TASK 3 (Contoh jawaban)
Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk aktif dan You : What did you watch on TV last night?
percaya diri dalam kegiatan ini. Your friend : I watched a news program. What about you?
You : I watched a talent show.
Example: Your friend : Where did you go last holiday?
Yuda : _____________________________________? You : I spent the holiday at my grandparents’
Farah : I read an encyclopedia at the library this morning. house, and you?
Answer : What did you read at the library this morning? Your friend : I had a great time in Malang.
You : What did you have for breakfast this morning?
1. Mrs. Artika : ______________________________?
Your friend : I had a little rice and tea. What about you?
Amelia : I went to Reisha’s house to do group
You : I had a glass of milk.
work after school.
2. Yuda : ______________________________?
Erlian : The running race was very competitive.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 63


5. Mrs. Artika : I hope the case will be solved soon.
6. Mrs. Artika : Really? I haven’t heard about that.
7. Mrs. Artika : I’m so sorry to hear that. Have the
Ask and answer questions about past activities or events, based police investigated the case?
on the following situations. 8. Mrs. Artika : Mr. Yogi was out of town on official duty,
wasn’t he?
Contoh jawaban:
1. Your mother : Have you sent the package to Aunt Renata, Jawaban:
Rio? The correct arrangements of the sentences are:
You : Yes, Mom. I sent it this afternoon. Dialog 1: 2–7–4–5–1–6–3.
Your mother : Thank you. Anyway, how did you send it? Dialog 2: 3–6–1–8–4–7–2–5.
You : Via express mail. The person on duty said
that it would arrive within three days.
Your mother : That’s O.K. Thank you.
You : Any time.
2. You : Did you watch the basketball match
yesterday afternoon?
Your friend : Yes, I did, but I didn’t see you there. Work in pairs.
You : Well, I attended my cousin’s wedding party Ask your partner about his/her past activities or experience, in turns.
so I couldn’t watch the match. How was it? Contoh jawaban:
Your friend : It was such a competitive game. Both teams You : What is one of the most important moments in your
played vigorously. life?
You : Who won the game? Your friend : It was my entry to junior high school.
Your friend : SMP Merah Putih team. The final score was You : Why was it important?
76–72. Your friend : My school is the most reputable and modern
You : What a disappointment! school in my hometown so not everyone in my
Your friend : Our team played very well and sportingly. hometown could enroll in the school. Besides, it
I’m sure they will do better and win their was the number one choice of many smart
next matches. students from neighboring towns.
3. Your brother : Have you prepared everything for our You : I see. So tell me about your entry to junior high
father’s birthday surprise? school. What happened?
You : Yes, I’ve ordered a birthday cake and I’ll Your friend : When I enrolled in the school, I had to compete
fetch it at 3 this afternoon. with more than a thousand students, of which
Your brother : Good. Do you need help fetch the cake? only two hundred and fifty were accepted.
You : I don’t think so. I can do it myself. You : Wow, amazing! What did you feel when you were
Your brother : O.K. I’ll decorate the room after school accepted at the school?
before Dad arrives home. Your friend : Definitely, I was very happy, so were my parents.
You : On your first day at the school, did you feel
nervous?
Your friend : No, I didn’t. In fact, I was extremely excited and
enthusiastic on my first day.

Arrange the following sentences to form meaningful dialogs.


Then, practice the dialogs with your friend.
Dialog 1
1. Amelia : I don’t know. I was about to prepare my
books for school when I found the journal In pairs, ask and answer questions about past activities or
on my desk. events.
2. Amelia : This is your journal, isn’t it? Use what, where, when and who question words.
3. Amelia : Any time.
4. Amelia : I found it on my desk, mixed up with my books.
5. Yuda : Really? How could it be? 1. Kegiatan ini ber tujuan untuk meningkatkan
6. Yuda : I think it was because of my carelessness. kemampuan peserta didik dalam menggunakan
Thank you for finding it, Amel. ungkapan untuk menyatakan dan menanyakan
7. Yuda : Yes, it is. I have searched for it for hours, but tindakan/kejadian yang dilakukan/terjadi pada
I couldn’t find it. Where did you find it? waktu lampau yang merujuk waktu terjadinya
Dialog 2 dengan yang merujuk pada kesudahannya serta
1. Mr. Tantowi : Yes. The burglar broke into the house responsnya. Melalui kegiatan ini, peserta didik
and stole a sum of money and jewelry. belajar berinteraksi menggunakan ungkapan yang
2. Mr. Tantowi : They are still investigating, but they telah dipelajari.
haven’t traced the thieves. 2. Peserta didik diminta untuk mencari pasangan dan
3. Mr. Tantowi : There was a robbery at Mr. Yogi’s house melakukan tanya jawab menggunakan ungkapan
last night. menyatakan dan menanyakan tindakan/kejadian
4. Mr. Tantowi : Yes, and Mrs. Yogi and her daughter yang dilakukan/terjadi pada waktu lampau yang
were asleep when the burglary took merujuk waktu terjadinya dengan merujuk pada
place. They only realized that there was kesudahannya. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberikan waktu
a robbery at dawn. bagi peserta didik untuk menyiapkan pertanyaan.

64 Interview with Famous People


3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memantau dan memberikan balikan
kepada peserta didik.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk
berkomunikasi dengan teman dalam bahasa Inggris. Read the song lyrics.
What is the message?
Contoh jawaban:
You : What books did you borrow from the library? Contoh jawaban:
Your friend : I borrowed two Ernest Hemingway’s novels. The message of the song is that we should never let anyone we
Um . . . may I ask you a question? know feeling down because of their problems. We should always
You : Sure. What is it? support them and help them find better solutions.
Your friend : What did you do on Saturday night?
You : I rented a few CDs and watched films at
home. Anyway, I heard that you lost your
wallet. When did you lose it?
Your friend : Yesterday afternoon. I think I dropped it at
the bus station. A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
You : Sorry to hear that. Jawaban:
Your friend : It was my bad luck. Then, tell me, who 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. E
scored the highest in the biology test 6. C 7. E 8. B 9. D 10. B
yesterday?
You : Anneke. She scored 9.25. B. Create a conversation draft of asking and stating past
activities or events.
Contoh jawaban:
Keenan : Good morning, Amelia.
Amelia : Good morning, Keenan. You look as fit as a fiddle
today.
Keenan : Yeah, thanks. I’m ready to seize the day. How about
Write a text about your partner’s activities last holiday. you?
Write it based on the result of your interview in TASK 14. Amelia : Very well, thanks.
Contoh jawaban: Keenan : Anyway, how was your weekend?
Guys, let me tell you about one of the most important Amelia : It was wonderful. My family and I watched a movie
moments of my life. It was my entry to junior high school, the on Saturday night and we spent the whole of Sunday
most reputable and modern school in my hometown. The reason at the beach. We had a very relaxing time.
why it was important was that, not everyone in my hometown Keenan : What a fun weekend!
could enroll in the school and it was also the number one choice Amelia : Yes, for sure. How about you? What did you do at the
of many smart students from neighboring towns. weekend?
When I enrolled in the school, I had to compete with more Keenan : I helped my father pick strawberries at the garden.
than a thousand students, of which only two hundred and fifty Amelia : Wow! That was such a worthwhile activity.
were accepted. You can imagine how happy I was, so were my Keenan : Indeed. I learned to pick strawberries. I’ve brought
parents. I still remembered how happy they were when I told some for you. Here you are.
them that I passed the entrance test. So, I was extremely excited Amelia : Thank you.
on my first day at junior high school.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 65


Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. relate and write
narrative texts, and
b. use past perfect tense.
2. be able to:
a. relate and write
narrative texts, and
b. use past perfect tense.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. be cooperative and
confident when
communicating with other
people.

Look at the picture. In your opinion, what story is the picture about? Do you think the
story is interesting?
Many people like reading imaginative stories for entertainment. Not only that, people
may learn moral values from the stories. Now, in this unit you will learn about imaginative
stories which are called narrative texts.

66 What a Miracle!
Box 1 (adjective)
• fierce • brave • wicked
• haunted • beautiful • bright
• wonderful • long
Find eight adjectives in Box 1 and eight nouns in Box 2,
horizontally or vertically. Box 2 (noun)
Match the adjectives and nouns to form meaningful noun • war • prince • witch
phrases. • house • queen • star
• palace • hair
Noun phrase (contoh jawaban)
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami • fierce war • brave prince • wicked witch
perintah kegiatan dan mengamati huruf-huruf dalam • haunted house • beautiful queen • bright star
Kotak 1 dan 2. • wonderful palace • long hair
2. Peserta didik mencari delapan kata sifat di Kotak 1 dan
delapan kata benda di Kotak 2, kemudian menjodohkan
kata sifat dengan kata benda yang sesuai sehingga
membentuk frasa benda.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
bersama-sama.
4. Sebagai pengembangan, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat Make sentences using the noun phrases from TASK 1.
meminta peserta didik membuat kalimat menggunakan Contoh jawaban:
frasa-frasa tersebut. 1. There was a fierce war between Pandawa and Kurawa.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan balikan. 2. People were very proud of the brave prince because he
managed to kill a cruel dragon.
Jawaban: 3. The wicked witch changed the prince into a frog. The
Box 1 frog would return to being a prince on finding true love.
4. Nobody was brave enough to enter the house. People
G E D A F I E R C E said that it was a haunted house.
5. The beautiful queen always admired her beauty in the
I B M I E J E E W L
mirror. She didn’t want anyone to be more beautiful than
B R A V E K L L O O her.
6. The kindhearted princess flew skywards and a bright
A I T E H I L L N N star suddenly appeared.
7. Although the king and queen lived in a wonderful palace,
S G T R U C K E D G they weren’t happy. They didn’t have a child.
8. The princess used her long hair to climb the high
A H W I C K E D E H
palace.
F T B N U M S O L K

I H A U N T E D F I

D I Y O Q E R S U N

B E A U T I F U L G Match the words in column A with their correct meanings in


column B.
Box 2 Jawaban:
1. l 2. n 3. h 4. b 5. a
6. d 7. k 8. g 9. o 10. c
A Y I K Q U Z A N K 11. i 12. p 13. m 14. j 15. f
V I N P A L A C E P

U P D E G E F H O I

D R E H A I R A L S

L I R J R N Y S K T Listen carefully and repeat.

O N T B H W I T C H

S C E Y O M C A D E 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru membaca nyaring kata-kata berikut


dengan lafal dan intonasi yang tepat.
W E M C U I D R R L 2. Peserta didik menirukan membaca nyaring kata-kata
tersebut secara individu, ber pasangan, maupun
A K U R S N X P Y T kelompok.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak pelafalan peserta didik dan
R H Q U E E N B A V mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang masih kurang
tepat.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 67


After mourning for hours, the people saw the giant
opening his eyes. “Please give me water,” he said. All the
villagers cheered happily and immediately gave him water.
Read the text aloud and answer the questions that follow. Fujima was also happy. Apparently, the poison he put in
Lolio’s drink was just able to make the giant (6) ________.
“Your kindness has saved you from death, Lolilo,” said
a villager.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca Lolilo just smiled. Slowly, Fujima approached him and
nyaring teks berikut. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan shook his hands. “Please (7) ________ me. I am the one
mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang masih kurang who poisoned you. I didn’t know that you are a good giant
tepat. and the people love you.”
2. Peserta didik memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan Lolilo replied, “Forget it, but now you know the
pemahaman teks dan menjawabnya. (8) ________, don’t you?”
3. Setelah waktu mengerjakan habis, Bapak/Ibu Guru Lolilo smiled and nodded his head. He and Fujima
meminta peserta didik membacakan jawaban mereka became close friends ever since then.
secara bergiliran.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban TASK 2
bersama-sama. Answer the questions based on the text in TASK 1.
5. Kemudian Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik 1. Where did Fujima often see Lolilo?
memahami penjelasan dalam Supporting Feature . 2. Why did Fujima think that Lolilo was vicious?
Apabila peserta didik menemui kesulitan, Bapak/Ibu 3. What did Fujima do to Lolilo?
Guru memberi penjelasan. 4. What do you think Fujima’s action was like?
5. When did Fujima know that he had made a big mistake?
Jawaban: 6. What did the people witness after mourning for hours?
1. A cruel giant. 7. Why didn’t Lolilo die according to a villager?
2. Soldiers forced several princes to go out of their cells to 8. What did Fujima do after Lolilo opened his eyes?
work and they would punish the princes who refused to work. 9. What can we learn from the story?
3. She suggested the soldiers tell her father who would then 10. “. . . and poisoned him.” (Paragraph 1)
send good soldiers to work. Who does ‘him’ refer to?
4. Her tears turned to gold.
5. To look for more gold. Jawaban:
6. She escaped and locked the cell with the soldiers inside. TASK 1
Then, she looked for the keys of the other cells and helped 1. f 2. c 3. i 4. a
the other princes and princesses escape. 5. h 6. d 7. b 8. g
7. Her love and pity for other people.
TASK 2
8. God will help us when we are willing to help others.
1. At a traditional market.
2. Because he had a big body.
3. He poisoned him.
4. He was careless.
5. When one villager said that Lolilo was their friend, when
all the villagers cried for thinking Lolilo had died and
when the villagers told him about Lolilo’s kindness.
TASK 1
6. They saw the giant opening his eyes.
Complete the text with the correct words from the box.
7. His kindness had saved him from death.
a. died b. forgive c. cruel 8. He shook his hands, asked for forgiveness and
d. faint e. enemy f. interesting confessed to what he had done.
g. truth h. regretted i. friend 9. We should behave carefully. We can’t judge someone
j. excited by seeing his/her physical appearance only.
10. It refers to Lolilo.
Lolilo was a kind giant. He liked being with children,
always told them (1) ________ stories and shared what he
had with them. However, not all people knew about his
kindness. Fujima, a handsome man who was a new comer to
the village, often saw him at a traditional market. Knowing
about Lolilo’s big body, he thought that Lolilo was
(2) ________. He went to Lolilo’s house one day and Complete the sentences with the suitable words from the box.
poisoned him. He was happy to see the giant falling and
Jawaban:
closing his eyes. He shouted, “Hey, look! I have beaten the
1. e 2. j 3. b 4. g
most vicious man in this world.”
5. d 6. a 7. k 8. f 9. h 10. c
All the villagers came around Lolilo’s house. One of
them said, “What do you mean? He is our (3) ________, you
know.”
Then, all of them, including children, cried, thinking that
Lolio had (4) ________. They told Fujima about Lolilo’s
kindness.
Fujima didn’t know what to do. He deeply (5) ________
for what he had done. He just sat at Lolilo’s house all day. All
the villagers ignored him and if they saw him, they sneered
at him angrily.

68 What a Miracle!
Complete the following chart based on the story in TASK 4.
TASK 1
What do the following words mean?
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami 1. angel = ________ 2. to grant = ________
kembali cerita di TASK 4. 3. to heal = ________ 4. border = ________
2. Peserta didik diminta memahami bagan berikut dan 5. wealthy = ________ 6. to force = ________
melengkapi bagan tersebut berdasarkan cerita di TASK 7. initially = ________ 8. distinct = ________
4. 9. significant = ________ 10. distance = ________
3. Setelah waktu mengerjakan habis, Bapak/Ibu Guru TASK 2
meminta peserta didik tunjuk jari menyampaikan Read the text and answer the questions that follow.
jawabannya.
A long time ago, a mountain was not as high as today. It
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik yang lain menyimak.
was the same height as hills. Here is the story.
Apabila peserta didik yang lain memiliki jawaban yang
On the top of a mountain, there lived two angels who
berbeda, mereka dapat tunjuk jari dan menyebutkan
granted people’s wishes when they needed help. They
jawabannya.
healed sick people, fed the hungry and provided poor people
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
with warm clothes during the cold seasons. So, all the people
bersama-sama.
in the world lived in peace and there were no borders
between the rich and the poor.
Jawaban:
However, a few wealthy and greedy people were
Part of the Purpose Summary from the Text
dissatisfied with these conditions. They thought that the
Text angels were unfair because they had never received anything
To introduce • There lived a king and queen in from the angels.
setting and a prosperous kingdom. One day, these dissatisfied people gathered in front of
characters (what • They had a beautiful daughter named
Setting happened, where Jeanette. the angels’ house and knocked on the door heavily. When the
and and when the angels appeared, the people shouted, “Please give us more
Character story took place wealth.”
and who were
involved in the The angels explained to them that God had given the
story). people enough wealth and they didn’t need more. However,
• When Jeanette played in the park, the greedy people kept forcing the angels to give them more
Conflict To start the a cruel giant disguised himself as her wealth. The angels didn’t like this, went back in and locked
conflict. father and took Jeanette home with the doors. The angry people tried to break into the angels’
him.
house.
• The giant put Jeanette in a cell, near Suddenly, the land on which the angels’ house was built,
To show an action other princes and princesses’ cells.
Plot
• Several soldiers guarded the cells
rose higher. Although a little surprised initially, the greedy
(Action) as part of a plot.
while the giant was outside. people didn’t care. Gradually the height became more
distinct. Everytime the greedy people planned to reach the
• Jeanette saw the soldiers order several
Plot To show rising princes to work hard outside. house, the land rose higher. As a result, the mountain grew
(Rising • She felt heartbroken and begged the higher and there was a significant distance between the
action.
Action) soldiers to ask for her father’s help, but greedy people and the angels. They kept on climbing the
the soldiers refused.
mountain to find the angels, but they never could reach them.
• Jeanette cried and her tears turned to That’s why mountains grew higher and higher.
gold.
• She would give the gold to the soldiers Questions:
Plot To show the if they set the princes and princesses
(Climax) climax. free. 1. What is the text about?
• The soldiers asked where the gold was 2. Where did the two angels live?
from. 3. What did they do?
• The soldiers entered Jeanette’s cell to
look for more gold there. 4. Why did a few people think that the angels were unfair?
5. Why did the angels not grant them anything?
• Jeanette escaped and locked the
Plot soldiers inside the cell.
6. Why did the people go to the angels’ house?
(Falling To describe falling • She helped the other princes and 7. How did the angels respond?
Action) action. princesses escape from their cells. 8. What happened to the land on which the angels’ house
• Jeanette arrived at her kingdom, but
her tears didn’t turn to gold any longer.
was built?
9. When did the house rise higher?
10. What can we learn from the story?

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 69


TASK 3 TASK 4 (Contoh jawaban)
Complete the following chart based on the text in TASK 2. A long time ago, my sister and I lived on the top of
a mountain. People usually called us angels. We had
Part of the Summary from the Text promised to help other people, especially the poor. We cured
Text
sick people, fed the hungry and provided them with warm
Setting and clothes. Many people thanked us for what we did since all
Character people lived in peace.
However, there were several people who were jealous.
Conflict Do you know who they were? They were wealthy people, you
know. They hated us because we never gave them anything.
They wanted more wealth from us.
Plot (Action) Of course we could not accept their demands. When
they tried to enter our house, we locked the door and hid
Plot (Rising inside our house. These people were angry with us. They
Action) tried to break our house.
Surprisingly, the land on which our house was built rose
higher. The greedy people were surprised knowing that, but
Plot (Climax) they didn’t care. They climbed the higher land and tried to find
us. However, every time they tried to reach us, the land rose
Plot (Falling higher and higher. Then, there was a significant distance
Action) between them and us.
TASK 4 The greedy people didn’t surrender. They kept on
Suppose you’re one of the angels. climbing the mountain to find us, but they never could reach
Retell the story in TASK 2 from your point of view. us. That’s why mountains are very high today.

Jawaban:
TASK 1
1. bidadari/malaikat 2. mengabulkan
3. menyembuhkan 4. batas
5. kaya 6. memaksa
7. pada awalnya 8. jelas, nyata
9. penting, berarti 10. jarak Read the sentences and pay attention to the words in bold.

TASK 2
1. Why mountains are very high.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca nyaring
2. At the top of a mountain.
kalimat-kalimat berikut dan mengamati kata-kata yang
3. They granted people’s wishes when they needed help.
dicetak tebal.
4. They had never received anything from the angels.
2. Peserta didik diminta memahami penjelasan dalam
5. Those people were wealthy.
Supporting Feature tentang past perfect tense. Apabila
6. To force the angels to give them more wealth.
peserta didik masih kesulitan memahami, Bapak/Ibu
7. They locked themselves in their house.
Guru memberi penjelasan.
8. It rose higher.
3. Untuk memperluas pengetahuan peserta didik tentang
9. Everytime the greedy people planned to enter the house.
past perfect tense, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta
10. We should not be greedy.
didik mencari tambahan referensi.
TASK 3 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru juga dapat meminta peserta didik
membuat kalimat-kalimat menggunakan past perfect
Part of the
Text
Summary from the Text tense.
• A long time ago mountains were not as high as today.
• There lived two angels on the top of a mountain.
Setting and • The angels always helped ones who need their help.
Character • People lived in peace. There were no borders between
the rich and the poor.

• A few wealthy and greedy people were dissatisfied


Conflict with the angels because they had never received
anything from the angels. Fill in the blanks with the suitable verbs in brackets.
• The greedy people asked for more wealth from the Change the verbs into past perfect or simple past forms.
Plot (Action) angels.
Jawaban:
• The greedy people went to the angels’ house, but the 1. believed 2. had seen 3. had made
Plot (Rising angels locked themselves in their house.
Action)
4. had only made 5. had heard 6. had done
• The land on which the angels’ house was built rose
higher. 7. had thought 8. climbed 9. had left
10. left 11. had hidden 12. had explained
Plot (Climax) • When the greedy people tried to force their way into
the angels’ house, the land rose higher and higher.
13. promised 14. left 15. had returned

Plot (Falling • The mountain became very high and the greedy
Action) people could never reach the angels’ house.

70 What a Miracle!
4. Setelah selesai menulis skenario drama, setiap
kelompok mengumpulkan skenario tersebut kepada
Bapak/Ibu Guru untuk mendapat masukan.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengembalikan skenario yang telah
Work in pairs. diberi masukan kepada setiap kelompok.
Write questions and answers using past perfect tense based on 6. Kemudian Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta setiap kelompok
the text in TASK 8. memeragakan skenario drama yang telah mereka buat.
See the example. 7. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati penampilan setiap
kelompok dan memberi nilai.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik bekerja Contoh jawaban:


berpasangan. (Fragment: Jeanette’s meeting with her parents)
2. Setiap pasangan memahami kembali teks di TASK 8, Arriving at the palace . . . .
terutama tentang penggunaan past perfect tense. Jeanette : Mom, Dad, I’m coming . . . .
3. Setiap pasangan membuat tanya jawab tentang isi teks Queen : O, gosh! Is it you, Jeanette? I’m very happy having
menggunakan past perfect tense , kemudian you back.
menyampaikan tanya jawab tersebut. Jeanette : Yes, Mom. It’s me, Jeanette, your daughter.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyimak dan mengoreksi kalimat Queen : I really miss you, my beautiful princess. How did you
yang salah. escape from the giant? Your father is arranging a plan
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif kepada peserta to set you free.
didik yang aktif dalam kegiatan tanya jawab dan terus Jeanette : I miss you too, Mom. God had helped me escape
memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang aktif agar aktif from the jail. (Cries happily)
berpartisipasi dalam setiap pembelajaran. King : O, come on. Wipe your tears. You are back here
safely.
Contoh jawaban: Jeanette : Yes, Dad. I won’t cry anymore. (Wiping her tears)
1. Q : What did Davrana realize? Oh, no . . . .
A : He had made a big mistake. Queen : What happened, my dear?
2. Q : When did Davrana realize that he had made a big Jeanette : My tears didn’t change to gold any longer.
mistake? Queen : What did you say? Your tears turned to gold?
A : When he could not persuade the villagers that he had Jeanette : Yes, Mom. It seemed impossible, but it happened.
only made fun of them. When I was in my cell, my tears turned to gold.
3. Q : When did Dovlota agree to go to Davrana’s village? Queen : How could it be?
A : After he had heard about the tree. Jeanette : I don’t know. One day I saw the soldiers ask several
4. Q : What did Dovlota want the villagers to realize? princes to work hard. I took pity on them and cried.
A : That they had done stupid things. Suddenly, my tears turned to gold.
5. Q : When did Dovlota finally have an idea? King : It’s a miracle!
A : After he had thought of what to do for several days. Jeanette : Yeah. The gold had helped me, Dad. When I told the
6. Q : What had a passer by done before Dovlota finished soldiers that the gold was from my tears, they didn’t
speaking? believe me. They entered my cell and I didn’t waste
A : He/she had left the place. time to escape from the jail.
7. Q : What had Dovlota done before he told the villagers Queen : How strange it was!
the truth under the tree? Jeanette : You’re right, but it really happened.
A : He had hidden the villagers’ possessions in a safe King : Frankly, I know the reasons. God had shown you
place. mercy because of your love and pity for others.
8. Q : When did Davrana confess to what he had done? Jeanette : Do you think so, Dad?
A : After Dovlota had explained to the villagers that King : Yeah. You’re very kind and loving to others.
there was no devil on the tree.
9. Q : When did the villagers leave the place happily?
A : After Dovlota and Davrana had returned their
possessions and given them amounts of money as
promised.

TASK 1
Arrange the paragraphs to form a meaningful story.
1. John arrived at the inn safely. He was surprised not
to see his two acquaintances who had been traveling
Work in groups. with him. Not long afterwards, they appeared. “John, you
Choose a fragment from a story of Princess Jeanette or another have made a good choice not to pass the forest. Two
story to perform. thieves had robbed all our possessions. Luckily, they
Write a scenario of a play based on the story and perform it. didn’t take our souls,” they said.
The innkeeper didn’t allow the two men to stay at
his inn because they had no money. John sympathized
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara with them, but he had only a limited amount of money.
berkelompok dan memahami perintah kegiatan. The two people then left the inn.
2. Setiap kelompok memahami kembali cerita tentang Putri 2. The innkeeper then grabbed John’s bag only to find
Jeanette atau mencari cerita lain yang menarik. a little amount of money and two pieces of cakes. The
3. Kemudian setiap kelompok diminta membuat skenario innkeeper turned angry because he could not rob too
drama satu babak berdasarkan cerita tersebut. much from John. He then took John’s ring and watch
forcibly.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 71


3. John thought that his master had been very good to 8. far >< __________
him. He believed that his master would not cheat him. 9. enemy >< __________
So, he agreed to take the advice instead of the wages. 10. village >< __________
“I accept your advice, Sir.” 11. dangerously >< __________
“O.K., please listen carefully. First, when you go 12. to forget >< __________
through a highway, please don’t take the shorter route. 13. noisy >< __________
Second, please don’t speak much, but observe.” 14. sad >< __________
4. After having dinner, John fell fast asleep. At night, 15. to reveal >< __________
John woke up. He felt very thirsty and went to the kitchen
TASK 3
for a drink. He was shocked to see the innkeeper
Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer based on the
standing there. Near him, there were people whose hands
story in TASK 1.
were tied and mouths gagged. John almost shouted, but
suddenly he remembered his master’s advice to keep 1. What is the purpose of the text?
silent. John then took a drink and immediately went to his A. To tell the readers that something is the case.
room. B. To describe something in general.
5. When John arrived home, he gave one of the cakes C. To explain how to make something step by step.
to his wife and kept one for himself. John was surprised D. To entertain the readers.
because when they cut the cakes, they found six gold E. To relate past experiences.
coins in each! John and his wife were very happy. John 2. Where did John and his companions find a by road?
couldn’t think of what would have happened if his master A. In the forest.
hadn’t hidden his wages in the cakes. The innkeeper B. Near a forest.
would have taken them all. John talked about all he had C. Between several housings.
experienced to his wife and they agreed to report the D. Near the inn they stayed.
innkeeper to the police. After investigation, it was found E. Near John’s master’s house.
that the innkeeper was a criminal who used his inn to
cover his crimes. 3. “Near him, there were people . . .”
John now understood how good his master’s pieces Who does the word ‘him’ refer to?
of advice were. A. John.
6. When John set forth for home the next morning, B. The robber.
he met two travelers who were on the same route. They C. John’s master.
talked and soon became close friends. At night, when D. The innkeeper.
they felt tired, they saw a forest at the side of the street. E. One of John’s traveling companions.
In the forest, there was a path, a short cut to the next
4. What was the advantage of John’s taking a highway
town they had to pass. The two travelers invited John to
instead of the shorter route?
go with them using the path, but John refused. Then,
A. He avoided the robbers.
they made
B. The street on a highway was easier to pass.
an appointment to meet at a certain inn in the town.
C. He could find an inn at the side of the highway.
7. John was a smart young man, who worked for
D. He could see his way more clearly.
a merchant in another country. He received twelve gold
E. There were many people helping him fight against
coins as his yearly wages. However, the wages would
the robbers.
not be paid until he had worked for a year. When pay
day finally arrived, his master said to him, “John, you 5. Why did John keep silent when seeing the prisoners?
have been a good worker to me. You have worked very A. He was afraid if the innkeeper would kill him.
well during the past year. I have an offer. I have two B. He was so shocked that he was speechless.
pieces of advice which are worth ten times your wages. C. He remembered his master’s advice to keep silent.
Please choose whether to take the advice or your D. He thought it was not his business to ask about it.
wages.” E. The innkeeper had threatened to imprison him, like
8. After giving the advice, John’s master gave him them.
a gold coin for his traveling expenses and two cakes. He
advised John, “Please give one cake to your wife and 6. Why didn’t the innkeeper imprison John?
the other one, you must not eat until after you have A. He knew John’s master well.
followed all of my advice.” B. He sympathized with John’s condition.
9. The next morning, after John paid for his stay at the C. John kept silent on seeing the prisoners.
inn, the innkeeper said to John, “Mr. John, I don’t think D. John hadn’t done anything wrong to him.
you are a dangerous man. You kept silent when you saw E. He had robbed John of a lot of money.
the prisoners, so I didn’t imprison you like them. However, 7. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
before you go home, please give me all the money you A. The innkeeper put John’s traveling companions in
have.” prison.
Adapted from: http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/type0910b.html (September 30, 2013) B. John worked for his master for six months.
TASK 2 C. John gave his cakes to his traveling companions.
Find the antonyms of the following words in the text in TASK 1. D. The innkeeper had taken a lot of money from John.
E. John still had his wages.
1. stupid >< __________
2. old >< __________ 8. What can we learn from the story?
3. to give >< __________ A. We should be diligent.
4. bad >< __________ B. We should not give up.
5. to refuse >< __________ C. It is good to be obedient.
6. carelessly >< __________ D. Honesty is the best policy.
7. longer >< __________ E. Keeping silent all the time is good.

72 What a Miracle!
TASK 4 para tawanan sehingga saya tidak memenjarakan
Suppose you’re John. Anda seperti mereka.”. Jadi, pemilik penginapan
Retell the story in TASK 1 from your point of view. tidak memenjarakan John karena John diam ketika
melihat para tawanan, sesuai dengan pilihan
jawaban (C).
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami 7. E. Pilihan jawaban (E) yang artinya John masih
kembali cerita di TASK 1. mendapatkan gajinya benar untuk soal tentang
2. Peserta didik diminta menceritakan kembali cerita pernyataan yang benar. Pernyataan tersebut sesuai
tersebut dari sudut pandang John. Bapak/Ibu Guru dengan kalimat ”John was surprised because when
dan peserta didik menyimak. they cut the cakes, they found six gold coins in each!
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik . . . John couldn’t think of what would have happened
yang masih kurang tepat. if his master hadn’t hidden his wages in the cakes.”
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang yang artinya ”John terkejut karena saat mereka
kurang aktif agar aktif berpartisipasi. memotong kue, mereka menemukan enam koin
emas di setiap kue! . . . John tidak dapat memikirkan
Jawaban: apa yang akan terjadi jika majikannya tidak
TASK 1 menyembunyikan gajinya di dalam kue.”. Pilihan
The correct arrangement of the jumbled paragraphs is 7–3– jawaban yang lain salah karena tidak sesuai dengan
8–6–1–4–9–2–5. isi teks. Pilihan jawaban (A) salah karena tidak
sesuai dengan kalimat ”The innkeeper didn’t allow
TASK 2 the two men to stay at his inn because they had no
1. smart 2. young 3. to receive money.”, pilihan jawaban (B) salah karena tidak
4. good 5. to accept 6. carefully sesuai dengan kalimat ”However, the wages would
7. shorter 8. close 9. friend not be paid until he had worked for a year. When pay
10. town 11. safely 12. to remember day finally arrived, . . .”, pilihan jawaban (C) salah
13. silent 14. happy 15. to hide karena tidak sesuai dengan kalimat “When John
arrived home, he gave one of the cakes to his wife
TASK 3
and kept one for himself.”, dan pilihan jawaban (D)
1. D. Teks tersebut berbentuk narrative. Tujuan teks
salah karena tidak sesuai dengan kalimat ”The
tersebut adalah untuk menghibur pembaca, sesuai
innkeeper turned angry because he could not rob too
dengan pilihan jawaban (D). Pilihan jawaban yang
much from John. He then took John’s ring and watch
lain salah; (A) tujuan teks exposition, (B) tujuan
forcibly.”.
teks report, (C) tujuan teks procedure, dan
8. C. Dalam teks diceritakan bahwa laki-laki itu berusaha
(E) tujuan teks recount.
menuruti nasihat majikannya dan akhirnya ia pun
2. A. Berdasarkan kalimat ”At night, when they felt tired,
beruntung. Jadi, pelajaran yang dapat kita ambil
they saw a forest at the side of the street.” yang
dari cerita yaitu kita sebaiknya patuh, sesuai
artinya ”Pada malam hari, ketika mereka merasa
dengan pilihan jawaban (C).
lelah, mereka melihat sebuah hutan di pinggir
jalan.”, disimpulkan bahwa John dan teman-teman TASK 4 (Contoh jawaban)
seperjalanannya menemukan jalan pintas di dalam I worked for a merchant in another country and received
hutan. Jadi, pilihan jawaban (A) benar. twelve gold coins as my wages. However, I would receive my
3. D. Kata ’him’ merujuk pada objek kalimat sebelumnya, wages after working for a year. After a year, on my pay day
”He was shocked to see the innkeeper standing my master said that he had two options for me. He told me to
there.”. Jadi, kata ’him’ merujuk kepada pemilik choose whether I would take a wage or receive his two
penginapan (the inkeeper), sesuai dengan pilihan pieces of advice. Of course it was a hard choice, but I was
jawaban (D). sure that my master was good to me. He would not cheat me.
4. A. Pilihan jawaban (A) benar karena sesuai dengan That’s why, I opted for his two pieces of advice instead of the
kalimat yang diucapkan oleh kenalan baru John wages.
yang melewati hutan, ”John, you have made Then, my master gave me his advice. First, he forbade
a good choice not to pass the forest. Two thieves me take the shorter route when I went along a highway.
robbed all our possessions.” yang artinya ”John, Second, I should not speak much, but observe. Actually I didn’t
Anda sudah membuat keputusan yang bagus understand why I should do that, but I believed that it would be
untuk tidak melewati hutan. Dua perampok telah good for me. My master gave me a gold coin for my traveling
merampok semua benda yang kami miliki.”. Jadi, expenses. He also gave me two cakes, one cake was for my
keuntungan John tidak melewati hutan adalah ia wife and the other one was for me. However,
terhindar dari perampokan. I should not eat my cake before I followed all his advice.
5. C. Berdasarkan kalimat ”John almost shouted, but On the way home, I met two travelers. We had a chit
suddenly he remembered his master’s advice to chat and became close friends. When we arrived in a forest,
keep silent.” yang artinya ”John hampir berteriak, there was a path, a short cut to the next town we had to pass.
tetapi tiba-tiba ia teringat nasihat majikannya untuk They invited me to join them, but I refused. I remembered my
tetap diam.”, disimpulkan bahwa John diam waktu master saying that I should not take the shorter route. Then,
melihat para tawanan itu karena ia teringat nasihat we had an appointment to meet at a certain inn in the town.
majikannya untuk tetap diam. Jadi, pilihan jawaban Moments later, I arrived at the inn safely. I wonder why
(C) benar. I didn’t see the two travelers. When they arrived, they told me
6. C. Jawaban disimpulkan berdasarkan ucapan pemilik that they were unlucky. They were robbed and didn’t have
penginapan, ”Mr. John, I don’t think you are anything now. That’s why, the innkeeper didn’t permit the two
a dangerous man. You kept silent when you saw travelers to stay at the inn. I took pity on them, but I could not
the prisoners, so I did not imprison you like them.” help them. I didn’t have enough money.
yang artinya ”Pak John, saya pikir Anda bukan At night, I woke up. I was very thirsty and went to the
orang yang berbahaya. Anda diam ketika melihat kitchen for a drink. I was shocked when I saw people whose

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 73


hands were tied and mouths gagged. The innkeeper was Student 3 : Mr. Jovoro agreed. He thought that Thumby would
standing near them. I wanted to shout, but I remembered my be his companion.
master’s saying to keep silent. I just took my drink and went Student 4 : Since then, Thumby became Mr. Jovoro’s close
to my room. friend. Not only that, Thumby helped Mr. Jovoro
The next morning, the innkeeper approached me and told find money.
me that he would not imprison me because I had kept silent. Student 5 : Finally, Mr. Jovoro became a rich man and they
However, he ordered me to give him all my money. I showed lived happily.
him my bag. When he noticed a little amount of money and two
cakes only, he was angry. He forcibly took my ring and watch,
then asked me to leave the inn.
Arriving home, I gave one cake to my wife and kept one
for myself. We cut the cakes into small pieces and were very
surprised! There were six gold coins in each cake. I was very
grateful to my master. If my master didn’t put the coins in the Rewrite the story in TASK 11 using your own words.
cakes, I was sure that the innkeeper would have taken the You may change the plot of the story.
coins. I talked to my wife about what had happened at the inn
and we decided to report the innkeeper to the police. Now
I understood why my master gave me the two pieces of
advice. 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami
kembali cerita yang mereka buat secara berkelompok
di kegiatan sebelumnya.
2. Peserta didik kemudian menulis kembali cerita tersebut
dengan alur cerita yang berbeda.
3. Setelah selesai menulis, peserta didik mengumpulkan
tulisan yang dibuatnya kepada Bapak/Ibu Guru.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi cerita yang ditulis peserta
Work in groups of five. didik.
Write a story collaboratively. 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif kepada setiap
Then, read the story you have written in turns. peserta didik.

Contoh jawaban:
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara Once upon a time there was a poor old man, Mr. Jovoro,
berkelompok. Tiap kelompok terdiri atas lima peserta who lived alone. One day, he bought an old bicycle from his
didik. friend from another town, Mr. Gonzalo, at a cheap price.
2. Setiap kelompok berdiskusi tentang sebuah cerita yang When Mr. Jovoro was about to ride it, he felt it moving,
akan mereka buat secara berkelompok. Dalam kegiatan slowly, but then faster and faster. He was very surprised. The
kali ini, secara beranting setiap anggota kelompok bicycle moved upwards until it was on the ceiling. He shouted,
menulis kalimat-kalimat dan membaca kalimat-kalimat “Hey! There is a ghost in the bicycle!”
tersebut sehingga membentuk sebuah cerita yang padu. In just a few moments his house was full of people. They
Peserta didik menggunakan imajinasi mereka untuk were afraid, but curious to know what would happen to the
membuat sebuah cerita yang menarik. bicycle. Suddenly, in silence, a very small man, not bigger than
3. Selama kegiatan berlangsung Bapak/Ibu Guru one’s thumb, leapt from the handlebar of the bicycle and said,
mengamati peserta didik dan mengoreksi pelafalan “Oh, I am very tired. Apparently, a bicycle is not light.”
peserta didik yang masih kurang tepat. The small man asked Mr. Jovoro. “May I live with you? My
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang kurang name is Thumby.”
aktif agar aktif berpartisipasi. Mr. Jovoro granted Thumby’s request. He thought that it
5. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik would be advantageous to have Thumby.
menulis cerita tersebut secara keseluruhan dan From that time, Mr. Jovoro always showed Thumby to his
membacakan cerita yang dibuat tersebut. friends and asked him to make a speech, dance etc., which
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai. made him a lot of money. Thumby became stressful.
One day, Mr. Jovoro planned to host a circus with Thumby
as the main performer. Mr. Jovoro forced Thumby to practice the
Contoh jawaban: performance every day with the animals. Mr. Jovoro had also
Student 1 : Once there lived Mr. Jovoro alone. He was a poor organized tickets for the circus, days before the performance.
old man. Many people were interested and bought the tickets.
Student 2 : One day, Mr. Gonzalo, his friend, offered him The day for the circus arrived. Thumby appeared riding
a bicycle. He told him that the bicycle is a miracle. a horse. However, the horse suddenly galloped fast and left the
Student 3 : Mr. Jovoro was very happy. When he was about to place. Mr. Jovoro was angry. He tried to run after Thumby, but
ride it, he felt it moving, slowly, but then faster and couldn’t catch him. When he returned, all the spectators had
faster. He was very surprised. The bicycle moved been waiting to ask for a refund of their money. Mr. Jovoro
upwards until it was on the ceiling. couldn’t do that, because he had already used the money. All the
Student 4 : He shouted that there was a ghost in the bicycle spectators decided to take him to the police. On his way home,
and many people heard Mr. Jovoro’s shout. he met Mr. Gonzalo. He was with Thumby.
Student 5 : Feeling curious, the people gathered at Mr. Jovoro’s Mr. Gonzalo said, “Jovoro, I actually wanted to help you by
house to see what happened. giving you Thumby. Although he is small, he is cute and smart at
Student 1 : Suddenly, a very small man, not bigger than one’s changing cakes to puddings, medicine to refreshing drink, etc.
thumb, appeared leapt from the handlebar of the However, you have been very cruel to him, so I have decided to
bicycle. He said, “Oh, I am very tired. Apparently, take him back. Goodbye, Jovoro.”
a bicycle is not light.” Jovoro looked at them and cried. He felt deep regret for
Student 2 : Then, the small man asked Mr. Jovoro whether he what he had done.
could live with him. His name was Thumby.

74 What a Miracle!
Homework A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Write a story and add illustrations if it is necessary. Jawaban:
Hang your work on the class wall magazine. 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. E
6. D 7. B 8. A 9. C 10. E

B. Write a narrative text.


1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mencari sebuah Contoh jawaban:
cerita menarik di majalah, Internet, dan sebagainya. Once upon a time, a boy was walking through the
2. Peserta didik diminta menulis cerita tersebut dengan countryside when he saw, between clouds, an angel singing
kalimat masing-masing dan bila perlu menghiasinya a beautiful song. The angel soon disappeared.
dengan gambar. The boy thought that it must be the doorway to heaven and
3. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru menyuruh peserta that it would be fun to see what was up there. So he started
didik menggantungkan cerita dan gambar tersebut di building a very tall tower of wood, reaching up to the clouds.
majalah dinding sekolah. However, the tower was too tall and it collapsed. He tried building
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai. their towers with adobe, bricks and finally with steel, but his
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat memotivasi peser ta didik towers always collapsed.
mengirimkan cerita yang mereka tulis ke majalah, surat Just when he was about to give up, the angel returned. This
kabar, atau mengikuti lomba menulis cerita imajinatif. time she was surrounded by other angels. The angel sang again
and the boy listened closely. The message of the song was that
one could only reach heaven, only if you really wanted to, with all
your heart.
No longer was the boy just curious, he desired with all his
heart to visit heaven with the angels. However, he couldn’t
manage it. Overcome by his sense of powerlessness and sorrow,
Read the song lyrics. he sat down and began to cry. He cried and cried and cried, so
What is the message? much so, that when the sun appeared from behind the clouds it
Contoh jawaban: created a magnificent rainbow. The rainbow led directly up to the
The song is about real friendship. Friends in need are friends doors of heaven.
indeed. The boy traveled up the rainbow, filled with joy, and knowing
that only with sincere, heartfelt desire could one ever open the
doors to heaven.
Adopted from: http://freestoriesforkids.com/children/stories-and-tales/path-heaven
(October 4, 2013)

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 75


Aims:

After learning this unit, you


should:
1. be able to understand how
to:
a. identify the meanings
of words in a song,
b. identify rhyming words,
c. identify the message
of a song,
d. paraphrase song
lyrics, and
e. write a poem.
2. be able to:
a. understand the
meanings of words in
a song,
b. understand rhyming
words,
c. understand the
message of a song,
d. paraphrase song
lyrics, and
e. write a poem.

Based on the knowledge and


skills you have learned, you
are expected to:
1. be appreciative for the
opportunity to study
English,
2. develop English
vocabularies through
songs,
3. understand the messages
of songs.

Source: http://coverlaydown.com/category/artists/james-taylor/com.,
downloaded October 2, 2014

Do you know who the man in the picture is? Is he a singer or an actor? What song of his
are you familiar with? Do you know his song entitled You’ve Got a Friend? Please open the
following link: http://coverlaydown. com/category/artists/james-taylor/, choose the song title
and listen to the song.
In this unit you will learn about songs, rhyming words, the meanings of words in songs
and paraphrasing song lyrics. You will also write a poem. Please read the songs and do the
tasks attentively. Understand the
messages of the songs.

76 Let’s Learn English through Songs


Read the words and explain their meanings.
Read the song lyrics.
Jawaban:
Then, listen to and answer the questions based on the song
1. saat kamu sedih/kesusahan
lyrics.
2. bantuan
3. menjadikan ceria/bahagia A Better Future
4. musim gugur (By: David Bowie)
5. angin utara Please don’t tear this world asunder
6. panggil namaku dengan keras Please take back
7. tidakkah menyenangkan This fear we’re under
8. mereka akan menyakitimu I demand a better future
9. meninggalkanmu
10. jiwa Or I might just stop wanting you
I might just stop wanting you
Please make sure we get tomorrow
All this pain and all the sorrow
I demand a better future
Or I might just stop needing you
Read the following song lyrics.
I might just stop needing you
Then, answer the questions that follow.
Give my children sunny smile
Give them moon and cloudless sky
1. Peserta didik membaca lirik lagu berikut dengan nyaring I demand a better future
secara bergantian. Or I might just stop loving you,
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang Loving you, loving you
kurang tepat. When we talk, we talk to you
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru bertanya kepada peserta didik apakah When we walk, we walk to you
mereka pernah mendengar atau dapat menyanyikan lagu From factory to field
tersebut. Apabila ada peser ta didik yang dapat How many tears must fall
menyanyikan lagu tersebut, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat
memintanya menyanyikan lagu itu. Peserta didik yang Down there below
lain menirukan. Nothing is moving
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca dan Oh
memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan pemahaman yang I might just stop wanting you
tersedia. Mereka dapat mendiskusikan jawabannya
I might just stop needing you
dengan teman sebangku.
I might just stop loving you
5. Setelah itu, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik
I demand a better future
untuk menyampaikan jawabannya. Peserta didik yang
I demand a better future
lain menyimak dan menyampaikan jawabannya apabila
berbeda dengan jawaban temannya. I demand a better future
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik menyimpulkan isi dan For I might just stop loving you,
pesan yang disampaikan dalam lagu tersebut. Loving you, loving you
I demand a better future
Jawaban:
1. The lyric “And you need a helping hand”. I demand a better future
2. It means that whenever we have problems or are feeling I demand a better future
down, we should call our friends for help. For I might just stop loving you, loving you, loving you
3. He/she should come to see his/her friend soon and help I demand a better future
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/d/david+bowie/
him/her. a+better+future_20036758.html (September 16, 2014)
4. It expresses the seasons in a year.
5. It means that I (a friend) will come to help you whenever you
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/
call for help, whether it is summer, spring, winter or fall.
Ibu Guru:
6. North wind brings cold and stormy weather, so it symbolizes
1. “Please don’t tear this world asunder” (1st verse)
difficulties.
What does it mean?
7. It refers to ‘cold people’.
2. What is the following verse about? Say it in one or
8. It is ‘companion’ or ‘colleague’.
two sentences.
9. What is the message of the song?
When we talk, we talk to you
Contoh jawaban: The message is that we should not worry
When we walk, we walk to you
about our bad days because we still have
From factory to field
friends. All we need to do is just to call
How many tears must fall
them and they will come to help us and
3. “Give them moon and cloudless sky” (4th verse)
cheer us up.
What does ‘them’ refer to?
10. It means that a true friend is someone who will always be
4. “All this pain and all the sorrow” (2nd verse)
there for us whenever we need him/her and help us through
What is the synonym of ‘sorrow’?
our difficult times.
5. What is the message of the song?

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 77


Jawaban: Don’t give up
1. It means that the singer demands the listeners or Keep on moving
people not to destroy the world. You’re gonna get there, just keep on (9) grooving
2. Everything we talk about and everywhere we go are for Don’t give up, don’t pack it in
a better future and we have to go through difficult times Try and try, and (10) you’ll win
and sacrifice many things to achieve it. Don’t give up, no no no (3×)
3. It refers to our children. Don’t give up, no no
4. It is ‘sadness’, ‘grief’ or ‘misery’. Don’t give up!
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/b/bruno+mars/dont+give+up_20989970.html
5. The singer asks the listeners or people not to destroy (September 20, 2014)
the world because we need a better future
for our next generations.

TASK 1
What do the following words mean?
Listen and complete the song lyrics based on what you have
heard. Look up the words in your dictionary.
Jawaban: 1. to seem = ________________
2. hard to do = ________________
Don’t Give up
3. to keep on = ________________
(By: Bruno Mars)
4. to quit = ________________
When you want to do something that’s new 5. luck = ________________
And it seems really, really hard to do 6. belly = ________________
You feel like (1) quitting, you feel you’re through 7. to swear = ________________
Well, I have some (2) advice for you 8. to feel great = ________________
Don’t give up 9. to trip = ________________
Keep on trying 10. to skip = ________________
You’re gonna make it TASK 2
I ain’t lying
Don’t give up, don’t ever quit Find the synonyms of the following words in TASK 1.
Try and try and you can do it No. Word Synonym
Don’t give up, yeah _____________
1. advantage
2. _____________
If you want to catch a ball to be happy _____________
3. difficult to do
But you’re having (3) no luck at all 4. _____________
stomach _____________
The ball hits your head, it hits your nose 5. to leap
6. _____________
It hits your belly, your (4) chin and toes to stop _____________
7. to stumble
Well, try and try and try again 8. _____________
to look _____________
Keep on trying until the end 9. to promise
10. _____________
You put your hands out in the air to continue
You’ll catch the ball
Yes, this I swear Jawaban:
TASK 1
Don’t give up
Keep on going 1. tampaknya, kelihatannya
You’re on a boat 2. sulit dilakukan/dikerjakan
So keep on (5) rowing 3. melanjutkan, meneruskan
Don’t give up, don’t ever stop 4. berhenti
Try and try and ‘come out on top 5. keberuntungan
Don’t give up 6. perut
7. berjanji, bersumpah
You got yourself (6) rollerskates 8. merasa senang
You put them on 9. tersandung
And you (7) feel great 10. melompati
You stand up TASK 2
Then you fall, don’t think you can skate at all
You get back up, then you trip, No. Word Synonym

You skip and (8) tip and slip, and flip 1. advantage luck
You try and try and try some more 2. to be happy to feel great
Soon you’re skating across the floor 3. difficult to do hard to do
4. stomach belly
5. to leap to skip
6. to stop to quit
7. to stumble to trip
8. to look to seem
9. to promise to swear
10. to continue to keep on

78 Let’s Learn English through Songs


3. “Am I tripping for having a vision?”
What does ‘vision’ mean?
A. Notice. B. Ability.
Answer the following questions based on the song lyrics in C. Dream. D. Sore eye.
TASK 3. E. Position.
Jawaban: 4. What do the singers want to reach by thinking out of the
1. He thinks the people feel it’s difficult to accomplish it and box?
would like to stop doing it. A. They want to look different.
2. He suggets they continue to try because they will succeed. B. They want to get the best achievement.
3. Six verses. C. They can’t think something right.
4. It refers to a ball. D. They don’t know how to do better.
5. We should keep on trying when doing something and never E. They can follow what other people think.
give up or quit whenever facing problems or failure. We
should face and solve any difficulties in order to succeed. 5. Which sentence expresses we should do what we want
to do?
A. Walk your walk and don’t look back, always do
what you decide
B. Don’t worry, you’re not alone, that’s just how we
feel
C. Just cause everybody doing what they all do
Listen and choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer D. If one thing I know, I’ll fall but I’ll grow
based on what you have heard. E. But that’s just how I feel,
Jawaban:
Lirik lagu yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: 1. C. Pilihan jawaban (C) benar karena sesuai dengan
Am I Wrong judul lagu tersebut, ”Am I Wrong”.
(By: Nico & Vinz) 2. D. Ungkapan itu artinya berpikir tidak biasa. Jadi,
pilihan jawaban (D) yang artinya menunjukkan
Am I wrong for thinking out the box from where I stay? pemikiran yang tidak biasa, benar. Pilihan jawaban
Am I wrong for saying that I choose another way? yang lain salah karena bermakna berbeda;
I ain’t trying to do what everybody else doing (A) artinya menjauh dari kotak, (B) artinya berpikir
Just cause everybody doing what they all do tentang kotak itu, (C) artinya tidak pernah berpikir
If one thing I know, I’ll fall but I’ll grow dengan serius, dan (E) artinya tidak pernah
I’m walking down this road of mine, this road that I call memikirkan sesuatu dalam kotak itu.
home 3. C. Kata ’vision’ dalam konteks kalimat tersebut artinya
So am I wrong? impian sehingga pilihan jawaban (C) dream yang
For thinking that we could be something for real? artinya juga mimpi atau impian, benar. Pilihan
Now am I wrong? jawaban yang lain salah karena maknanya tidak
For trying to reach the things that I can’t see? sesuai dengan konteks; (A) artinya peringatan/
But that’s just how I feel, pemberitahuan, (B) artinya kemampuan,
That’s just how I feel (D) artinya sakit mata, dan (E) artinya jabatan atau
That’s just how I feel posisi.
Trying to reach the things that I can’t see 4. B. Pilihan jawaban (B) benar karena sesuai dengan
kalimat di bait terakhir, ”My prediction: I’m be on
Am I tripping for having a vision? the top of the world” yang artinya ”Perkiraanku: Aku
My prediction: I’m be on the top of the world akan berada di puncak dunia”. Frasa puncak dunia
Walk your walk and don’t look back, always do what you artinya prestasi terbaik.
decide 5. A. Ungkapan tersebut artinya kita sebaiknya
Don’t let them control your life, that’s just how I feel melakukan sesuatu yang kita ingin lakukan. Pilihan
Fight for yours and don’t let go, don’t let them compare jawaban yang artinya sama dengan ungkapan itu
you, no yaitu (A) yang artinya berjalanlah dan jangan
Don’t worry, you’re not alone, that’s just how we feel menengok ke belakang, selalu lakukan yang telah
Adopted from http://www.lyricsfreak.com/n/nico+vinz/ kamu putuskan. Pilihan jawaban yang lain salah
am+i+wrong_21083477.html (September 16, 2014)
karena maknanya berbeda; (B) artinya jangan
khawatir, kamu tidak sendirian, itulah yang aku
1. The title of the song is ________. rasakan; (C) artinya hanya karena setiap orang
A. Don’t be Wrong melakukan yang mereka semua lakukan;
B. Did I Do Wrong (D) artinya jika satu hal yang aku ketahui, aku akan
C. Am I Wrong jatuh, tetapi aku akan berkembang; dan
D. What’s Wrong (E) artinya namun itu hanya yang aku rasakan.
E. I’m Wrong
2. The expression ‘thinking out the box’ means ________.
A. stay out from the box
B. think about the box
C. never think seriously
D. think something unusual
E. never think about something in the box

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 79


Cos nobody knows you baby the way I do
Cos nobody loves you baby the way I do
It’s been so long, it’s been so long
Listen to the song and write the lyrics down. Maybe we’re fireproof
What is the song about? Cos nobody saves me baby the way you do
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/o/one+direction/
Jawaban: fireproof_21087570.html (September 16, 2014)
The Miracle
(By: U2) Verse Line Word Rhyming Word Line

I was chasing down the days of fear ________ ________ _____________ ________
1
Chasing down a dream before it disappeared ________ ________ _____________ ________
I was aching to be somewhere new ________ ________ _____________ ________
Your voice was all I heard 2 ________ ________ _____________ ________
I was shaking from a storm in me ________ ________ _____________ ________
Haunted by the spectors that we had to see ________ ________ _____________ ________
Yeah, I wanted to be the melody 3 ________ ________ _____________ ________
Above the noise, above the herd
Jawaban:
I was young
Not dumb Verse Line Word Rhyming Word Line

Just wishing to be blinded 1 mind mind 3


By you 1 2 up luck 4 and 5
Brand new 1 inside inside 3
And we were pilgrims on our way 2 2 up – –
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/u/u2/the+miracle_21087694.html (September 4 got got 5
16, 2014)
1 do do, proof 2, 4 and
Contoh jawaban: 3 3 long – 5
The song is about a person who relates his/her past.

Read the song lyrics and pay attention to the rhymes.


Read the song lyrics and answer the questions that follow.
Find the lines which have the same rhymes.
Jawaban:
1. The singer tells the listeners that they would experience the
same thing as their parents do.
1. Peserta didik membaca nyaring setiap baris lirik lagu 2. It refers to the singer and listeners.
”Fireproof” dengan pelafalan yang tepat, secara 3. It has a positive message. It suggests that we should work
bergiliran. Bapak/Ibu Guru membetulkan pelafalan for our country.
yang kurang tepat. 4. It’s time for us (young generation) to continue working for
2. Peserta didik menjelaskan rima dalam lagu tersebut, our country and the elder will quit.
misalnya pada bait 1, baris pertama berima dengan 5. It is ‘dismiss’.
baris ketiga dan baris kedua berima dengan baris
keempat dan kelima.
3. Selanjutnya, peserta didik mengidentifikasi rima lagu
tersebut.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan hal-hal yang belum
dipahami oleh peserta didik.
6. Sebagai kegiatan tambahan, Bapak/Ibu Guru TASK 1
meminta peserta didik mencari lagu lain dan What do the following words mean?
mengidentifikasi rima setiap bait dalam lagu tersebut.
No. Word Meaning

Fireproof 1. to lay ____________________


2. awake ____________________
(By: One Direction) 3. to scheme ____________________
I think I’m gonna lose my mind 4. dust ____________________
5. to rise ____________________
Something deep inside me I can’t give up 6. to prove ____________________
I think I’m gonna lose my mind 7. spirit ____________________
I roll and I roll till I’m out of luck 8. throne ____________________
9. labor ____________________
I roll and I roll till I’m out of luck 10. warrior ____________________

I’m feeling something deep inside


Hotter than the dead stream burning up TASK 2
I got a feeling deep inside Make sentences using the words from TASK 1.
It’s taking, it’s taking all I’ve got
Yeah, it’s taking, it’s taking all I’ve got

80 Let’s Learn English through Songs


TASK 3 TASK 3 (Contoh jawaban)
Work in pairs. You : What is the title of the song?
Ask and answer questions about the following song lyrics, in Your friend : The title is Roar.
turns. You : Who sings it?
Roar Your friend : Katy Perry. My turn now. Who is the song
(By: Katy Perry) addressed to?
I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath You : To someone who has made the singer fall for
Scared to rock the boat and make a mess everything.
So I sat quietly, agreed politely Your friend : Good. What would the singer do everytime
I guess I forgot I had a choice the person held her dwon?
I let you push me past the breaking point You : She would get up and be ready to continue.
I stood for nothing, so I fell for everything

You held me down, but I got up (hey!)


Already brushing off the dust
You hear my voice, your hear that sound
Like thunder, gonna shake the ground
You held me down, but I got up Match the paraphrase with each verse of the following song
Get ready ‘cause I had enough lyrics, correctly.
I see it all, I see it now Jawaban:
Verse Paraphrase
I got the eye of the tiger, a fighter
Dancing through the fire 1 c
‘Cause I am a champion, and you’re gonna hear 2 e
me roar 3 a
4 d
Louder, louder than a lion
‘Cause I am a champion, and you’re gonna hear me roar!
Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh oh
Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh oh
Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh oh
You’re gonna hear me roar!
Work in groups of three or four.
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/k/katy+perry/roar_21066331.html
(September 16, 2014) Paraphrase each verse of the following song lyrics.
Jawaban: Contoh jawaban:
TASK 1 Verse Paraphrase

No. Word Meaning 1 When the singer sleeps, fireflies lit up the night with their bright rays.

1. to lay berbaring 2 People will feel sad when fireflies leave, but the singer will always
2. awake terbangun stand up right and face the future optimistically.
3. to scheme membuat rencana
3 The singer wishes that the situation will not change fast. He/she will
4. dust debu
always be alert because the situation is never as it seems.
5. to rise bangkit
6. to prove membuktikan 4 The singer will always be happy because he/she has a lot friends who
7. spirit semangat, jiwa stay with him/her.
8. throne tahta, singgasana
9. labor usaha, kerja
10. warrior prajurit, pejuang

TASK 2 (Contoh jawaban)


1. Please don’t lay on the floor. You’ll get cold.
2. It’s already 11 p.m. Why are you still awake?
3. The robbers schemed their actions very carefully so it
was very difficult for the police to catch them.
4. Wash your hand and feet. It’s dirty of dust and dirt.
5. The woman rises and walks towards the stage. She will
receive a trophy.
6. The man proved that he was innocent, so he was
released.
7. Keep focused and have strong spirit to do your best.
8. Will the king give his throne to the prince soon?
9. This is our labor of dignity.
10. As warriors, we should be ready when the duty calls to
chase away enemies.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 81


Read the following poem. Homework
Find a song which has a positive message and write the lyrics
and its message.
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca nyaring Illustrate the song and hang it on the wall.
puisi yang ada di buku. Bapak/Ibu Guru membetulkan
pelafalan yang kurang tepat.
2. Peserta didik berdiskusi dengan temannya tentang isi 1. Peserta didik mencari lagu yang mereka kenal dan
puisi tersebut, lalu menyampaikannya di kelas. memiliki pesan yang baik.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan puisi sebagai berikut. 2. Peserta didik menulis lagu tersebut dan pesan moral
yang terkandung di dalamnya di kertas karton.
A song lyric is like a poem. A poem tells about 3. Peserta didik menghias lagu yang ditulisnya tersebut.
something in figurative words. It also has rhyming 4. Peserta didik membacakan lirik lagu tersebut dan
words which make the poems sounds interesting kemudian menggantungkannya di majalah dinding kelas.
when read. In other words, we may say a poem is 5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.
an arrangement of words containing meaning and
musicality. Most poems take the form of a series Contoh jawaban:
of lines separated into groups called stanzas. Better World
A poem can be rhyming or nonrhyming, with (By: Toto)
a regular meter or a free flow of polyrhythms.
The message of the poem above is that when Hello my friends I’m calling to you
the night falls, it is time for our souls to be relaxed The things we believed
and forget our routines. You can log on to http:// Are no longer true
goo.gl/JdcNHM if you want to learn more about ’Cause we’re older now
poems. So much wiser than before

4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat meminta peser ta didik The pain that we’ve felt
menyebutkan penyair-penyair tanah air yang mereka We hold deep inside
ketahui. The dues we have paid
And the tears we have cried
And the emptiness
Can we take it anymore
Have we lost all our faith in our God
And all that we are
When we look at our lives
Write a poem about a topic that you like. What are we fighting for
Share the result with the class.
Contoh jawaban: Whoa, let’s make this a better world
Sun When push comes to shove
You come and go every day What have we really learned
You bright my soul and day Whoa, let’s make this a better world
You give me hope for a better future When you’re lying awake with your life in your head
You leave with no signature Thinking ’bout friends who are already dead
We can change
Sun . . .
We walk and run without sorrow Whoa, let’s make this a better world
Enjoy the day we need not to borrow When push comes to shove
Though our lives fill with hollow What have we really learned
We hope to see you tomorrow Whoa, let’s make this a better world
Is there hope for us all
As we’re waiting to die
Lying in bed as we take our last sigh
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/t/toto/better+world_20139739.html
(September 19, 2014)

82 Let’s Learn English through Songs


A. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Jawaban:
1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. E
6. A 7. C 8. D 9. E 10. A

B. Write an English song you are familiar with.


What is the message?
Contoh jawaban:
What a Wonderful World
(By: Louis Armstrong)
I see trees of green, red roses too
I see them bloom for me and you
And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

I see skies of blue and clouds of white


The bright blessed day, the dark sacred night
And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

The colors of the rainbow so pretty in the sky


Are also on the faces of people going by
I see friends shaking hands saying how do you do
They’re really saying I love you.

I hear babies crying, I watch them grow


They’ll learn much more than I’ll never know
And I think to myself what a wonderful world
Yes I think to myself what a wonderful world.
Adopted from: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/l/louis+armstrong/
what+a+wonderful+world_20085347.html (September 19, 2014)

The message is the world is wonderful and it’s filled with nice
atmosphere that makes people live happily.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 83


LISTENING SECTION PART II

PART I 5. Write your answer on your answer sheet.

1. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Boy : Where have you been? I have been diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
waiting for you. Girl : I have good news. Andrea Hirata, your idol,
Girl : I am sorry. I met my teacher in her room to is in town.
discuss the materials about interviewing Boy : I have met him. Look! I have his autograph.
a famous artist. Girl : I see. You look so happy. Where did you
Narrator : Where was the girl before she met the meet him?
boy? Boy : ________
Narrator : What is the best response?
Jawaban: C
A. At your house. B. At our school.
C. In our classroom. D. At the book fair.
2. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Woman : You look so happy, Son. Do you want to
Jawaban: D
tell me what it is?
Boy : I was chosen to play a prince in the drama 6. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
performance next Saturday evening.
Narrator : What will the boy perform? Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Jawaban: C Boy : Titus Bonai is a very good soccer player.
I really want to see him play.
3. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: Girl : He played with his team in this town last
Man : Did you know the late Mr. Widjajono month. You didn’t watch the game, did you?
Partowidagdo, Indonesia’s deputy Energy, Boy : ________
Mineral Minister? I was really fond of him.
Narrator : What will the boy most likely reply?
Woman : Yes, I knew him. He passed away when
hiking Mount Tambora. I admired him A. I watched it.
because he was smart, creative, and loved B. If I hadn’t gone to Pare, Kediri to study English,
nature. I would have watched him play.
Narrator : Why did the woman admire the late C. I joined the match.
Mr. Widjajono Partowidagdo? D. My friends and I played soccer with him.

Jawaban: D Jawaban: B

4. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: 7. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
Boy : Look! I have a wonderful picture.
Girl : Amazing! You bungee jumped, but you told Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
me that you were afraid of heights. diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Boy : Initially, I was afraid, but my friends Giant : Timun Mas, you think you can runaway from
supported me and so I finally made a jump. me. I will catch you.
Narrator : What did the boy do? Girl : You won’t catch me. I will throw salt, Evil
Giant. It will change into a sea and you will
Jawaban: A sink.
Giant : ________
Narrator : What is the best response?
A. It is delicious.
B. It tastes bad.
C. I can swim and catch you.
D. It’s salty.

Jawaban: C

84 Final Test
PART III PART IV

8. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Guru: Questions 12 and 13 refer to the following monolog.
Boy : I came to your house last Sunday afternoon Once upon a time in a village, a girl lived in
to borrow an English book, but no one was a hut with her parents. They were poor, but loved helping
home. others. One day, the girl went to the forest to search for
Girl : I am sorry. My family and I visited my firewood. On the way, she saw a snake under a tree. It was
uncle’s new restaurant. We helped him trapped, so she set the snake free. Then, she saw a little
prepare for its grand opening. crow falling from its nest. She picked up and climbed the tree
Narrator : Where was the girl last Sunday afternoon? to return it to its nest.
Day was getting dark, but she didn’t collect any firewood
Jawaban: B yet. She was tired and sat down on a stone. Suddenly, the
snake approached the girl and asked her to follow it. The
9. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu snake showed her a lot of firewood. The girl thanked the
Guru: snake and collected them hurriedly. Since the day was dark,
Boy : Batu Badaon, do you know where my she was lost but she wasn’t afraid. She tried to find the way
mother is? home, but couldn’t see the way clearly. The crow was flying
Batu : Your mother is inside me. She over her and showed her the way home. Finally, she arrived
Badaon doesn’t want to live with you home and thanked the crow.
(woman) because you are naughty. Narrator:
Boy : Batu Badaon, would you please return my 12. What happened to the little crow?
mother to me? 13. What helped show the girl the way home?
I promise I will be a good boy.
Narrator : Which picture describes the situation in the 12. Jawaban: B
dialog? 13. Jawaban: C

Jawaban: A Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:


Questions 14 and 15 refer to the following monolog.
10. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: People think that I am a diligent and smart boy since
When I was at junior high school, I loved playing I was kid. I was first ranked when I finished my elementary
soccer. I practiced on the school pitch with my team and school and junior high school, but I was runner up when
coach every Saturday afternoon. My coach was very I finished senior high school. One day, I joined a Math
disciplined while coaching us. We had to obey the team’s Olympiad and was a runner up. For the award, I received
rules. Our team won many tournaments. One day my a scholarship in medicine at the state university in my town.
coach informed us that we had an opportunity to play I worked at a hospital in my town for three years. Later,
against Timnas. We didn’t win, but we were proud. I open a clinic in my village.
I still love playing soccer and my parents support me. Narrator:
Narrator : What did the speaker play? 14. What was the speaker’s achievement?
15. Where does the speaker work now?
Jawaban: C
14. Jawaban: A
11. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: 15. Jawaban: C
Once upon a time, there was a man who wanted
This is the end of the listening section.
to live forever. He lived in fear of dying. One day, while
walking he saw a dragon. “Oh, dragon,” he said. “I live
in fear of dying. I heard that you are immortal, I wish READING SECTION
I were you.” The dragon responded, “Kind man, you will
16. E 31. A 46. C
not like living forever. I will show you what it feels like.”
17. C 32. A 47. D
The dragon carried him to an island where nobody
18. D 33. A 48. D
died. The man lived there and was amazed at how the
19. C 34. B 49. B
people lived in an overpopulated situation. There were
20. E 35. D 50. C
lack of natural resources to fulfill their needs. After a
21. D 36. B
while he understood, that people did not enjoy living
22. C 37. D
forever. He called the dragon and said, “Take me back.”
23. C 38. A
The dragon said, “I see, you have learned your lesson.”
Adopted from: http://belajarseru.weebly.com/kind-of-text.html (September 24. B 39. B
18, 2014) 25. A 40. D
Narrator : Which picture describes the characters of 26. E 41. E
the story? 27. D 42. B
28. B 43. D
Jawaban: A 29. A 44. A
30. A 45. E

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas X 85