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A Project Report
On

DESIGN, PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION OF A G+4


RESIDENTIAL BUILDING APARTMENT

Submitted to

INDUS UNIVERSITY, KARACHI SINDH

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

In

CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

By

M.WAQAS, EJAZ UR REHMAN, SAEED AHMED

MASTULLAH BAIG & MUREED ABBAS

Under the guidance of

MS.TOOR IQBAL & SIR ROSHAN


DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

INDUS UNIVERSITY CIVIL SOCIETY

INDUS UNIVERSITY, KARACHI (SINDH)


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DECLARATION

We, M.WAQAS, EJAZ UR REHMAN, SAEED AHMED, MASTULLAH BAIG &


MUREED ABBAS , the students of B-Tech (CIVIL), hereby declare that the final year
project titled “DESIGN,PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION OF A G+4
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING APARTMENT, which is submitted by us
To the DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY, INDUS
UNIVERSITY KARCHI in partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of the degree of
(B-Tech CIVIL), has not been previously formed the basis for the award of any degree,
diploma or other similar title or recognition.
The Author attests that permission has been obtained for the use of any copy righted material
appearing in the Project Report other than brief excerpts requiring only proper
acknowledgement in scholarly writing and all such use is acknowledged.

M.WAQAS

EJAZ UR REHMAN

SAEED AHMED

MAST ULLAH BAIG

MUREED ABBAS
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CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the project report entitled “DESIGN, PLANNING AND COST
ESTIMATION OF A G+4 RESIDENTIAL BUILDING” is a bona fide work carried out
by “M.WAQAS, EJAZ UREHMAN, SAEED AHMED, MAST ULLAH BAIG &
MUREED ABBAS”, who carried out the project work under my supervision.

To the best of my knowledge this work has not been submitted in part or full for any Degree
or Diploma to this University or elsewhere.

SUPERVISIOR

SIR ROSHAN

FYP COORDINATOR
MS.TOOR IQBAL ANSARI
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Mr.Roshan for his invaluable guidance.
His continuous encouragement and support has always been an inspiration and a source of
energy for us. We thank his for all of his valuable time, effort and help.

We would also like thank MS Toor Iqbal Ansari and HOD Civil DR. Zahid for their
constant guidance and support to help us complete this project.

We would also like Paragon Construction Company (PVT) Ltd, Bahria Town, and Karachi
for their valuable time and suggestions in completing this project.

Also our sincere thanks to all the people who were directly or indirectly associated with the
project in any other way.

M.WAQAS

EJAZ UR REHMAN

SAEED AHMED

MAST ULLAH BAIG

MUREED ABBAS
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ABSTARCT

Any construction project to begin with starts with the Layout of the building or structure
followed by Design of the structure which is succeeded by cost estimation and planning for
the project. This project involves, design, planning and cost estimation of a G+4 residential
building apartment located in Karachi, Sindh.

The layout of the proposed G+4 residential building apartment is based on a plot of size 60’
x 36 ‘. Previously the plot was being used as a commercial complex, but according to the
new plan it will be used as a multi-storied residential building apartment. All floors will be
divided into 5 apartments each having an area of 240sqft. Each apartment is of 4BHK
configuration. All the drafting was done using AutoCAD. Also these drawings made on
AutoCAD.

The cost estimate for the project has been calculated using Centre Line Method and Long
and Short in Microsoft Excel. For the Abstract cost current market rates has been followed
and a total cost of Rs 9972619.56 has been calculated.

We used MS Power point for presentation and MS Word for documentation etc.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION 8
1.1 GENERAL 8
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT 8
1.3 RESEARCH AIM 8
1.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 8
1.5 LIMITAIONS 9
1.6 ROLE OF AUTO CAD 9
1.7 ROLE OF MICRO SOFT POWER POINT 10
1.8 ROLE OF MICRO SOFT WORD 10
1.9 ROLE OF MICRO SOFT EXCEL IN COST ESTIMATIONS 11

2. LITERATURE REVIEW 12
2.1 INTRODUCTION 12
2.2 CONSTRUCION COST 12
2.3 MICROSOFT POWER POINT 13
2.4 DATA FOR ESTIMATION 13
2.5 TYPE OF ESTIMATES 13
2.6 CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCION COST 14
2.7 MATERIAL COST 14
2.8 LABOURE COST 14
2.9 EQUIPMENT COSTS 15
2.10 OVERHEADS 15
2.11 MARKUP 15
2.12 AUTO CAD 16
2.13 MICRO SOFT POWE POINT 17
2.14 MICRO SOFT WORD 17
2.15 MICRO SOFT EXECL 17
2.16 CASE STUDIES 18-19

3. METHODOLOGY 20
3.1 PREPARATION USING DRAWING AUTO CAD 20
3.2 COST ESTIMATION USING M.S EXCEL 20

4.DRAWING OF G+4 BUILDING APPARTMENT USING


AUTOCAD 21
4.1 GENERAL 21
4.2 PLAN OF 1ST TO 4TH FLOOR 22-23
4.3 PLAN OF GROUND FLOOR 24
4.4 FRON ELEVATION 26

5. ANALYSIS OF THE G+4 BUILDING USING M.S EXCEL 27


5.1 GENERAL 27
5.2 ANALYSIS FORMULA & CONSTANT VALUES 28-29
5.2 FOUNDAION DETAILS 30-33
5.3 R.C.C COLUMN DETAILS 34-37
5.4 INTERNAL & EXTERNAL PLINTH BEAM DETAILS 38-46
5.5 R.C.C SLAB DETAILS 47-52
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6. RESULTS 53
6.1 MATERIAL STATEMENT 53-56
6.2 ABSTRACT OF COST 57
6.3 COST OF LABOURE 58
6.4 ADD CONTRACTOR PROFIT 58
6.5 COST OF CONTANGECIES 59
6.6 GRAND TOTAL 59

7. CONCLUSIONS 60
8. REFERENCES 61
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Chapter 1

Introduction

1.1 General

Any construction project to begin with starts with the Layout of the building or structure
followed by Design of the structure which is succeeded by cost estimation and planning for
the project. This project involves the layout, design, planning and cost estimation of a G+4
residential building located in Karachi, Sindh.

For completing the project very popular Civil Engineering software’s such as AutoCAD,
Microsoft Excel for Cost Estimation, Microsoft Power point and Microsoft Word have been
used.

1.2 Objectives of the Project

The objectives of the project are mentioned below:

1. Draft the Layout of the proposed building using AutoCAD


2. Calculation of Quantities of Material & Cost estimation by using Microsoft Excel
3. Calculate the approximate cost of the building.

1.3 Research Aim

The aim of this research is to develop a computerized cost estimating that may improve
the local practice.

1.4 Research Objectives

The aim of this research may be divided into the following objectives:

1. To explore the existing common practices in cost estimating.

2. To establish key parameters and key cost drivers in the building cost estimating.

3. To develop a computerized system in cost estimating.


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1.5 Limitations

This thesis is restricted by the following items:

Due to time constraint, this research is concerned with construction building


projects only (housing, schools, hospitals, etc.), and will not take into account the
other categories of engineering projects like civil projects (tunnels, highways,
bridges), or utilities projects (sewage and water supply), and industrial projects
(factories and workshops).
Only the contractors registered in the Pakistani Contractors Union and the
consultants who are registered in the Pakistan Engineering Council were involved
in this study.
Contractors of first, second and third class represent the contractor’s population in
this research, while contractors of fourth and fifth category will be excluded
according to their experiences.

1.6 Role of AutoCAD

AutoCAD is a commercial software application for 2D and 3D computer aided design and
drafting for various fields in engineering like civil, mechanical, electrical, automation,
architecture etc. It was first launched in 1982 by Autodesk, Inc.

AutoCAD Architecture allows designers to draw 3D objects such as walls, doors and
windows, with more intelligent data associated with them rather than simple objects. The data
can be programmed to represent products sold in the building industry, or it can be extracted
into a file for pricing material estimation etc.

In this project AutoCAD has been used extensively for drafting and modeling for the
structure. Also the various detailing for the foundation has also been completed using
AutoCAD. Use of AutoCAD has drastically reduced the drafting time when done manually
thus saving time which can be used in other productive work
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1.7 Role of Microsoft Power Point


PowerPoint is a piece of Microsoft's "Office Suite." It is commonly used in a variety of ways
by business, education and government employees to provide a computerized "slide-show"
for enhancing a presentation. PowerPoint might be employed to direct attention to an outline
of the presentation, or to display graphs and pictures, or to focus the audience on key points.

1.8 Role of Microsoft Word

Microsoft is a graphical word processing program that users can type with. It is made by the

computer company Microsoft. The purpose of the MS Word is to allow the users to type and

save documents. Similar to other word processors, it has helpful tools to make

documents. Microsoft word, often called as word, carries with it a lot of benefits. Let’s
discuss it in a little bit more detail.

It's the most popular word processing program in the world. One of the most obvious benefit

is its availability. Almost all windows users install Microsoft suit in their computer system. It

is available and used on all common computers. Microsoft word is used to save documents.

The documents can be copied to flash drive which serves as an external memory for your

computer. This allows you to use the saved documents conveniently taking with you
anywhere.

Another important benefit which is gained from using Microsoft Word is it allows the users

to make different formats in accordance with the need and importance. In addition to

allowing you to create simple documents for business correspondence, it helps you greatly to

create and design business cards, brochures, new letters and many more items that are
needed. Besides, the use of fonts, shapes, clip art or smart art, charts has its own importance
and value.
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1.9 Role of Microsoft Excel in Cost Estimation

Excel is a typical spreadsheet which is nowadays widely used in cost estimation and also
sometimes for planning purposes. Excel has various inbuilt calculation tools which can be
used for complex calculation. Apart from that one can also input one’s own formula for
special calculations. The user interface is very friendly and easy to use. There are around
Rows: 1,048,576 Columns: 16,384, which makes it easier for the user to enter a large amount
of data into a single spreadsheet. Also there are features like the auto correct which make
changes to the entire document if there is an error in inputting an entry. This makes the job
the less redundant and easier for the Estimator.

The key objective of cost estimation is to arrive at an accurate cost and schedules so as to
avoid schedule slips and cost overruns. Cost estimation goes beyond preparing approx. costs
and helps in preparing schedules, manage human resource, support assessment and decision
making. The wide range of topics in cost estimation represents the crossing of various fields
such as project management, business management and engineering. Cost estimation
recognises and pays attention to the relationship between cost and physical dimension of
what is being built.

In a construction project there are several types of estimators such as building estimator,
electrical estimator, quantity surveyor etc. The work of an estimator is very important
because they help in planning, managing the project cost, investment appraisal, risk analysis
etc. Estimators also help in budgeting, planning and monitoring a project.
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Chapter 2

Literature Review

2.1 Introduction
Cost estimating is an essential part of construction projects, where cost is considered as
one of the major criteria in decision making at the early stages of building design
process. The accuracy of estimation is a critical factor in the success of any construction
project, where cost overruns are a major problem, especially with current emphasis on
tight budgets. Indeed, cost overruns can lead to cancellation of a project. In some cases,
a potential overrun may result in changing a project to a design-to-cost task.

Subsequently, the cost of construction project needs to be estimated within a specific


accuracy range, but the largest obstacles standing in front of a cost estimate, particularly
in early stage, are lack of preliminary information and larger uncertainties as a result of
engineering solutions. As such, to overcome this lack of detailed information, cost
estimation techniques are used to approximate the cost within an acceptable accuracy
range.
2.2 Construction Cost
The sum of all costs, direct and indirect, inherent in converting a design plan for material
and equipment into a project ready for start-up, but not necessarily in production
operation; the sum of field labor, supervision, administration, tools, field office expense,
materials, equipment, taxes, and subcontracts.
2.3 Purpose of Cost Estimate
In recent decades, researchers and participants in construction industry have recognized
the potential impact of early planning to final project outcomes. Therefore, they started
to put more emphasis on early planning process, where the project definition in the early
planning process is an important factor leading to project success. The cost estimate
becomes one of the main elements of information for decision making
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at preliminary stage of construction. Thus, Improved cost estimation techniques will


facilitate more effective control of time and costs in construction projects

Actually, estimates are prepared and used for different purposes including feasibility
studies, tendering phase, avoidance misuse of funds during the project, etc. The primary
function of cost estimation is to produce an accurate and a credible cost prediction of a
construction project. However, the predicted cost depends on the requirements of a
client and upon the information and data available stated that the purpose of an estimate
is to postulate the costs required to complete a project in accordance with the contract
plans and specification.

The other functions of cost estimate; that it allows the designer and engineer to be aware
of the cost implications for the design decisions they make while still in the design
phase. Reliable cost estimates also allow management to make an informed decision as
to what items will be profitable and what items should be redesigned.

Moreover, cost estimate is of great importance in tendering phase considered that cost
estimate as a key function for acquiring new contracts at right price and hence providing
gateway for long survival in the business. Therefore an accurate estimate of the bid
price for a construction project is important to securing the project contract and
achieving a reasonable profit, where in practice, the available bid-estimation time is
often insufficient.
2.4 Data for Estimate:-
1. Drawings
2. Specification
3. Rates

2.5 Types of Estimates


1) .Rough cost estimate

2) Detailed estimate
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2.6 Classification of Construction Costs


According to researches construction costs can be classified into five types, which
constitute the total cost of the project; they can be classified as follows: material
cost, labor cost, equipment cost, overheads, and markup.

2.7 Material Cost


The cost of materials includes not only the direct cost of the material items, but also
any other costs that may be obtained except labor or equipment for installation.
Additional items of cost to be considered are; transportation, sales taxes and freight
costs, delivery, storage, sales and other taxes and losses.

2.8 Labor Cost


The labor cost component in a building project often ranges from 30% to 50%, and
can be as high as 60% of the overall project cost. It consists of direct and indirect
labor cost which vary depending on the extent of their relationship to the project.
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2.9 Equipment Costs


Equipment can be classified as specific use or general use as following:
2.9.1 Specific use equipment:
This equipment is only for specific construction operations and it is removed from
the jobsite soon after the task is completed.
2.9.2 General use equipment:
General use equipment has shared utilization by all subcontractors on the
construction site and it is not associated with any particular work item or items.

2.10 Overheads
Overheads cost are construction costs of any kind that cannot be attributed to any
specific item of work. In general, Overheads are a significant item of expense and
will generally run from (5% to 15 %) of the total project cost, depending
somewhat on where certain project costs are included in the cost estimate.

2.11 Markup
In construction industry, markup is defined as the amount added to the estimated
direct cost and estimated job into overhead cost to recover the firm’s main office
allocated overhead (general overhead) and desired profit. In general, markup can
be classified into two main categories as:
2.11.1 Risk allowance (Contingency)
The contingency is a specific provision; it must be included to account for
unforeseen elements of cost.

Contingency is the amount of money added to an estimate to cover unforeseen


needs of the project, construction difficulties, or estimating accuracy. In
addition, he quoted the main items that make many chief estimators or
contractor to executives add a contingency to the estimate to cover one or
possibly more of the following:

 Unpredictable price escalation for materials, labor, and installedequipment
for projects with an estimated duration greater than 12 months;
  
Project complexity;
 
Incomplete working drawings at the time detail estimate is performed;
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 Incomplete design in the fast-track or design-build contracting approach;

 Soft spots in the detail estimatedue to possible estimating errors, to balance
an estimate that is biased low;
 
 Abnormal construction methods and startup requirements;

 Estimator personal concerns regarding project, unusual construction risk,
and difficulties to build; and
 
Unforeseen safety and environmental requirements.

Accordingly, contingency is not a potential profit and it should not be treated as


an allowance. It includes risk and uncertainty but explicitly excludes changes in
the project scope (change orders).
2.11.2 Profit
The amount of profit is generally computed as a percentage of the contract, or in
some cases, as a percentage of each item in the contract. Generally, the
magnitude of desired profit must be decided by the owner for each individual
bid, depending on local market conditions, competition, and the contractor‟s
need for new work.

2.12 AutoCAD

AutoCAD is a commercial software application for 2D and 3D computer aided design and
drafting for various fields in engineering like civil, mechanical, electrical, automation,
architecture etc. It was first launched in 1982 by Autodesk, Inc.

AutoCAD Architecture allows designers to draw 3D objects such as walls, doors and
windows, with more intelligent data associated with them rather than simple objects. The data
can be programmed to represent products sold in the building industry, or it can be extracted
into a file for pricing material estimation etc.

AutoCAD or Computer Aided Design is a very helpful tool in drafting and designing any
structure. AutoCAD uses a Graphical User Interface for the purpose of drafting and designing
any structure. The software has various inbuilt tools for complex drafting. Also AutoCAD
can be used for 2D and 3D design and also for perspective design.
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2.13 Microsoft Power Point

PowerPoint is a presentation software program that is part of the Microsoft Office package.
PowerPoint uses a graphical approach to presentations in the form of slide shows that
accompany the oral delivery of the topic. This program is widely used
in business and classrooms and is an effective tool when used for training purposes.

PowerPoint is one of the simplest computer programs to learn. It is the number 1program
used worldwide for presentations. Anyone can create stunning presentations that look like
they were designed by a professional.

PowerPoint presentations can be made into photo albums, complete with music or narrations,
to distribute on CDs or DVDs. If you are in the sales field, it involves just a few simple clicks
to add an illustrative chart of data or an organizational chart of your company's structure.
Make your presentation into a web page for emailing purposes or as a promotion displayed
on your company's website.

It is easy to customize presentations with your company logo and to dazzle your audience by
using one of the many design templates that come with the programs. Many more free add-
ins and templates are available online from Microsoft and a host of other websites. In
addition to an on screen slide show, PowerPoint has printing options that allow the presenter
to provide handouts and outlines for the audience as well as notes pages for the speaker to
refer to during the presentation.

All in all, PowerPoint is a "one-stop-shop" to create successful presentations for the business
world, the classroom or just for your own personal use.

2.14 Microsoft Word

Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e-mail because
almost every user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word application,
a Word viewer or a word processor that imports the Word format (see Micros Word Viewer).
2.15 Microsoft Excel

Excel is a typical spreadsheet which is nowadays widely used in cost estimation and also
sometimes for planning purposes. Excel has various inbuilt calculation tools which can be
used for complex calculation. Apart from that one can also input one’s own formula for
special calculations. The user interface is very friendly and easy to use. There are around
Rows: 1,048,576 Columns: 16,384, which make it easier for the user to enter a large amount
of data into a single spreadsheet. Also there are features like the auto correct which make
changes to the entire document if there is an error in inputting an entry. This makes the job
the less redundant and easier for the Estimator.

2.16 Case Studies

2.5.1 Nedal Salah Jameel Al Sheikh (DEC 2013) : This research has been conducted
through literature reviews of the cost estimating process, followed by a field survey
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done by 21 structured interviews in order to define the building factors which is


effected the parametric cost estimation.

The result of the survey and literature review shows that ten factors are affecting
construction cost. The main factors are the area of typical floor, number of stories and
the building type. Data from169 case studies from real executed construction project in
Gaza Strip were collected for the most important ten factors to build up Fuzzy Logic
Model.
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2.5.2 Eng. Omar M. Shehatto (JUNE 2013): This research aims at developing a
model to estimate the cost of building construction projects with a high degree of
accuracy and without the need for detailed information or drawings by using Artificial
Neural Network (ANN). ANN is new approach that is used in cost estimation, which is
able to learn from experience and examples and deal with non-linear problems. It can
perform tasks involving incomplete data sets, incomplete information and for highly
complex problems. In order to build this model, quantitative and qualitative techniques
were utilized to identify the significant parameters for the building project costs including
skeleton and finishing phases.

2.5.3

MAYANK JINDAL, AAQUIB RASUL MAZUMDAR (JANGPURA DELHI ):-


Any construction project to begin with starts with the Layout of the building or structure
followed by Design and Analysis of the structure which is succeeded by cost estimation and
planning for the said project. This project involves the layout, design, analysis, planning and
cost estimation of a G+4 residential building located in Jangpura, Delhi.

The layout of the proposed G+4 residential building is based on a plot of size 150’ x 90 ‘.
Previously the plot was being used as a commercial complex, but according to the new plan it
will be used as a multi-storied residential building. The ground floor of the building will be
used as parking while the reaming 4 floors will be divided into 8 apartments each having an
area of 246sq m. Each apartment is of 3BHK configuration. All the drafting was done using
AutoCAD. Also these drawings made on AutoCAD

2.5.4 Azidah Ziden, Fatariah Zakaria & Ahmad Nizam Othman (Universiti Sains
Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia) 2012: This study shows how AutoCAD can be an effective
tool in increasing the performance of students of various levels. It helps in proper
visualization of the project to be undertaken and thus help students in learning Engineering
Design better. The study also shows how AutoCAD increases the efficiency of the
student/designer.
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Chapter 3

Methodology

3.1 Preparation drawing using AutoCAD

The layout for the proposed building was prepared, discussed and approved by an architect.
The layout was then prepared using AutoCAD. The various layouts were prepared and then
later discussed with the architect for error correction.
We have designed structural drawing and architectural drawing by refrence of structural
designer and architect.
Drawing includes on plan section and elevation.

3.2 Cost Estimation using Microsoft Excel

After completing the drawing work we have calculated quantities of materials and compute
cost of estimation by Microsoft Excel. Calculation of building apartment parts such like
walls, cement plaster, doors and windows, earthwork and foundation. The calculations are
based on the centerline method which is quite easy to do.
And as well as, we have computed bar bending schedule of steel bars and in the end,
analyzed the materials and abstract of cost.
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Chapter 4

Drawing of G+4 Building Apartment Using


AutoCAD

4.1 General

AutoCAD or Computer Aided Design is a very helpful tool in drafting and designing any
structure. AutoCAD uses a Graphical User Interface for the purpose of drafting and designing
any structure. The software has various inbuilt tools for complex drafting. Also AutoCAD
can be used for 2D, 3D and for perspective design.

With the help of AutoCAD all the drafting for the project has been done.

4.2 Details of the Project:

The plot size for the project was 60’x36’. Accordingly the building has been laid in the center
of the plot leaving ample space on all the sides for landscaping.

Table 1 General Layout Details


Area of Plot 60’x36’
FAR 3.89(allowed)
Plot details Front – service road followed a green belt
from the main road
Left & right side – private residential
buildings
Rear – residential building
Number of Floors G+4
Number of Units 5 Apartments

Type Apartment 4BHK


Area of Each Apartment 1698.625 Sft

4.3 Plan Using AutoCAD

The Plan has been mostly completed using the Line command. The unit for the plan is feet
with accuracy of “0.00”. Below is a screen shot of the line diagram showing the plan.
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Plan of 1st to 4th floor


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In the above picture the red lines signify the beam dimension line line while the blue
rectangular boxes signify the Columns. The beams have a cross section of 30”x6”. The
columns have a cross section of 21”x6”. Slabs have a uniform thickness of 6” while the
staircase slab has a thickness of 6”. The floor to floor to height is kept at 11 ft.

All the work has been done in layers in AutoCAD, for easy editing and viewing. Layers make
it easy to manipulate each individual layer making it visible and invisible for clarity as well
as locking the layer to prevent editing in them. The various layers that have been used are

1. Walls
2. Beams
3. Columns
4. Slabs
5. Window
6. Door
7. text

The plan for the proposed project has apartments in each floor having a 4BHK layout along
and a family lounge. Each apartment has three master bedrooms with attached bath n toilet.
The Drawing room shares a common bath and toilet with the rest of the apartment. There are
a total of 5 apartments divided in 5floors.
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Plan of Ground Floor


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The staircase has width of 3.5 ft., with riser of 6 inches and a tread of 12 inches. The landing
is of size 7’x3.5. All the walls have a thickness of 6” Rooms of half inch for plaster and paint.
There are five sizes of doors a) SD=8’x 7’, b) D1=7’ X 3.5’, c) D2=7’ X 3.25’, d)D3=7’ X 3’
and e) D4= 7’ X 2.5’ The smaller size door have been used in bathrooms and closets. There is
also a provision for terrace size 15’ x 15 ‘.
Car porch size is 15’ x 15’ for design a two motor car.
Green area size is 13’ x 4’.
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Front Elevation
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Chapter 5

Analysis of G+4 Building Using MS EXCEL

5.1 General

Table 2 Structural Details

Length of Building 60’

Width of Building 36’

Height 4’(Below GL)+G+4 @11’=59’

Steel Fe 415

Column Size 21” x 6”

Beam Size 30” x 6”

Slab Thickness 6”

Total No Columns 21

Total No Beams 43

No Of Footing 21
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5.2 Analysis formula & constant values

a) STEEL WEIGHT ONE FEET BAR:


Dia X Dia / 8/3
1/2 X 1/2 X 8/3
0.5 X 0.5 X 2.66
0.66 Lbs
Lbs convert into kg
0.66 / 2.204 =0.302 kg
Dia= Weight in kg 01 feet steel bar
1) 1/2 = 0.302
2) 5/8 = 0.472
3) 3/8 = 0.170
4) 1/4 = 0.078

b) Concrete 01 cft

01 cft material convert into dry material


1 x 1.54 =1.54 cft

Ratio
1:2:4

Batch
1+2+4 = 7

Unit weight
1.54 / 7 = 0.22 cft

Cement
1 x 0.22 = 0.22 cft
0.22 cft convert into cement bag
0.22 / 1.25 =0.176 bag

Sand
0.22 x 2 = 0.44 cft

Cursh
0.22 x 4 = 0.88 cft
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C) Water calculation

PLAIN CEMENT CONCRTE 1:2:4 QUANTITY OF WATER

QUANTITY OF WATER= 25 % OF CEMENT BAG WEIGHT OR VOLUME

PERCENTAGE CEMENT BAG WEIGHT UNIT QTY OF WATER UNIT

25% 50 KG 12.5 LITRES

12.5 LITRES ARE APPROXIMATLY EQUAL TO 3 GALLONS

QUANTITY OF WATER=5% OF AGGREGATES VOLUME OR WEIGHT

PERCENTAGE SAND(CFT) RATIO OF SAND TOTAL SAND(CFT) QTY OF WATER(CFT) WATER QTY(LBS) WATER QTY(GALLONS)

5% 1.25 2 2.5 0.125 7.8 1.25

PERCENTAGE SAND(CFT) RATIO OF SAND TOTAL SAND(CFT) QTY OF WATER(CFT) WATER QTY(LBS) WATER QTY(GALLONS)

5% 1.25 4 5 0.25 15.6 2.5

TOTAL QUANTITY OF WATER FOR AGGREGATES 3.75

QUANTITY OF WATER FOR ONE BATCH( 1:2:4) 6.75 GALLONS

D) White washing calculation

MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR WORK

S.NO DESCRIPTION OF ITEM AREA(SFT) QTY/UNIT AREA UNIT T.QTY


UNIT REMARKS

1 LIME FOR WHITE WASHING 1ST COAT 1703.93 0.01 KG 17.0393 KG 1 SFT= 0.01 KG LIME

2 LIMEDISTEMBERING FOR PAINTING 1ST COAT 1703.93 0.06 KG 102.2358 KG


2ND COAT 1703.93 0.05 KG 85.1965 KG

TOTAL DISTEMBER 187.4323


KG
3 READY MADE PAINT FOR PAINTING 1703.93 0.01 LITRE 17.0393 LITRES 1 SFT=0.01 LITRE
30

5.3 Foundation
31

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
L B
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S H/D (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
(FT) (FT)
1 Excavation for footing

F1 1 5 4.66 4.66 4.5 97.7202 488.601


F2 1 13 4.66 5.66 4.5 118.6902 1542.9726
F3 1 3 4.66 6.66 4.5 139.6602 418.9806
Grand Total = 2450.5542

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
ITEM H/D
S.NO UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
DESCRIPTION (FT)
Lean 1:4:8 C.C in
2
bed

F1 1 5 4.66 4.66 0.33 7.166148 35.83074


F2 1 13 4.66 5.66 0.33 8.703948 113.15132
F3 1 3 4.66 6.66 0.33 10.24175 30.725244
Grand total = 179.70731

ANALYSIS OF
1:4:8
MATERIALS
LEAN 1:4:8
` CEMENT SAND CRUSH
TOTAL
RATIO 1 4 8 RATIO 13

QUANTITY UNIT T.QTY UNIT


179 CFT 275.7 CFT

ITEM QUANTITY UNIT TROWLY DUMPER


CEMENT 16.964 bags 6.7855
SAND 84.818 CFT 33.927 0.18849
CRUSH 169.64 CFT 67.855 0.37697
32

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N ITEM H/D QTY(CFT T.QTY(CFT
UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
O DESCRIPTION (FT) ) )
1 1:2:4 c.c in bed

F1 1 5 4 4 1.5 24 120
F2 1 13 4 5 1.5 30 390
F3 1 3 4 6 1.5 36 108
Grand total = 618

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:2:4


1:2:4 C.C IN BED
CEMEN
SAND CRUSH
T
TOTAL
RATIO 1 2 4 RATIO 7

T.QT
QUANTITY UNIT UNIT
Y
618 CFT 951.7 CFT

QUANTIT
ITEM Y
UNIT TROWLY DUMPER

43.507
CEMENT 108.8 bags
2
108.76 0.6042
SAND 271.9 CFT
8 7
217.53 1.2085
CRUSH 543.8 CFT
6 3
33

BARBENDING SCHEDULE BBS


dia of bar
s.no Description of bar c/c unit no.s Bar shape Length cut L T.L U.WT(kg)T.WT (kg) REMARKS
inch

1 F1
MAIN BARS 1/2 6" 1 7 6" 3.5 4.5 31.5 0.302 9.513 c.c cover 3" both sides

DISTRIBTION BARS 1/2 6" 1 7 3.5 4.5 31.5 0.302 9.513 No.s=length-cover/c.c
2 F2
MAIN BARS 1/2 6" 1 7 LENGTH=3.5' 3.5 4.5 31.5 0.302 9.513

DISTRIBUTION BARS 1/2 6" 1 9 4.5 4.5 40.5 0.302 12.231


3 F3
MAIN BARS 1/2 6" 1 7 3.5 4.5 31.5 0.302 9.513

DISTRIBUTION BARS 1/2 6" 1 11 5.5 4.5 49.5 0.302 14.949

TOTAL STEEL WEIGHT IN KG 1/2 65.232


BENDING WIRE
BENDING WIRE CONSTANT VALUE =0.011343 0.011343
FORMULA OF BENDING WIRE =CONSRTANT VALUE X TOTAL STEEL WEIGHT
TOTAL WEIGHT OF BENDING WIRE IN KG 0.739927
TOTAL STEEL WEIGHT IN KG 65.97193
34

5.4 R.C.C Column Details

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N UNI NO. L B
ITEM DESCRIPTION H/D (FT) QTY(SFT) T.QTY(SFT)
O T S (FT) (FT)
1 SHUTTERING FOR PT COLUMN

C1 1 20 5.33 3.33 17.7489 354.978


C2 1 1 5.33 3.33 17.7489 17.7489

Grand total = 372.7269


35

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
L B
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S H/D (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
(FT) (FT)
1 C.C COLUMN 1:2:4

C1 1 20 2 0.66 3.33 4.3956 87.912


C2 1 1 2 0.66 3.33 4.3956 4.3956

Grand total = 92.3076

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:2:4


1:2:4 C.C IN PETTY COLUMN
CEMENT SAND CRUSH
RATIO 1 2 4 TOTAL RATIO 7

QUANTITY UNIT T.QTY UNIT


92.3076 CFT 142 CFT

ITEM QUANTITY UNIT TROWLY DUMPER


CEMENT 16.25 bags 6.49846
SAND 40.62 CFT 16.2461 0.0902563
CRUSH 81.23 CFT 32.4923 0.1805126
36
37
38

5.5 Internal & External Plinth Beam


39

c) External Plinth Beam

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
L B
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S H/D (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
(FT) (FT)
CENTRAL LINE METHOD
1 EXCAVATION FOR EXT P.B
1(A-B) 1 1 4 1.5 1.83 10.98 10.98
1(B-C) 1 1 10.5 1.5 1.83 28.8225 28.8225
1(C-D) 1 1 3 1.5 1.83 8.235 8.235
1(D-E) 1 1 3 1.5 1.83 8.235 8.235
1(E-F) 1 1 6.5 1.5 1.83 17.8425 17.8425
1(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 1.83 39.8025 39.8025
7(B-E) 1 1 16.5 1.5 1.83 45.2925 45.2925
7(E-F) 1 1 6.5 1.5 1.83 17.8425 17.8425
7(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 1.83 39.8025 39.8025
A(1-2) 1 1 7.5 1.5 1.83 20.5875 20.5875
B(6-7) 1 1 12.5 1.5 1.83 34.3125 34.3125
H(1-2) 1 1 7.5 1.5 1.83 20.5875 20.5875
H(2-3) 1 1 7 1.5 1.83 19.215 19.215
H(3-4) 1 1 4 1.5 1.83 10.98 10.98
H(4-5) 1 1 2.5 1.5 1.83 6.8625 6.8625
H(5-6) 1 1 2 1.5 1.83 5.49 5.49
H(6-7) 1 1 12.5 1.5 1.83 34.3125 34.3125

GRAND TOTAL SOIL EXCAVATION 369.2025


40

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N ITEM H/D QTY(CFT T.QTY(CFT
UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
O DESCRIPTION (FT) ) )

1:4:8 Lean FOR EXT P.B


1(A-B) 1 1 4 1.5 0.33 1.98 1.98
1(B-C) 1 1 10.5 1.5 0.33 5.1975 5.1975
1(C-D) 1 1 3 1.5 0.33 1.485 1.485
1(D-E) 1 1 3 1.5 0.33 1.485 1.485
1(E-F) 1 1 6.5 1.5 0.33 3.2175 3.2175
1(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
7(B-E) 1 1 16.5 1.5 0.33 8.1675 8.1675
7(E-F) 1 1 6.5 1.5 0.33 3.2175 3.2175
7(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
A(1-2) 1 1 7.5 1.5 0.33 3.7125 3.7125
B(6-7) 1 1 12.5 1.5 0.33 6.1875 6.1875
H(1-2) 1 1 7.5 1.5 0.33 3.7125 3.7125
H(2-3) 1 1 7 1.5 0.33 3.465 3.465
H(3-4) 1 1 4 1.5 0.33 1.98 1.98
H(4-5) 1 1 2.5 1.5 0.33 1.2375 1.2375
H(5-6) 1 1 2 1.5 0.33 0.99 0.99
H(6-7) 1 1 12.5 1.5 0.33 6.1875 6.1875

GRAND TOTAL 66.5775

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:4:8


1:4:8 Lean FOR EXT
P.B
CEMEN SAN
CRUSH
T D
TOTAL
RATIO 1 4 8 RATIO 13

T.QT
QUANTITY UNIT UNIT
Y
66.5775 CFT 102.5 CFT

QUANTIT TROWL DUMPE


ITEM Y
UNIT
Y R
CEMENT 6.3095 bags 5.048
SAND 31.547 CFT 12.62 0.2103
CRUSH 63.095 CFT 25.24 0.4206
41

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
H/D
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT) QTY(SFT) T.QTY(SFT)
(FT)
Shuttering for filling situ AT RL
1(A-B) 1 2 4 3 12 24
1(B-C) 1 2 10.5 3 31.5 63
1(C-D) 1 2 3 3 9 18
1(D-E) 1 2 3 3 9 18
1(E-F) 1 2 6.5 3 19.5 39
1(G-H) 1 2 14.5 3 43.5 87
7(B-E) 1 2 16.5 3 49.5 99
7(E-F) 1 2 6.5 3 19.5 39
7(G-H) 1 2 14.5 3 43.5 87
A(1-2) 1 2 7.5 3 22.5 45
B(6-7) 1 2 12.5 3 37.5 75
H(1-2) 1 2 7.5 3 22.5 45
H(2-3) 1 2 7 3 21 42
H(3-4) 1 2 4 3 12 24
H(4-5) 1 2 2.5 3 7.5 15
H(5-6) 1 2 2 3 6 12
H(6-7) 1 2 12.5 3 37.5 75

GRAND TOTAL 807

DEDUCTION
Measurement form (MF)
H/D
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT) QTY(SFT) T.QTY(SFT)
(FT)
1 C.C COLUMN 1:2:4
external type column

sides external column 1 10 2 3 6 60


front and back sides coulumn 1 6 0.66 3 1.98 11.88

Grand total = 71.88

DEDUCTION
TOTAL QUANTITY OF EXT BEAM FOR SHUTTERING 807
EXTERNAL COLUMN QUANTITY 71.88
NET QUANTITY OF EXT BEAM FOR SHUTTERING 735.12
42

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
H/D
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
(FT)

1:3:6 c.c FOR EXT P.B UP TO REAR OR ROAD LEVEL


1(A-B) 1 1 4 0.5 3 6 6
1(B-C) 1 1 10.5 0.5 3 15.75 15.75
1(C-D) 1 1 3 0.5 3 4.5 4.5
1(D-E) 1 1 3 0.5 3 4.5 4.5
1(E-F) 1 1 6.5 0.5 3 9.75 9.75
1(G-H) 1 1 14.5 0.5 3 21.75 21.75
7(B-E) 1 1 16.5 0.5 3 24.75 24.75
7(E-F) 1 1 6.5 0.5 3 9.75 9.75
7(G-H) 1 1 14.5 0.5 3 21.75 21.75
A(1-2) 1 1 7.5 0.5 3 11.25 11.25
B(6-7) 1 1 12.5 0.5 3 18.75 18.75
H(1-2) 1 1 7.5 0.5 3 11.25 11.25
H(2-3) 1 1 7 0.5 3 10.5 10.5
H(3-4) 1 1 4 0.5 3 6 6
H(4-5) 1 1 2.5 0.5 3 3.75 3.75
H(5-6) 1 1 2 0.5 3 3 3
H(6-7) 1 1 12.5 0.5 3 18.75 18.75
GRAND TOTAL 201.75

DEDUCTION

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
H/D
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT) QTY(CFT) T.QTY(CFT)
(FT)
1 C.C COLUMN 1:2:4
external type column

sides external column 1 10 2 0.66 3 3.96 39.6


front and back sides
coulumn
1 6 0.66 0.66 3 1.3068 7.8408
Grand total = 47.4408

DEDUCTION
TOTAL QUANTITY OF EXT BEAM 1:3:6 CC 201.75
43

EXTERNAL COLUMN QUANTITY 47.4408


NET QUANTITY OF EXT BEAM 1:3:6 CC 154.3092

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:3:6


1:3:6 CC FOR EXT P.B AT REAR LEVEL
CEMENT SAND CRUSH
TOTAL
RATIO 1 3 6 RATIO 10

QUANTITY UNIT T.QTY UNIT


154.3092 CFT 237.636 CFT

ITEM QUANTITY UNIT TROWLY DUMPER


CEMENT 19.0109 bags 7.60436
SAND 71.2909 CFT 28.5163 0.15842
CRUSH 142.582 CFT 57.0327 0.31685

b)Internal Plinth Beam

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N ITEM H/D QTY(CFT T.QTY(CFT
UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
O DESCRIPTION (FT) ) )
01 Shuttering for int PB
PB-1

C(1-2) 1 1 7.5 1.5 0.33 3.7125 3.7125


C(2-3) 1 1 7 1.5 0.33 3.465 3.465
D(4-6) 1 1 4.5 1.5 0.33 2.2275 2.2275
F(1-4) 1 1 18.5 1.5 0.33 9.1575 9.1575
F(4-7) 1 1 17 1.5 0.33 8.415 8.415
F1(X1-3) 1 1 12 1.5 0.33 5.94 5.94
G(1-3) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
G(3-5) 1 1 6.5 1.5 0.33 3.2175 3.2175
G(5-7) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
H(1-3) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
H(3-5) 1 1 7 1.5 0.33 3.465 3.465
H(5-7) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
44

X1(F-G) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775


2(A-C) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
3(F1-G) 1 1 6.5 1.5 0.33 3.2175 3.2175
3(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
4(D-F) 1 1 9.5 1.5 0.33 4.7025 4.7025
5(G-H) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775
6(B-D) 1 1 13.5 1.5 0.33 6.6825 6.6825
X6(F-G) 1 1 14.5 1.5 0.33 7.1775 7.1775

PBR-1
4(C-D) 1 1 3 1.5 0.33 1.485 1.485
6(D-E) 1 1 3 1.5 0.33 1.485 1.485
TOTAL 121.77

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:4:8


1:4:8 LEAN FOR INT PB
CEMENT SAND CRUSH
TOTAL
RATIO 1 4 8 RATIO 13

T.QT
QUANTITY UNIT UNIT
Y
121.5225 CFT 187.1 CFT

QUANTIT TROWL DUMPE


ITEM Y
UNIT
Y R
CEMENT 11.52 bags 4.6066
SAND 57.58 CFT 23.033 0.128
CRUSH 115.2 CFT 46.066 0.256

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N ITEM H/D QTY(SFT T.QTY(SF
UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
O DESCRIPTION (FT) ) T)
shuttering for int pb
PB-1
C(1-2) 1 2 7.5 2 15 30
C(2-3) 1 2 7 2 14 28
D(4-6) 1 2 4.5 2 9 18
E(X5-7) 1 2 9.5 2 19 38
F(1-4) 1 2 18.5 2 37 74
F(4-7) 1 2 17 2 34 68
45

F1(X1-3) 1 2 12 2 24 48
G(1-3) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
G(3-5) 1 2 6.5 2 13 26
G(5-7) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
H(1-3) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
H(3-5) 1 2 7 2 14 28
H(5-7) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
X1(F-G) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
2(A-C) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
3(F1-G) 1 2 6.5 2 13 26
3(G-H) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
4(D-F) 1 2 9.5 2 19 38
5(G-H) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58
6(B-D) 1 2 13.5 2 27 54
X6(F-G) 1 2 14.5 2 29 58

PBR-1
4(C-D) 1 2 3 2 6 12
6(D-E) 1 2 3 2 6 12
total 1022

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
S.N ITEM H/D QTY(CF T.QTY(CF
UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
O DESCRIPTION (FT) T) T)
shuttering for int pb
PB-1

C(1-2) 1 1 7.5 0.5 2 7.5 7.5


C(2-3) 1 1 7 0.5 2 7 7
D(4-6) 1 1 4.5 0.5 2 4.5 4.5
E(X5-7) 1 1 9.5 0.5 2 9.5 9.5
F(1-4) 1 1 18.5 0.5 2 18.5 18.5
F(4-7) 1 1 17 0.5 2 17 17
F1(X1-3) 1 1 11.5 0.5 2 11.5 11.5
G(1-3) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
G(3-5) 1 1 6.5 0.5 2 6.5 6.5
G(5-7) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
H(1-3) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
H(3-5) 1 1 7 0.5 2 7 7
H(5-7) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
X1(F-G) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
46

2(A-C) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5


3(F1-G) 1 1 6.5 0.5 2 6.5 6.5
3(G-H) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
4(D-F) 1 1 9.5 0.5 2 9.5 9.5
5(G-H) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
6(B-D) 1 1 13.5 0.5 2 13.5 13.5
X6(F-G) 1 1 14.5 0.5 2 14.5 14.5
0 0
PBR-1 0 0
0 0
4(C-D) 1 1 3 0.5 2 3 3
6(D-E) 1 1 3 0.5 2 3 3
total 255

ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS 1:2:4


1:2:4 c.c FOR INT pb
CEMEN SAN CRUS
T D H
TOTAL
RATIO 1 2 4 7
RATIO

T.QT
QUANTITY UNIT UNIT
Y
392.
255 CFT CFT
7

QUANTIT TROWL
ITEM Y
UNIT
Y
DUMPER

17.95
CEMENT 44.9 bags
2
SAND 112 CFT 44.88 0.25
CRUSH 224 CFT 89.76 0.5
47

5.6 R.C.C SLAB DETAILS


48

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
L B H/D
S.NO ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO.S QTY(SFT) T.QTY(SFT)
(FT) (FT) (FT)
SHUTTERING FOR SLAB
size measured by centerlinemethod
Bed Room 01 1 1 14.5 14.5 210.25 210.25
Bed Room 02 1 1 14.5 14.5 210.25 210.25
bed room 03 1 1 14.5 12.5 181.25 181.25
drawing room 1 1 18.5 12.5 231.25 231.25
lounge 1 1 18.5 14.5 268.25 268.25
kitchen 1 1 12.5 8 100 100
lobby 01 1 1 9.5 7 66.5 66.5
car porch 1 1 15.5 15.5 240.25 240.25
bath room 01 1 1 12 6.5 78 78
bath room 02 1 1 10.5 6.5 68.25 68.25
bath room 03 1 1 6.5 5.5 35.75 35.75
bath room 04 1 1 4.5 4.5 20.25 20.25
lobby 02 1 1 6.5 4.5 29.25 29.25
SIDES OF ENTIRE
SLAB 1 1 192 0.5 96 96

GRAND TOTAL 1835.5


49

ABSTRACT OF QUANTITIES
ITEM H/D QTY T.QTY
S.NO UNIT NO.S L (FT) B (FT)
DESCRIPTION (CFT) (CFT) (CFT)
C.C 1:2:4 FOR G.F SLAB
size measured by centerline
method
Bed Room 01 1 1 14.5 14.5 0.5 105.125 105.125
Bed Room 02 1 1 14.5 14.5 0.5 105.125 105.125
bed room 03 1 1 16.5 12.5 0.5 103.125 103.125
drawing room 1 1 18.5 12.5 0.5 115.625 115.625
lounge 1 1 18.5 14.5 0.5 134.125 134.125
kitchen 1 1 12.5 8 0.5 50 50
lobby 01 1 1 9.5 7 0.5 33.25 33.25
car porch 1 1 15.5 15.5 0.5 120.125 120.125
bath room 01 1 1 12 6.5 0.5 39 39
bath room 02 1 1 10.5 6.5 0.5 34.125 34.125
bath room 03 1 1 6.5 5.5 0.5 17.875 17.875
bath room 04 1 1 6.5 4.5 0.5 14.625 14.625
lobby 02 1 1 6.5 4.5 0.5 14.625 14.625

GRAND TOTAL 886.75


50

ANALYSIS OF
MATERIALS 1:2:4
C.C 1:2:4 FOR SLAB
CEMENT SAND CRUSH
TOTAL
2
RATIO 1 4 RATIO 7

QUANTITY UNIT T.QTY UNIT


886.75 CFT 1366 CFT

ITEM QUANTITY UNIT TROWLY DUMPER


CEMENT 156.068 bags 62.4272
SAND 390.17 CFT 156.068 0.86704
CRUSH 780.34 CFT 312.136 1.73409
51
52
53

Chapter 6

Results

6.1 MATERIAL STATEMENT

MATERIAL STATEMENT

S.NO ITEM QTY UNIT

QUANTITY OF MATERIAL SUB STRUCTURE & GROUND FLOOR

1 EARTH FILLING
soil 2705 cft
stone solling 695 cft

2 FOOTING
cement 125 bags
steel 66 kg
sand 357 cft
crush 714 cft

3 PETTY COLUMN
shuttering 373 sft
cement 16.25 bags
steel 664.39 kg
sand 40.62 cft
crush 81.23 cft

4 SITU FILLING
shuttering 735 sft
cement 25.31 bags
sand 103 cft
crush 206 cft

5 PLINTH BEAM
shuttering 1560 sft
cement 80.19 bags
steel 910.28 kgs
sand 228.76 cft
crush 457.76 cft
54

6 Rcc column
shuttering 855 sft
cement 29.304 bags
steel 783.88 kg
sand 73.26 cft
crush 146.52 cft

7 BEAM
shuttering 1520 sft
cement 66.88 bags
steel 1208.61 kg
sand 167.2 cft
crush 334.4 cft

8 SLAB
shuttering 1835.5 sft
cement 156.06 bags
steel 2075.37 kg
sand 390.17 cft
crush 780.34 cft

9 STAIR CASE
shuttering 120.39 sft
cement 17.35 bags
steel 222.27 kg
sand 48.63 cft
crush 79.77 cft

10 masonary
no.s of block ( 6"x8"x 12") 4943 no.s
cement 46.9 cft
sand 293.1 cft

11 plaster work
cement 83.23 bags
sand 416.1 cft

12 KATCHA FLOOR
cement 64.89 bags
sand 243.18 cft
crush 486.37 cft
55

13 STEPS
cement 2.3 bags
sand 9.25 cft
crush 16.17 cft

14 PLASTER OF FLOOR AT GROUND LEVEL


cement 80.4799 bags
sand 402.4 cft

15 UNDER GROUND WATER TANK


shutring 442.63 sft
cement 109.06 bags
steel 800.09 kg
sand 272.72 cft
crush 272.72 cft

16 LIME 98.3 KG

17 DISTEMBER 1081.3 KG

QUANTITY OF MATERIALS FROM 1ST TO 4TH FLOOR

18 RCC BEAM
shuttering 7232 sft
cement 273.85 bags
steel 4929.28 kgs
sand 684.64 cft
crush 1369.28 cft

19 RCC COLUMN
shuttering 3420 sft
cement 117.216 bags
steel 3135.54 kg
sand 293.04 cft
crush 586.08 cft

20 SLAB
shuttering 7252.85 sft
cement 616.45 bags
steel 8159.71 kg
sand 1541.06 cft
crush 3082.12 cft
56

21 STAIR CASE + STAIR TOWER


shuttering 612.31 sft
cement 78.99 bags
steel 983.06 kg
sand 218.48 cft
crush 366.95 cft

22 MASONARY
no.s of block ( 6"x8"x 12") 15806 no.s
cement 123.32 cft
sand 770.79 cft

23 PLASTER WORK
cement 281.55 bags
sand 1407.75 cft

24 PLASTER OF FLOOR 1ST TO 4TH FLOOR


cement 384.75 bags
sand 1923.8 cft

25 OVER HEAD WATER TANK


shuttering 750.52 sft
cement 115.1 bags
steel 956.09078 kg
sand 299.74 cft
crush 272.672 cft

26 LIME 332.54 KG

27 distember 3657.94 KG

28 PERAFIT WALLS & STAIR HALLS WALLs with plaster


no.s of block 1109 no.s
cement 21.088 bags
sand 116.277 cft

lime 17.0393 KG

29 distember 187.4323 KG

30 STAIR TOWER COLUMN


57

shutring 162 sft


steel 131.301 kg
cement 5.544 bags
sand 13.86 cft
cursh 27.72 cft

31 WATER 18592.547 GALLON

REQUIRED MATERIAL FOR CONSTRUCTION


SOIL SAND 2705 CFT
STONE SOLLING 695 CFT
SHUTTERING #REF! SFT
STEEL 25025.87178 KG
CEMENT 2921.0619 BAGS
SAND 10314.827 CFT
CURSH 9280.102 CFT
NO.S OF BLOACK 21858 NO.S
LIME FOR WHITE WASHING 447.8793 KG
DISTUMBER 4926.6723 KG
WATER 18592.547 GALLON

6.2 ABSTRACT OF COST

ABSTRACT OF COST

S.NO DESCRIPTION OF ITEM QTY/NO.S UNIT RATE UNIT AMOUNT REMARKS

1 CEMENT 2921.0619 BAGS 605 RS 1767242

2 SAND 10314.827 CFT 31.11 RS 320894.3

3 CRUSH 9280.102 CFT 37.77 RS 350509.5

4 WATER 18592.547 GALLON 2.83 RS 52616.91

5 STEEL 25025.872 KG 85 RS 2127199

6 SOIL SAND 2705 CFT 20 RS 54100

7 LIME 447.8793 KG 12 RS 5374.552


58

8 DISTEMBER FOR PAINT 4926.6723 KG 300 RS 1478002

TOTAL AMOUNT 6155938

NOTE
1) THE COST OF A DUMPER(450 CFT) FOR SAND =14000 RUPEES
2) THE COST OF A DUMPER(450 CFT) FOR CRUSH =17000 RUPEES
3) THE COST OF STEEL ONE TON =85000 RUPESS
4) THE COST OF WATER TANKER 8000 LITRES OR 1762 GALLONS= 5000 RUPEES
5) THE COST OF DISTUMBER 10 KG=3000
6) THE COST OF TRUCK 150 CFT FOR SOIL=3000 RUPESS

6.3 COST OF LABOURS

COST OF LABOURS= 35 % OF COST OF MATERIALS

COST OF LABOUR PERCENT T.MTRL COST

2154578.3 35% 6155938

COST OF COST OF
TOTAL COST
MATERIALS LABOURS

8310516.3 6155938 2154578.3

6.4 ADD CONTRACTOR'S


PROFIT

ADD CONTRACTOR'S PROFIT= 10 % TOTAL COST

CONTRACTOR'S PROFIT PERCENT TOTAL COST

831051.63 10% 8310516.3


59

6.5 COST FOR CONTINGECIES

COST FOR CONTINGECIES= 10 % TOTAL COST

CONTRACTOR'S PROFIT PERCENT TOTAL COST

831051.63 10% 8310516.3

6.6 GRAND TOTAL

TOTAL CONTRACTOR COST OF


GRAND TOTAL
COST PROFIT CONTINGENCIES

9972619.56 8310516.3 831051.63 831051.63


60

Chapter 7
Conclusion

7.1 Conclusion

This project includes the layout of G+4 residential building apartment using AutoCAD, and,
analysis by Microsoft Excel and concludes with the cost estimate for the entire project.

The layout of the proposed G+4 residential building is based on a plot of size 36’ x 60
‘located at Karachi, Sindh. Previously the plot was being used as a commercial complex, but
according to the new plan it will be used as a multi-storied residential building. Total floors
will be divided into 5 apartments each having an area of 1698.625 Sft. Each apartment is of
4BHK configuration. All the drafting was done using AutoCAD. Also these drawings made
on AutoCAD.
The cost estimation of the entire structure has been completed using Microsoft Excel. The
results include the various quantities of material such like steel, cement, fine aggregate,
coarse aggregate, water, lime and distember for paint.

The cost estimate for the project has been calculated using Centre Line Method in Microsoft
Excel. For the Abstract cost current market rates has been followed and a total cost of Rs
9972619.56 has been calculated.
61

References

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AutoCAD

2.https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/benefits-using-microsoft-word-fareed
3.https://www.techwalla.com/articles/what-is-the-function-of-powerpoint
4.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Word
5.https://www.thoughtco.com/how-do-i-use-powerpoint-2767371
6.library.iugaza.edu.ps/thesis/111743.pdf
7.library.iugaza.edu.ps/thesis/110326.pdf

8. http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v7i2.1906
“Effectiveness of AutoCAD 3D Software as a Learning Support Tool”

9. Estimating, Costing, Specifications & Valuations in Civil Engineering


By Monojit Chakraborti (Book)

10.Qyantity Surveying Civil -262 Allied book center publisher