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CAESAR II: All About Results

Mandeep Singh
Executive Manager, Product Support and QA, Intergraph
CADWorx & Analysis Solutions
Overview

– How do I verify if results make sense?


– Evaluate the results graphically.
– Does the model “pass”– stresses, supports, and others?
– Document the results
– A picture is worth a thousand words
– Questions & Answers
How do I verify if results make sense?

– Here is are examples of things to consider when checking


the accuracy of your model:

– Compare the system weight with reactions on the vertical


supports

– Sum the reactions in two horizontal directions

– Review displacements of the system in different


conditions: operating, sustained, etc.

– Look out for disconnected legs.


Evaluate the Results Graphically

– Review graphics and reports together

– Identify locations of interest – Maximum stress,


displacement, forces/moments.
Evaluate Stress in the Piping System

Typical load cases to consider

L1: W+T1+P1 (OPE)



L2: W+P1 (SUS)

L3: WIND1 (OCC)

L4: W+T1+P1+WIND1 (OPE)

L5: L1-L2 (EXP) (Algebraic) 

L6: L2+L3 (OCC) (Scalar)

Structural Stress

(restraint loads and system deflections) (code-defined)
Poll Question 1
Evaluate Stress in the Piping System, Cont.

Stress reports (or Code Compliance) – only for those


cases for which the active code defines a stress type
– SUStained Cases (for most codes)
– EXPansion Cases (for most codes)
– OCCasional Cases (for most codes, if present)
– OPErating Cases (only for B31.4, B31.8, BS 7159,
UKOOA, etc.)
– Special Japanese KHK, EN13445 Creep cases

Cumulative Usage Report


– Generated locally for all selected Fatigue Cases

that may occur together
Evaluate Stress in the Piping System, cont.

▪ There are many types of reports

▪ Regular
Reports

▪ Summary
Reports

▪ Extended
Reports

▪ Nozzle check

▪ Flange check
Individual Output Reports

– Each load case reported separately


Summary Output Reports

– Loads cases together for each node


– The “MAX” line is also added at the end.
Code Compliance Output Report

– Code compliance statement


– Loads cases together for each node
Nozzle / Flange Check Report

– Report for Nozzle and Flange screening analysis


Evaluate Loads on Supports

Check loads from each load case or create envelope


load cases. Examples:
What is the
– Max case, load on this
– Envelope the range of loads
 steel?

SignMin and SignMax cases

– Civil/Structural department may



want individual load primitives
Evaluate Loads on Supports, cont.

• Restraints vs Restraint Summary reports


• Shows supports with multiple restraints
Evaluate Loads on Supports, cont.

• Local restraint reports are useful for skewed pipe.

• The standard X,Y,Z global coordinate 



system used in CAESAR II output is 

augmented by a local coordinate system

• This local report provides element forces



and moments in terms of axial and shear

loads, and torque and bending moments.
The Local Coordinate System

The local x axis points from the element From node to


the To node. This is pipe’s axial direction.

The local y axis depends:


– where x is vertical then y is along global +X
– Otherwise, y is the cross product of the local x and global
vertical up.

The local z is the cross product of local x and local y.

Global axis is denoted by capital letters (X/Y/Z) versus


local axis (x/y/z)
Global (Y-up) vs. Local Coordinates [Elevation View]
Evaluate Loads on Supports, cont.

Local restraint reports are useful



for skewed pipe.
Poll Question 2
Select and Size Supports

– Use Hanger Table with Text


– Or export the report to Microsoft Access

Size this spring…

…to minimize this pump load


Check Pipe Deflection under Load

– Use the Displacement or Restraint Summary Extended


reports
– Examples: proximity to a critical equipment, pipe falling off
support, support not able to sustain deflection
How much does this
elbow move when the
system heats up?
Verify Loads on Connected Equipment

– Use Restraint reports


– Can also set up load limit screening tool and use the
Nozzle Check report
Is this pump overloaded?
Model Screen Shot Options

Example of Screen capture with annotation

▪ Annotations,
legends and
other graphics
tools can
convey more
information
Documenting the Results - Isometrics

Built-in industry standard Stress Isometrics


(ISOGEN)
Poll Question 3/4
Building Custom Reports

Custom reports tool bar


Report Template Editor

Name

Settings
Preview

Data
Report Name
Report Settings

Summary line

Print node on
each line
Report Settigns

Print node on
each line Summary line -
off
Output Data

Click on to !
open / close
Output Data

Available output data


Output Data

Combine output types eg. Displacements and


Restraints
Sharing Custom Reports

Exported into file test.C2RPT


Standardise on projects / company
Typical Custom Reports

Displacement summary
Typical Custom Reports

Flange summary
Typical Custom Reports- cont.

Local restraint summary


Filters

Filter on result value


Filters

Filter on restraint
Cnode
Exclude soil
restraints
Using Labels
Sorting

Sort results
Double click on
column heading
Output Features

– Output filters – report filter and line number graphical filter


– Output in different units
– MS Word
– MS Excel
– MS Access
Q&A