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List of Infectious Diseases • Gonorrhea : common sexually

transmitted disease caused by Neisseria

The various causes of
common infectious diseases are
bacteria, fungus, parasites, • Impetigo : superficial skin infection
prions and viruses. common in the age group of 2 to 6.
• Legionellosis : pneumonia or mild
Bacterial Infectious Diseases respiratory illness like acute influenza.
• Anthrax : multiplication of
Bacillus anthracis in the body. • Leprosy (Hansen's disease) :
granulomatous disease of the peripheral
• Bacterial meningitis : nerves and mucosa of the upper
inflammation of the protective respiratory tract.
membranes of the central
nervous system. • Leptospirosis : biphasic disease with
meningitis, liver damage and renal
• Botulism : blockage of nerve failure.
function and respiratory as well
as musculoskeletal paralysis. • Listeriosis : occurs in newborn infants,
elderly people and immunocompromised
• Brucellosis : entrance of patients.
Brucella bacteria by direct
contact or • Lyme disease : rash and flu symptoms
untreated/contaminated milk of followed by musculoskeletal, psychiatric,
animals. neurologic, arthritic and cardiac
• Campylobacteriosis : an
inflammatory and at times • Melioidosis : caused by Burkholderia
bloody diarrhea or dysentery. pseudomallei, which is found in soil and
• Cat scratch disease : after 7
to 14 days or 2 months after a • MRSA infection : characterized by
cat scratch, tender regional quick weight loss and muscle depletion.
lymphadenopathy, slight fever, • Nocardiosis : Nocardia asteroides or
headache, chills, malaise, Nocardia brasiliensis affects either the
abdominal pain, backache, lungs or the entire body.
convulsions or sterile
suppurative papules at the site • Pertussis (Whooping cough) : severe
of inoculation occur. hacking cough followed by high intake of
• Cholera : transmission of
Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of • Plague : occurs when person is bitten
contaminated food or water by an infected flea.
causes diarrheal disease.
• Pneumococcal pneumonia : illness of
• Diphtheria : upper respiratory the lungs and respiratory system where
tract illness having sore throat, the alveoli are inflammed and filled with
low-grade fever and an fluid.
adherent layer on the tonsils,
nasal cavity, pharynx. • Psittacosis : contracted from parrots,
pigeons, hens, ducks, sparrows and sea
• Epidemic Typhus : caused by gulls.
louse-borne bacteria.
• Q fever : due to inhalation of chills, stupor, decreasing blood
contaminated particles in the pressure, delirium characterize it.
air or contact with the vaginal
mucus, milk, feces, semen, • Urinary tract infections : cystitis or
urine of infected animals. pyelonephritis.

• Rocky Mountain Spotted

Fungal Infectious Diseases
Fever : most severe rickettsial • Aspergillosis : allergic
illness in the United States. bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or
pulmonary aspergilloma or invasive
• Salmonellosis : causes aspergillosis.
typhoid fever, paratyphoid
fever and foodborne illness. • Blastomycosis : inhalation of fungus
from the natural soil habitat.
• Scarlet fever : infection may
occur through bloodstream or • Candidiasis : found in exposed and
skin and underlying tissues. moist parts of the body like the vagina,
vulva, penis, foreskin, skin around
• Shigellosis : dysentery due to nostrils, nostrils, ear, oral cavity, nipples,
poor hygiene. folds of skin in diaper area.
• Syphilis : sexually transmitted • Coccidioidomycosis : caused by
disease due to sexual contact inhalation of airborne, fungal particles
or congenital mode. called arthroconidia.
• Tetanus : prolonged • Cryptococcosis : caused by inhalation
contraction of skeletal muscle of soil contaminated with the
fibers. encapsulated yeast.
• Trachoma : infectious disease • Histoplasmosis : primarily affects the
of human eye probably leading lungs.
to blindness.
• Tinea pedis : affects the epidermis of
• Tuberculosis : generally the foot.
attacks the lungs but may
affect central nervous system, Parasitic Infections Diseases
circulatory system, lymphatic • African trypanosomiasis : transmitted
system, bones, joints, by the tsetse fly. Symptoms are fever,
genitourinary system and skin. headaches and joint pains.
• Tularemia : heachache, • Amebiasis : due to ingestion of water or
fatigue, muscle pains, food contaminated with amoebic cysts.
dizziness, nausea, loss of
appetite, inflammation of face • Ascariasis : due to ingestion of food
and eyes and lymph nodes. contaminated with fecal matter
containing Ascaris eggs.
• Typhoid fever : due to
ingestion of food or water • Babesiosis : generally transmitted by
adulterated with feces of an ticks.
infected person.
• Chagas disease : transmitted to
• Typhus : severe headache, humans by blood-sucking assassin
sustained high fever, severe bugs.
muscle pain, rash, cough,
• Clonorchiasis : caused by the Chinese
liver fluke. • Hymenolepiasis : caused by
Hymenolepis nana or Hymenolepis
• Cryptosporidiosis : caused diminuta.
by contaminated material like
earth, water, uncooked or • Isosporiasis : symptoms are diarrhea
cross-contaminated food in and weight loss. Sometimes linked with
contact with the feces of an AIDS.
infected person or animal.
• Leishmaniasis : transmitted by certain
• Cysticercosis : caused by varieties of sand fly.
larvae of tapeworm, generally
found in pork. • Malaria : transmitted by female
Anopheles mosquitoes.
• Diphyllobothriasis :
characterized by abdominal • Metagonimiasis : symptoms are
discomfort, vomiting, weight diarrhea and colicky abdominal pain.
loss and diarrhea.
• Myiasis : caused by fly larvae feeding
• Dracunculiasis : caused by on the host's necrotic or living tissue.
drinking water containing
• Onchocerciasis : the second leading
infected copepods.
infectious cause of blindness.
• Echinococcosis : fatal
• Pediculosis : infestation of lice on the
disease due to infection by
human body.
tapeworm larvae.
• Scabies : characterized by superficial
• Enterobiasis : infection due to
burrows, secondary infection and
pinworms leading to poor
intense itching.
appetite, restless sleep and
itching of the anus. • Schistosomiasis : due to infection of
the blood with schistosome leading to
• Fascioliasis : caused by
weakness, liver and intestinal damage.
Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola
gigantica. • Taeniasis : infection involving pork and
beef tapeworms.
• Fasciolopsiasis : caused
when aquatic plants are eaten • Toxocariasis : caused by ingestion of
raw and water drunk unheated. dog or cat roundworm.
• Filariasis : transmitted by • Toxoplasmosis : due to ingestion of
mosquitoes or deer fly. raw or partly cooked meat,
contaminated cat feces, drinking water
• Free-living amebic infection :
containing Toxoplasma, transplacental
caused by Naegleria fowleri
infection in utero or infected organ
and Acanthamoeba found in
transplant or blood transfusion.
lakes, tap water, swimming
pools and air conditioning • Trichinellosis : caused by eating raw or
units. undercooked pork and wild game
products infected with the larvae of a
• Giardiasis : starts in the small
species of roundworm.
• Trichuriasis : infection of the large
• Gnathostomiasis : due to
intestine by a parasite whipworm.
migrating immature worms.
• Trichomoniasis : sexually caused by varicella-zoster virus and
transmitted disease that infects spots appear mainly on the body and
the genitourinary tract. head.
• Trypanosomiasis : caused by • Common cold : disease of the upper
parasitic protozoan respiratory system. Also called acute
trypanosomes of the genus viral nasopharyngitis.
• Cytomegalovirus infection : generally
Prion Infectious Diseases concerning salivary glands, though may
• Alpers syndrome : a be found anywhere in the body.
progressive degenerative
• Colorado tick fever : transmitted from
disease of the central nervous
the bite of an infected wood tick.
• Dengue fever : transmitted by Aedes
• Bovine spongiform
aegypti mosquito.
encephalopathy : a fatal,
neurodegenerative disease of • Ebola haemorrhagic fever : symptoms
cattle that is transmitted to are diarrhea, internal and external
human beings who eat bleeding, fever, general body pain and
infected carcasses. vomiting.
• Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease : • Hand, foot and mouth disease :
rare and incurable common cause is Coxsackie A virus and
degenerative neurological usually affects infants and children.
disorder (brain disease).
• Hepatitis : characterized by the
• Fatal familial insomnia : rare presence of inflammatory cells in the
autosomal dominant inherited liver tissue.
brain disease, that is fatal.
• Herpes simplex : symptoms are itching,
• Kuru : characterized by swelling, emission of fluid from swelling,
headaches, joint pains and headache, fatigue, overall gloomy
shaking of the limbs. Affects mental state.
the brain and is fatal.
• Herpes zoster : affects the nervous
• Transmissible spongiform system with or without appearance of a
encephalopathy : a group of rash on the skin.
progressive conditions that
affect the brain and nervous • HPV : DNA-based viruses that infect the
systems. skin and mucous membranes.
Viral Infections Diseases • Influenza (Flu) : symptoms are sore
• AIDS : specific damage to the throat, fever, headache, muscle pains,
immune system caused by weakness, coughing and discomfort.
human immunodeficiency
• Lassa fever : initially mucosa, intestine,
lungs, urinary systems are affected, then
• AIDS related complex : vascular system and then every tissue in
individuals susceptible to the body.
opportunistic infections and
• Measles : is spread through respiration
and is highly contagious.
• Chickenpox (Varicella) :
• Marburg haemorrhagic fever of the stomach and intestines.
: spread though bodily fluids
like saliva, vomit, blood and • Viral meningitis : inflammation of the
excrement. protective membranes covering the
nervous system.
• Infectious mononucleosis :
common in adolescents and • Viral pneumonia : an illness of the
young adults, characterized by lungs and respiratory system.
fever, muscle soreness, sore
• West Nile disease : transmitted through
throat, fatigue.
the bite of an infected mosquito.
• Mumps : characterized by
• Yellow fever : important cause of
painful swelling of the salivary
hemorrhagic illness in many African and
glands and fever. Painful
South American nations.
testicular swelling and rash
may also occur.
• Poliomyelitis : spread from
one person to other via the
fecal-oral route eg. poor hand
• Progressive multifocal
leukencephalopathy : occurs
exclusively in people with
severe immune deficiency.
• Rabies : transmitted through
bites, aerosol through mucous
membranes, transplant
surgery or kisses.
• Rubella : virus enters body via
nose or throat.
• SARS : symptoms are fever,
lethargy, myalgia, cough, sore
throat, gastrointestinal
• Smallpox (Variola) : caused
by Variola major and Variola
minor. May cause
characteristic skin scars and
occasionally blindness due to
corneal ulcerations and
infertility in male survivors.
• Viral encephalitis : an acute
inflammation of the brain.
• Viral gastroenteritis :
inflammation or infection of the
gastrointestinal tract, generally