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Drugs

Saraswati Vidya Niketan

Human and Social Biology

Name: Form:

Answer all questions.

1. A drunken driver runs over a pedestrian who was crossing the road using the pedestrian
crossing.
(a) Why do accidents frequently occur when a person drinks alcohol and drives? (2 marks)
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(b) What is the long term effect of alcohol use on the liver? (1 mark)
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(c) Give two reasons why people choose to consume alcohol. (2 marks)
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(d) Mark, a 24 year old man has been smoking cigarettes for over 6 years. He complains to his
doctor that he has a throbbing pain in his chest and difficulty breathing from time to time.
His doctor advises him to stop smoking but he has difficulty quitting smoking.
(i) Define the term ‘addiction’ as it relates to drugs. (1 mark)
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(ii) What is the name of the drug that is present in cigarette smoke that causes Mark to
become addicted to smoking? (1 mark)
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(iii) Describe briefly how prolonged cigarette smoking can affect the respiratory system.
(4 marks)
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Drugs

2. (a) Many people in the Caribbean are suffering from AIDS, however, advances in medicine have
allowed for possible treatment of AIDS by using anti-retroviral drugs. Although AIDS is a
communicable disease there are numerous methods of limiting the spread of this disease in the
Caribbean.
(i) What does the abbreviation AIDS stand for? (1 mark)
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(ii) What is the name of the virus that causes AIDS? (1 mark)
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(iii) Name two methods of transmission of AIDS other than sexual transmission. (2 marks)
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(iv) What can be done to limit the spread of AIDS in the Caribbean? (2 marks)
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(b) There has been news that a local gang in a community has been selling marijuana and other
drugs to school children and other members in the community.
(i) What are the possible social effects of drug misuse on the individuals in the
community? (2 marks)
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(ii) A member of the gang has been caught and charged for possession of marijuana but
he defends himself by saying that it is for medical use. State the possible medical
use of marijuana. (1 mark)
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