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Disclaimer

All the information, techniques, skills and concepts contained within this publication are of the
nature of general comment only and are not in any way recommended as individual advice. The
intent is to offer a variety of information to provide a wide range of choices now and in the future,
recognising that we all have widely diverse circumstances and viewpoints. Should any reader
choose to make use of the information contained herein, this is their decision, and the
contributors(and their companies), authors and publishers do not assume any responsibilities
whatsoever under any condition or circumstances. It is recommended that the reader obtain their
own independent advice.

We dedicate this book to all the people who dare to dream and who have the
courage, persistence and commitment to take action to achieve those dreams.
Acknowledgements

It has been an honour and privilege to write this book. As with any major project,
there are a number of very special people who contributed to making this book
happen. So, we'd like to take this opportunity to say “Thank You”.

A special Thank You to the 5 Awesome Entrepreneurs/Leaders featured in this book.


Your willingness to share your secrets is a priceless gift. It has been an honour and a
tremendous privilege to work and learn from every one of you and wea re sure that
thousands of people s lives will be influenced by the stories and insights that
yous ve shared.

We d like to thank the many other mentors, models, guides, colleagues and friends
who have taught us, supported us and inspired us along the way. Most are giants in
their fields, many are geniuses in their own way, and all are gifts in our lives.
Table of contents

1. Mark Zuckerberg

2. Paul Allen

3. JackMa

4. Elon Musk

5. J.K Rowling
Mark Zuckerberg

“People don't care about what you say, they care about what you build” as said by “Mark
Zuckeberg”

Mark Zuckerberg born on May 14, 1984, in Dobbs Ferry, New York, co-founded the social-
networking website “Facebook”. Zuckerberg is the largest individual shareholder with 28.4 percent
of the common stock and controls 56.9 percent of the voting power. As of 2012, his personal wealth
was estimated at more than $19.1 billion, making him one of the world's youngest billionaires.
Zuckerberg is one of the 30 richest people on Earth. The origin of Facebook was recently portrayed
in the film “The Social Network”.

Early life

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg was born on May 14, 1984, in Dobbs Ferry, New York, well-educated
family. His father, Edward Zuckerberg, ran a dental practice attached to the family's home. His
mother, Karen, worked as a psychiatrist before the birth of the couple's four children—Mark, Randi,
Donna and Arielle. Zuckerberg was raised Jewish and has described himself as an atheist.
Zuckerberg developed an interest in computers at an early age, he used Atari BASIC was taught by
his father to create a messaging program he named "Zucknet".

His father used the program in his dental office, so that the receptionist could inform him of a new
patient without yelling across the room. Together with his friends, he also created computer games
just for fun. "I had a bunch of friends who were artists," he said. "They'd come over, draw stuff, and
I'd build a game out of it."To keep up with Mark's burgeoning interest in computers, his parents
hired private computer tutor David Newman to come to the house once a week and work with
Mark.
Newman later told reporters that it was hard to stay ahead of the prodigy. During Zuckerberg's high
school years, under the company name Intelligent Media Group, he built a music player called the
Synapse Media Player that used artificial intelligence to learn the user's listening habits, which was
posted to Slashdot and received a rating of 3 out of 5 from PC Magazine. Microsoft and AOL tried
to purchase Synapse and recruit Zuckerberg, but he chose instead to enroll at Harvard University in
September 2002.

Life in Harward University

After graduating from Exeter in 2002, Zuckerberg enrolled at Harvard University. He had
developed a reputation as a programming prodigy in the Campus. He built a program called
CourseMatch, which helped students choose their classes based on the course selections of other
users and also to help them form study groups. He also invented Facemash, which compared the
pictures of two students on campus and allowed users to vote on which one was more attractive.
The program became wildly popular, but was later shut down by the school administration after it
was deemed inappropriate. Based on the buzz of his previous projects, three of his fellow students
—Divya Narendra, and twins Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss—sought him out to work on an idea
for a social networking site they called Harvard Connection. This site was designed to use
information from Harvard's student networks in order to create a dating site for the Harvard elite.

Zuckerberg agreed to help with the project, but soon dropped out to work on his own social
networking site with friends Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes and Eduardo Saverin. Zuckerberg and
his friends created a site that allowed users to create their own profiles, upload photos, and
communicate with other users. The group ran the site—first called The Facebook—out of a dorm
room at Harvard until June 2004. After his sophomore year, Zuckerberg dropped out of college to
devote himself to Facebook full time, moving the company to Palo Alto, California. By the end of
2004, Facebook had 1 million users.

Formation of Facebook

Mark amazingly co-created Facebook while studing at Harvard College along with four other
friends; Chris Hughes, Eduardo Saverin and Dustin Moskovitz. Astonishingly Mark launched
Facebook from his dorm room on February 4th, 2004. The Facebook was opt-in by any Harvard
student could create an account, and by the end of the month, more than half of the undergraduates
had done so.

Zuckerberg expanded the service quickly, offering it to all Ivy League schools by the end of the
spring and more schools the following semester. The Wirehog site was created as a companion
filesharing site for Facebook users, and by the end of 2004, The Facebook had over one million
registered users. In 2005, Zuckerberg s enterprise got a huge boost from the venture capital firm
Accel Partners. Accel invested $12.7 million into Facebook which until then was only a „college-
only networkÚ . Soon after adding high schools and international schools, Facebook had more than
5.5 million users in December 2005. The site then began attracting the interest of other companies,
who wanted to advertize with the popular social hub.

Not wanting to sell out, Zuckerberg turned down offers from companies such as Yahoo! and MTV
Networks. Instead, he focused on expanding the site, opening up his project to outside developers
and adding more features. In 2006, the creators of Harvard Connection claimed that Zuckerberg
stole their idea, and insisted the software developer needed to pay for their business losses.
Zuckerberg maintained that the ideas were based on two very different types of social networks but,
after lawyers searched Zuckerberg's records, incriminating Instant Messages revealed that
Zuckerberg may have intentionally stolen the intellectual property of Harvard Connection and
offered Facebook users' private information to his friends.

Zuckerberg later apologized for the incriminating messages, saying he regretted them. "If you're
going to go on to build a service that is influential and that a lot of people rely on, then you need to
be mature, right?" he said in an interview with The New Yorker. "I think I've grown and learned a
lot." Although an initial settlement of $65 million was reached between the two parties, the legal
dispute over the matter continued well into 2011, after Narendra and the Winklevosses claimed they
were misled in regards to the value of their stock.

Time magazine named him Person of the Year in 2010, and Vanity Fair placed him at the top of
their New Establishment list. Forbes also ranked Zuckerberg at No. 35—beating out Apple CEO
Steve Jobs—on their Forbes 400 list, estimating his net worth to be $6.9 billion. Zuckerberg created
an account with Google+ soon after the social network was unveiled, saying he sees it as a
"validation for his vision" of online social networking. By July 2011, Zuckerberg had become the
most followed user on Google+, outranking Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

As of March 6, 2012, his ranking has dropped to 184 on the service, behind Page and Brin. His
public profile is minimal with one photo and a bio that reads "I make things". Zuckerberg has
maintained a private account on Twitter under the username "zuck", though in 2009 he revealed that
the public account "finkd" also belonged to him. Facebook, Inc. held an initial public offering on
May 17, 2012, negotiating a share price of $38 a piece, valuing the company at $104 billion, the
largest valuation to date for a newly public company.

After the IPO, Zuckerberg will retain a 22% ownership share in Facebook and will own 57% of the
voting shares. The IPO raised $16 billion, making it the third largest in U.S. history. The shares
began to be traded on May 18, and though the stock struggled to stay above the IPO price for most
of the day, it set a new record for trading volume of an IPO.

PHILANTHROPIC CAUSES

Since amassing his sizeable fortune, Zuckerberg has used his millions to fund a variety of
philanthropic causes. The most notable examples came in 2010. In September of that year, he
donated $100 million to save the failing Newark Public Schools system in New Jersey. Then, in
December 2010, Zuckerberg signed the "Giving Pledge", promising to donate at least 50 percent of
his wealth to charity over the course of his lifetime. Other Giving Pledge members include Bill
Gates, Warren Buffett and George Lucas. After his donation, Zuckerberg called on other young,
wealthy entrepreneurs to follow suit. "With a generation of younger folks who have thrived on the
success of their companies, there is a big opportunity for many of us to give back earlier in our
lifetime and see the impact of our philanthropic efforts," he said.
PERSONAL LIFE

Zuckerberg lives in Palo Alto, California, with Priscilla Chan. Chan is of Chinese descent and was
born in Braintree, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston, and is a 2003 graduate of Quincy High
School. In March 2011, the couple finally changed their statuses on Facebook to "In a
Relationship." Zuckerberg studied Mandarin Chinese in preparation for the couple's visit to the
People's Republic of China in December 2010. On May 19, 2012, Zuckerberg married his longtime
girlfriend Priscilla Chan. The ceremony took place in Zuckerberg's backyard under the guise that
they were celebrating Chan's graduation from medical school at the University of California, San
Francisco, and receipt of her M.D. degree. Chan is a pediatrician.

Mark Zuckerberg- Car Collection


Paul Allen

"You look at things you enjoy in your life, but much more important is what you can do to make
the world a better place." as said by “Paul Allen”.

Paul Gardner Allen is the co-founder of Microsoft, a billionaire and a philanthropist. He was born
and brought up in Seattle, Washington, by his Jew parents who were both librarians. He was always
interested in science and computers and did his schooling from Lakeside School in Seattle. It was
there that he met Bill Gates at the age of 14 and both the computer enthusiasts started to experiment
with different languages and programs of computers. He is a Washington State University dropout
and the one who convinced Gates to dropout from Harvard. Together they created Microsoft in
1975, in New Mexico. After the initial workings and handling the dealings of the company, Allen
left the company because he was struggling with cancer and had to go through a series of painful
radiation therapies. After recovering, he started investing in non-profit organizations for the benefit
of the general public in the field of health and science. He is also owner of two professional sports
teams in America. His famous and charitable philanthropist work has earned him many awards and
accolades and he is known to be the kind of billionaire who likes to share his wealth with the needy.
A well known recluse, he keeps his personal life very private.

Childhood and Early Life

Paul Allen was born on 21 January 1953 in Seattle, Washington, to Kenneth Samuel Allen and Edna
Faye Allen. His father was an associate director of the University of Washington libraries. His
mother also worked as a librarian. Allen’s parents helped him and his sister Jody develop a wide
variety of interests and used to take them to museums, galleries and concerts. He started showing
great interest in science from an early age. When he was 10 years old, his mother, Faye used to hold
science club meetings for his grade school. Allen went to the Lakeside School in Seattle - it was a
private school and it is here that he met and became close friends with Bill Gates. At that time Allen
was 14 years old and Gates was 12 and both were computer enthusiasts. It was in Lakeside’s
Teletype terminal that both the friends started to develop their programming skills on numerous
time-sharing computer systems.Allen got admission into the Washington State University after
scoring 1600 on his SAT but decided to discontinue his studies after two years in order to work for
Honeywell in Boston, as a programmer. He also convinced his close friend and fellow computer
enthusiast, Bill Gates, to drop out of Harvard University to work on an innovative project.

Career

In 1975, Allen and Gates started to market a BASIC computer programming language interpreter
and co-founded Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It was Allen who came up with the name
‘Microsoft’ for the company, as documented in a Fortune magazine article years later.
In 1980, Allen materialized a deal for Microsoft to buy a Quick and Dirty Operating System, which
was invented by Tim Paterson, an employ at the seattle Computer products. This deal led the
company to develop Disk Operating System, which they delivered to IBM and ran it on IBM's PC
line. The IBM deal made Allen and Gates rich and famous.

In 1982, Allen was detected with Hodgkin's lymphoma and underwent several months of
chemotherapy. Due to his degrading health conditions Allen took homeself away from the
workings and businesses of Microsoft and resigned from his position on the Board of Directors in
2000. He was still the senior strategy advisor to the company's executives.

In 1986, Allen founded the Paul G. Allen Family Foundation for the advancement of health and
human services – his contribution to the development of science and technology. The foundation
gives 30 million US dollars every year as grant to various humanitarian and scientific projects.

In 1992, Allen and David Liddle founded the Interval Research Corporation. It was a Silicon
Valley-based laboratory which was finally disbanded after making over 300 patents. Some of these
are famous patent infringement lawsuits against big shot companies like Apple, Yahoo!, YouTube,
Google, Facebook, Netflix, eBay, AOL,Office Depot, OfficeMax, etc.

In 1993, Allen bought 80 percent of Ticketmaster by investing 243 million US dollars into it. Under
his leadership, Ticketmaster was moved into internet in 1995 by showing searchable database and in
1996 its first transaction on the internet took place.The company was made public in the same year.

Allen purchased his first professional sports team - the Seattle Seahawks NFL team in 1997. The
threat from the former owner of the team, Ken Behring, to Southern California inspired him to buy
the team. In 1998 he purchased his second team the Portland Trail Blazers NBA for a sum of 70
million US dollars from a Californian real estate developer Larry Weinberg. By 2010, the Portland
Trail Blazers were valued 356 million US Dollars and ranked at number 14 on NBA teams.
In 2003, Faye G. Allen Center for Visual Arts was established in the Washington State University –
it was named after Allen’s mother. He also donated 14 million US dollars in the establishment of the
Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science & Engineering, which was designed by LMN Architects
of Seattle. For years Allen donated a large sum of money to the University of Washington Medical
School.
In 2003, Allen, along with his sister Jo Lynn, founded the Allen Institute for Brain Science by
donating 100 million US dollars to it. The data founded in the organization is free and publically
available through Allen Brain Atlas application. It is a non-profit organization.
In 2008, he established the Allen Spinal Cord Atlas online mouse gene map by investing 41 million
US dollars into it. The project helps the researches to access the existing spinal cord research data to
understand better how a disease or an injury can affect the spinal cord system. The map helps in
unlocking new diagnoses for existing human neurological disorders by pointing at the places where
the genes are active.
In 2011, Allen announced the launch of the first private space transport system called the
Stratolaunch Systems. It is a project for the orbital launch of a dual bodied jet aircraft which will
carry a rocket to a high altitude. In the same year, his yacht Octopus was listed in the list of motor
yachts and was named as the largest yacht in the world in 2003. The yacht has two helicopters, two
submarines, a basketball court, swimming pool, etc.

Allen, along with his sister Jo, is the co-owner and executive producer of a filmmaking production
company in Seattle called Vulcan Productions. The aim of the company is to finance the innovative
and depth oriented independent film projects. In 2011, the company financed a film called ‘The
Emotional Life’ which was a documentary on the subject of psychology that inspects human desire
and craves for happiness.

In 2011, Allen’s memoir was published under the title of ‘Idea Man: A Memoir by the Cofounder of
Microsoft’ and in 2012 the paperback version of the memoir was released with a new epilogue. In
the book he mentioned how he and Bill Gates developed Microsoft and how they were ready to
launch the idea even when it initially sounded too superfluous.

Awards & Achievements

In 2008, Allen received an honor from the Seattle-King County Association of Realtors for his
distinguishable commitment to the non-profit organizations in the Pacific Northwest and lifetime
giving of around 1 billion US dollars.
In the same year he received the Herbie Hancock Humanitarian Award from the Thelonious Monk
Institute of Jazz for his innovative contribution to the business world and for being a global
philanthropist.

Collections

Allen's Yacht is the 303-foot Tatoosh. It can accommodate 20 guests and 30 crew members. It sports
a cinema, swimming pool, basketball court, recording studio, gym, and two helipads. It was also the
largest to travel to Sochi for the Winter Olympics.
Home in Atherton

Paul Allen has purchased an 8-bedroom, 8-bath mansion in Atherton, for $27 million.
Jack Ma

“Today is hard, Tomorrow will be worse, but the day after tomorrow will be sunshine” as said by
“Jack Ma”.

Jack Ma is the founder of the E-commerce giant Alibaba and is a stakeholder at Alipay , its sister
company which is an e-payment portal. He is now officially the richest man in Chinawith an
estimated net worth of $25 Billion, on the back of the recent world record $150 Billion IPO filing
of his company. Given all of this, Jack Ma only holds a 7.8% stake in Alibaba and a 50% stake in
Alipay. Alibaba and Jack Ma, although are not household names out of China, you must know that
Alibaba is worth more than Facebook, and processes goods more than eBay and Amazon
combined!
Ma Yun a.k.a. Jack Ma is one of those self-made billionaires with humble beginnings. Jack Ma
was born in Hangzhou, located in the south-eastern part of China. He was born and raised along
with an elder brother and a younger sister during the rise of communist China and its isolation from
the Western regions. His parents were traditional Musicians-Storytellers and they didn’t make
enough to be even considered as middle class during those days.
Former US president Richard Nixon’s visit to Hangzhou in 1972 improved the situation of tourism
in his home-town and Jack wanted to make the most of this opportunity. Jack always wanted to
learn English as a kid and he spent his early mornings riding on his bike to a nearby park, giving
English tours to foreigners for free. It was then he met a foreign girl who gave him the nickname
‘Jack’ for his name was hard to spell for her.
Jack, after graduating with a Bachelor’s degree in English, worked as an English teacher at
Hangzhou Dianzi University with a pay of $12 a month! Now here comes the part where it gets
more interesting, even before he has received that degree and became an English teacher.
Jack Ma as an extremely lucky bloke who just became a billionaire in a snap. But it is safe to
know that Rejections are synonymous with Jack Ma. You wouldn’t believe the number of times this
man has been rejected and failed.
In his early childhood, Jack Ma Failed in his Primary School examinations, not once, but Twice! He
Failed Thrice during his Middle School exams. When applying to universities after his High
school, Jack failed the entrance exams thrice, before finally joining Hangzhou Normal University.
He even applied and wrote to Harvard University ten times about being admitted – and got rejected
each time. This was only during his education!
During and after his Bachelor’s degree Jack tried and failed to get a job at a multitude of places.
After spending three years to get into a University, Jack failed to land a job after applying to them
30 times! He recollects in his interview, “When KFC came to China, 24 people went for the job.
Twenty-three people were accepted. I was the only guy who wasn’t.” He also one of the 5
applicants to a job in Police force and was the only one getting rejected after being told,“No, you’re
no good.”
Also, on his Entrepreneurial undertakings, Jack Ma went on to fail on two of his initial ventures.
But that didn’t stop him in any way of dreaming bigger.
In one of his interviews, when asked about his rejections, this is what he had to say, “Well, I think
we have to get used to it. We’re not that good.” Overcoming the pain of rejections and treating
rejections as opportunities to learn and grow was what Jack Ma made of it.
After finally coming to terms with all of his rejections and failures, Jack Ma visited US in 1995, for
a Government undertaking project related to the building of highways. It was then that Jack Ma was
first introduced to the Internet and Computers. Computers were pretty rare in China then, given the
high costs associated with them and Internet or E-mails were non-existent. The first word he
searched on the Mosaic browser was ‘Beer’, and it popped out results from different countries, but
signs of China anywhere. He then searched ‘China’ and not a single result popped out! He decided
it was time for China and its people to get on the Internet.
Finally, after persuading 17 of his other friends to invest and join him in his new e-commerce
startup – Alibaba, the company began from his apartment. Initially, Alibaba didn’t had a single
penny in investment from outside investors, but they later raised $20 Millio from SoftBank and
another $5 Million from Goldman Sachs in 1999. Building trust among the people of China that an
online system of payment and package transfers is safe was the biggest challenge Jack Ma and
Alibaba faced, a challenge that Jack will cherish for his lifetime.

Having started his first successful company at the age of 31 and even after never having written a
single line of code or selling something to anyone, Jack Ma runs one of the biggest E-commerce
networks in the world. The company went on to grow rapidly, expanding all across the world,
quickly growing out of its China shell. Only second to Walmart now in terms of sales per year,
Alibaba has become the E-commerce giant that Jack Ma has envisioned for it.

JackMa: If you are still poor at 35, you deserve it!

You are poor because you have no ambition.

Jack Ma: Before I founded Alibaba, I invited 24 friends to my house to discuss the business
opportunity. After discussing for a full two hours, they were still confused — I have to say that I
may not have put myself across in a clear manner manner then. The verdict: 23 out of the 24 people
in the room told me to drop the idea, for a multitude of reasons, such as: ‘you do not know anything
about the internet, and more prominently, you do not have the start-up capital for this’ etc etc.
There was only one friend (who was working in a bank then) who told me, “If you want to do it,
just try it. If things don’t work out the way you expected it to, you can always revert back to what
you were doing before.” I pondered upon this for one night, and by the next morning, I decided I
would do it anyway, even if all of the 24 people opposed the idea.
When I first started Alibaba, I was immediately met with strong opposition from family and friends.
Looking back, I realised that the biggest driving force for me then was not my confidence in the
Internet and the potential it held, but more of this: ”No matter what one does, regardless of failure
or success, the experience is a form of success in itself.”You have got to keep trying, and if it
doesn’t work, you always can revert back to what you were doing before.

As with this quote by T.E. Lawrence – “All men dream: but not equally. Those who dream in the
dark recesses of the night awake in the day to find all was vanity. But the dreamers of day are
dangerous men, for they may act their dreams with open eyes, and make it possible.”

Jack Ma: People lose out in life because of these 4 reasons:

1.Being myopic to opportunity


2.Looking down on opportunities
3.Lacking understanding
4.Failing to act quickly enough

You are poor, because you have no ambition.


Ambition is living a life of great ideals; a magnificent goal in life that must be realised.
In this world, there are things that are deemed unfathomable, but there is nothing in this world that
cannot be done. The depth of one’s ambition determines the potential of one’ future.

The Story of Juliet Wu Shihong – one of China’s first-generation professional managers, who
gained success by working her way up the ranks from a cleaner, a nurse, a marketing executive,
through self-education and learning on the job.

She had been the general manager for the world’s most famous multinational IT groups’ Chinese
branches (Microsoft 1985-1998; IBM 1998-1999). She is also China’s first successful international
corporate executive to join the executive team of a domestic private firm. Wu was seen as a symbol
of the new generation of business executives that China has produced in its economic reform and
opening-up.

When Wu started off in a big company working from the lowest ranks, her daily job was to pour tea
and sweep floors. Once, because she forgot her staff pass, the company’s guard stopped her at the
door and denied her entry. She explained to the guard that she was indeed one of the company’s
employees, and that she had merely left the building for a short while to purchase office supplies.
Despite her pleas, the guard still did not allow to enter. As she stood at the gate, she watched as
those of similar age to her, but smartly dressed in business attire walking through without having to
show their passes.
She asked the guard, “Why are these people allowed through without producing a pass?” The guard
dismissed her coldly nonetheless.
That was the turning point for Wu – she felt great shame, her self-esteem trampled on.

She looked at herself, dressed in shabby clothes and pushing a dirty push cart. Looking back at
those dressed in smart attire, her heart felt a deep ache from the sudden realization of the sorrow
and grief from being discriminated. From that moment, she vowed never to allow herself to be
shamed like this again, and to become world-famous.
Since then, she used every opportunity to enrich herself. Every day, she was the first to arrive at
work, and the last one to leave. She made every second count, spending her time learning the ropes.
Her efforts soon paid off; she was made a sales representative, and quickly progressed to being the
regional general manager of this multinational company in China. Wu did not possess strong
academic qualifications, and was revered as the ‘Queen of Part-timers’. Subsequently, she assumed
the position of GM of IBM China. This is the Wu Shihong, the heroine in China’s business circle.

If not for the incident, Wu Shihong would not have had the ambition to become rich, and her life
would have taken a very different path then.
You are poor because you do not have the desire to become successful.
You are poor because you lack foresight.
You are poor because you cannot overcome your cowardice.
You are poor because you lack the courage and determination.
With ambition you can overcome all inferiority and maximise your potential!
With ambition you can persevere, continuously learn new things and strive for perfection.
With ambition you can defy all odds, and create miracles when others daren’t.
No matter how poor your family is, do not doubt your own abilities and lose sight of your ambition.
When your family deems you worthless, no one will pity you.
When your parents do not have money to pay the medical bills, no one will pity you.
When you are beaten by your competitors, no one will pity you.

When your loved ones abandon you, no one will pity you.
When you have not accomplished anything by the time you are 35, no one will pity you.

Go big, or go home. Otherwise, you’re wasting your youth.


Elon Musk

“Failure is an option here. If things are not failing, you are not innovating enough.” as said by
“Elon Musk”

Early Life
Elon Reeve Musk was born on June 28, 1971, in Pretoria, South Africa. He was the oldest of three
children. His father is a South African-born British and engineer Errol Musk, and his mother is a
Canadian-English and dietetics expert Maye Musk. Musk spent his childhood in South Africa and at
the age of 9, he got his first personal computer, the Commodore VIC-20. Elon immediately got
interested in programming and started to learn it by himself. At the age of 12, he earned $500 by
selling a computer game Blastar (a shooter similar to Space Invaders), which he had created by
himself.
Biographies of famous people usually contain key episodes, which then lead them to an
overwhelming success. In Elon Musk biography, there were, at least, two of such episodes. The first
one was the decision that Musk made when he was only 17. After graduating from a secondary
school in Pretoria, he decided to leave his home, and, without the support of his parents, to
immigrate to the United States. However, he did not get into the United States right away.
In 1989, Elon Musk moved to Canada to the relatives of his mother. Having obtained a Canadian
citizenship, Elon went to Montreal. At first, he worked in low paid jobs and almost a year was
teetering on the brink of poverty. At the age of 19, he entered Queens University in Kingston,
Ontario. In 2000, he met his future wife Justine Musk, who later gave a birth to his five sons:
Damian, Griffin, Xavier, Saxon, and Kai. However, he broke up with Justine after eight years and in
2010, got married a second time on a British actress by the name of Talulah Riley, with whom he
has lived for 4 years and got divorced in 2014.
Elon Musk has been studying in Ontario for two years and then, finally, his dream came true – in
1992, he relocated to the United States. He was able to move to the US after receiving a scholarship
from The University of Pennsylvania: Penn. He earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Physics
Bachelor the next year, but decided to continue his studying at The Wharton School of the
University of Pennsylvania for one more year and obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in
Economics as well.
When Elon Musk started to struggle with adolescent depression, he began actively absorb
philosophical and religious literature. Yet the most valuable lessons, he eventually learned from
Douglas Adams’ book The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.
Elon Musk learned that the most difficult thing was to be able to come up with the right questions
and the day he began to do that, the rest was obtained very simply. An episode that guided him to
this conclusion was in which a giant supercomputer after several million years of thinking on the
main purpose of life responded with a meaningless number 42.
Musk figured out that humanity had to expand the limits of its consciousness to learn to ask the
right questions; and he had found his question: what things would have the great impact on the
future of humanity’s destiny? Elon Musk decided that those would be the internet, the transition to
renewable energy sources, and space colonization. He wanted to try to contribute in all three of
them. To do that, he needed funds.
Zip2 and Paypal
In the summer of 1995, Elon Musk made the second and the most important decision in his life.
Having graduated from the University of Pennsylvania, he enrolled in the graduate school at
Stanford University to pursue studies in the field of applied physics and materials science.
However, after 2 days, he left the graduate school and together with his brother, Kimbal Musk, he
created his first IT company Zip2. He worked from early morning until late evening. He lived in the
same warehouse where he rent the office, and when he needed to take a shower he had to go to
locker rooms of a local stadium. In return, he accumulated savings and kept the company afloat
during the most difficult first two years.

At that moment, the Internet was experiencing a period of rapid growth and development; however,
nobody had ever earned a considerable fortune on it. Musk’s company was one of the first ones to
do this: he created a platform where newspapers – including credible ones as New York Times –
could offer their customers some additional commercial services.

In 1999, the biggest search engine of that time AltaVista (later acquired by Compaq) bought Zip2
for $307 million in cash and $34 million in securities. This deal set a record for selling a company
for cash. Musk spent $20 million on a 1,800-square-foot condominium and completely renovated it.
Also, he bought McLaren F1 and 12-seat Dassault 900 private jet.

In 1999, Musk started to work on electronic payment systems that were gaining popularity. The
X.com startup became his new business. In March 2000, X.com merged with a rival company
Confinity that was running by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin. Confinity developed software to allow
owners of PalmPilots and other PDAs to store encrypted information on their devices, creating the
first digital wallet. In 2001, after the merger, X.com was renamed to PayPal and Elon Musk became
the chairman and chief executive of PayPal.

There were some disagreements on strategy and management between new teams, but they have
never affected the company’s dynamics and growth. Musk was involved in the development of new
business models, conducted a successful viral marketing campaign, which led to a rapid increase in
a number of customers. In 2002, eBay bought PayPal for $1.5 billion. Elon Musk received $180
million for his share from PayPal and had enough funds to pursue his other interests: space
engineering and alternative energy sources. That was then when Elon stopped investing in internet
business.
Elon Musk Property

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The 20,248-square-foot home has six bedrooms and nine bathrooms. The property overlooks Bel-Air
Country Club and includes a lighted tennis court, five garages, gym, guest quarters, spa and pool.
J.K Rowling

“Whether you come back by page or by the big screen, Hogwarts will always be there welcome you
home” as said by “J.K Rowling”.

Little did she, in her wildest dreams, anticipate that a delayed train journey from Manchester to
London would change her life for good! The woman behind the Harry Potter franchise, J K
Rowling or simply Joanne Rowling is one of the best-selling authors today. Rowling’s is a typical
rags to riches story - from living on state benefits to becoming the multi-millionaire author, her life
took a complete 180 degree turn when the first book of her conceptualized dream materialized on
the bookstand by the name, ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone’. The antics of the
bespectacled boy and the perfect imagery of the wizardry world left even the best of readers
captivated for more. And hence started the journey of Harry Potter and his creator, via King’s Cross
station, which took both the character and the author to reach the zenith of success and popularity!
Today worth billions of dollars, the Harry Potter series, which comprises of 7 books and 8 films, has
become the best-selling series of all time and highest grossing film series in history.

Childhood and Early Life


J.K. Rowling was born as Joanne Rowling to James and Anne Rowling in Yate, Gloucestershire,
England. Her parents were blessed with a second daughter Dianne just a month prior to Joanne’s
second birthday.
Academically proficient, she attended the St Michael's Primary School before enrolling herself at
the Wyedean School and College. For further studies, she admitted herself at the University of
Exeter for BA in French and Classics.
Her tryst with writing fiction tales started when she was five - her first ever written story being
‘Rabbit’. Ever since then, she continued to pursue her love for writing by penning numerous stories.
Graduating in 1986, she moved to London and took up the job of a researcher and bilingual
secretary for Amnesty International. Meanwhile, she penned a short essay titled, ‘What was the
Name of that Nymph Again? or Greek and Roman Studies Recalled’ that was published in the
University of Exeter's journal Pegasus.

Career
While on a journey from Manchester to London, a daring thought envisioned and captured her heart
and mind like never before and she went on to dream a little more, thus forming the caricature of
the bespectacled boy Harry Potter and his antics.
The adrenaline rush that she felt about the wizardry boy and his world left her bemused so much so
that she did not waste time about penning her thoughts and rather kept on forming a more concrete
idea. The same evening, she started penning 'Philosopher's Stone', the first of the Harry Potter
series.
A vacancy of the position of a teacher led to her relocating to Portugal, wherein she spent the night
teaching English. During the day, she assimilated thoughts and penned the first three chapters of her
book.
Facing personal turmoil, she moved to Scotland in 1993 to live near her sister Dianne. Being at a
major crisis situation with no job and a disrupted personal life, she inspired herself to write for this
was the only passion that was left in her.
In 1995, she completed her manuscript of the legendary book, ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s
Stone’. After facing rejection from about 12 publishers, editor, she finally got green signal from
Barry Cunningham of Bloomsbury.
Meanwhile, to support herself financially, she took up a teacher training course at the Moray House
School of Education, at Edinburgh University. One thousand copies of the first edition of the book
were printed, of which 500 were distributed to libraries.
The superlative success of the first of the Harry Potter series helped her gain an £8000 grant from
the Scottish Arts Council. Additionally, she also gained money by selling the rights of publishing
the book in the US to Scholastic Inc.
Moving to a flat in Edinburg, she immersed herself further into the series, chronicling about the life
of Harry Potter, his school Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and his friends, knot-it-all
Hermione Granger and the confused Ron Weasley.
She came out with the sequel of the book in 1998, titled, ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’.
Much like its predecessor, the book was very well received and captivated the mind of the audience
who kept craving for more.
The wait wasn’t a very long one as she published the third book of the series, ‘Harry Potter and the
Prisoner of Azkaban’ in 1999. By the summer of 2000, the three of the seven book series had
already done a business of $480 million, with over 35 million copies in print in 35 languages.
The craze and fan frenzy for the Harry Potter series had multiplied manifold so much so that she
had to withdraw the fourth book of the series from contention to give the other books a fair chance.
Meanwhile, the overwhelming success of the Harry Potter series made it the single most profitable
franchise for filmmakers. As such, capitalizing on the success of the written works, Warner Bros
signed a deal with her to come up with film adaptation of the same.
On July 8, 2000, she released her fourth book, ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’. The book
crashed all the previous records and set new milestones in the literary world of fiction. It sold as
many copies in the first day as ‘Prisoners of Azkaban’ sold in its first year!
In 2001, the film version of ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone’ was released. The film was
greatly received at the box office, earning $90.3 million in its first weekend itself. Year 2002
witnessed the release of the next film of the series, ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’.
In 2003, she came with her fifth novel of the series, ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’,
while the sixth book titled, ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ came in 2005. It further created
new records in the literary world by selling nine million copies in its first day itself.
In the meantime, the demand for the film adaptation of the novels also peaked.
In 2004, ‘Harry Potter and Prisoner of Azkaban’ was released while in 2005 came ‘Harry Potter and
the Goblet of Fire’.
The final book of the series came on July 21, 2007, titled, ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
It became the fastest selling book of all time, with 11 million copies sold on its first day of release
in UK and the US. The same year, film version of the ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’
was released.
Year 2009 witnessed the release of the film ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’. The last book
of the series was adapted in two instalments. While the first part was released in November 2010,
the second and final part hit the theatres in 2011
After the epic success of the Harry Potter series, she took a hiatus from the world of writing only to
return to the bookstands in 2012 with ‘The Casual Vacancy’ aimed at adults. A dark comedy about
local election in small English town of Pagford, the book received mixed reviews but nevertheless
sold about 1 million copies in its first three weeks of release.
In 2012, she came up with a website Pottermore, which included some previously undisclosed
information on characters, places and objects in the Harry Potter universe. Furthermore, she even
started working on the encyclopaedia of Harry Potter penning various unpublished notes and
materials.
In 2013, she came up with yet another adult book, ‘The Cuckoo’s Calling’ under the pseudonym,
Robert Galbraith. A crime detective novel, it was first modestly received at the bookstands.
However, the revelation of the fact that Rowling was its true writer escalated the sales by 4000 per
cent.
Contribution

Today, the Harry Potter franchise is worth an estimated $15 billion. A global brand, it has created
world records in literary circles and continues to be the most loved fiction tale. The last four books
of the series have broken all records to become the fastest selling books in history, with the last one
selling a record 11 million copies on the first day of its release in UK and the US. The books have
been translated into 65 languages and made her UK best-selling author with an estimated sales of
£238m and more.

Awards and Achievements

She is the proud recipient of the National Book Awards, British Book Awards, Hugo
Award, British Book of the Year award, Locus Awar, Bram Stoker award, Hans Christian
Anderson Literature award and many more.

J.K Rowling Property


The property in the upmarket enclave of Merchiston, has beautiful landscaped gardens.
You read about eminent personalities, how they turn their simple fortune into billionares
and if we may sum up all the traits that may lead you to become successful. Some of an
elements are passion for an idea, perservance and moreover, your life experience that may
help you deal with current situation. I hope you may have enjoyed the journey of
experiences and may wish you best for your future endeavours.

All the Best !