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1,034,865. Patented Aug. 6, 1912.

/ RM
5 ‘23 \22

15:71AM I


Speci?cation of Letters Patent. Patented Aug. 6, 1912.
Application ?led December 12, 1911:‘ Serial No. 665,202.

To all whom it may, concern: .

with metallic devices of suitable kind, as is
Be it known that I, CARL BORNMANN, a, well understood in this art.
The rear or swinging" art of the camera
citizen of the United States, and a resident is composed of a back piece 4 and two side 55
of the city of . Binghamton, county of
pieces 5
Broome, State of'New York, have invented that these parts and 5“, and a bottom piece 6, so
certain new and useful Improvements in taken together constitute a
Film - Pack Photographic Apparatus, of recessed swinging structure adapted to re
which the following is a full, clear, and ex ceive the ?lm pack, as hereinafter explained.
A metallic plate 7 is located at the bottom 60
act description.
10 It is the purpose ‘of this invention to pro of the swinging part. It is arranged verti
vide means whereby ?lm packs may be more cally and extends clear across near the front
easily introduced into cameras or pack edges similar
of the side pieces 5 and 5“. 8 is a
plate, arranged horizontally; It is
holders and be there held securely and pro
tected against the action‘ of light. The con preferably of metal, although it may be of 65
any other suitable
struction is such also that a ground glass rearwardly from the‘u material, and it extends
15 per side of the cam
may be conveniently used for determining era proper and its en s enter into recesses _
the focus of the camera. -
In the drawings hereof I illustrate the in 9, 9, made at the upper edges of the side
vention as applied to the rear of a camera. pieces 5 and 5a respectively of the swing go
20 It will be readily understood that the same ing rear art, so that when that part is
construction may be applied to a pack closed against the body part of the camera,
holder, since the front of the holder mayebe this promoting plate 8 will partly reduce
practically the same as the rear of .the the opening at the upper end of the swing-' 7-5
ing part as illustrated clearly \in Fig. 2,

25' Figure 1 illustrates an elevation in per because of its overlapping the ?lm pack 10
spective of the invention, showing the ?lm which is shown in positlon in that ?gure.
pack in dotted lines in the act of being in Su-?icient space 11 is left, however, through '
troducedp’Fig. 2 illustrates a vertical sec which the manipulating‘tabs' 12 of the ?lm 80
tional View of the invention, the rear of the pack ma project, as shown also-in Fig. 2.
30 camera or holder beingclosed, the. ?lm pack The horizontally projecting plate 8 on the
being in position; Fig. 3 illustrates-a hori body part of the camera and the vertically
arranged-plate 7 on the swinging rear art ,

zontal sectlonal view of that which is shown -

in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 illustrates an elevation of perform important functions, among t cm 85
the con?ning latch for the pack holding the following: The rear of the camera being
part of the apparatus; and Fig. 5 illustrates swung open, as shown in.Fig. 1, the pack,
[as 'a view the same as Fig. 4, the latch being shown diagrammatically in that ?gure, may
removed and the \pins and springs which be readily introduced thereinby "restingits
co-act with it shown in ‘section. > rear edge against the backboard of the
1 represents part of a camera box. In the swinging part and gently pressing it down
40 ‘instance shown it is an ordinary box camera.
until its lower edge shall pass behind the
2 represents the rear part of the camera or vertical plate 7, as shown in Fig. 2; Then
the rear part of the pack holder, as the case the upper edge of the pack may readily be
may- be. It is hinged to the part 1 as at. pressed backwardly, ‘so that it will entirely 95
3 (see Fig. 3). I prefer that this hinge shall‘ pass
within the recess in the rear swinging
the tabs 12 naturally 1 assuming the
be made of leather or‘imitation leat er, the
same as that with which‘ the camer is cov position shown in Fig. 2. The swinging
ered. '3 It may, however, be of any other rear part will then be closed‘ against the
preferred material and construction and in body part of the camera, as shown in Fig. 3,
heavy cameras it will sometimes be desirable whereupon the latch 13 (see Fig. 4) will 100
to reinforce the leather or imitation ‘leather engage with a pin 14 on the swinging rear
with additional strong ?brous material, or part which‘ will be held by the latch ?rmly »
against the rear of the camera; and in order
that this action may be reliable and the parts larly if a tripod is used, the camera may-be
focused in a well known manner.
permanently held in this closed position, I
make the latch of peculiar construction, as of ((1).
Easy access is afforded to the inside
camera for repair, cleansing, etc.
shown in Figs. 4 and 5. The general out
line of the latch is shown in Fig. 4. It is This is an important feature because it fre
quently avoids ‘the necessity for taking the
pivoted at 15 to the body part. 16 is a pin ap 70
aratus apart more or less. 4
which works through a slot 17 in the latch, e). The spring actuated latch serves an
guiding and holding it, and a spring 18 important purpose because it assures the
10 which is inclosed in a recess 25 made in the permanent light tightness of the camera,
body part, as shown, engages with a pin 19 compensating for atmospheric changes and
on the latch, so that the latter is normally jars 75
held at all times pressed downwardly into or shocks to‘which the camera might be
good holding engagement with the pin. subjected. It frequently happens that a
15 In order that the pressure exerted by the camera will be laid aside for an inde?nite
time after use in humid weather or under
latch upon the pin 14 may tend always to such conditions that the woodwork has
draw and to hold the swinging back snugly swollen more or less, but sufficiently to per 80
against the rear of the camera‘ box proper, I mit
prefer to make the end of the latch inclined, resulttheinentrance of white light which may
the fogging of a plate, when the
20 as shown at 20, so that it will exert a cam
like or crowding action against the pin 14, camera
shall again become dry and the parts
thus openin cracks for the admis 85
insuring the‘ light-tight closure of. the
swinging rear part against the body part of sion of such l1ght;%ut this cannot happen
the camera. 21 is a knob on the front end in the described construction because the
25 spring 18 is made of su?icient sti?'ness to
of the latch for its more convenient manip-' cause the cam shaped or inclined surface 20
ulation. ,
In order that the joint between the swing theon the end of the latch which engages with 90
pin 14 on the swinging rear part of the
ing rear part and the body part- of the camera camera
may be vlight-tight I provide suitable rab to automatically draw the swinging
30 beted surfaces, shown best at 22, 22, in Fig. part
against the rear of the camera proper
hold it there, thus closing all cracks, if
3, which enter corresponding recesses 23 m
the swinging rear part. any are formed, and e?iciently preventing 95
I call particular attention to the follow~ theItentranceof
will be
li ht.
obvious to those who are fa
ing series of advantages secured by this new miliar with this art that many modi?cations
35 construction. . - .

(a). The ?lmpack is introduced from the and yet the essentials of theof invention
may be made in the details construction
front of the swinging rear part of the cam employed. I therefore do not limit myself 100
era and this for several reasons is a more
desirable way in which to introduce it than to' I‘the details as illustrated and described.
claim: .
40 any heretofore known to me. -
(b). The construction is such that the 1. In a structure of the vclass stated, a
proper registration of the ?lm pack with the. body part, a recessed rear part adapted to 105
focal plane, its‘ proper retention in that req receive a film pack and hinged to: the body
uisite position, the impossibility of remov part, means on the recessed rear part for the
45 ing it from the swinging holder when it is con?nement of the lower end of the pack, I
closed and latched to the camera body be-~ other means attached to the camera for the
cause of the-horizontal plate 8 and the ver con?nement of the upper end of the pack 110
and means to hold the hingedrear part to '
tical plate 7 and the secure closure of the the body part when closed.
camera and protection against the entrance
50 of white light, are all automatically secured 2. In a structure of the class stated, a
by the structural features of the parts, so body part, a recessed rear part adapted to
that the operator need not be watchful, nor receive a ?lm pack and bin ed to the body 115
called upon to perform any other act than part, a vertically arrange plate on the
hinged part adapted to con?ne the lower end
the mere insertion of the pack and the clos~
55 ing of the swinging rear part against the on the
of pack, a horizontally arranged plate
the body part adapted to overlap and
body part of the camera, because if these thus con?ne the upper end of the pack and
simple acts which are obviously to be per 120
formed are attended to, then all else follows means to hold the hinged rear part .to the
body part when closed. v
automatically. .
60 3. In a structure of the
(c). When the swinging part is swung part, a recessed rearpart adaptedclass stated, a body
open a ground lass may be placed against a ?lm pack'and hinged to the body to receive
part, a
the rear side 0 the rabbets on the camera vertically arranged plate on the hinged part 125
box proper, which coincide with the focal adapted to con?ne the lower end of the pack,
.plane, (see Fig. 2) and thereupon, particu a horizontally arranged plate on the body
1,034,865 a

part adapted to overlap and thus con?ne the upper end of the pack and means to hold
upper end of the pack and a spring actuated the‘ hinged rear part to the body part when
latch adapted to draw and hold the hinged closed.
In testimony whereof I have signed my
rear part to the body part when closed.
4. In a structure of the class stated, a body name to this speci?cation in the presence of 15
part, a recessed rear part adapted to receive two subscribing Witnesses.
a ?lm pack and hinged to the body part,
means on the hinged part for the con?ne \Vitnesses :
ment of the lower end of the pack, means on GEO. W. Tormrr,
10 the body part for the con?nement of the