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Innovative lesson plan
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Binsu Rachel Baby
Commerce

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Mount Tabor Training
College , Pathanapuram
Reg: 19016303002

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Innovative Lesson Plan
Name of the Teacher : Binsu Rachel Baby Standard : XII

Name of the School : GHSS Punalur Division : COA2

Name of the Subject : Business Studies Strength : 60

Name of the Unit : Financial Market Date : 11/1/2018

Name of the Topic : Speculation Duration : 45 minutes

Curricular Statement : Through gaming, role play, general discussion and lecturing
students get an awareness about speculation and speculators in the stock market.

Content Analysis

Terms Speculation, Speculator, Bull, Bear, Stag and Lame Duck

Facts

 Speculation is a method of short-term investing whereby


traders essentially bet on the direction an assets price will
move.
 Speculation involves trading a financial instrument involving
high risk, in expectation of significant returns.
 The motive of speculation is to take maximum advantage from
functions in the market.
 Those who are engage in speculation transactions are called
Speculators.
 A speculator does not take delivery of the securities bought by
him.
 A speculator does not actually deliver the securities sold by
him.
 A speculator only receives or pays the difference between the
purchase and sale prices.
 A Bull is a speculator who expects a rise in the prices of the
securities.
 A Bull buys securities in the hope that he can sell them in
future at a higher price.
 A Bull speculator is also known as Tejiwala.
 A Bull is an optimistic Speculator.
 A Bear is a Speculator who expects a fall in the price of a
particular security
 A Bear speculator offers to sell the securities with the hope that
in future the price will come down and he can earn a profit by
purchasing them at a lower price.
 A Bear speculator is also known as Mandiwala.
 A Bear is a pessimistic Speculator
 A Stag applies for new shares issued by companies with a new
to selling them at a premium before allotment.
 A Stag is described as a Premium hunter.
 When a bear finds to difficult to meet the commitment on
account of rise in prices of shares. Then the Bear speculator is
known as Lame Duck.

Concept Speculative transactions are those transactions which are made with
the intention of making profit by disposing of securities at favourable
price.

Mental Process

The learners:

 recollects the terms, facts and concepts regarding the


speculation and its types.
 readily makes a connection to new information of speculation
based on past experiences and formulates initial ideas
 organise various types of speculator appropriately
 transfer knowledge and applies them in new situations
 relates prior knowledge of transactions in stock market to
speculations and draw influences
 communicate knowledge through power point presentations
 evaluates the merits and demerits of speculative transaction

Learning Strategy : Game, Role Play, Lecturing, General Discussion

Teaching Learning Resources : Usual class room aids

Game board of Snake and Ladder

Placards of animals
Pre-requisites :

Cognitive: student has a general idea of speculation.

Affective: student is interested to know more about various players in stock market

Psychomotor: student has a skill of PPT presentation

Class room Interaction Procedure Expected Response

Introduction :
Game

After creating a good rapport with the student, the teacher showed the
board of snake and ladder game. Then, the Teacher asked

Are you familiar with this game? Yes /No

What is the name of the game? Snake and Ladder

What is the tool that we used to play the game? Dice

How many digits the Dice have? 0-6

Who are the main characters in the game? Snake and ladder

What is the symbol snake and ladder symbolises? Winning and loosing

Then teacher asked two children to come forward and to play the Students will play the
game game.

Presentation:

What are the rules and regulations regarding the game? The dice have 0-6
numbers. When we twist
the dice, we will get a
number and depends on
that number we will
move forward.

The game is purely based on our luck. Isn’t it? Yes/No

Yes. There are two symbols in the play chart. One is a snake and the
other is a ladder. The two symbols are arranged respectively. While, The students will think
moving onward, if we reached in the destination of snakes’ mouth.
We will go down through its tail. We will lose our points and
progress. If we get the location of the ladder, we will be moved to
good numbers. Here, the winning or losing is purely based on luck.
Even though, there is a chance of losing, we will try our level best to
move forward with good optimism.

Did you like the game? Yes/No

We could also see this kind of game in the stock market.


Can anyone say the name of such game?
It is known as Speculation.

Are you familiar with the term Speculation?

Speculation is a method of short-term investing whereby traders


essentially bet on the direction an asset’s price will move.

What is Speculation? Student will give answers

Development:

Teacher provides further explanation about speculation.

"Speculation involves trading a financial instrument involving huge


risk, in expectation of significant return.”

Do you know the motive of speculation? Earn Profit


" It is to take maximum advantage from fluctuations in the market.

"Speculative transactions are those transactions which are made with


the intention of making profit by disposing of securities at favourable
price."

Do you know, who conducts speculative transactions? Speculators


Right., the speculator is a person who engage in speculative
transactions.
A speculator does not take delivery of the securities brought by him;
he does not actually deliver the securities bought by him. He only
receives or pays the difference between the purchase and sale prices.

Through the discussion the students will get an idea about


speculations and speculators.
Role Play

Teacher already prepared 4 students to play the role of various


speculators. These students are well versed about the topic, its role
and functions. One student is assigned to play the role of a Bull; the
2nd is assigned as Bear, the 3rd as a Stag and the 4th one as Lame
Duck.

Student I I am a bull speculator. I have another name


Bull Tejiwala. I am an optimist. I expects a rise
in price of the securities. I will buy many
securities because I can sell them in future
at higher prices.

Students will viewing


interestingly

Student II I am a Bear speculator. I have another name


Bear Mandiwala. I am a pessimist. I expects for a
fall in price of particular securities. I will
sell my all securities because I can purchase
it at lower price.

Student III I am a stag speculator. I am a premium


Stag hunter. I am more cautious than bull and
bear. I applies for new shares issued by the
company for selling them at a premium
before its allotment.
Student IV I am a lame duck. I am struggling. If the
Lame Duck bear find it difficult to meet the commitment
on account of rise in price of share, He will
become me.

Through this Role play students will able to understand different type
of speculators prevailing in the stock market.

Conclusion:
Students will write the
Teacher ask students to write a portfolio of class
portfolio
By summarising the main points ones again teacher concludes the
class.

Review Questions:
Students will give
 What do you mean by speculation?
answers
 What is speculative transaction ?
 Who is a speculator?
 Who is a bull?
 Who is a bear?
 Who is a stag?
 Who is a lame duck?

Follow up Activity:

Prepare a power point presentation for speculation.