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1) What is effective reading?

Effective reading
Reading is an active process, not a passive one. There is no proper reading of a text which reveals the
text's true meaning. The meanings you get from a text may not be the same as those your professor or
your fellow students would get from it.

We always read within a specific context, and this affects what we notice and what seems to matter. We
always have a purpose in reading a text, and this will shape how we approach it. Our purpose and
background knowledge will also determine the strategies we use to read the text.

Texts themselves are very different (depending on the author's stance, values, emphasis, etc.).
Recognizing this provides you with the beginnings of a critical approach to your reading.

Price, S. (2005, August 08) Effective reading Retrieved from http://www.monash.edu.au

2) What are the types of reading?

Skimming
Skimming is sometimes referred to as gist reading. Skimming may help in order to know what the text is
about at its most basic level. You might typically do this with a magazine or newspaper and would help
you mentally and quickly shortlist those articles which you might consider for a deeper read. You might
typically skim to search for a name in a telephone directory.
You can reach a speed count of even 700 words per minute if you train yourself well in this particular
method. Comprehension is of course very low and understanding of overall content very superficial.
Scanning
Picture yourself visiting a historical city, guide book in hand. You would most probably just scan the guide
book to see which site you might want to visit. Scanning involves getting your eyes to quickly scuttle
across sentence and is used to get just a simple piece of information. Something students sometimes do
not give enough importance to is illustrations. These should be included in your scanning. Special
attention to the introduction and the conclusion should also be paid.
Intensive Reading
This type of reading has indeed beneficial to language learners as it helps them understand vocabulary by
deducing the meaning of words in context. It moreover, helps with retention of information for long
periods of time and knowledge resulting from intensive reading persists in your long term memory.
This is one reason why reading huge amounts of information just before an exam does not work very well.
Extensive reading
Extensive reading involves reading for pleasure. Because there is an element of enjoyment in extensive
reading it is unlikely that students will undertake extensive reading of a text they do not like. It also
requires a fluid decoding and assimilation of the text and content in front of you.

McDonald, k. (2017, November 05) Different Reading Techniques And When To Use Them Retrieved from
https://www.howtolearn.com
3) Problems encountered reading

Losing your place


You can lose your place two different ways: you can lose track of what word you are on at any
point, or you can lose track of what line you are on when moving from one line to the next. Losing
your place wastes time and can inhibit your comprehension.
Losing your focus
How many times have you been reading a passage, and realized halfway through that you have no
idea what you have just read? Instead of paying attention to the text, you are thinking about what
you are going to do later, what some friend said, or why you have to take the stupid SAT. This
wastes time and energy, and makes comprehension impossible.
Not getting the point
Even though the words and sentences may make sense, you may not be able to put them together
to get the meaning of the passage.
Forgetting what you have read
Just because you don't have to memorize all of the facts does not mean that you can completely
forget everything that you have read. You still need to recall the main ideas of the passages. If you
come to the end of the passage and cannot recall what it was about, you need to improve your
retention.

Reading Difficulties and Solutions for Passage-Based Reading on the SAT | LD Topics | LD OnLine. (n.d.).
Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org

4) Ways to solve problems encountered in reading

Take breaks
Remember, cognitive fatigue can lead to all of the aforementioned problems, and to other
problems as well. If you do not rest your mind, you will likely get fatigued and it will cost you
points.
Trace your place
Pointing to each word with a pencil or your finger can help your eye see where it should be
reading. Placing a piece of paper under the line you are reading can help you to move smoothly
from one line to the next.
Read aloud
Reading aloud should help you stay focused, understand better, and remember what you are
reading.
Take Notes
If you are thinking about what is important enough to write down, you will pay more attention
to the reading. This will keep your mind from wandering, help you process the main point of the
passage

Reading Difficulties and Solutions for Passage-Based Reading on the SAT | LD Topics | LD OnLine. (n.d.).
Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org
5) Reading comprehension techniques

1. Monitoring comprehension

Students who are good at monitoring their comprehension know when they understand what they
read and when they do not. They have strategies to "fix" problems in their understanding as the
problems arise. Research shows that instruction, even in the early grades, can help students
become better at monitoring their comprehension
2. Metacognition

Metacognition can be defined as "thinking about thinking." Good readers use metacognitive strategies
to think about and have control over their reading. Before reading, they might clarify their
purpose for reading and preview the text. During reading, they might monitor their
understanding, adjusting their reading speed to fit the difficulty of the text and "fixing" any
comprehension problems they have. After reading, they check their understanding of what they
read.
3. Generating questions

By generating questions, students become aware of whether they can answer the questions and if they
understand what they are reading. Students learn to ask themselves questions that require
them to combine information from different segments of text. For example, students can be
taught to ask main idea questions that relate to important information in a text.

4. Recognizing story structure

In story structure instruction, students learn to identify the categories of content (characters, setting,
events, problem, and resolution). Often, students learn to recognize story structure through the
use of story maps. Instruction in story structure improves students' comprehension.

Seven Strategies to Teach Students Text Comprehension. (2017, August 23) Retrieved from
http://www.readingrockets.org

6) Opinion about the love of reading

There are so many things to do to our free time, play sports, games or watching
television but why others choose to read. People are always wondering why reading is so important, for
me reading is not only to gained more learning and learning new things but also it helps me to develop
my imagination and not only that it also helps me to escape reality or draws me away from reality. Love
of reading is important because by that you will become better person and you cannot easily deceive by
someone or easier to control and manipulate because you have your own research. Sometimes people
who don’t read will always rely on what they see and heard and because of that they always get fooled. I
just want to say that you are what you read and your future will depend on your word that you believe.