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Music Theory Illustrated: Color and Metaphor

Pitches

Cycles

Cool

Warm

The Circle of Fifths

and Metaphor Pitches Cycles Cool Warm The Circle of Fifths  C# C F# G D

C# C F# G D B E A
C#
C
F#
G
D
B
E
A

The Circle of Fourths

C C C# Db D D# Eb E Fb E# F F# Gb G G#
C
C
C#
Db
D
D#
Eb
E
Fb
E#
F
F#
Gb
G
G#
Ab
A
A#
Bb
B
Cb

Symmetries

Chromatic Scale

All 12 notes of the chromatic scale

C C# D D# E F F# G G#
C
C#
D
D#
E
F
F#
G
G#
A A#
A
A#
           Cb C  
 
 
Cb
C
Gb
F
Db
Bb
 
 
Ab
Eb
 
 
B
C 

Diminished Scale 1

The chromatic scale, beginning on C, divided in groups of alternating whole and half steps.

C
C
C#
C#
D#
D#
E
E
F#
F#
G
G
A
A
 B
B

Diminished Scale 2

 

The chromatic scale, beginning on C#, divided in groups of alternating whole and half steps.

 
 
C#
C#
D
D
E
E
F
F
G
G
 A
A
 B
B

Whole Tone Scale 1

The chromatic scale, beginning on C, comprised of all whole steps.

C D E F# G# A#
C
D
E
F#
G#
A#

Whole Tone Scale 2

The chromatic scale, beginning on C#, comprised of all whole steps.

 D E  F G A B
D
E 
F
G
A
B

Tri-tones

An interval spanning the distance of 3 whole tones. There are 6 groups of non-repeating tri-tones, one-half of the chromatic scale.

1 step 1 step 1 step C D E F# C# G D G# D#
1 step
1 step
1 step
C
D
E
F#
C#
G
D
G#
D#
A
E
B 
F
B

Copyright 2008, Lee Barry. All rights reserved.

Scales and Keys

Parent Scale: C Major

Parent Scale: C Major

Parent Scale: C Major

D D Dorian Dorian       D Dorian   
D
D
Dorian
Dorian
   
 
D Dorian
 
E
E
Phrygian
Phrygian
E Phrygian
0
0
Sharps
Sharps
0
Sharps
D
D
Lydian
Lydian
D Lydian
Relative Minor: A Minor
Relative Minor: A Minor
Relative Minor: A Minor
G
G
Mixolydian
Mixolydian
G Mixolydian
A
A
Aeolian
Aeolian
A Aeolian
B
B
Locrian
Locrian
B
Locrian
Parent Scale: G Major
Parent Scale: F Major
 
A
Dorian
G
Dorian
 
B Phrygian
A
Phrygian
1
Sharp
1
Flat
Relative Minor: E Minor
C
Lydian
Bb Lydian
Relative Minor: D Minor
D Mixolydian
C Mixolydian
E
Aeolian
D Aeolian
F# Locrian
E Locrian
Parent Scale: D Major
Parent Scale: B
Major
 

  Dorian
C
E
Dorian
D
Phrygian
F# Phrygian
2
Sharps
2
Flats
Relative Minor: B Minor
Relative Minor: G Minor
Eb Lydian
G Lydian
A Mixolydian
F Mixolydian
B
Aeolian
G Aeolian
C# Locrian
A
Locrian
Parent Scale: A Major
Parent Scale: E
Major
 

B
Dorian
  F Dorian
3
Sharps
G
Phrygian
C# Phrygian
3
Flats
Relative Minor: F# Minor
Relative Minor: C Minor
D Lydian
Ab Lydian
E Mixolydian
Bb Mixolydian
F# Aeolian
C Aeolian
G# Locrian
D
Locrian
Parent Scale: E Major
Parent Scale: A
Major
 
F# Dorian

 Bb Dorian
G# Phrygian
4
Sharps
C
Phrygian
Relative Minor: C# Minor
4
Flats
A Lydian
Db Lydian
Relative Minor: F Minor
B
Mixolydian
Eb Mixolydian
C# Aeolian
F Aeolian
D# Locrian
G Locrian
Parent Scale: B Major
Parent Scale: D
Major

 
C# Dorian
 Eb Dorian
5
Flats
D# Phrygian
5
Sharps
F Phrygian
Relative Minor: Bb Minor
Relative Minor: G# Minor
E
Lydian
Gb Lydian
F# Mixolydian
Ab Mixolydian
G# Aeolian
Bb Aeolian
C
Locrian
A# Locrian
Parent Scale: F# Major
Parent Scale: G
Major
 
G# Dorian

 Ab Dorian
6
Flats
A# Phrygian
6
Sharps
Bb Phrygian
Relative Minor: Eb Minor
Relative Minor: D# Minor
B
Lydian
Cb Lydian
C# Mixolydian
Db Mixolydian
Eb Aeolian
D# Aeolian
F Locrian
E# Locrian
Parent Scale: C# Major
Parent Scale: C
Major
 

D# Dorian
 Db Dorian
E# Phrygian
7
Sharps
7
Flats
Eb Phrygian
Relative Minor: A# Minor
Relative Minor: Ab Minor
F# Lydian
Fb Lydian
G# Mixolydian
Gb Mixolydian
Ab Aeolian
A# Aeolian
Bb Locrian
B# Locrian