Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

Flowchart 1: ANALYSIS OF SINGLY REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAMS IN FLEXURE

PROJECT : Northhils Shopping Center


LOCATION : Poblacion , Consolacion Cebu
OWNER : First Builders & Developers
ENGINEER : Jessica S. Otadoy
BEAM NO. :1

DATA Calculation for As


Width of the beam b 250.00 mm size no.of Area Total Area
Height of the beam h 625 mm (mm) bars (sq.mm) (sq.mm)
Depth of the beam d 575.00 mm 12.00 113.09734 0.00
Area of the Steel As 1473.00 mm 16.00 201.06193 0.00
Yield strenght of the Steel fy 414.70 Mpa 20.00 314.15927 0.00
Compressive strenght of concrete f'c 27.6 Mpa 25.00 3 490.87385 1472.62
28.00 615.75216 0.00
30.00 706.85835 0.00
CALCULATION: 32.00 804.24772 0.00
theta , 0.90 35.00 962.11275 0.00
beta 0.85 1472.62
Steel Ratio, Balanced , 0.028433249
maximum steel ratio 0.0213249367
minimum steel ratio, 0.0033759344

Actual Steel Ratio,ρ = As/bd 0.0102469565 OK1 ρ < ρmax


OK! ρ >ρmin
use design ρ = 0.0102469565
Depth of compression block 104.15227621 mm
Design Strength, Mn = 319429662.1 Nm
Mu = øMn = øAsfy(d-a/2) 287486695.89 Nm

b=250mm

d=575mm
As 1472.62 sq.mm
Flowchart 1: DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAMS IN FLEXURE

PROJECT : Northhils Shopping Center


LOCATION : Poblacion , Consolacion Cebu
OWNER : First Builders & Developers
ENGINEER : Jessica S. Otadoy
BEAM NO. :1

DATA:
Moment Capacity of RC beam Mu 287.45
Compressive strength of concrete f'c 27.60
Yeild strength of Steel fy 414.70
Length of the span L 3.00 m
Concrete covering c 60.00 mm

CALCULATION:
1.0 DESIGN STEEL RATIO
Assume width thickness ratio, r = b/d 0.43
theta, ø (constant) 0.90
beta, β 0.85
Steel Ratio, Balanced, ρbal 0.02843325
maximum steel ratio, ρmax 0.02132494
minimum steel ratio, ρmin 0.00337593

Actual Steel Ratio, ρ =0.50 ρbal 0.0102469565 OK1 ρ < ρmax


OK! ρ >ρmin

use design ρ = 0.0102469565

2.0 BEAM DIMENSION


w = ρ(fy/f'c) 0.15396423
Coefficient of Resistivity, R = wf'c (1-0.59w) 3.8634 Mpa
effective depth of beam, d = (Mu+/ørR)0.333 573.50 600 mm
base of the beam, b = .5d 287.50 300 mm

3.0 FACTORED LOAD


Dead load or weight of beam, wu Wudl = 23.560xdxb 4.2910 KN/m
Liveload (assumed bWul = assume based 10 KN/m
Factored load , Wu 23.01 KN/m

4.0 MOMENT CAPACITY (Resisting Moment, Mu' > Required Moment Mudl + Mu)
Moment capacity due to weight of beam, Mudl
(for simple beam subjected to distributed load) 25.88
25.88
(from moment diagram, Mu = wL^2/8)
Required moment capacity, (actual), Mudl + Mu 310.46 KN/m
Resisting moment, Mu' (0.90*Asfy(d-a/2)

Calculation of As
size no. of Area Total Area
(mm) bars (sq. mm) (sq. mm)
12.00 113.10 0.00
16.00 201.06 0.00
20.00 314.16 0.00
25.00 490.87 0.00
28.00 615.75 0.00
29.00 660.52 0.00
30.00 706.86 0.00
32.00 804.25 0.00
35.00 962.11 0.00
36.00 1017.88 0.00
0.00

1 ρ < ρmax
ρ >ρmin
Area of steel, As = ρbd 1844.45 sq. mm
a = As*fy/(0.85*f'c*b) 108.68
Resisting moment, Mu' (0.90*Asfy(d-a/2) 375.63 KN/m
Resisting Moment, Mu' > Required Moment, Mudl + Mu: OK! beam dimension is safe, design the steel bars
Area of steel bars 1844.00 KN/m

5.0 DESIGN OF STEEL BARS


USE: diameter of 16 mm
No. of bars 9.17 say 8.00

`
d=600 mm

b = 300 mm As = 1844 sq.mm


sign the steel bars
DESIGN OF A SIMPLY SUPPORTED ONE-WAY SLAB
PROJECT : Northhills Shopping Center RETULLA, ROCELYN B.
LOCATION : Poblacion, Consolacion Cebu BSCE - 05
OWNER : First Builders & Developers
ENGINEER :

SLAB NO. : S18

DATA:
Properties of the Concrete
Compressive Stress f'c 20 Mpa
Beta β 0.85

Properties of the Steel Reinforcement


Yield Stress fy 276 Mpa

Specified Lengths and dimensions


Span length L 3m
width of beam b 1200 mm

Loading
Liveload LL 1500 Pa
Deadload
partitions 3 Pa
floor finished 5 Pa
ceiling and fixtures 0 Pa
others 3 Pa
TOTAL DEAD LOAD DL 11 Pa

DESIGN DATA:
Minimum slab thickness
h = L/20x(0.4+fy/700)
h = 119.143 mm

EFFECTIVE DEPTH
d = h - concrete covering - 1/2 dia bar
d = 93.1 mm
DEAD LOAD OF SLAB
Wt. of slab = yconcrete x h = 2804.62 Pa

FACTORED FLOOR PRESSURE


wu = 1.4DL + 1.4 LL
wu = 6491.87 Pa

analyzing 1 m strip (b = 1000 mm) as width of slab


wu = 6491.87 N/m

MAXIMUM FACTORED MOMENT


Mu = wuL^2/8 = 7303.36 N-m

REQUIRED STEEL RATIO


Mu = Rubd^2
Ru = Mu/bd^2
Ru = 0.70217 Mpa

*Required steel ratio,


ρ =( 0.85f'c/fy)*[1 - sqrt(1 - 2Ru/0.85f'c)]
ρ 0.0026
*Minimum steel ratio
ρmin = 1.4/fy
ρ 0.00507
*Balanced steel ratio
ρb = 0.85f'c600/fy(fy+600)
ρb 0.03586
*Maximum steel ratio
ρmax = 0.75pb
ρmax 0.02689

STEEL AREA FOR MAIN BARS


As = ρbd
As 290.352 mm2
SPACING
USING 12 mm diameter main bars
Spacing = Abar/As (100)
Spacing 389.52 mm
380 mm

Maximum spacing requirement


a) 3h = 279.30 mm
b) 450 mm 450 mm

USE 279.30 mm
USE 12 mm diameter main bars at 279.3 mm O.C.

STEEL AREA FOR TEMPERATURE BARS


As = ρtbh
ρt 0.0020
As = 223.44 mm2
SPACING
USING 10 mm diameter temperature bars
Spacing = Abar/As (100) = 351.504 mm
351
Maximum spacing required by the CODE:
a) 5h = 465.5 465.5 mm
b) 450 mm

USE 351 mm
USE 10 mm diameter temperature bars at 351 mm O.C.
RETULLA, ROCELYN B.
BSCE - 05

TABLE A
MINIMUM THICKNESS OF SLAB
without deflection
Solid-one
way slab
Simply supported L/20
One end continuous L/24
Both ends continuous L/28
Cantilever L/10

SLAB

mm m

b = mm

d = mm

mm temperature bars
mm main bars
d = mm

0 mm
concrete covering + 1/2 dia main bars
Column design
Name of work:- pkn

1 External + self load 1200 kN Height of column= 6.00


= 6000
2 Concrete M- 25 Grade Unit weight concrete= 25000
scbc 6 N/mm2 m= 13.33
3 Steel fy 415 N/mm2 Tensile stress= 190
4 Nominal cover 40 mm Effective cover= 50

5 Reinforcement Main vertical 20 mm F 6 Nos. bars

6 2 - lgd. Strirrups 6 mm F 280 mm c/c


7 Rectangular Coloumn Size width 495 mtr depth 330 mtr

6 Nos. = 20 mm F

d=330mm

b=495mm h=6mm

Rectangular Column

Foundation Plad
Column design
1 Design Constants:- For HYSD Bars

mtr sst = = 190 N/mm2


mm scbc = = 6 N/mm3
N/m3 m = 13.33

N/mm2 k= m*c = 79.980 = 0.29624


mm m*c+sst 269.98
j=1-k/3 = 0.901
R=1/2xc x j x k = 0.8010
wt. of concrete = 25000 N/mm2
Concrete M = 25

2 Design of section:-
Minimum steel = 0.80% Let us use = 1 %steel
Design column as a short columns
The load carring capacity of short column is p = s cbc . Ac +sst. Asc =scbc(Ag - pAs)+ sst.pAs
From which Ag = p
scbc (1-p) +p.sst
1200 x 1000
6 x( 1 - 0.01 )+ 0.01 x
= 152091.25
Size of square column = ( 152091 )0.5 = 390
Provide = 390 x 390 mm
Area of columns = 390 x 390 = 152100

3 Check column whatever short or long.


Effective hieght of column Hef = Height of column x Effective height factor
Here, Hef = 6000 x 1 = 6000
b = 390 mm
Hence Hef = 6000 = 15.38462 > 12
b 390
Design as long column

Reduction factore = Cr = 1.25 - Hef


48 b
= 1.25 - 48750 =
18720
Revised Load P1 = 1200 x 1000 = 1290322.6
0.93
Revised Ag = p
scbc (1-p) +p.sst
= 1290323
6 x( 1 - 0.01 )+ 0.01 x
= 163539 mm2
The load carring capacity of short column is p = s cbc . Ac +sst. Asc = scbc(Ag - pAs)+ sst.pAs
Revised

Ractangular column 1.50 x2= 163539


or x 2
= 109026
x = 330 say 330 mm
Size = 330 x 495
Area = 163350 mm 2

(b = 1.5 d Assume)

Longitudinal Reinforcement:-
Asc =pA = 0.01 X 163539 mm2 = 1635
using 20 mm bars A = 3.14xdia 2 mm2
0.01 = 3.14 X 20 X 20
4 X 100
= 314 mm2
Nomber of Bars = Ast/A = 5.21 say = 6
Hence Provided 6 bars of 20 mm F bar,
having, Ast = 6 x 314 = 1884.00
190 Keeping = 40 mm nominal side cover

mm 5 Design of ties:-
Diameter of ties should be 1/4 of the diameter of longitudinal reinforcement subject to
mm2 minimum 6 mm However use 6 mm f bars of ties.
The spacing of the ties should not exceed least of the following.
(I) Least lateral diamension. = 390
(II) 16 x Diameter of main bars = 320
(III) 48 x dia of ties = 288
mm Hence provided the ties @ = 280
longitudinal bars pass through the corners of ties.
Keep pitch of each set of ties at = 280

2.604166667

N
190
Design of Column

20 Nos. = 6 mm F
b=495mm

d=330mm d=330mm

b=495mm

40 mm cover

Square Column

No.

mm2

rcement subject to
mm f bars of ties.

mm
mm
mm
mm c/c.

mm Foundation Pad
h=6m