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1. Determine the wavelengths for the following frequencies :
a. 6 kHz (50000 m) b. 180 MHz (1.67 m) c. 10 GHz (0.03 m)

2. An oscillator providing a signal output of 18 kHz. What will be the wavelength for this
frequency output?
1.67 × 104 m

3. A device providing a signal output of 5 GHz. What will be the wavelength for this frequency
0.06 m

4. What is the voltage gain of an amplifier that produces an output of 750 mV for a 30 V

5. The power output of an amplifier is 6 watts. The power gain is 80. What is the input power?
75 mW

6. Three cascaded amplifiers have power gains of 5, 2 and 17. The input power is 40 mW.
What is the output power?
6.8 W

7. A two-stage amplifier has an input power of 25 W and an output power of 1.5 mW. One
stage has a gain of 3. What is the gain of the second stage?

8. An amplifier has a gain of 45000, which is too much for the application. With an input
voltage voltage of 20 V, what attenuation factor is needed to keep the output voltage
from exceeding 100 mV? Let A1 = amplifier gain = 45000, A2 = attenuation factor,
AT = total gain.

9. An amplifier has an input of 3 mV and an output of 5 V. What is the gain in decibels?

64.4 dB

10. A filter has a power input of 50 mW and an output of 2 mW. What is the gain or attenuation?
-13.98 dB

11. A power amplifier with a 40-dB gain has an output power of 100 W. What is the input
10 mW

12. An amplifier has a gain of 60 dB. If the input voltage is 50 V, what is the output voltage?
50 mV

13. A power amplifier has an input of 90 mV across 10 kΩ. The output is 7.8 V across an 8-Ω
(You must compute the input and output power levels first).
69.7 dB

14. An amplifier has a power gain of 28 dB. The input power is 36 mW. What is the output
22.71 W

15. A circuit consists of two amplifiers with gains of 6.8 and 14.3 dB and two filters with
attenuations of -16.4 and -2.9 dB. If the output voltage is 800 mV, what is the input voltage?
650.4 mV

16. Given a three-stage system comprised of two amplifiers and one filter with an input
power of 0.01 mW and absolute power gains of 200, 0.1 and 1000, determine
(a) the gain of each of the three stages in decibel 23dB, -10 dB, 30dB
(b) the overall gain in decibel. 43 dB

17. Determine the overall noise factor and noise figure for three cascaded amplifiers with the
following parameters:
A1 = 3 dB, A2 = 13 dB, A3 = 10 dB, NF1 = 10 dB, NF2 = 6 dB, NF3 = 10 dB
F = 11.725, NF = 10.7 dB

18. Determine the noise figure for an amplifier with an input signal-to-noise ratio of 100 and
an output signal-to-noise ratio of 50.
3 dB

19. A transistor amplifier has a measured S/N power of 50 at its input and 10 at its output.
(a) calculate the Noise Figure, F
(b) calculate the Noise Factor, NF
5, 6.99 dB

20. An amplifier with noise figure, F equal to 6 dB has Si/Ni of 25 dB. Calculate the So/No in
(a) dB and (b) as a ratio.
79.454, 19 dB

21. Calculate the input signal-to noise ratio for an amplifier with an output signal-to-noise ratio
of 16 dB and a noise figure of 5.4 dB.
21.4 dB

22. A piece of communication equipment has two stages of amplification with gains of 40 and
60 and two loss stages with attenuation factors of 0.03 and 0.075. The output voltage is
2.2 V. What are the overall gain (or attenuation) and the input voltage?
5.4, 0.4074 V

23. A communication system has five stages, with gains and attenuation of 12, -45, 68, -31,
and 9 dB. What is the overall gain?
13 dB

24. A power amplifier has an output of 200 W and an input of 8 W. What is the power gain in
14 dB
25. Three amplifiers with gains of 15, 22 and 7 are cascaded; the input voltage is 120 V.
What are the overall gain and the output voltages of each stages?
44, 1.8 mV, 2.64 mV, 840V

26. A transmitter system with a bandwidth of 30 MHz using an amplifier with a power gain of
50 dB. The system operates at the temperature of 290 K. If the output noise power
generated is 100 nW, determine noise figure, NF of the system.
9.2 dB

1. Define modulation and demodulation.
2. What is meant by the term man-made noise? Give several examples.
3. What is the most significant form of internal noise?
4. Explain the main differences between the correlated noise and uncorrelated noise. List
and describe two most significant forms for each noise.
5. Define the signal-to-noise power ratio. What do you mean by noise factor and noise figure.