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ISOMETRIC PROJECTION

Isometric Projection is the preferred method of representing an object in 3D as it allows for a more realistic representation of
the object when compared with Oblique Projection.

In isometric projection the angles between the projection of the axes are equal
i.e. 120º.
The Sphere In Isometric

Shown above is a sphere which has been enclosed in a cube. A vertical cut is
taken through the centre of the sphere and on a plane parallel to one face of the
cube so that a great circle results. This great circle appears as an ellipse on the
isometric drawing. The only points of this ellipse which appear on the isometric
drawing of the sphere, are the points on the extremities of the major axis. Using
one of these points and the centre of the ellipse as radius the isometric drawing
of the sphere is completed.

The isometric drawing of the sphere is a circle


whose diameter is (3/2) times that of the actual
diameter of the sphere. The isometric projection of
the sphere is simply a circle whose diameter is
equal to the true diameter of the sphere. It is
important when drawing in an isometric drawing
that the circle drawn is an isometric drawing and
not an isometric projection of the sphere. If a
isometric projection of a sphere is drawn in an
isometric drawing then the drawing will be
distorted as the sphere will appear smaller than it
should.

In axonometric the sphere will always project as a


circle. The radius of this circle will be the radius of
the sphere.