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# CÁLCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS EN UN PÓRTICO CON

C G
D E F

A B

## - Se encuentras las reacciones de las estructuras aplicando condiciones de

Equilibrio:

Ʃ Fx = 0 ; Ʃ Fy = 0 ; Ʃ M = 0
Ʃ MB = 0
-6.5(3) + 18(5) – AY(10) = 0
AY = 7.05 Tn

Ʃ ME = 0 (Parte Izquierda)
6.5(3) - AY(5) + AX (6) + (1.5)(6)(3) = 0
AX = -1.875 Tn

Ʃ Fx = 0
Ax + Bx + 6.5 = 0
AX + Bx = -6.5
BX = -4.625 Tn

Ʃ Fy = 0
-18 + AY + By = 0
By = 10.95 Tn
C G
D E F

AX BX
A B

AY BY

V´´D E
V´´´D V´E
C N´´´D N´´D
N´E
N´D D
D E
V´D
D

A AX

AY

N´´´F N´´F
N´´E G
N´F F
E F V´F
F

B BX

BY
Nodo “D”:

Tramo A - D:

## Ʃ Fx = 0; - AX + 6.5 + V´D = 0; V´D = - 4.625 Tn

Ʃ Fy = 0; AY + N´D = 0; N´D = - 7.05 Tn
ƩMD = 0; - Ax(6) + 6.5(3) + M´D = 0; M´D = - 8.25 Tn - m

Tramo C - D:

Ʃ Fx = 0; N´´´D = 0
Ʃ Fx = 0; - 1.5 (1) + V´´´D = 0; V´´´D = 1.5 Tn
Ʃ MC = 0; - 1.5 (1)(0.5) + M´´´D = 0; M ´´´D = - 0.75 Tn - m

Tramo D – E:

## Ʃ Fx = 0; V´D + N´´D + N´´´D = 0; N´´D = 4.625 Tn

Ʃ Fy = 0 V´´´D + V´´D + N´D = 0; V´´D = 5.55 Tn
Ʃ ME = 0; M´D + M ´´D + M ´´´D = 0; M ´´D = 9.0 Tn – m

AX

AY
Nodo “F”:

Tramo B - F:
BX = 4.625 Tn , BY = 10.95 Tn

## Ʃ Fx = 0; - Bx + V´F = 0; V´F = 4.625 Tn

Ʃ Fy = 0; By + N´F = 0; N´F = - 10.95 Tn
Ʃ MF = 0; - BX (6) + M ´F = 0; M´F = 27.75 Tn - m
Tramo F - G:

Ʃ Fx= 0; N´´F = 0
Ʃ Fy= 0; -1.5(1) + V´´F = 0; V´´F = 1.5 Tn
Ʃ FG= 0; -1.5(1.0)(0.5) + M´´F = 0; M´´F = 0.75 Tn - m
Tramo F - E:

## Ʃ Fx = 0; N´´F + N´´´F + V´F = 0; N´´´F = 4.625 Tn

Ʃ Fy = 0; V´´´F + V´´F + N´F = 0; V´´´F = 9.45 Tn
Ʃ ME = 0; M ´F + M ´´F+ M ´´´F = 0; M ´´6 = - 28.5 Tn

BY

AY
DIAGRAMA DE FUERZA NORMAL, FUERZA CORTANTE Y MOMENTO
FLECTOR

- Fuerza Normal:

- Fuerza Cortante:
- Momento Flector: