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UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN (UTAR)

UCCM 1353 Basic Algebra

Tutorial: Complex Numbers


8. Express the complex numbers in polar
1. Express in the form x + jy where x and form and exponential form.
y are real numbers (a) j (b) 1 − j
(a) (5 + j 3)(2 − j ) − (3 + j ) (c) 3− j 3 (d) −2+ j
2
(b) (1 − j 2) (e) (2 − j )(2 + j ) (f) 7 − j 5
5 − j8
(c) (2 − j )(3 + j 2)
3 − j4 9. Express z= in the
1 (3 − j 4)
(d) (1 + j ) 2 form x + jy and also in polar form.
2
1 1 π 2 jπ
(e) − j
3

3
5 − j3 5 + j3 10. Given z1 = 2e and z 2 = 4e ,
find the modulus and argument of
2. Find the roots of the equations z12
(a)
2
x + 2x + 2 = 0 (a) z13 z 22 (b) z12 z 24 (c)
z 23
(b) x3 + 8 = 0
11. Use de Moivre’s theorem to calculate
3. Find z such that the third and fourth powers of the
zz * +3( z − z*) = 13 + j12 complex numbers
(a) 1+ j (b) 3− j
4. With z = 2 − j 3 , find
(c) − 1 + j 3 (d) − 1 − j 3
(a) jz (b) z *
(The moduli and arguments of these
1 numbers were found in Q7.)
(c) (d) ( z*) *
z
12. Expand in terms of multiple angles
z1 + z 2 z 3
5. Find z= when (a) cos 4 θ (b) sin 3 θ
z 2 + z3
z1 = 2 + j 3, z 2 = 3 + j 4, and
13. Find the three values of
z 3 = −5 + j12 1

(8 + j8) 3 and show them on an Argand


diagram.
6. Find the values of the real numbers x and
y which satisfy the equation
2 + x − jy 14. Find the following complex numbers in
= 1 + j2 their polar forms:
3 x + jy
(a) ( 3 − j )1 / 4 (b) ( j8)1 / 3
7. Show in an Argand diagram the points (c) (3 − j 3) −2 / 3 (d) (−1)1 / 4
representing the following complex
numbers. Find the modulus and argument
of each of the complex numbers given.
15. Describe the locus of z when
(a) 1+ j (b) 3− j (a) Re z = 5 (b) z −1 = 3
(c) −1+ j 3 (d) −1− j 3
Tutorial 5: Complex Numbers

z −1
(c) = 3 (d) arg( z − 2) = π / 4
z +1
2 2
16. The circle x + y + 4 x = 0 and the
straight line y = 3 x + 2 are taken to lie
on the Argand diagram. Describe the
circle and the straight line in terms of z .

17. Identify and sketch the loci on the


complex plane given by
z+ j
(a) Re  = 1
z− j
z+ j
(b) =3
z− j
z+ j
(c) tan arg = 3
z− j 

18. Find the locus of the point z in the


Argand diagram which satisfies the
equation
(a) z −1 = 2
(b) z − 2 − j3 = 4
(c) z − 4 = 3 z +1

19. Find the Cartesian equation of the locus


of the point z = x + jy that moves in
the Argand diagram such that
z +1
=2
z−2