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Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including

4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
METHOD OF PERFORMING THE WORK
Table of Contents
1 Project Brief......................................................................................................................2
2 Scope Of Work..................................................................................................................2
3 Organization Chart............................................................................................................2
4 Project Schedule...............................................................................................................2
5 Activity Method Statement / Procedure...........................................................................2
5.1 Asphalt Concrete /Surface Treatment.......................................................................2
5.1.1 Asphalt Mix Design:...........................................................................................2
5.1.2 Asphalt Concrete Base Course/Wearing Course):.............................................2
5.1.3 METHOD STATEMENT FOR ROAD MARKING WORKS........................................3
5.2 Geo Technical & Soil Report......................................................................................4
5.3 Test Pile.....................................................................................................................5
5.4 Survey and Setting Out..............................................................................................5
5.5 Road work at Grade..................................................................................................5
5.6 Pile work at Ground..................................................................................................5
5.7 Piers..........................................................................................................................5
5.8 Transoms...................................................................................................................6
5.9 Concrete Box Girders................................................................................................6
5.10 Prestressing...............................................................................................................6
5.11 Post – Tensioning Procedure.....................................................................................6
5.12 Decking.....................................................................................................................6
5.13 Side Barriers and New Jersey Barriers.......................................................................6
5.14 Asphalt Concrete for Pavement at the Casted Deck slab and at the Grade...............7
5.15 Expansion Joint Installation.......................................................................................7
5.16 Road Signs and Marking............................................................................................7
5.17 Miscellaneous Works................................................................................................7
6 Construction Methodology...............................................................................................7
6.1 Mobilization..............................................................................................................7
6.2 Construction of Diversion Roads...............................................................................8
7 Handing Over of Project of Deliverables...........................................................................9
8 Demobilization..................................................................................................................9
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
1 Project Brief
National Highway Authority (NHA) announced the Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta
Road including 4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)Project at Rawalpindi.

2 Scope Of Work
NHA requires Contractor for the Construction of Approximately 16.5 Km of Asphalt Road
along with construction of Bypasses and Allied Structures.

3 Organization Chart
Refer attachment Echo West International Pvt. Ltd. (EWI) Organization Chart attached as
Annexure.

4 Project Schedule
Refer Proposed Construction Schedule attached as Annexure.

5 Activity Method Statement / Procedure


Brief Activity Method Statement/ Procedure described below

5.1 Asphalt Concrete /Surface Treatment


5.1.1 Asphalt Mix Design:
Having performed all the necessary aggregate tests such as sieve analysis, loss in
weight by Los Angles abrasion test, unit weight, a blend of coarse and fine
aggregates will be worked out and submitted for approval of the Engineer to design
the asphalt mix.

An asphalt concrete trial mix for base course /wearing course will be prepared under
direct supervision of the Engineer. All necessary Marshall Stability and Flow tests
and required Asphalt Content by weight in the total mix will be determined and
submitted for approval of the Engineer.

5.1.2 Asphalt Concrete Base Course/Wearing Course):


After approval of the asphalt mix design formulas by the Engineer, asphalt concrete
will be mixed in the Asphalt Mix Plant according to approved mix design. Asphalt
concrete will be brought to the work front in asphalt dump trucks and delivered in
the finisher (paver) bucket. Electronic control paver will lay asphalt concrete on the
primed base course in the specified thickness and according to designed levels &
grades with the help of string lines. Rolling will be done by tandem rollers, followed
by pneumatic rubber tyre rollers & finally with a heavy-duty vibrator roller.

Samples of asphalt concrete will be taken from the work front according to AASHTO
tests procedures. Following major tests will be carried out at-least once a day.
 Percentage of asphalt content in total mix by asphalt extraction test.
 Grading of total mix & its comparison with design mix formula.
 100 mm diameter standard cylinders will be cast and tested for stability and flow
of asphalt concrete according to Marshall test method.
 Air voids content determination.
 Density of asphalt concrete
 Cores will also be cut off and on from the site for final confirmation of the
properties of asphalt concrete laid in place.
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID

5.1.3 METHOD STATEMENT FOR ROAD MARKING WORKS


1. Preparation Work
Technical Preparation:
 The foreman and other workers need to know the drawings and the site
conditions.
 The completed Second Surface Dressing shall be approved by the Engineer in
Compliance with Contract Standards and Specification.
 Setting Out: Center line and width shall be set out accurately according to
drawings.

Equipment Preparation:
 Transportation equipment: 1 Light Truck
 Heating Equipment: 1 Hot Melt Kettle
 Road Marking Equipment: 1 Hot Melt Pain Marking Machine
 Other Equipment: Generator, Liquid Gas Storage Tank, Rope, Tape, Broom,
Spade, Glove, Chalk etc.

Material Preparation:
 The manufacturer certificate and test report for the paint will be provided after it
reaches the site.
 Heat melt marking paint should be stored in hermetic two-layer packing bags.
 The paint shall be protected from sunburn and rain when transportation and
storing.
 Pay attention to damp proof when storing the paints, and avoid putting directly
on the concrete or mud ground, keep ventilation, keep away from fire and
protect from sunburn. On the construction site for outdoor storage, coat with
waterproof cloth and put into use as soon as possible.

2. Process:
Construction preparation – Setting out – Road Cleaning – Pre-marking – Road
marking – Modification and Approval

3. Construction Method
Construction Preparation:
Road marking construction shall only be carried out in no case less than 48 hours
after the second surface dressing is fully compressed. Road marking material shall
not be applied to damp surface or when the relative humidity exceeds 80% or at
temperatures lower than 10 oC, or when, in opinion of the Engineer, wind strength is
such that it may adversely affect the road marking operations.
4. Setting Out:
Mark the center point every 20m for straight lines, and 10m for curved lines Pedestrian
line, parking line, give-way line should be marked in compliance with the design drawing,
and then check whether it is in harmony with the whole road and adjust accordingly. The
centerline shall be put in place and the design road width shall be accurately set out as
shown on the approved drawings.

5. Road Cleaning:
This exercise is usually before commencement of works but normally done together or
after pre-marking. It shall be done by cleaning equipment which includes: blower, water
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
tank, tractor broom, compressor etc. the road surface shall be very dry and clean and
without sand, mud, dust etc.

6. Pre-marking:
This is the first stage of road-marking where the surveyor inspects the road to ensure
that the road sketch plan tallies with the physical road based on the marking points,
draw the centerline with long rope and make sure the rope is tensioning, the people
treading on the rope should not move randomly to avoid the line out of shape. Pre-
marking line shall be painted discontinuously every 100mm and 1000mm intervals.

7. Road Marking:
Road cleaning shall be done when it is necessary and the pre-marking line shall be
solidified prior to road marking construction.

The paint shall be heated into very high temperature before being applied on the road to
ensure that once it is applied on the road surface, the heat is enough to penetrate on the
road permanently.

The said paint is carefully mixed with glass beads to make sure that the paint reflects at
night and any other atrocious weather. Road marking is done by a modern sensitive
road-marking machine. Adjust the scaleplate to target at the approved pre-marking line
firstly before the activity being carried out. The construction speed shall be properly
adjusted according to the viscosity of paint and the coarse condition of the road surface.
Check the reflective glass beads to make sure it is well-proportioned and proper usage at
any time.

8. Modification and Approval:


After the marking, check the thickness, size of the marking lines, the spreading of glass
beads, line type and line shape etc. make modifications for markings which fail to meet
the requirements. Pay special attention to the changes of road line shape, get rid of
spilled and fallen coating, make sure of overall beauty of completed marking lines.

9. Spray Rate:
The thermo-plastic road marking material shall consist of light colored aggregate,
pigment and extender bound together with resin, elasticized with oil as necessary, in
approximately the following proportions:
Aggregate, Including Ballotini Beads: 60%
Pigment and Extender: 20%
Binder: 20%

Road marking paid shall be applied at nominal rate of 0.42 litre / m 2 or as directed by the
Engineer. The rate of application of the beads shall be 300-400 g/m 2 of paint or such
other rate as the Engineer may direct.

5.2 Geo Technical & Soil Report


The Client has not provided to bidders the required soil and Geo Technical report of
the existing soil conditions for which the Test pile result shall have the basis for the
working pile depths and design of the reinforcement to piles, pile caps, Transoms, Box
Girders, Deck Slab & etc. Contractor’s schedule of start will be upon receiving the
complete construction design drawings and NTP to the contractor.
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
5.3 Test Pile
Prior to actual piling work execution the “Test Pile” has to be bored and pile to be
concreted and left for curing purpose. The test loads shall be applied and the testing
of pile process shall be carried out. The required data shall be jointly recorded and
after review the Engineer shall ascertain the ‘Pile depth’ to be bored and casted along
with to design the work in scope.

5.4 Survey and Setting Out


The Client & the Consultant are responsible to the available
permanent/concreted/protected Benchmarks locations with given ‘TRANSVERSE DATA’
and Setting Out Data to be present at the ground of the site of work and are
responsible to handover to the Contractor’s Chief Surveyor prior to start of the actual
works at site.

The Contractor’s Survey Team shall adopt these handed over data and use for his all
project survey & setting out work using most sophisticated and calibrated survey
instruments.

The Contractor Survey Team then transfer and make new intermediate Survey Control
Points for it’s required survey & setting out.

5.5 Road work at Grade


The part of the contract work which are ‘At Grade’ shall be executed to the standard
road work methods, by clearing & Grubbing (if any) dismantle the road curbs, Foot
paths, portion scarify the area to be re-laid.

Supply & laying of aggregate sub base and base course courses, grading, watering,
rolling and compaction the surface and testing each layer to required density.

The required Asphalt base, wearing courses shall be laid through full length
mechanical paver, rolled through pneumatic road rollers, tandem rollers and etc.

The road marking and road safety signs shall be then installed.

5.6 Pile work at Ground


Pilling work at ground shall be carried out with pile drilling rigs rotary method
deploying teams to carry out the boring and concreting of piles. Pile work shall
comprise by deploying required numbers of the skilled worker team, independently,
boring work, rebar caging & fixing rebar concreting using tremie.

The reinforcement of the pile caps are fixed after cutting loose and left over concrete
pieces/portion at pile top. Formwork is fixed and the concrete to pile caps to be done
through concrete batch plant transporting through transit mixers, pumping the
concrete at the ground with the help of concrete pumps.

5.7 Piers
After the completion of the pile caps the steel reinforcement of the piers are tied and
fixed vertically steel sheeted fair face formwork of the piers gets fixed according to the
workable height, bolted, plumbed and gets concreted through batched and
transported concrete with the help of concrete placement pumps up to the bottom of
the transoms.
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID

5.8 Transoms
Transoms are to be casted at height by fixing steel sheeted fair face forms and the
form work with tubular scaffolding work after fix of formwork. The steel reinforcement
fixing at place. The steel formwork of the four sides are fixed with the forms and rebar
fixed Transom gets concreted with the help of concrete placement pumps at the top of
piers.

5.9 Concrete Box Girders


The concrete Box girders shall be either cast at the place by fixed raised form work or
as pre casted Box girders.

In case of cast at place Box Girders the bearing pads shall be installed at the transoms,
prior to the start of the work of cast in place concrete work of the cast in place girders.

The pre casted Box Girders concrete work has to be carried out at the designated
place by the client sufficiently enough to have all such arrangement of fixing
reinforcement steel, Prestressing items such wire strands, cones & etc including
casting of the concrete space located close to the site work, which then after
completion of the curing of the pre casted girders shall be launched with the help of
heavy cranes.

5.10 Prestressing
The prestressing system shall be applied as per defined/ specified multi strand system:
However the contractor may suggest any alternate equipment acceptable multi wire
or multi strand system for the approval to the consultant for prestressing purpose in
consideration to the available steel for prestressing strand (normal relaxation stress)
Classs-1 relaxation.

5.11 Post – Tensioning Procedure


Post - tensioning shall be carried out through recognized Sub-Contractor without
letting any chances of breakage of designed wire strands.

5.12 Decking
After the launching of concrete Box Girders the form work and the rebar of the Deck
slab shall be carried out and the concrete to the deck slab shall be carried out with the
help of transmit mixers starting and the concrete pump from one end to other.

5.13 Side Barriers and New Jersey Barriers


The side barriers and the New Jersey barriers are the cast at place concreted after the
completion of the concretes deck of the bridge and road at grade.

Approved steel from moulds are prepared and fixed at the required places after fixing
of the rebar.

The concrete work is carried out with the help of Transmit mixer etc.

5.14 Asphalt Concrete for Pavement at the Casted Deck slab and at the Grade
The Asphalt concrete for pavement at the casted deck slab and at the Aggregate
surface of the road at grade shall be carried out at the time, when the concrete to
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
deck slab portion has been cured. The aggregate surface has been laid, compacted,
rolled and tested from the zero point till the abutment of the road.

The asphalt concrete shall be carried out through Asphalt plant, and shall be layed
with the help of pavers and rollers as specified up.

5.15 Expansion Joint Installation


The approved expansion joints shall be installed and fixed at the places by cutting the
already asphalted area. These expansion joints shall be installed through anchors with
deck rebars, in a position to be kept flushed to zero tolerance after its completion.

5.16 Road Signs and Marking


Road marking and road safe/traffic sign boards shall be done through specialized sub
contactors.

5.17 Miscellaneous Works


The required miscellaneous works are completed after completion of major work.

6 Construction Methodology
EWI divided the whole project into the following activities
1- Mobilization
2- Construction of Diversion Road
3- Construction of Road Works & Bypass.
4- Handing Over of Project
5- Demobilization

6.1 Mobilization
EWI survey team along with Civil Engineer will survey the whole route of proposed
Project at Kashmir Highway.

Based on their report, Project Manager & Construction Manager will decide the
location of Temporary Employer’s/ Engineer’s Offices along with related facilities as
per the contract requirements.

EWI will prepare a detailed mobilization layout showing the following


 Employer’s /Engineer’s Offices
 Engineer’s Laboratory
 Contractor’s Offices
 Reserved & Visitor Parking Area
 Material Stock Pile Areas
 Steel Yard
 Formwork Yard
 Precast & Pre-stressing yard
 Batch Plant Area
 Cement Storage Store
 Earthmoving Equipment Yard
 General Item Store
 Heavy Equipment Parking Area
 Security Check Posts
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
Mentioned plan will be submitted to Resident Incharge at Site & after getting his formal
approval EWI will start execution of Mobilization activities.

6.2 Construction of Diversion Roads


Construction of Diversion Road is an integral part of this project. EWI will plan this
activity comprehensively due to its significance. EWI Traffic Engineer will consider all
aspect which will ensure smooth flow of Traffic during Construction while transition
from Existing Road to Diversion Road, Travelling on the Diversion Road & transition
from diversion to Existing Road.

EWI will perform following for the construction of diversion roads

1- Detailed Site Survey


After Initial Survey conducted before Mobilization, EWI Traffic Engineers along
with Safety Engineers will perform detailed site survey & identify exiting
Structures, Existing Utilities, Tree, Plants which requires to be removed or
relocated. Based on the survey report a detailed Drawing will be prepared
showing all Obstacles coming into Road Diversion.

This drawing than go to EWI Safety department which will analyze the required
safety measures during, after construction of Road Diversion, during the use of
diversion road to ensure smooth flow of traffic.

Following points will be considered while designing the safety measures

2- Proper Signage Boards will be placed before the start of diversion till the end of
diversion. EWI will follow the Guideline of Local Traffic Department in this regards.

Sign Boards will be secured proper to avoids overturning during High Winds.
Proper lighting system will be in placed to illuminate the Signs during night time.

3- EWI will provide soft barication on either sides of the diversion road ends by
means of Plastic Barriers (Water or Sand Filled) towards the start & end of the
Diversion Road
 Plastic Cones & Tiger Tape will be used for the remaining areas.
 To ensure that Plastic Cone will not fall over road during high wind, sand
bags will be placed at the base of each cone to fix its position.
 Flasher Lights will be placed on each alternate Plastic Cone during night time
to indicate the edge of the diversion road.

4- Proper Road Marking will be done at diversion road in order to have better lane
discipline of motorists.

5- EWI will make sure that there will be a Single car park area available at a suitable
distance in case of emergency parking (due to break down of Car etc.) to ensure
the smooth flow of traffic.

6- There will be day & night safety crew will be placed during the use of Diversion
roads as per following details

Day Shift:
Dualization of Rawalpindi - Kahuta Road including
4-Lane Bridge over Sihala Railway Pass, Sihala Bypass & Kahuta Bypass
PACKAGE - I - Km 0+000- Km 16+500 (Trikiyan)

TECHNICAL BID
Day shift will consist of following Safety Staff
a- Safety Manager
b- Safety Officer
c- Assistant Safety Officer
d- Flag Man – 12 Nos.
e- Safety Worker – 10 Nos.

Night Shift:
During Night Time, Safety crew will make sure that Flasher Lights placed on Plastic
Cones are “ON” along with the Lights of Sign Boards. Flag man will use light beacons
to assist the motorist as required. Night Shift will consist of following Safety Staff
a- Safety Officer
b- Assistant Safety Officer
c- Flag Man – 10 Nos.
d- Safety Workers – 10 Nos.

7- Proper lighting will be provided to illuminate the Road Diversion during Night
time.
8- EWI will make sure that all Heavy Equipment movement will be controlled by
Safety Department.

EWI Safety Department will make sure following before allowing any Heavy
Equipment or Vehicle to be used for this project
a- Vehicle should have proper Registration Document
b- Driver should have License to operator/drive particular Heavy Equipment or
Vehicle
c- Reverse Alarm should be working
d- Safety Induction of Driver & his helper

EWI will submit a detailed drawing having input from EWI Traffic & Road Safety
Department to EWI Project Manager. After successful review & approval from EWI
Project Manager, this drawing will be submitted to Resident Incharge & after
getting his approval, EWI will get required permits from Concerned Traffic/Other
Authorities to start construction of Diversion Road.

7 Handing Over of Project of Deliverables


All Project related Deliverables should be handed over to Employer.

8 Demobilization
Three Months Prior to completion of project EWI will submit a detailed Demobilization
Plan which will include following details
a- Demobilization of Employer’s/ Engineer’s Offices
b- Demobilization of Engineer’s lab & all storage yards
c- Removal of all Diversion Roads
d- Clearing of all area used by EWI for offices, Stock Piles, Storage Yards & for
Construction Activities.