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PRACTICE PROBLEM SET 1.

MOMENTUM FLUX EQUATION AND FLUID FLOW

1. The density of an oil is 900 kg/m3. Find its kinematic viscosity if the dynamic viscosity is 5
x 10-3 kg/m-s.
2. The velocity distribution of a viscous liquid (dynamic viscosity = 0.9 N-s/m2) flowing over
a fixed plate is given by vx = 0.65y - y2 (vx is velocity in m/s and y is the distance from the
plate in m). What are the shear stresses at the plate surface and at y=0.50m?
3. In a fluid the velocity measured at a distance of 65 mm from the boundary is 1.135 m/s.
The fluid has viscosity 0.048 Pa-s and density 913 kg/m3. What is the velocity gradient
and shear stress at the boundary assuming a linear velocity distribution?
4. Determine the force required to move a thin plate of 30 × 60 cm2 size through a liquid of
viscosity μ = 0.05 kg/ms at a velocity of 0.40 m/sec. The liquid is filled between two long
parallel plates as shown in Fig. 1. Answer: 1.08 N

5. For flow of SAE oil (specific gravity = 0.891) through a 5-cm-diameter pipe, what flow
rate in m3/h would you expect transition to turbulence at (a) 200C and (b) 100 0C
6. 98% sulfuric acid (25 0C) of viscosity 0.025 N s/m2 is pumped at 685 cm3/s through a 25
mm line. Calculate the value of the Reynolds number. Get the density of 98% sulfuric
acid in your Handbook. In the absence of data, how can you calculate the density of a
sulfuric acid solution, given the density of pure water (solvent) and the density of
sulfuric acid (solute)? Recall: checal: density of liquid mixtures
7. Cola, approximated as pure water at 200C, is to fill an 8-oz container through a 5-mm
diameter tube. Estimate the minimum filling time if the tube flow is to remain laminar.
For what cola (water) temperature would this minimum time be 1 min? Use a
nomograph for viscosity (and temperature) estimation.