You are on page 1of 2

CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREA

1) To determine the type of electrical installation appropriate to a particular situation, the hazardous
areas have been divided into three zones, namely, Zone 0, Zone 1 and Zone 2 , according to the
degree of probability of the presence of hazardous atmosphere.
Typical examples of such classification are given below.

1.1) Zone 0 Areas


Examples are vapour space above closed process vessels. Storage tanks or closed containers, areas
containing open tanks of volatile, flammable liquid.

1.2) Zone 1 Areas


Zone 1 locations may be distinguished when any of the following conditions exist:
a) Flammable gas or vapour concentration is likely to exist in the air under normal operating conditions.
b) Flammable atmospheric concentration is likely to occur frequently because of maintenance, repairs
and leakage.
c) Failure of process, storage or other equipment is likely to cause an electrical system failure
simultaneously with the release of flammable gas or liquid.
d) Flammable liquid or vapour piping system (containing valves, meters or screwed or flanged fittings)
is in an inadequately ventilated area.
e) The area below the surrounding elevation or grade is such that flammable liquids or vapour or vapour
may accumulate therein.

This classification typically includes:


a) Imperfectly fitting peripheral seals on floating roof tanks;
b) Inadequately ventilated pump rooms for flammable gas or for volatile, flammable liquids;
c) Interior of refrigerators and freezers in which volatile flammable are stored in lightly or easily
ruptured containers
d) API separators;
e) Oily waste water sewer/basins;
f) LPG cylinder filling and cylinder evacuation areas ;and
g) Areas in the immediate vicinity of vents and filling hatches.

1.3) Zone 2 Areas


Zone 2 locations may be distinguished when any of the following condition exists:
a) The system handling flammable liquid or vapour is in an adequately ventilated area and is so designed
and operated that the explosives and ignitable liquids, vapour or gases will normally be confined
within closed containers or closed systems from which they can escape only during abnormal
conditions such as accidental failure of gaskets or packing;
b) The flammable vapours can be conducted to the locations as through trenches, pipes or ducts;
c) Locations adjacent to zone 1 areas; and
d) In case of use of positive mechanical ventilation, as the failure or abnormal operation of ventilating
equipment can permit atmospheric vapour mixtures to build up to flammable concentrations.

2) Areas not classified


In general, the following locations are considered safe from the point of view of electrical
inastallation:
a) Areas where the piping system is without the valves, fittings, flanges or similar appurtenances;
b) Areas where flammable liquids or vapours are transported only in suitable containers or vessels ;
c) Areas where permanent ignition sources are present like area where combustion gases are present
.for example flare tips, flare pits, other open flames and hot surfaces ;
d) Enclosed premises in which a plenum or purging stream of safe atmosphere is continuously
maintained, so that no opening therein may be a point of ingress of gases vapours coming from an
external source of hazard;
e) Gas turbine installation meeting requirements of Annex A ;
f) Rooms/sheds for housing internal combustion engines, having adequate ventilation; and
g) Oil/gas fired boiler installations. Consideration should be given however, to potential leak sources in
pumps, valves, etc or in waste product and fuel lines feeding flame or heat producing equipment to
avoid installing electrical devices which could then become primary ignition sources for such leaks.

NOTES
1) A protected fired vessel is not considered a source of ignition and the surrounding area is classified
the same as for a hydrocarbon pressure vessel.
2) The area around the fired components and exhaust outlets of unprotected fired vessels need not be
classified from the stand point of installation of electrical equipment.
3) The area around the fired tip or flare pit need not be classified from the stand point of installation of
electrical equipment. However the area classification for the associated equipment (for example,
knock out drum, blow down pump, etc) located at grade level shall be followed as applicable.
4) Lack of classification around unprotected fired vessels and flare tips in the proximity to other
production equipment because those are themselves sources of ignition.
5) Electrical equipment may be exposed to flammable gas during a purge cycle of a fired heater or
furnace.

3) The area classification shall also take into consideration of gas group and temperature classification,
depending on the properties of the materials handled, as given in Annex B and Annex C.

Where zones created by adjacent sources of release overlap and are of different zonal classification,
the higher risk classification will apply in the area of overlap. Where overlapping zones are of the
same classification, this common classification will normally apply. However, care needs to be taken
where the overlapping zones related to flammable materials which have different apparatus groups
and/or temperature class. So, for example if a zone 1 IIA T3 area overlapped a zone 2 IIC T1 area,
then classifying the overlap as zone 1 IIC T3 may be over-restrictive but classifying it as zone 1 IIA T3
or zone 1 IIC T1 would not be acceptable . In this situation, the area classification should be regarded
as zone 1 IIA T3 and zone 2 IIC T1