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AWF News

27th AWF Meeting

Working on a Course of Action for a Common Personnel
Certification Scheme for Asia
Vol. 28 September 2017
he Asian Welding Federation (AWF) has enacted a charter that
Contents defines its key mission objectives as follows: (1) Establishing and
promoting a unified and consistent certification system for welding
personnel in Asia; (2) Formulating unified and consistent welding
2 AWF News / 27th AWF Meeting
Working on a Course of Action for a Common standards in Asia and reflecting the views of Asia in the creation
Personnel Certification Scheme for Asia of international standards; (3) Transferring technical information,
4 Area Spot-1 / Japan technology, and skill education training systems related to welding;
Event Aimed at “Promoting the Appeal of (4) Implementing an Asia-wide manpower optimization system (MOS)
Welding” in Kitakyushu, Japan in Asia; (5) Forming networks that link together AWF members from
7 Area Spot-2 / China different countries; and (6) Supporting and cooperating with the business
22nd Beijing Essen Welding & Cutting Fair efforts of welding-related companies. In addition, the AWF has strived to
Held in Shanghai actively promote business development.
10 Feature / Fundamentals of TIG Welding
The welding institutions of AWF member countries expect the AWF
Part 3 AC TIG Welders to help with the development of the welding industry, particularly in
13 Training Series / Basics in Cutting their own countries. One of their greatest hopes is the establishment
Types of Thermal Cutting and Characteristics of a unified personnel certification system in Asia because a lack of
of Laser Cutting Machines expert welders and of experienced and capable technicians is a common
NISSAN TANAKA CORPORATION challenge facing most AWF members.
16 Statistics / Report on Automotive Various kinds of welding skills testing systems have been implemented
Production in Asia
across Asia. In addition to standards such as AWS, ASME, ISO, BS, and
17 SCHWEISSEN & SCHNEIDEN JIS, there are also rules of various classification societies in effect. If
- International Trade Fair – projects and work are continuous, such qualifications can be maintained,
Joining, Cutting, Surfacing - Pre-event but since welders are hired on a project-by-project basis in most of Asia,
Special Feature work is sometimes temporary and discontinuous.
For this reason, the AWF has decided to adopt ISO 9606 “Qualification
18 Product Reviews testing of welders,” which is already being implemented in Thailand,
19 A Window Into the World: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, as the AWF’s standard
The Newsletter of the AWS 19 common welder certification scheme (CWCS). The organizational
systems, functions, and roles of each country that operates the
20 Guide to International Events /
certification system have been decided, so now it is necessary to
Departments establish rules and guidelines, as well as operating procedures to ensure
21 The Japan International Welding Show fair and smooth operation of the certification system in AWF member
2018 to be Held in Tokyo Next April is countries. Given the diverse circumstances of different countries,
Set to be Bigger than Ever however, work continues on reviewing the course of action for the
CWCS and correcting it.
Therefore, in this article, we report on the activities of the 27th AWF
Meeting held in April of this year and on the most recent action relating
to the CWCS.
As mentioned in the previous issue, the 27th AWF Meeting in Hanoi
was held at the Hanoi University of Industry (HaUI), Hanoi, Vietnam,
SANPO PUBLICATIONS INCOPORATED over three days from April 18 (Tue.) to 20 (Thu.), 2017. A total of 31
1-11 Kanda, Sakuma-cho, Chiyoda-ku, delegates from 10 member countries attended: three from China, four
Tokyo 101-0025, JAPAN from Indonesia, two from India, seven from Japan, one from South Korea,
TEL. +81-3-3258-6411 one from Malaysia, three from Myanmar, two from the Philippines, five
FAX. +81-3-3258-6430 from Singapore, and three from Vietnam.
E-mail: At the meeting of the Organizational Review Committee on April 18,
Sanpo Publications, Inc. publishes not
discussions were held on how best to ensure the sustainability of the
only Welding Promenade, Welding News,
NDT News, Welding Technology and other AWF. The China Welding Association (CWA) observed that while
welding - related books in Japan, but it seemed likely that Indonesia and the Philippines can establish an
also sponsors and organizes the Japan ACB, other countries seem unlikely to do so, and therefore, in order to
International Welding Show 2018 and accelerate the move to a CWCS, efforts should focus first on creating
HUBTEC-Welding & Laser Exposition.
an AWF ACB (Certification Body) so that all countries can participate.

2 Vol. 28 September 2017

▲︎ Participants from each country

Another Chinese proposal was to hold technical forums, communication with all other member countries.
demonstrations, technical discussions, and welding skill 3) China: China is proposing the creation of an AWF-
competitions during AWF conferences. ACB and it wishes to accelerate the development of
At the same time, the Indonesian Welding Society a CWCS through collaboration between this ACB and
(IWS) expressed its opinion that the AWF should other member countries.
decide clearly whether to continue the CWCS further. 4) Myanmar: The country is already in the process
According to the IWS, the requirements of the CWCS of launching welding skills training and certification
as a certification system are too strict, even putting testing under its National Skills Standard Authority
at risk participation in a big project being developed (NSSA). With the support of the ILO, Myanmar is set
in Malaysia. “We have no idea where in the industrial to take the following measures domestically, before
world the CWCS will be adopted or what kinds of expanding the resulting systems horizontally to Laos
benefits it will bring to the industry.” and Cambodia.
The following is a list of some of the problems Set up benchmarks for welding skills testing standards
concerning the advancement of the CWCS in different and certification systems in Asia.
countries. Identify improvements in standards, productivity,
1) India: The first problem is infrastructure. Both the safety, and cost, to promote best practice.
Indian Welding Society (IWS) and the Indian Institute Ultimately adopt the plan of the Welding Skills
of Welding (IIW) lack the infrastructure to become Certification Management System, obtain the
an AWF-ACB. For this reason, the country is pushing understanding of stakeholders on benchmarked
to make the Welding Research Institute (WRI), which standards, and hold workshops for expanding the
has experience in welding skills training, an ACB. The system.
second problem is a lack of funding for welding skill 5) The Philippines: The country is already training
training and examination. In India, 90% of financing is and certifying welders and inspectors based on its own
from government funds and the remaining 10% is from standards. TESDA, a government training institution,
industry. The people who receive industrial welding issues the certificates. It also operates the Japan
skills training and pass examination can work only in Welding Engineering Society (JWES) certification
the industry in which they trained. India is looking system for welding coordination personnel. Holders of
to revise the contents of the government’s welding this certification are working actively in the Middle
skills training and examination to comply with AWF and Near East, Canada, Australia, and other countries.
requirements. In light of the circumstances, India has There is a favorable market in the Philippines for
yet to try and convince its industries of the potential welding personnel. Currently, there is a focused effort
benefits of the AWF-CWCS. to win approval for an AWF-ACB; the challenge is to
2) Japan: The country is already implementing JIS explain how the scheme will benefit industry in the
welding skills tests. Currently, ISO 9606-1 is not Philippines. To begin, the plan is to acquire approval
yet recognized by industry. In the future, Japan for an ACB as soon as possible and roll out the service
will develop and invest in new websites, to direct to industrial sectors interested in a CWCS.
advertising and publicity to the young generation, and As mentioned above, the circumstances surrounding
to become better recognized by industry. CWCS implementation vary enormously across
As a founding country of the AWF, Japan’s every AWF member countries, so it is hoped that greater
move draws close attention from other AWF countries, coordination in the future will reduce these disparities.
which consider such a strategy wonderful. One In the next issue, we will report on CWCS progress in
opinion expressed a desire for Japan to ensure good each country.

Vol. 28 September 2017 3

1 Japan

Event Aimed at “Promoting the Appeal of Welding”

in Kitakyushu, Japan

▲ Approx. 20,000 people attended the event over the three days

elding Forum in Western Japan 2017”, vehicles, shipbuilding, plant maintenance, and
a major event featuring an exhibition various other activities. The main visitors to the
and seminars relating to welding, was held over event were welding equipment and material users,
three days, from June 21 to 23, at the West Japan mostly from western Japan. Total attendance over
General Exhibition Center in Kokura, in the city of the three days of the event was 19,352.
Kitakyushu, Japan. The sponsor’s exhibition corner featured an
The event included demonstrations of a virtual exhibition and demonstration of Lincoln Electric
welding training system, the announcement of Japan’s VRTEX System, the company’s virtual
the achievements of a “power assist suit” for reality arc welding training system, which is now
workers to improve shipbuilding capability and on sale.
talks by female welders, as well as an exhibition On the third day, in the venue’s Seminar A Hall,
with offerings and presentations by 64 companies the Japan Ship Technology Research Association
and organizations. Industry participants included (JSTRA) held a presentation to announce the
leading companies engaged in self-driving findings of its study of a “power assist suit” for

4 Vol. 28 September 2017

overhead welding work for shipbuilding. After
the lecture, an employee of Nikkari, the company
that developed the compact prototype of the new
product, put on the suit to offer a demonstration.
The presentation explained the development of
two types of “power assist suits” (a compact model
and a more feature-rich model) aimed at saving
labor in performing overhead welding work. The
invention of the product arises out of the growing
importance of finding labor-saving measures to
adapt to Japan’s declining birth rate and aging ▲ Exhibition of a virtual welding training system attracted a stream
of people wishing to try out the system
population. The JSTRA believes that initiative is
needed to solve this problem by actively adopting three welders each enjoyed themself, offering the
new technology for shipbuilding, which involves following comments. “It was great to see young
much heavy lifting work. welders who are working hard. We promised to
On the third day, a talk event, entitled “A meet up again. I enjoyed myself.” (Ms. Kawahara)
Women’s Meeting for Welding Women”, was held “It was a precious opportunity to speak with
in Seminar A Hall of the venue. The meeting, people in the same occupation. I’m happy to have
chaired by Assoc. Prof. Tomiko Yamaguchi participated.” (Ms. Hase) “This was the first time
of Kyushu Institute of Technology, featured a that I was able to speak at length with female
series of friendly talks by three women currently welders. It was very refreshing and enjoyable.” (Ms.
employed as welders: Nami Nobuta of Hitachi Nobuta)
Power Solutions, Rieko Kawahara of Kitahara At the “Ask a Kyushu Welding Expert” corner
Welltec, and Mayumi Hase of Nagai Seisakujo. The set up in the sponsor’s exhibition area, welding

Vol. 28 September 2017 5

▲ Surrounding Assoc. Prof. Yamaguchi
(front row, center), from left, Ms. Nobuta,
Ms. Kawahara, and Ms. Hase.
▲ Wearing and demonstration of
a “power assist suit” for overhead
welding work for shipbuilding

◀︎ Female welders conducting

demonstrations (left)

craftsman wearing their trademark blue polo Joining Technology”. In addition, there were
shirts responded to a broad variety of technical seminars dedicated to “Presenting the Latest
queries from welders ranging from youngsters Advances in Welding Processes and Equipment”,
to veterans. During the sessions, groups of as well as ones focused on “Promoting Welding
students gathered around the experts to ask their Technology in Different Industries” and “Topical
questions, a sight that inspires great hope that Welding Technology Processes”. Furthermore,
welding skills will be passed on to the younger the “Latest Welding Equipment and Materials
generations. Products Seminar (Exhibitor Presentations),”
Some of the other seminars that were held held over all three days, included lectures on
focused on “Infrastructure Service Life Diagnosis automobiles on the first day, shipbuilding on the
a n d M a i n t e n a n c e” a n d “ P r e s c r i p t i o n s f o r second day, and manufacturing and fabrication
Contemporary Issues Surrounding Welding and trends on the third day.

▲ Welding experts from Kyushu answered numerous technical ▲ The various seminars drew keen interest from welding equipment
queries from visitors and material users (mostly from western Japan)

6 Vol. 28 September 2017

2 China

22nd Beijing Essen Welding & Cutting Fair Held in Shanghai

T he Japan

▲ Inside the venue.

Robots Take Center Stage,

Driven by Automation Demand
The 22nd Beijing Essen Welding & Cutting Fair
was held over four days, June 27–30, 2017, at
the Shanghai New International Expo Centre in
Shanghai, China. The trade show drew 977 exhibitors
representing companies and organizations from 28
As in previous years, the show featured many
demonstrations focusing on welding robots. Major
welding machine and robot manufacturers from
around the world have established production facilities ▲ Automation technology took center stage.
in China, as labor shortages and the rising cost of labor
in China create strong demand for automation. development, and adoption of robotics.
China’s public works projects have picked up, heading The show was spread across seven exhibition halls, as
into the Communist Party Congress to be held this fall. visitors were drawn to the prominent booths of robot
This has been a boon to the nation’s manufacturing manufacturers that incorporated demonstrations.
sector and specifically the construction machinery This year’s show drew 977 exhibitors representing
sector. The government’s “China Manufacturing 2025” companies and organizations from 28 countries. The
strategy that resembles the Industry 4.0 strategy has number of exhibitors was slightly down from 2016 in
outlined a goal to boost China’s technology in the Beijing and 2015 in Shanghai, which drew 1,008 and
manufacturing sector. The strategy designates robotics 989 exhibitors, respectively, from 28 countries.
as a key industrial sector, which the government will Exhibitors from abroad included Kobelco, Daihen,
subsidize to actively facilitate the design, production, Panasonic, Yaskawa Electric, Fanuc, Nippon Steel &

Vol. 28 September 2017 7

Sumikin Welding, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and capitalizing on synergies from state support.
Koike Sanso Kogyo. Exhibitors from the United States Until now, the Beijing Essen Welding & Cutting Fair
and Europe included robot manufacturers such as has alternated between Beijing and Shanghai. During
KUKA and ABB, whose exhibits focused on integrated the show, the organizers announced that the 2018
production lines from handling to welding. Companies show will be held in Dongguan City, Guangdong
such as Fronius, Trumpf, and IPG showcased arc Province in South China. Going forward, the show
welding and laser system solutions centering on will be held every other year in Shanghai and in the
automotive applications. other year alternate between Beijing and Dongguan.
International exhibitors promoted high value-added Concerns over falling attendance in Beijing and
solutions that realize greater production quality and the increase in welding-related events in China
high efficiency. Meanwhile, Chinese manufacturers and industry-specific trade shows such as for the
are making rapid strides in technology by actively automotive and shipbuilding industries were likely
hiring researchers and engineers from abroad while factors in the change of location.

Rapid Growth of Chinese Companies

▲ Comprehensive welding manufacturer ▲ Panda exhibited its welding power supplies ▲ Aotai showcased its general-purpose
Shanghai Tayor showcased a wide range and demonstrated high-precision processing welding machines and arc welding robots.
of solutions from welding and solutions using robots.
cutting systems to robots.

▲Welding power supply manufacturer Kaierda ▲ Hans promoted its diverse laser processing
prominently highlighted its partnership solutions for welding to cutting applications.
with Yaskawa Electric.

▲ Nanjing Dardi Water Cutter

demonstrated the show’s only
waterjet cutting system.

▲ China Aviation Manufacturing exhibited ▲ Virtual simulators are becoming more

molding samples from electron beam metal common in China, mainly among educational
3D printers. institutions (Beijing Coase).

8 Vol. 28 September 2017

Strong Presence of International Companies

▲ Kobelco promoted its welding robots ▲ For the first time in China, Daihen showed its ▲ Panasonic promoted its wire feeding and
for shipbuilding sub-assembly D-Arc high-current welding system current waveform control robot system
that increase productivity. for thick plates. for high-quality thin plate welding.

▲ Nippon Steel & Sumikin Welding marketed ▲ Yaskawa Electric showed various welding ▲ Fanuc is securing differentiation
its plasma welders and welding materials. robot systems for the automotive industry. with welding robots that
incorporate learning functions.

▲ KUKA’s large robot welding system. ▲ ABB showcased robot welding systems ▲ Trumpf promoted its disk lasers
European robot manufacturers have equipped with power supplies made by for high-quality welding.
a strong presence in the Shanghai area, Lincoln Electric and Fronius.
where many European automakers have
established their operations.

▲ IPG showcased fiber laser applications

for automotive components.

▲ Fronius marketed diverse ▲ Kemppi showcased its mobile

welding solutions including CMT arc welding systems.
and pipe surfacing
welding machines.

Vol. 28 September 2017 9

Fundamentals of TIG Welding Editorial Dept.

Part 3

AC TIG Welders to occur continuously.

(1) Characteristics of AC TIG Welding Machines Still, AC TIG welding has the following problems. As
Although aluminum has a melting point of about 660 shown in Fig. 1, in the half-wave during which the
C, an oxide film (Al2O3) with a high melting point of welding rod has electrode positive (EP) polarity and the
over 2,000°
C (2,049°
C) is ever present on its surface. parent metal serves as the cathode, a relatively large
If heat from an arc is applied to the surface without amount of energy is required for arc generation (emission
removing this oxide film, effective welds cannot be of electrons), so the arc voltage is high and the welding
achieved, because of the inhibiting action of the oxide current tends to be small. Conversely, in the half-wave in
film. DC TIG welding machines are sometimes used for which the rod has electrode negative (EN) polarity and
welding aluminum, but to remove the oxide film utilizing the tungsten electrode serves as the cathode, the energy
a cleaning action (see 3.4.2 (1) above), electrode positive required for electron emission is relatively small, so the
(EP) polarity must be used. With EP polarity, however, arc is easy to generate. In this case, the arc voltage is
the flow of electrons into the electrode causes excessive low and the welding current is high. The result is that
energy to be applied to the electrode. The electrode the output current of the welding power supply follows
becomes very strongly heated, resulting in very rapid an asymmetric AC waveform, and an unbalanced current
electrode consumption. The possibility of using AC including a DC component (IDC) is passed. This tendency
TIG welding for aluminum was thus investigated, with is particularly pronounced in the welding of aluminum
a concentrated, high-directivity arc on the electrode and its alloys. In some cases, the DC component can
negative (EN) portion of the cycle and a cleaning action reach one-third of the AC component. In addition, the
on the EP portion of the cycle. EP polarity half-wave current can become partially
With AC welding, however, the current temporarily extinguished and the arc can become unstable.
becomes zero as the polarity reverses, and the arc is When this kind of DC component is generated, the
extinguished, so the utilization of AC welding is not transformer core of the power supply is magnetized
possible. To solve this problem, in 1946 a method was in one direction and saturated, and a considerable
devised whereby the high frequency and high voltage magnetizing current flows on the input side of the power
used to start the arc are not stopped (after the arc is supply, sometimes even burning the power supply.
started), so that the high frequency and high voltage are For this reason, the presence of the DC component is
constantly superimposed over the alternating current. taken into consideration when determining the rated
Even if the current temporarily becomes zero at the time output current and the rated duty cycle of an AC TIG
of polarity reversal and the arc is extinguished, the arc welding power supply. To cancel the DC component,
strikes up again after the polarity reversal due to the measures such as inserting resistors and capacitors in
high frequency and high voltage, and the arcing appears the output circuit of the welding power supply are also
EP Prior to the advent of AC TIG welding, aluminum was
welded using gas welding techniques, so it was necessary
to apply flux to the welded part beforehand, but flux


DC component
(I DC ) (a) Filler metal not added: (b) Filler metal added:
EN Automated welding Manual welding

Fig. 3.66
▲ Fig. arc rectifying actionaction
arc rectifying 19)
Fig.▲ Fig. 2: ACTIG
3.67 AC TIG welding
welding ofofaluminum

10 Vol. 28 September 2017

Weld bead to EN polarity time (EP polarity time ratio = Rod EP
Cleaning region B
polarity time/AC period) to be freely adjusted. Changing
Cleaning width

Bead width
the EP polarity time ratio changes the effectiveness of
the cleaning action. As Fig. 3 shows, as the EP polarity
A’ B’ time ratio decreases, the cleaning width and bead width
decrease and the penetration depth increases. The EP
EP ratio: Low EP ratio: High polarity time ratio also has a substantial impact on
electrode consumption: as the ratio increases, electrode
consumption increases. When the EP polarity time
ratio exceeds 30%, electrode consumption becomes
A–A’ section B–B’ section
particularly marked, causing the shape of the electrode
▲ Fig. 3: Influence
Fig. 3.68 Influence of EPofpolarity
EP polarity time ratio
time ratio onon
bead shape
bead formation tip to change greatly.
remained after welding, promoting corrosion of the Table 1 shows the influence of the polarity time ratio on
welded part, which was a problem. With AC TIG welding, welding result. As the EP polarity time ratio increases,
though, there was no need to apply flux beforehand, the bead width and cleaning width increase and the
and the results were excellent very beautiful weld penetration depth decreases. Also, a longer EP polarity
bead formation and no problem of corrosion. Figure 2 time corresponds to a greater burden on the electrode
shows an example of beads produced
▼ Table 1: Effect of 3.6 Effectiveness
controlling of EP
EP polarity time polarity time ratio control
with AC TIG welding. The white area
EP polarity time ratio Bead appearance Section macro Electrode wear
around the weld beads indicates where
oxide coating has been removed by the
cleaning action.
In AC TIG welding, the use of a pure 10%
tungsten electrode was recommended in
the past because it enables the arc to be
maintained with relatively good stability,
even if there is no oxide due to electrode
heating during the EP polarity period.
When thoriated tungsten is consumed, Weld bead

the tip becomes pumice-shaped, with 50%

Cleaning region

many pores, and it tends to get chipped. 3.2 mm diam, W+2%CeO 2

EP polarity time ratio = (EP polarity time)/(AC period), Parent metal A5052: 6 mm (AC, 200 A 6 min)
When a piece of it falls into the molten thick

pool, it becomes a welding defect. However, even with and greater wear and deformation of the electrode.
tungsten containing oxide, as mentioned in 3.4.2 (2) This control of the polarity time ratio became possible
above, the tip of 2% cerium-tungsten oxide does not with the advent of thyristor-controlled power supplies,
deform into a pumice shape at the tip, and the electrode developed in the early 1970s; such control was
consumption is much lower than that of pure tungsten. impossible with the movable iron core-type power
Consequently, the use of 2% cerium-tungsten oxide as supplies before this time. Still, if an extreme imbalance of
an electrode for AC TIG welding has increased in recent polarity occurs with a thyristor-controlled power supply,
years. the load on the transformer increases due to magnetic
Even in the case of magnesium, in which an oxide film bias, sometimes even burning the transformer. Therefore,
forms on the parent metal surface at 2,800°
C, and also with a thyristor-controlled power supply, the range of
its alloys, AC TIG welding is utilized to remove the oxide variation of the EP polarity time ratio can be no more
film by means of the cleaning action. than about 5%.
With an AC inverter-controlled power supply that
Control of polarity time ratio independently controls output and polarity, a technology
Recent AC TIG welding power supplies come equipped that appeared in 1987, the load on the transformer
with a feature that enables the ratio of EP polarity time does not increase even if there is an extreme imbalance

Vol. 28 September 2017 11

Table 3.7 Comparison of polarity time ratio control
▼ Table 2: Comparison of polarity time ratio control ▼ Table 3: Effect of AC frequency control
EP polarity time ratio Thyristor control Inverter control AC frequency 50 Hz

AC frequency 50 Hz

AC frequency 200 Hz

EP: 45% EP: 5%

AC frequency 200 Hz

(a) Comparison of bead appearance (b) Result of application to corner joint

Fig. 3.70 Effectiveness of AC frequency control
% and the arc pressure distribution approximates that
of a DC arc, despite the fact that the arc is AC. In
other words, increasing the AC frequency improves
Max. directivity/concentration of the AC arc, enabling AC
welding that produces arc characteristics similar to
50 A/div, 4 ms/div
those of DC welding. The relationship between the AC
frequency and bead shape is shown in Table 3. As the
in polarity. That is, the EP polarity time ratio can be AC frequency increases, bead width and penetration
controlled over a very wide range, effectively 0 to 100%, depth also increase, while the cleaning width
but it is usually set to approximately 25 to 30%. Table 2 decreases. Effectiveness is especially striking when
shows how polarity time ratio control compares with a the AC frequency exceeds 200 Hz: penetration depth
thyristor-controlled power supply and inverter-controlled increases substantially, and the bead toe can be clearly
power supply. distinguished.
This kind of AC frequency control was developed in
AC frequency control Japan in 1989, but for a considerable length of time, it
For reasons of welding power supply design, the AC was hardly utilized. Around 2004, however, power supply
frequencies of conventional AC TIG welding power manufacturers in Japan began adopting the technology,
Table 3.8Effectiveness
3.8 Effectiveness ofofAC
ACfrequency control
frequency control and in recent years, it has
Parent metal/Dist.
become a standard feature of
Welding current: 100 A
Parent metal/Dist. Bead appearance
Welding current: 100 ratio:
EP time A 30%
b/w electrodes: 3 mm
AC freq. Section macro
EP time ratio: 30%
b/w electrodes: 3 mm
AC freq. Bead appearance Section macro
commercial AC TIG welding
25 Hz
power supplies.
25 Hz
An illustration of the
Arc pressure (Pa)

50 Hz effectiveness of AC frequency
Arc pressure (Pa)

AC (250 Hz)
50 Hz control is given in Fig. 5. In
AC (50 Hz)
100 Hz the TIG welding of aluminum
AC (250 Hz)
AC (50 Hz) and its alloys, the width of
100 Hz
the bead tends to increase
200 Hz
as welding progresses,
Welding current: 100 A (AC time; EP ratio 25%)
Parent metal/Dist. b/w electrodes: 3 mm
200 Hz
due to the effect of heat
250 Hz conduction. When welding
Fig. 3.69 Comparison of arc pressure distribution
Welding current: 100 A (AC time; EP ratio 25%)
Parent metal/Dist. b/w electrodes: 3 mm AC 100 A, EP time ratio 30% at an AC frequency of 200
Shield gas: Ar (20 l/min), Parent metal: A5052, 6 mm thick

250 Hz 5: Effect of AC frequency control Hz, however, there is almost

▲ Fig. 4: Comparison of arc pressure distribution ▲ Fig.
Fig. 3.69 Comparison of arc pressure distribution
no observable increase in
AC 100 A, EP time ratio 30%
supplies were limited to the common commercial bead
Shield gas: Ar (20 l/min), width
Parent metal:as welding
A5052, progresses.
6 mm thick In angle welding, arc
frequencies (50 Hz in and north of Kanto; 60 Hz in concentration is poor when the AC frequency is 50 Hz,
Chubu and in and west of Kansai). However, the AC TIG leading to shoulder sag and widening beads. However,
welding power supplies of recent years allow the AC when the AC frequency is 200 Hz, a highly concentrated
frequency to be varied freely. When the AC frequency arc is formed, and beautiful-looking beads with almost
is increased, the arc pressure rises, as shown in Fig. 4, no shoulder sag are produced.

12 Vol. 28 September 2017

Training Series Basics in Cutting

Types of Thermal Cutting and Characteristics of Laser Cutting Machines

Naoki Kobayashi

1. Introduction blows out the fused (or evaporated) areas with gas. The
Thermal cutting is a method by which a cut portion is material is therefore cooled with gas. This may cause
fused (or evaporated) and the fused area is blown out changes in the hardness or material properties around the
with gas. Table 1 shows the comparison between thermal cut areas.
cutting and machine cutting. These, among others, are the main advantages and
The characteristics of thermal cutting are as follows. disadvantages.
The following are the advantages. Thermal cutting is used in "heavy, thick, long, and large"
1)Free-form cutting is possible and many other industries because of the advantages
There are no restrictions on the direction of the cut listed above. As for its disadvantage of heat deformation,
because the heat source used in thermal cutting exists as precision has been increased by taking such steps as
lines in the direction of the material thickness. marking the steel plate surface with lines and text in
2)There is no need to fix the material to be cut advance so that the welding areas and part numbers
Thermal cutting does not touch the material, and thereby are displayed, and the fusing process and supporting
exerts no force onto it. As a result, it does not require the structures can be prepared accordingly.
material to be fixed. This article discusses the fundamentals and quality of
3)Fast cutting of thick plates laser cutting, which is a representative type of thermal
Saws and other machine cutting report a ▼ Table 1 Comparison Between Heat and Machine Cutting
significant decline in processing speed as
plate thickness increases. However, thermal
cutting creates little speed variation due to
plate thickness.
However, the following are the disadvantages.
1)Thermal cutting melts the material locally
and blows out the melted portion with gas,
and thereby causes heat deformations,
greater kerf widths, and less dimensional
precision compared to machine cutting
because the rectilinear propagation of gas
currents and strengths vary somewhat.
2)The hardness and metal properties around
the cut areas may change.
Thermal cutting fuses the cut portion and

Vol. 28 September 2017 13

Training Series Basics in Cutting

cutting, and plasma and gas cutting. transmit laser beams (the main cutting body). The cost is
the highest among all thermal cutting devices. CO2 laser
2. Fundamentals of laser cutting and laser cutting cutting machines usually have one torch.
This section explains the fundamentals of laser cutting 3. Comparison of performance among thermal cutting
and laser cutting machines and their accessories. methods
Laser cutting is the most novel form of thermal cutting. Table 2 shows the characteristics of gas cutting, plasma
Figure 1 shows the fundamentals of CO2 (carbon dioxide cutting, and CO2 laser cutting. For the purpose of
gas) laser cutting used widely for mid-thickness plates. By evaluation, this table shows the comparison based on
sending the laser beam created by the laser transmitter gas cutting. Therefore, the methods with more circles
through a reflective mirror, the laser beams are collected are superior to gas cutting, and those with an X are the
by using a condenser lens. This makes it possible to apply opposite.
the condensed laser beams onto the material and increase The table shows that there is no thermal cutting method
the energy density for fusing. Moreover, by sending assist that is superior or inferior to other methods in all aspects.
gas on the same axis as the laser beam, the laser cutting The selection of thermal cutting is based on the material
machine cuts the material by blowing out the fused to be cut, its thickness, cut quality, and cost.
metals. This essentially follows the very mechanism of a As for the material and thickness for each thermal cutting
magnifier lens. The major characteristic of this cutting method, soft steel that can be cut by gas cutting generally
method is that it can be used for both metal and non- varies between 6.0 to 600 mm. Past records indicate that
metal materials. up to 4,000 mm has been cut.
The composition of the CO2 laser cutting machine is
▼ Table 2 Characteristics of Gas, Plasma, and Laser Cutting
shown in Figure 2. Photo 1 shows an NC laser cutting
machine. The CO2 laser cutting machine comprises a
laser oscillator, a cooling device for cooling the oscillator,
gas to be supplied to the laser oscillator, and a part to

▲ Figure 1 Basics of Heat Cutting

▲ Figure 2 Components of a CO2 Laser Cutter

The maximum cutting capabilities of plasma cutting are

50 mm for soft steel, 150 mm for stainless steel, and 100
mm for aluminum. As shown in Table 3, the working gas
and electrode material vary in plasma cutting depending
on the material to be cut.
The maximum cutting capabilities of CO2 laser cutting are
32 mm for soft steel, 25 mm for stainless steel, and 12
▲ Photo 1 NC CO2 Laser Cutting Machine

14 Vol. 28 September 2017

mm for aluminum. As is also the case for plasma cutting, (dents) when cutting soft steel and inclines (bevel angles)
the type of assist gas will vary in laser cutting depending by optimizing the beam form and cutting requirements
on the material to be cut. Oxygen, nitrogen, and nitrogen after light condensing. This made it possible to achieve the
or air are generally used for soft steel, stainless steel, and same quality as CO2 laser cutting.
aluminum, respectively. Cutting stainless steel has also made major improvements
The quality of sections cut when soft steel SS400 of in the rounding of upper fringes, roughness of the
thickness 12 mm is cut by each thermal cutting method. lower portion of cut sections, and dross accumulation
Looking at the sections, soft steel of 12 mm can be cut on the bottom surface. However, it still remains inferior
with adequate quality by any method except plasma compared to CO2 laser cutting.
cutting, which causes melting on the upper fringe. Among Moreover, fiber lasers have a bandwidth of about one-
thermal cutting methods, there are no differences in terms tenth that of CO2 laser cutting. As such, fiber lasers
of surface roughness and dross accumulation. However, are superior in procedures not well handled by CO2
in terms of bevel angles and melting on the upper fringe, lasers, such as cutting reflective materials. In particular,
CO2 laser cutting showed the best performance, followed aluminum alloys at 6 kW of output can handle a maximum
by gas cutting and plasma cutting, in that order. of 12 mm thickness in CO2 laser cutting machines. In
CO2 laser cutting, compared to other types, exhibits a comparison, fiber lasers can cut about double that, up to
small kerf width of 0.7 mm and is unique for having no 25 mm. Comparing the speed for cutting 12 mm, fiber
melting on the upper fringe. lasers can cut about 3.8 times faster.
The relationship between the cutting speed and cutting Moreover, fiber laser oscillators of 6 kW or more have
plate thickness for soft steel of thickness between 6 and become available and offer great improvement in cutting
50 mm (SS400) for each thermal cutting method. In terms performance. In particular, cutting thin plates of soft steel
of the cutting speed, plasma cutting is the fastest, followed by using nitrogen is now about 1.5 times faster than with
by CO2 laser cutting and gas cutting, in that order. the previous 6 kW. The maximum thickness of soft steel
Moreover, in terms of thicknesses that can be cut, gas has improved from 32 mm to 40 mm (Fig. 3).
cutting can handle the largest thickness, followed by In terms of safety, fiber laser bandwidth is 1.07 μ m.
plasma cutting and CO2 laser cutting, in that order. Bandwidths of 1 μ m are very dangerous to the eye. For
In terms of the running cost, the total of gas, electricity, CO2 lasers, if the laser ever enters the eye, the laser is
and consumables, together with the personnel costs for absorbed by the cornea and lens of the eye. However, fiber
maintenance and workmanship, is generally calculated per lasers pass through the lens. The lens itself also functions
hour with consideration of the cutting speed and the cost as an actual lens. This means that focus is made at the
per cut length. Because gas and electricity costs differ by retina at the back of the eyeball, making it impossible to
region and amount used, it is difficult to make a general treat the damage. In the worst case, eyesight loss may
comparison among the cutting methods. The hypothetical occur. Specifications of protective glasses vary by laser.
calculations of the running cost per cut length (1 m) It is therefore necessary to select ones that accommodate
assuming that the material is cut with one torch. This is the laser type (bandwidth) and the output. Fiber lasers
based on the generally accepted pricing. have a negative impact on the eye. Therefore, technicians
The running cost excluding the personnel costs shows previously had to wear protective clothes and the entire
that gas and plasma cutting are the same, whereas CO2 cutting equipment had to be covered with light-shielding
laser cutting is more expensive. However, when personnel walls so that reflective and scattered lights did not leak
costs are included, CO2 laser cutting falls between those from the equipment. However, recently, a convenient
of gas and plasma cutting. The actual cost calculations cover has become available that blocks light, offering an
must include personnel costs. However, there are various ease of use that is comparable to that of CO2 laser cutting
scenarios, such as gas cutting that uses multiple torches machines.
and CO2 laser cutting that allows operation
without supervision, since the lifetime of
consumables is long. Therefore, actual
expenses must be researched for comparison.

4. Cutting-edge laser cutting technology

In laser cutting, there has been an increased
use of fiber lasers in cutting metal. Ten
years ago, fiber laser oscillators were
launched, which rapidly made it possible to
use high-output oscillators. Recently, major
improvements have been made to address the
shortcomings of fiber lasers, such as flatness
▲ Figure 3: Performance of Cutting Soft Steel using 10kW emitter

Vol. 28 September 2017 15

Report on Automotive Production in Asia

According to the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Total sales of new motor vehicles in 2016 in seven
Asian Nations) Automotive Federation (AAF), motor ASEAN countries (the above five ASEAN countries
vehicle production in 2016 in the Philippines was plus Singapore and Brunei) reached 3,164,742
116,868 units, up 18.3% year-on-year. This was the units, up 3.1% year-on-year. Sales in the Philippines
second largest increase among five ASEAN nations were 359,572 units, up 24.6%. Both Vietnam and
(Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Singapore posted double-digit growth, helping to
Philippines), trailing only Vietnam’s increase of 37.5%. boost total sales.
In the Philippines, passenger vehicle production was In the ASEAN market for motorcycles and scooters, the
45,853 units (up 26.0%), while commercial vehicle Philippines stood out with increases in both production
production was 71,015 units (up 13.9%). Locally and sales in 2016. According to the AAF, production
manufactured vehicles include the Vios small sedan of motorcycles and scooters in the Philippines was
by Toyota Motor and the L300 commercial van by 1,040,626 units (up 30.8%), with sales of 1,140,338
Mitsubishi Motors. The Philippines government units (up 34.1%). This was a significant acceleration
is implementing the Comprehensive Automotive in growth from 2015, when production grew by 5.4%
Resurgence Strategy (CARS) program in an effort while sales grew by 7.6%.
to increase local automotive production. Of the two Total production of motorcycles and scooters in the
vehicles that have qualified for the program, Mitsubishi’ three ASEAN countries of the Philippines, Thailand,
s compact Mirage car will go into production this and Malaysia was 3,256,922 units, up 9.1%. Thailand
month, while Toyota will begin producing the new Vios and Malaysia posted single-digit growth.
starting in mid-2018. Total sales of motorcycles and scooters in five ASEAN
Total production of motor vehicles in these five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia,
countries was 4,020,088 units (up 3.2%), rising for the and Singapore) were 9,498,598 units, down 0.9%.
first time in three years. The Philippines and Vietnam It was the third consecutive year of declining sales,
posted double-digit growth as in the previous year, dragged down by declining sales in Indonesia, which
while production in Indonesia grew by 7.2%, rising for is the largest of the markets for motorcycles and
the first time in two years. Production in Thailand was scooters. However, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore
steady with a 1.6% increase. Production in Malaysia posted growths in sales, reversing their sales declines
was 545,253 units, down 11.3% and declining for the in 2015. As a result, the decline in total sales shrank in
first time in two years. comparison with the 11.7% sales decline in 2015.

Table 1 Production of motor vehicles, motorcycles, Table 2 P

 roduction of motor vehicles, motorcycles, and
and scooters in 2016 for five ASEAN countries scooters in 2016 for seven ASEAN countries
Production of 4-wheel and 2-wheel motor vehicles New sales of 4-wheel and 2-wheel motor vehicles
in ASEAN 2016 in ASEAN 2016
4-wheel Growth rate 2-wheel Growth rate 4-wheel Growth rate 2-wheel Growth rate
Thailand 1,944,417 1.6 1,820,358 0.7 Indonesia 1,061,735 4.8 6,215,350 ▲ 7.3
Indonesia 1,177,380 7.2 - - Thailand 768,788 ▲ 3.9 1,738,231 6.0
Malaysia 545,253 ▲ 11.3 395,938 3.0 Malaysia 580,124 ▲ 13.0 396,343 4.1
Vietnam 236,161 37.5 - - Philippines 359,572 24.6 1,140,338 34.1
Philippines 116,808 18.3 1,040,626 30.8 Vietnam 270,820 29.4 - -
Total 4,020,088 3.2 3,256,922 9.1 Singapore 110,455 40.5 8,336 11.8
Growth rate is year-over-year, % ( ▲ = negative) Brunei 13,248 ▲ 8.0 - -
Source: AAF
Total 3,164,742 3.1 9,498,598 ▲ 0.9
Growth rate is year-over-year, % ( ▲ = negative)
Source: AAF

16 Vol. 28 September 2017


SCHWEISSEN & SCHNEIDEN 2017 - International Trade Fair –

Joining, Cutting, Surfacing - Pre-event Special Feature
Guide to Exhibit Products to Watch for

S CHWEISSEN & SCHNEIDEN - International Trade Fair –

Joining, Cutting, Surfacing is the world’s most renowned
welding and joining-related trade fair. Here, we hear from
to sell our products overseas. One
strategy that we have is to try and
respond flexibly to overseas expansion
Nippon Tungsten Co., Ltd. exhibiting at the Japan Pavilion, of our established customers in Japan,
among the Asian companies that will be exhibiting at the so that we can meet their demands
show, about the importance of trade fairs and its view on for such as local procurement. We
European market trends. offer worldwide delivery of welding
▲ Mr. Shingo Mukae
electrodes that boast excellent cost
performance and solid “made in Japan” quality that results
from our thorough management that extends from raw
Nippon Tungsten’s resistance welding electrodes are used materials to finished products.
mainly in production processes for automotive electrical For the European market, the features of our exhibited
parts, for welding of non-ferrous materials such as copper. products that we want to highlight and promote are the fact
In the automobile industry over the coming years, as electric that our resistance welding electrodes are made of tungsten
vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles become increasingly and molybdenum and that they are suitable for welding non-
popular, production of integrated electrical parts will grow, ferrous materials such as copper. Many of our electrodes are
driving demand for welding electrodes higher. In Europe used in the production of electrical parts for automobiles, in
in particular, the shift to EVs is assured, as the UK and welding processes that need to ensure very reliable joining
France plan to ban the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles quality, so the quality of the welding electrodes must also be
by 2040. As demand for electrodes has risen, we have been very high. To make sure that we meet these stringent quality
selling large quantities of welding electrodes to Japanese demands, at our production plant in Japan, we carefully
manufacturers for years, securing a respectable degree manage everything from raw materials to final processing
of market share, but in terms of global market share, our under a comprehensive and streamlined system. Also, thanks
sales are still quite modest. So far, we’ve hardly supplied to our own unique manufacturing process, we are able to
anything to the Europe-based production plants of the major supply electrodes that offer greater stability, longer life, and
higher cost performance than can any of our competitors,
thereby helping customers to cut the cost of their electrode
use and increase production efficiency. We can even supply
small batches or even single electrodes for prototyping, and
we offer a very useful after-sale technical support system.
Furthermore, to help customers resolve any difficulties that
they have with tungsten/molybdenum resistance welding
electrodes, we published our own Resistance Welding
Electrode Guidebook. The book offers up a wealth of
expertise on tungsten/molybdenum electrodes to help solve
all kinds of potential welding problems. The guidebook is
distributed free of charge at our booth, so please stop by to
visit our booth at the Japan Pavilion.

▲ Electrodes for resistance welding Nippon Tungsten

automotive electrical parts manufacturers of Germany and provides high performance resistance
other European countries; we’ve only sold our products to welding electrodes. 
their Chinese facilities. Thus, we hope that this exhibition in
Germany provides European electrical parts manufacturers
the opportunity to become more aware and knowledgeable
Our electrodes are used in electrical component
of our welding electrodes. manufacturers around the world.
In terms of global strategy, demand for electrodes is
very large because resistance welding is a manufacturing
●Improving the life of Tungsten-Based Electrodes
●Stabilizing the welding quality of copper based materials
technique that is used all over the world. However, in the
●Shortening the shot cycle
fields where our welding electrodes offer advantages,
namely, welding of non-ferrous materials for electrical parts
for EVs, welding conditions are relatively stringent and
electrodes are subjected to high loads. We expect to see
substantial demand for such welding electrodes in Europe,
Asia, North America, South America, and other countries,
but all of our products are made in Japan; we don’t have any
overseas production facilities. We do, however, have sales
bases in China, Thailand, the U.S., and Italy, and by utilizing
these bases, as well as the local trading companies and
distributors that we are currently dealing with, we are able

Vol. 28 September 2017 17

Product Reviews

SCHWEISSEN & SCHNEIDEN 2017 - International Trade Fair Joining Cutting Surfacing
Venue: Messe Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
Date: 25-29 September 2017
Hours of operation:
25 (Mon)-27 (Wed): 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
28 (Thu): 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
29 (Fri): 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Please visit the Japan Pavilion! We are looking forward to seeing you.
SMK Co., Ltd. ( # 14E12.1)/ Poor Weld detection system for Nut/Bolt Welding Navi series
Nippon Tungsten Co., Ltd. ( # 14E12.3)/ Resistance welding electrodes of Tungsten and Molybdenum
TSUKASA ELECTRIC CO., Ltd. ( # 14E12.5.)/ Wire feeding motor
SEVENTY EIGHT Co., Ltd. ( # 14E12.4)/ Our exclusive tool helps welding efficiency
AICHI SANGYO CO., Ltd. (#14D64)/ Automatic grinding robot
SANPO PUBLICATIONS, INC ( # 14E12.2)/ Welding Promenade magazine

Gantry FIBER LASER CUTTING Machine "FMR Ⅱ TF3000/TF6000

enewed original cutting torch and fiber laser technology
improve cutting surface quality such as flatness,
perpendicularity and cut surface roughness. Redesigned
machine body and new cutting torch achieve higher cutting
feed rate than previous models. In addition, improved machine
sequence and faster paid feed provide high productivity. New
operation screens provide user friendly interface. It is easy to
see and use the machine.


18 Vol. 28 September 2017

A Window Into the World: The Newsletter of the AWS

This is the nineteenth issue of a newsletter launched by the

American Welding Society. This newsletter, which will be sent out
to readers, contains information on the activities of the American 19
Welding Society and other topics condensed into a single page.

Ultrasonic Welding of Thermoplastics: Joint and Part Design

Fig. 1 — Shown are near, far, and mixedfield welds. Fig. 1 — Shown are examples of flash trap joint designs for shear
weld joints.

Joint and part design for ultrasonic welding of the weld area will improve energy transmission. Sharp
thermoplastics must be considered early in the design bends or offset sections between the horn and joint area
stage. The specific joint design is determined by should be avoided.
the thermoplastic material, part geometry, molding • Horn-to-joint distance — The distance between the
capabilities, as well as the weld and cosmetic requirements horn contact surface and the weld interface should be
of the workpiece. During the design stage, consult with less than 0.25 in. This is called a near-field weld. A far-
the material and ultrasonic equipment suppliers for their field weld, defined as greater than 0.25 in., is seldom
design expertise. recommended. A near- and far-field joint design is not
usually recommended in the same joint — Fig. 1.
Joint Design Characteristics • Flash containment — The joint design may include a
trap to contain flash resulting from the weld. The trap is
An ultrasonic weld joint should incorporate the following an open area adjacent and parallel to the weld joint where
six design characteristics: the flash can accumulate and be hidden for cosmetic or
• Alignment — Features such as pins and sockets, steps, functional reasons — Fig. 2.
tongues, and grooves should be used to ensure repeatable
alignment. Using the horn and anvil to align the mating Part Design Considerations
halves should be avoided. The horn is a long bar or metal
section that transfers vibratory energy to the workpiece. The designer must consider other design areas of the
The anvil is a device, typically made of aluminum or steel, part beyond the weld joint to ensure successful assembly.
that supports the workpiece during ultrasonic welding. The following are some significant areas to consider:
• Small contact area — The initial mating surface contact • Unsupported wall — An unsupported wall area within
area should be small to concentrate vibrations and or near the weld joint can “diaphragm” like a drum head
decrease the time and energy needed to complete the and crack or rupture during the weld cycle.
melt. This also reduces horn marking and flash (excess • Appendages — Appendages or thin projections can
melt). vibrate at or near the weld frequency if not properly
• Uniform contact — The entire length of the joint surfaces supported. These extensions must be joined to the gussets
should have a uniform contact and be in one place parallel or the main body of the part through a generous radii
to the horn face. This promotes optimum melting during (two times the wall thickness). These sections should be
the welding process. Never place mold ejector pins on the dampened by some means during the weld cycle. This
energy director. often takes little more than supporting the appendage on
• Large horn contact area — The horn should bear directly a foam pad in the fixture.
over the joint area. This directs the mechanical energy and • Direct energy transfer — A short, straight path between
weld force directly into the joint interface. The horn-to- the horn contact area and the weld joint interface is essential
part contact area must be larger than the total weld area. for ensuring efficient energy transfer to the weld area.
Providing a raised area on the horn or part surface over Sharp bends and offset cross sections should be avoided.

Excerpted from AWS G1.1M/G1.1:2006, Guide to Ultrasonic Assembly of Thermoplastics.

Vol. 28 September 2017 19

Taseto Co., Ltd. ………………… 5 DAIHEN Corporation ……… OBC
Nissan Tanaka Co. ………… 13 The MESSE ESSEN GmbH … OBC
Nippon Tungsten Co., Ltd. 17 Kobe Steel, Ltd. …………… OBC
Additive Manufacturing Insight (AMI)
Date: 15 September 2017 DENGENSHA TOA CO., LTD. … 18 neis co., ltd. ………………… OBC
Venue: Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India JIWS 2018 …………………… OBC OBC = Outside Back Cover 

Tube Southeast Asia 2017

Date: 19-21 September 2017
Venue: BITEC - Bangkok International Trade & Exhibition Centre,
Bangkok, Thailand News from the Editors
SCHWEISSEN & SCHNEIDEN 2017 Nissan Tanaka Co. …………… 3 DAIHEN ………………………… 19
- International Trade Fair Joining Cutting Surfacing and technologies Welding Promenade
Taseto Cover Redesigned
Co., Ltd. ………………… 6 Kobefrom
Steel,Volume 21!
Ltd. …………… OBC
We will continue to put forth our best efforts to………………
Date: 25-29 September 2017 Dengensha Mfg. Co., Ltd. …… 16 neis co., Ltd. further OBC
Venue: Messe Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany improve the magazine and live up to the expectations of
those in the welding industry. All of us here at the Welding
OBC = Outside Back Cover 
Promenade editorial department hope that you will continue
METALEX Vietnam 2017 reading for many years to come.
Date: 12-14 October 2017
Venue: Saigon Exhibition and Convention Center, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
Nissan Tanaka for
Co. information and
……………………………………………………… 3
Manufacturing Myanmar 2017 article submissions
Taseto Co., Ltd. …………………………………………………………… 5
Date: 20-22 October 2017 Dengensha Mfg. Co., Ltd.
………………………………………… 13
Venue: MYANMAR EVENT PARK, Yangon, Myanmar Welding Promenade is published by Sanpo Publications Incorporated
four times Giken
a year Inc. March,
(approx. June, September, and December). 16
The editors are currently inviting submissions of information and
FABTECH 2017 Kobe Steel, Ltd. ………………………………………………………
articles from readers for the following sections of the magazine:
Date: 6-9 November 2017 Editor’sOBC = Outside Back Cover
Choice/Product Reviews, Asian Voice, Hot News, Note, and
Venue: McCormick Place, Chicago, U.S.A. Guide to International Events.
Please note thatTanaka
Nissan receivedCo.information
…………… and3 articles willMfg.
Dengensha be edited by…… 18
Co., Ltd.
WELDING KOREA 2017 the editors to adjust the text to the appropriate length and to make
Date: 29 November-2 December 2017 necessary Co., Ltd. ………………… 5 DAIHEN ………………………… 21
Venue: Exhibition Hall Bexco, Busan City, South Korea E-mail submissions or inquiries to:
SMK Co., Ltd.,
Welding Japan ………
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Vol. 28 September 2017 21
The Japan International Welding Show 2018
to be Held in Tokyo Next April is Set to be
Bigger than Ever

We are currently accepting applications to exhibitions, and the Skills Transfer Plaza. Along with
exhibit. The application deadline, (Friday) these popular elements of JIWS, the “trade show”
September 22, is fast approaching, so please function of the event will be strengthened even
make your application as soon as possible. further. We will also introduce a matching system
* Applications will close once all booths are booked. to match up exhibitors and visitors before the show,
as part of our effort to “establish a welding business
This will be the 25th Japan International Welding platform” by mobilizing users and dealers both in
Show ( JIWS) since the inaugural event held in Japan and overseas through Welding Promenade,
1969. Over a history of 49 years, JIWS has been a quarterly magazine issued for an international
held every two years, alternating between Tokyo readership.
and Osaka. Throughout this time, the show has Over the years, as JIWS has kept the world
promoted technological innovation in accordance to informed of the latest developments in Japanese
the historical background of the time and it has been welding technology, it has also widely explained
consistently playing a leading role in addressing the the importance and value of welding to social
demands and desires of the welding industry. infrastructure and industrial products. Even as it is
The JIWS has become a major event featuring the highly acclaimed for its main role as a technology
highly concentrated roll-out of every type of welding- show, JIWS also plays the role of a “trade show.” It is
related technology, products, and information in a unique forum that comprehensively addresses the
a wide range of fields: from welding and cutting, needs of the welding industry.
laser processing, non-destructive testing (NDT), As all this demonstrates, JIWS proudly brings
and thermal spraying, to metal laminate formation, together the best in the world of welding from
CFRP process technology, and proposals for IoT all over Asia by assembling the world’s most
applications. distinguished manufacturers and exhibiting world-
The biggest features of JIWS, in addition to the leading, state-of-the-art technology under one roof.
strategic unveiling of new products by manufacturers, In this way, we are establishing JIWS as a “hub
are a wealth of demonstrations and exhibitions, exhibition” for welding in Asia that widely and
strong support from end users, the fact that close to compellingly draws the top welding-related product
half of all visitors are engineers, an enhanced focus manufacturers from around Asia and the rest of the
on “trade show” functions, associated events both world.
in Japan and overseas to effectively attract strong Note that the exhibition booth plan, exhibitor manual,
participation in the show, and a high level of visitor and applications for the various exhibitor services on
satisfaction. offer are scheduled for release around mid-December.
Some of the highlights of JIWS 2018 will be the “5
Big Forums” that since the last time have featured For inquiries regarding exhibition, please contact us
new “smart pro cesses”, Trend Seminars w ith via the form at the web link below, or by sending an
presentations conducted by exhibitors, theme-based email to the Secretariat.
22 Vol. 28 September 2017

Creating Metal Artists

Welding machine
Robot controller Welding robot Automatic CO2/MAG
Friendly series Friendly series Welbee Inverter
FD11 FD-B6 M350L

Opening the New Era of Welding

DAIHEN contributes a lot to the manufacturing technology of customers
all over the world by world-leading welding & mechatronics technologies.
When supporting the welding machines, robots, peripherals, and systems, DAIHEN understands deeply the
needs of customers, and will provide solutions enhancing customer’s benefit and added value.
DAIHEN will continue to expand oversea bases around the world, and to improve the welding & mechatronics
technologies which has been cultivated many years, furthermore. DAIHEN will support a wide range of global
markets and connect people in the world by providing its own “DAIHEN Only-one Products” in the runup to
other companies from Japan where is the country creating cutting-edge manufacturing technology.

Welding Products Division T E L : +81-78-275-2008 DAIHEN Welding and T E L : +81-78-275-2029

FA Robot Division FAX : +81-78-845-8158 Mechatronics System Corporation FAX : +81-78-845-8199
4-1.Koyocho-nishi, Higashinada-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 658-0033, Japan
ht t p: //w w w . dai h en . c o . j p / y o s ets u /

9 , 2017
5 2
t 2

Exhibition ground Düsseldorf Germany

Organiser: MESSE ESSEN

S&S_2017_AZ_180x125_E_RZ.indd 1 19.05.17 14:49