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30063 - Practice Probability 02 (Homework)

Current Score : 39 / 67

Due : Monday, April 4 2016 12:00 PM CEST

MICOL LAFFI 30063 - 2016, section class 18, Spring 2016 Instructor: Fabrizio Iozzi

1. 7/7 points | Previous Answers

A continuous random number X has a uniform distribution between 0.2 and 0.7. Its probability density f is

2 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.7 0 elsewhere
2
0.2
≤ x ≤
0.7
0
elsewhere
if 0.5
if
0.5

f(x) =

Then:

P(X 0.45) =

P(0.3X 0.6) =

0.6
0.6

The distribution function of X, on [0.2,0.7] is

F(x) =

2
2

x -The distribution function of X, on [ 0.2 , 0.7 ] is F(x) = 2 0.4

0.4
0.4

2. 4/4 points | Previous Answers

The graph below is that of the distribution function F of a random number X.

is that of the distribution function F of a random number X. Then P(0 ≤ X

Then P(0X 2.5) =

0.1

F of a random number X. Then P(0 ≤ X ≤ 2.5 ) = 0.1 P(

P(2.5X 10) =

0.9

X. Then P(0 ≤ X ≤ 2.5 ) = 0.1 P( 2.5 ≤ X ≤ 10)

P(0X 4.7) =

P(0X 10) =

0.5

1

X. Then P(0 ≤ X ≤ 2.5 ) = 0.1 P( 2.5 ≤ X ≤ 10)

3.

5/5 points | Previous Answers

A random number X has the following probability function:

X

 
  20 40 50 80

20

40

50

80

~

 

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.5

Let F be the distribution function of X. Then

F(10) =

0

F( 10 ) = 0

F(30) =

0.2

F( 30 ) = 0.2

F(45) =

0.3

F( 45 ) = 0.3

F(65) =

0.5

F( 65 ) = 0.5

F(160) =

1

F( 160 ) = 1

4. 1/1 points | Previous Answers

Which of the following probability densities is such that P(0.3X 0.5) > P(0.5X 0.7)

densities is such that P( 0.3 ≤ X ≤ 0.5) > P(0.5 ≤ X ≤ 0.7

(all densities vanish outside [0,1])

5.

3/3 points | Previous Answers

A continuous random number X has the following probability density:

f(x) =

Then

x

2x

0

0x1 1< x2 elsewhere

P(0.7X 1)=

0.255

P( 0.7 ≤ X ≤ 1 )= 0.255

P(1X 1.3)=

0.255

P( 1 ≤ X ≤ 1.3 )= 0.255

P(0.7X 1.3)=

0.51

≤ X ≤ 1.3 )= 0.255 P( 0.7 ≤ X ≤ 1.3 )= 0.51 6. 3/3

6. 3/3 points | Previous Answers

A continuous random number X has the following probability density:

f(x) =

number X has the following probability density: f(x) = k 0 4 ≤ x ≤ 9

k

0

4x9 elsewhere

Then

k =

15

15

 
 
 
15     P( 4 <X< 6.5 )= 0.5     P( 6 <X< 7 )=

P(4<X<6.5)=

0.5

0.5

 
 
 
15     P( 4 <X< 6.5 )= 0.5     P( 6 <X< 7 )=

P(6<X<7)=

0.2

0.2

 
 
 
    P( 4 <X< 6.5 )= 0.5     P( 6 <X< 7 )= 0.2

7. 3/3 points | Previous Answers

A

X

random number X has the following probability function:

 
  10 20 40 50

10

20

40

50

~

 

5s

3s

3s

4s

Then

s =

115

115

115 P(X ≤ 1/2)= 0 P( 10 <X< 50 )= 25
115 P(X ≤ 1/2)= 0 P( 10 <X< 50 )= 25

P(X 1/2)=

0

0

115 P(X ≤ 1/2)= 0 P( 10 <X< 50 )= 25
115 P(X ≤ 1/2)= 0 P( 10 <X< 50 )= 25

P(10<X<50)=

25

25

115 P(X ≤ 1/2)= 0 P( 10 <X< 50 )= 25
50 ~   5 s 3 s 3 s 4 s Then s = 115 P(X

8.

3/3 points | Previous Answers

A random number X has the following probability function:

 
  1 2

1

2

X

~

p

pq

3

pq 2

4

pq 3

with p=1/4 and q=3/4.

Find

P(X=2)=

P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=

P(X 2)=

P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=

P(X 3)=

P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)=
and q= 3/4 . Find P(X=2)= P(X ≤ 2)= P(X ≥ 3)= 316 716 916 9.

316

716

916

9. 3/3 points | Previous Answers

A

X

random number X has the following probability function:

 
  10 40 90

10

40

90

~

 

0.3

0.2

0.5

Find

P(10<X<40)=

0

P( 10 <X< 40 )= 0

P(40X 90)=

0.7

P( 40 ≤ X ≤ 90 )= 0.7

P(X 140)=

1

~   0.3 0.2 0.5 Find P( 10 <X< 40 )= 0 P( 40 ≤ X

10.2/2 points | Previous Answers

The continuous random number X is exponentially distributed with parameter λ=1.

Then:

P(X 2.3)

lim

b +

0.8997
0.8997
1
1

P(X b) =

11.3/3 points | Previous Answers

A random number X has a Poisson distribution with parameter λ=2.7. Then:

P(X=0)

0.0672
0.0672
P(X=0) ≈ 0.0672

P(X=3)

0.2205
0.2205
P(X=3) ≈ 0.2205

P(X 2)

0.752
0.752
P(X ≥ 2) ≈ 0.752

12.2/8 points | Previous Answers

Z= [ X ,Y ] is a discrete random vector whose distribution is

X

Y

0

1

2

P

X

 

0 0.3

0.1

 

0

0.4

 

1 0.2

0

 

0.4

0.6

 

P

Y

0.1

0.5

0.4

1

Then

E(X) =

E(Y) =

Cov(X,Y) =

, ,
,
,

Var(X) =

0.5 0.4 1 Then E(X) = E(Y) = Cov(X,Y) = , , Var(X) = Var(Y) =

Var(Y) =

, ρ(X,Y)

Are X and Y stochastically independent?

NoYes

YesNo

No Yes

Why?

Because P(X=0 and Y=2)Because P(X=0 and Y=2) ≠ 0.16 ≠ P(X=2 and Y=0) Because X has 2 values

Because P(X=0 and Y=2)Because P(X=0 and Y=2) ≠ 0.16 ≠ P(X=2 and Y=0) Because X has 2 values and

0.16

P(X=2 and Y=0)

Because X has 2 values and Y has 3Because P(X=0 and Y=2) Because P(X=0 and Y=2) ≠ 0.16 ≠ P(X=2 and Y=0) Because P(X=0

Because P(X=0 and Y=2) =0Because P(X=0 and Y=2) Because P(X=0 and Y=2) ≠ 0.16 ≠ P(X=2 and Y=0) Because X

and Y=2) Because P(X=0 and Y=2) ≠ 0.16 ≠ P(X=2 and Y=0) Because X has 2

13.–/3 points

A random number X has binomial distribution with parameters n=6 and p=0.1. Then:

P(X=1)

P(X=1) ≈

P(X=2)

P(X=2) ≈

P(X 6) =

P(X ≤ 6 ) =

14.–/3 points

The density of a continuous random number X is

f(x) =

f(x) = 2/3 − 2/9 x 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 elsewhere

2/3 2/9 x

0x3 elsewhere

0

Then

E(X) =

 
   
 
 
 

Var(X) =

 
 
   
 
 
 

σ (x)

 
   
 
 
 

15.–/3 points

A random number X has the following probability function:

X

 
  60 80 90

60

80

90

~

 

0.3

0.2

0.5

Find

E(X) =

probability function: X   60 80 90 ~   0.3 0.2 0.5 Find E(X) = Var(X)

Var(X) =

probability function: X   60 80 90 ~   0.3 0.2 0.5 Find E(X) = Var(X)

σ (x)

probability function: X   60 80 90 ~   0.3 0.2 0.5 Find E(X) = Var(X)

16.–/1 points

Ω={m,o,x} and

defined on Ω with values in apply.)

Ω ={ m , o , x } and defined on Ω with values in apply.)

={,{m,o},{x},Ω} is an algebra over Ω. Which of the following functions

} is an algebra over Ω . Which of the following functions are random numbers, that

are random numbers, that is are Borel measurable? (Select all that

X(m )= 5 , X( o )= 5 , X( x )= 5 m)=5, X(o)=5, X(x)=5

X(m )= 3 , X( o )= 5 , X( x )= 3 m)=3, X(o)=5, X(x)=3

X(m )= 3 , X( o )= 3 , X( x )= 5 m)=3, X(o)=3, X(x)=5

X(m )= 5 , X( o )= 3 , X( x )= 5 m)=5, X(o)=3, X(x)=5

17.–/7 points

Z is a discrete random vector whose distribution is

X

Y

0

1

2

P

X

 

0 0.3

0.1

 

0

0.4

 

1 0.2

0

 

0.4

0.6

 

P

Y

0.1

0.5

0.4

1

Then

E(X) =

P(X+Y 1) =

, E(Y) =
, E(Y) =

E(X+Y) =

P(X 1,Y 1) =

E(XY) =

P(X=1|Y=1) =

18.–/1 points

A point P is chosen at random with uniform distribution in the square Ω. Which of the following A is

such that the probability that P lies inside A is 24%?

is such that the probability that P lies inside A is 24%? 19. –/2 points X
is such that the probability that P lies inside A is 24%? 19. –/2 points X
is such that the probability that P lies inside A is 24%? 19. –/2 points X
is such that the probability that P lies inside A is 24%? 19. –/2 points X

19.–/2 points

X is a random number uniformly distributed in the interval [0,1]

The probability that X lies in the interval [0.4,0.7] is

The probability that X lies in the interval [0.4,0.7] given that it's in the interval [0.6,0.8]

, 0.7 ] given that it's in the interval [ 0.6 , 0.8 ] 20. –/2
, 0.7 ] given that it's in the interval [ 0.6 , 0.8 ] 20. –/2

20.–/2 points

A random number X is uniformly distributed in the interval [0,1]. Consider the events:

A = 0.4 < X < 0.9

B = 0.8 < X < 1

1) A and B are stochastically independent

TrueX < 0.9 B = 0.8 < X < 1 1) A and B are stochastically

FalseX < 0.9 B = 0.8 < X < 1 1) A and B are stochastically

2) A and B are disjoint

FalseX < 0.9 B = 0.8 < X < 1 1) A and B are stochastically

TrueX < 0.9 B = 0.8 < X < 1 1) A and B are stochastically