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P92x

VOLTAGE & FREQUENCY RELAYS


P921 Software Version V4 to V6.C
P922 Software Version V4 to V6.C
P923 Software Version V4 to V6.E

Technical Data Sheet


P92X/EN TD/A12

This Document does not replace the Technical Manual


P920 Technical Data Sheet 2
MiCOM P92x range of relays provide reliable and Integrated with 3 independent phase over voltage and phase
high performance voltage and frequency under voltage thresholds, MiCOM P921, P922 and P923
protection. relays provide effective voltage protection for typical
applications like protection of motors, generators., etc. The
Versatile application and integration of protection configurable detection logic (AND, OR) can also indicate the
functions with automation, control and absence of voltage, when the under voltage protection is used.
measurement functions, combined with reduced
maintenance, makes P92x relays an optimal and
The 3 zero-sequence over voltage thresholds available in
innovative choice.
P921, P22 & P923 relays can be applied :
A friendly, multi-lingual user interface with
programmable LEDs and logic equations, allows for > to detect earth faults at the neutral point of generators, as
simple and flexible applications on any type of the relays are insensitive to the 3rd harmonics
network. > to detect earth faults in high impedance earthed or
isolated electrical systems .
Connecting the relay to virtually any kind of Digital
Control System or SCADA is made possible by the The negative sequence over voltage protection provided by
wide range of updated communication protocols the P922 and P923 relays is designed to detect unbalanced
provided in P92x conditions it could therefore be used for motor, in which any
unbalance will lead to overheating and damage.
APPLICATION
The P922 and P923 relays integrate 6 frequency thresholds
The MiCOM P92x relays provide fast and accurate protection programmable as under or over frequency, which can be used
for use in numerous applications requiring voltage and for automated load shedding/load restoration.
frequency based protection elements. To suit different
application needs and provide optimum solution, following In addition, the P923 relays provide 6 thresholds of
models are available: instantaneous rate of change of frequency (df/dt) or average
measurements over a settable time interval.
P921: Voltage protection, 2 logic inputs, 4 outputs.
P922: Voltage and frequency protection, event and fault MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS
records, disturbance recorder, 5 logic inputs, and 8 output
contacts. The protection functions in P92x complemented with a wide
P923 : Voltage and frequency protection (plus the rate of range of control, measurement, monitoring, post fault
change of frequency element df/dt), event and fault records, analysis and self-diagnostic features assist efficient
disturbance recorder, 5 logic inputs, 8 output contacts. management of the primary system. These include:

The relays can be ordered with one of the two voltage input > Programmable logic equation
range, to suit the application: > Programmable logic inputs and outputs
> Circuit breaker control
> 57V to 130V > Output contact latching
> 220V to 480V > Circuit breaker status
> Circuit breaker condition monitoring (in P922 & P923)
> 2 setting groups (in P922 & P923)
> True rms phase to phase, phase to neutral and residual
voltage measurement
> Frequency measurement
> Positive and negative sequence voltage measurement (in
P922 & P923)
> Rolling and peak value display (in P922 & P923)
> Sequence of event recording (in P922 & P923)
> Fault recording (in P922 & P923)
> Comprehensive disturbance recording (in P922 & P923)
> Frequency disturbance record (only in P923)
> Local and remote communication ports
> Programmable LEDs
> Multiple communication protocol options
> Password protection
> Power-up diagnostics and continuous self-monitoring of
relay.
> User friendly setting and analysis software (MiCOM S1)

P920 Technical Data Sheet 3


PROTECTION FUNCTIONS OVERVIEW P921 P922 P923

Configuration depending on the number


x x x
and type of voltage transformers
Phase-to-neutral or phase-to-phase voltage
x x x
protection
27 Phase under voltage (AND/OR logic) x x x
59 Phase over voltage (AND/OR logic) x x x
Settable hysteresis x x x
59N Zero-sequence over voltage x x x
47 Negative sequence over voltage - x x
27D Positive sequence under voltage - x x
81U/81 Under/over frequency
- x x
O
81R Rate of change of Frequency - - x
Inhibition of voltage & frequency protection functions - - -
Inhibition of timers(instantaneous forcing) - - -
Blocking logic x x x
Under voltage Blocking (settable for P923) - x x
Digital inputs 2 5 5
Output relays 4 8 8
Remote communication (RS485 port) x x x
Local communication (RS232 port) x x x

CONFIGURATION DEPENDING VOLTAGE PROTECTION


ON THE VT
For each of the voltage protection function listed below, an
instantaneous signal and a time delayed signal is available
MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays can be used in the
for each threshold.
following configurations:

For time-delayed signals, the first threshold of each function


> "3 phase-neutral VTs" or "3 phase-neutral VTs and 1
("low threshold") offers the choice between a definite timer and
residual VT":
an inverse timer, to which a reset timer can be assigned. The
> The voltage protection element can therefore operate
other thresholds only have one definite timer.
either from measured phase-to-neutral voltages, or from
phase-to-phase voltages which have been internally
calculated by the relay. Zero-sequence over voltage UNDER/OVERVOLTAGE
protection will always be available, the presence of the
residual VT is designed to display the true RMS value of Three thresholds are available for each function: each one can
the residual voltage. be independently activated or deactivated. If a threshold is
> "3 phase-phase VTs and 1 residual VT" or "2 phase- activated, it can be configured to detect:
phase VTs and 1 residual VT":
The voltage protection element can only operate from > an over voltage on the 3 simultaneous phases (logic
measured phase-to-phase voltages. If the residual VT is "AND") or on at least one of the phases (logic "OR") for
not connected, the zero-sequence over voltage protection the "Over voltage" function
will not be available. > an under voltage on the 3 simultaneous phases (absence
of voltage with the "AND" logic) or on at least one of the
RELAY SETTING USING MICOM S1 phases (logic "OR") for the "Under voltage" function
> The MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays provide a
programmable hysteresis (drop- out / pick-up ratio) as a
percentage of the under voltage and over voltage pick-up
values.
> The P923 provides a settable under voltage block of all
the protection and control elements based on the
frequency.

P920 Technical Data Sheet 4


ZERO-SEQUENCE OVERVOLTAGE LOGIC EQUATIONS

Three thresholds are available: each one can be


independently activated or deactivated. Depending on the VT
configuration, MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays will
operate from the zero sequence voltage, which is calculated
internally, or from the residual voltage, which is measured
directly.

NEGATIVE SEQUENCE
OVERVOLTAGE
Two thresholds are available: each one can be independently
activated or deactivated. This function is based on the
negative-sequence component of the voltage, which is
calculated internally and displayed on the screen of the front
panel: It is designed to detect any voltage unbalance condition.
INPUTS/OUTPUTS/ PROGRAMMABLE
POSITIVE SEQUENCE LEDs
UNDERVOLTAGE
All logic inputs, output contacts (excluding the RL0 changeover
Two thresholds are available: Each one can be output contact, dedicated to the "relay failed" function) and the
independently activated or deactivated. This function is based 4 LEDs of the MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays can be
on the positive phase sequence component of the voltage, programmed. This affects in particular all logic signals
which is calculated internally. (instantaneous, time delayed) in the relays which can be
combined with the different output contacts and LEDs. The
FREQUENCY PROTECTIONS output contacts can also be programmed to be latched.

The following frequency based protection functions are BLOCKING LOGIC


available. Frequency protection functions are inhibited below a
certain level of the measured secondary voltage (adjustable Operation of the different protection elements of P92x can be
level in P923). coordinated with other devices in the system. Two blocking
inputs are independently configurable. When active, they
UNDER/OVERFREQUENCY freeze the associated protection timers and when they drop-
off, they re-impose the initial value if the fault conditions are
still present.
Six thresholds are available: Each one can be configured to
detect an under or over frequency within the range [fn - 10Hz,
fn + 10Hz], where fn is the nominal frequency selected (50Hz SETTING GROUPS FOR PROTECTION
or 60Hz). A definite timer is assigned to each threshold. FUNCTIONS
RATE OF CHANGE OF FREQUENCY The MiCOM P922 and P923 relays have two independent
setting groups, which can be used to adapt the protection
Six thresholds are available: Each can be configured functions to different operating conditions. The two groups can
independently within the range [-10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s]. be switched by activating a dedicated logic input, or by the
These functions are based on the calculation of the operator via the front panel, or locally (RS232 port) or remotely
instantaneous rate of change of frequency over a settable (RS485 port).The switch from one setting group to another will
integration time (number of cycles). only take effect if no protection or automation functions are
running, to prevent unwanted tripping.

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC MEASUREMENTS


EQUATIONS
Depending on the configuration of the VTs connected to
MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays, the following values will
Two programmable logic equations (AND) are available with
be measured and displayed as true RMS values on the back-lit
P921 and P922 relays. Four programmable logic equations
screen:
(AND) are available with P923. A pick-up timer and a drop-off
timer can be assigned to each equation. These equations can
be programmed directly from the front panel of the relay.

P920 Technical Data Sheet 5


DISTURBANCE RECORDS
> phase-to-neutral voltages Ua, Ub, Uc
> phase-to-phase voltages Uab, Ubc, Uca Five disturbance records, each lasting 2.5 seconds, can be
> residual voltage Vo stored in non-volatile memory by MiCOM P922 and P923
> frequency. relays. The sampling frequency is fixed at 32 samples per
cycle. The event that triggers the recording can be configured:
In addition, the MiCOM P922 and P923 relays Instantaneous signals, time-delayed signals, or activation
calculate the following values internally: of a dedicated logic input.

> positive sequence voltage


> negative sequence voltage
FREQUENCY DISTURBANCE
> peak values of phase-to-neutral or phase-to-phase RECORDS
voltages
> rolling values of phase-to-neutral or phase-to-phase One frequency disturbance record, lasting 20 secs can be
voltages stored in non-volatile memory by the MiCOM P923 relay. The
sampling frequency is fixed at 1 sample per cycle. The
All measurements are available locally and remotely. mechanism that triggers the recording can be configured:
instantaneous or time delayed tripping, activation of a
LOGS AND RECORDS dedicated logic input or time delayed logic equation signal.

All event, fault and disturbance records are time-stamped to CIRCUIT BREAKER STATUS &
1ms by the internal real time clock. In the event of a loss of CONTROL
auxiliary power, a lithium battery is used to save the records,
the date and the time. Monitored at regular intervals, the With MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays, the circuit breaker
battery can be easily accessed from the front panel if it has to can be controlled manually via logic inputs (AUX1 and AUX2),
be replaced. with local or remote communication: the opening and closing
commands will therefore activate the programmed output
All records can be retrieved locally, using the MiCOM S1 contacts. The LEDs can be programmed to indicate the status
setting software (RS232 port), or remotely (RS485 port). of the circuit breaker.

EVENT RECORDS CIRCUIT BREAKER MAINTENANCE


Any change of state of logic inputs, output contacts or In addition to protecting and controlling the electrical network,
protection functions will be recorded in the non-volatile the P922 and P923 relays provide preventive and curative
memory of the MiCOM P922 and P923 relays, with a maintenance of the circuit breakers. The MiCOM P922 and
maximum of 75 events. When the memory is full, the oldest P923 relays monitor the opening / closing time of the circuit
events will be deleted, which will increase the storage capacity breaker and monitor the number of operations carried out. An
for more recent events. Each event can be retrieved locally to alarm is triggered as soon as the maximum opening or closing
a PC using the MiCOM S1 support software through front time, or the maximum permitted number of operations is
RS232 port or remotely using the rear RS485 port. exceeded.
DISTURBANCE RECORD ANALYSIS
FAULT RECORDS
The MiCOM P922 and P923 relays can store the last 5 faults
that have occurred in non-volatile memory. Each record
provides the following information:

> date and time of fault


> origin of fault (under voltage, etc.)
> faulted phase(s)
> magnitude of the quantity which lead to the fault
> magnitude of phase-to-neutral or phase-to-phase
voltages
> magnitude of the zero-sequence voltage (if available)

P920 Technical Data Sheet 6


COMMUNICATIONS USER INTERFACE
Two communication ports are available on MiCOM P921, The user interface for MiCOM P921, P922 and P923 relays
P922 and P923 relays: A rear RS485 port for remote comprises:
communication and a local front RS232 port for local > back-lit, 2 x 16 characters LCD display,
communication. A MiCOM S1 software provided for relay > four dedicated LEDs to provide information such as
setting, record retrieving and analysis is fully Windows TM "Trip", "Alarm", "Warning" and "Relay Healthy"
compatible. This support Software allows easy setting of any > four programmable LEDs: Each one lights up when
MiCOM relay model including P92x. protection information is displayed, or if a logic input state
changes
> five tactile keys for scrolling through the menus and
REMOTE COMMUNICATION entering settings the pull-down structure of the menus
enables quick and easy access to required information
The P921, P922 and P923 relays can be ordered with any one > 1 key for reading and one for acknowledging alarms
of the following communication protocols.
HARDWARE & CASE
> MODBUS™
> IEC 60870-5-103 All the models of the MiCOM P92x range have a 4U
> Courier(K bus). draw out metal case, and can be flush-mounted in
> DNP3.0 switchboard or panel or rack-mounted. External connections
are made via MIDOS type terminal blocks. Each connection
The remote RS485 port can be connected to any SCADA or includes two 4.8 mm Faston and one M4 screw fixing.
digital control system to access settings, measurements and
alarms as well as all records.
BATTERY BOX
An optional external battery box type MiCOM E1 can be used
LOCAL COMMUNICATION
to set the relay without the need to provide an auxiliary supply.

The RS232 port on the front panel of MiCOM P921, P922 and
P923 relays has two functions: EXTERNAL BATTERRY BOX

> to download a software version to the relay (upgrade,


change the language setting, modify the remote
communication protocol, etc.)
> to connect a PC which has the setting software

COMMUNICATION INTERFACES

P920 Technical Data Sheet 7


TECHNICAL DATA TYPE TESTS

Insulation
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS Per IEC 60255-5: 2000,
Insulation resistance > 100MW at 500Vdc
Design
(Using only electronic/brushless insulation tester).
Modular MiCOM Px2x platform relay:
P921, P922 & P923 – Case 20TE – 4U High Voltage (Dielectric) Withstand
Weight approx. 1.7 Kg (i) Per IEC 60255-5: 2000, 2 kV rms AC, 1 minute:
Mounting Between all case terminals connected together, and the case
earth, and between all terminals of independent ircuits (RS232
Rack or flush mounting.
ports excepted).
Connections 1kV rms AC for 1 minute, across open watchdog
Rear (double faxt on + M4 screw per connection) contacts.
Full draw-out with automatic CT shorting in the case of the
1kV rms AC for 1 minute, across open contacts of
relay.
changeover output relays.
Enclosure Protection
Impulse Voltage Withstand Test
Front Panel: IEC 529: IP 52 and IK 07
Rear connection: IP 10 Per IEC 60255-5: 2000
1.2 / 50 µs, peak value: 5 kV, 0.5J
Dimensions Between all terminals, and all terminals and case earth.
See dimensions diagram.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
PC Interface
1 MHz Burst Disturbance Test
DIN 41652 connector (X6),
type D-Sub, 9-pin. IEC 61000-4-12, Class 3

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS Immunity to Electrostatic Discharge


Per IEC 60255-22-2: 1996, Class 3 and 4
Recommended Ambient temperature range
Electrical Fast Transient bursts
Per IEC 60255-6: 1988
IEC 60255-22-4 class 4.
Operating Temperature Range:
IEC 61000-4-4 class 4.
Continuous Withstand -25 to +55°C
Limit(Note 1) -25 to +70°C. Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic field
Storage Temperature Range: -25 to +70°C IEC60255-22-3 class 3.
IEC61000-4-3 class 3.
Note 1: The upper limit is permissible for a single 6 hour
duration within any 24 hour period. Surge Immunity Test
IEC 61000-4-5, class 4.
Ambient Humidity Range
Per IEC 60068-2-3: 1969: Immunity to Conducted Disturbances Induced by Radio
56 days at 93% relative humidity and +40 °C Frequency Fields
Per IEC 60068-2-30: 1980: 4 IEC 61000-4-6, class 3.
Damp heat cyclic, six (12 + 12) hour cycles, 93% RH,
+25 to +55 °C Power Frequency Magnetic Field Immunity
IEC 61000-4-8, class V.
Solar Radiation
Avoid exposure of the front panel to direct solar radiation. EMC compliance

MECHANICAL ENVIRONMENT 89/336/EEC


93/31/EEC
Vibration Test Compliance with European Commission EMC Directive.
IEC 60255-21-1, class 2. Generic standards were used to establish conformity:
Shock and Bump Test EN50081-2: 1994
IEC 60255-21-2, class 1. EN60952-2: 1995
Per IEC 60529: 1989
Seismic Test
IP 52 Protection (front panel) against dust and dripping water,
IEC 60255-21-3, Class 2. IPx2 except P741 – Protected against vertically falling drops of
PRODUCT SAFETY water with the product in 4 fixed positions of 15° tilt with a flow
rate of 3mm/minute for 2.5 minutes.
72/23/EEC

Compliance with European Commission Low Voltage


Directive. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic
safety standards:
EN61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995
EN60950: 1992/A11: 1997

P920 Technical Data Sheet 8


RATINGS BURDENS

Voltages Voltage circuits


Nominal voltage Operating range REFERENCE VOLTAGE (VN)
57 – 130Vph - ph eff 5 to 260Vph - ph eff
220 – 480Vph - ph eff 20 to 960Vph - ph eff VN = 57 – 130V <0,25 VA
VN = 220 – 480V <0,36 VA
Duration
Thermal withstand (Vn = 57V … 130V) Auxiliary supply
Continuous 260Vph - ph eff
10 seconds 300Vph - ph eff Nominal* : 3W
* Nominal is with 50% of the optos energised and one relay
Thermal withstand (Vn = 220V … 480V) per card energised
Continuous 960Vph - ph eff
10 seconds 1300Vph - ph eff
Optically-isolated inputs

Auxiliary voltage Reference voltage Current (per logic input)

Nominal ranges 24… 60 Vdc 24… 60VDC 10mA


Operating ranges 19…72 V (Vdc) 48… 125 VDC 5mA
Nominal ranges 48… 150 Vdc 130… 250VDC 2.5mA
Operating ranges 38…180 V (Vdc)
Nominal ranges 130… 250 Vdc / 100… 250 Vac, 50/60 Hz
PROTECTION SETTING RANGES
Operating ranges 104… 300 V (Vdc)
88… 300 V (Vac) UNDERVOLTAGE (ANSI CODE 27)

Frequency Threshold settings (secondary values)


Nominal value 50Hz > Nominal voltage range : 57 – 130V
Operating range 40 – 60 Hz
Nominal value 60Hz V<= Voltage Set 0.5…130.0V
Operating range 50 – 70 Hz V<<= Voltage Set 0.5…130.0V
Logic inputs V<<<= Voltage Set 0.5…130.0V
All the logic inputs are optically-isolated and independent :
MiCOM P921 relay has 2 logic inputs > Nominal voltage range : 220 – 480V
MiCOM P922-P923 relays have 5 logic inputs. V<= Voltage Set 20.0…480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
Energization of the logic inputs is realised with a DC or AC V<<= Voltage Set 20.0…480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
auxiliary voltage.
V<<<= Voltage Set 20.0…480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
Logical « ON »
CORTEC Aux. voltage : Min Time delay settings
code Voltage Min
nominal current Each voltage element is associated to an independent time
range voltage
ranges (mA) delay.
A 24-60Vdc 19-60Vdc 15 Vdc 3,35 mA
Each measuring element time delay can be blocked by the
F 48-150Vdc 32-50Vdc 25 Vdc 3,35 mA operation of a user defined logic (optical isolated) input (see
M 130-250Vdc 48-250Vdc 38 Vdc 2,20 mA “Blocking logic1” or “Blocking logic2” functions).
100-250Vac
Element Time delay type
Logic input recognition time = 5 ms
1st stage Definite Time (DT) or IDMT
Output Relay Contacts
The output contacts of the MiCOM P921-P922-P923 relays are 2nd stage DT
AgCdO dry contacts. 3rd stage DT

Make and carry : 30A for 3s


Carry : 5A continuous
Break : DC : 50W resistive
DC : 25W inductive (L/R = 40ms)
AC : 1250VA
AC : 1250 VA inductive (cos ϕ = 0.5)
Maxima : 5A and 300V
Loaded contact : 10 000 operation minimum
Unloaded contact : 100 000 operation minimum
Operation time < 7 ms

P920 Technical Data Sheet 9


Inverse Time Delay Characteristic
Inverse Time Delay Characteristic
The inverse characteristic is defined by the following formula :
The inverse characteristic is defined by the following formula :

⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
TMS ⎟ ⎜ TMS ⎟
t= ⎜ t=
⎜ V ⎟ ⎜ V ⎟
−1⎟ ⎜ −1⎟
⎜ ⎝ Vs ⎠
⎝ Vs ⎠
where :
where :
t = operating time in seconds
t = operating time in seconds TMS = time Multiplier Setting
TMS = time Multiplier Setting V = applied input voltage
V = applied input voltage Vs = relay setting voltage
Vs = relay setting voltage
V
V
NOTE : this equation is only valid for ratio< than 0.95 Vs ratio > than 1.1
Vs NOTE : this equation is only valid for
TMS 0.5…100.0 (by step: 0.5)
TMS 0.5…100.0 (by step: 0.5)
TRESET (only DT) 0.00… 100.00s
TRESET (only DT) 0.00…100.00s
When the V> is associated with IDMT curve, the recommended
maximum setting value should be less or equal to max. setting
Definite time delay characteristics range divided by 20.
tV< 0.00… 599.00s
tV<< 0.00… 599.00s Definite time delay characteristics
tV<<< 0.00… 599.00s tV> 0.00… 599.00s

Hysteresis tV>> 0.00… 599.00s

Hysteresis 1.02… 1.05% tV>>> 0.00… 599.00s

NOTE : this range is a percentage value of the pickup value of Hysteresis


the undervoltage elements Hysteresis 0.95… 0.98%

OVERVOLTAGE (ANSI CODE 59) NOTE : this range is a percentage value of the pickup value of
the overvoltage elements
Threshold settings (secondary values)
> Nominal voltage range : 57 – 130V RESIDUAL OVERVOLTAGE / NEUTRAL
DISPLACEMENT (ANSI CODE 59N)
V>= Voltage Set 0.5…200.0V
V>>= Voltage Set 0.5…260.0V Threshold settings (secondary values)
V>>>= Voltage Set 0.5…260.0V > Nominal voltage range : 57 – 130V
> Nominal voltage range : 220 – 480V V0> Voltage set 0.5… 130.0V

V>= Voltage Set 20.0… 720.0V (by step: 0.5V) V0>> Voltage set 0.5… 130.0V
V>>= Voltage Set 20.0… 960.0V (by step: 0.5V) V0>>> Voltage set 0.5… 130.0V
V>>>= Voltage Set 20.0… 960.0V (by step: 0.5V)
> Nominal voltage range : 220 – 480V
Time delay settings
V0> Voltage set 2.0… 480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
Each voltage element is associated to an independent time
V0>> Voltage set 2.0… 480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
delay.
Each measuring element time delay can be blocked by the V0>>> Voltage set 2.0… 480.0V (by step: 0.5V)
operation of a user defined logic (optical isolated) input (see
“Blocking logic1” or “Blocking logic2” functions).
Element Time delay type
1st stage Definite Time (DT) or IDMT
2nd stage DT
3rd stage DT

P920 Technical Data Sheet 10


Time delay settings
Time delay settings
Each voltage element is associated to an independent time
Each voltage element is associated to an independent time delay.
delay.
Each measuring element time delay can be blocked by the
Each measuring element time delay can be blocked by the operation of a user defined logic (optical isolated) input (see
operation of a user defined logic (optical isolated) input (see “Blocking logic1” or “Blocking logic2” functions).
“Blocking logic1” or “Blocking logic2” functions).
Element Time delay type
Element Time delay type
1st stage Definite Time (DT) or IDMT
1st stage Definite Time (DT) or IDMT
2nd stage DT
2nd stage DT
3rd stage DT Inverse Time Delay Characteristic
The inverse characteristic is defined by the following formula :
Inverse Time Delay Characteristic
The inverse characteristic is defined by the following formula : ⎛ ⎞
⎜ ⎟
⎛ ⎞ ⎜ TMS ⎟
⎜ ⎟ t=⎜ ⎟
⎜ TMS ⎟
t=⎜ ⎜ V2 − 1 ⎟
⎟ ⎜ V ⎟
⎜ V0 − 1 ⎟ ⎝ S ⎠
⎜ V ⎟
⎝ S ⎠ where :
t = operating time in seconds
where :
TMS = time Multiplier Setting
t = operating time in seconds V2 = applied input voltage
TMS = time Multiplier Setting Vs = relay setting voltage
V0 = applied input voltage
Vs = relay setting voltage TMS 0,5… 100.0 (by step: 0.5)
tRESET (only DT) 0.00… 100.00s
TMS 0,5… 100.0 (by step: 0.5)
TRESET (only DT) 0.00… 100.00s Definite time delay characteristics

Definite time delay characteristics tV2> 0.00… 599.00s


tV2>> 0.00… 599.00s
tV0> 0.00… 599.00s
tV0>> 0.00… 599.00s Hysteresis
tV0>>> 0.00… 599.00s Hysteresis fixed 95%
When the V2> is associated with IDMT curve, the
Hysteresis
recommended maximum setting value should be less or equal
Hysteresis fixed 95% to max. withstand voltage of the VT inputs divided by 20.
When the V0> is associated with IDMT curve, the
recommended maximum setting value should be less or equal
to max. withstand voltage of the VT inputs divided by 20. POSITIVE SEQUENCE UNDERVOLTAGE
(ANSI CODE 27D) ONLY P922 & P923

Threshold settings (secondary values)


NEGATIVE SEQUENCE OVERVOLTAGE
(ANSI CODE 47) ONLY P922 & P923 > Nominal voltage range : 57 – 130V
V1< Voltage set 5.0… 130.0V
Threshold settings (secondary values)
> Nominal voltage range : 57 – 130V V1<< Voltage set 5.0… 130.0V

V2> Voltage set 5.0… 200.0V > Nominal voltage range : 220 – 480V
V2>> Voltage set 5.0… 200.0V V1< Voltage set 20.0… 480.0V (by step: 0.5)
> Nominal voltage range: 220 – 480V V1<< Voltage set 20.0… 480.0V (by step: 0.5)

V2> Voltage set 20.0… 720.0V (by step: 0.5)


V2>> Voltage set 20.0… 720.0V (by step: 0.5)

P920 Technical Data Sheet 11


Time delay settings RATE OF CHANGE OF FREQUENCY
(ANSI CODES 81R) ONLY P923
Each voltage element is associated to an independent time
delay. Threshold settings
Each measuring element time delay can be blocked by the
Setting Range Step Size
operation of a user defined logic (optical isolated) input (see
“Blocking logic1” or “Blocking logic2” functions). df/dt1 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s
Element Time delay type df/dt2 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s
1st stage Definite Time (DT) or IDMT df/dt3 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s
2nd stage DT df/dt4 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s

Inverse Time Delay Characteristic df/dt5 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s
The inverse characteristic is defined by the following formula : df/dt6 threshold –10 Hz/s, +10 Hz/s 0.1 Hz/s
⎛ ⎞
⎜ ⎟ Integration time

⎜ TMS ⎟ Setting Range Step Size


t=⎜ ⎟ cycle number 1 – 200 1 cycle
⎜ V1 − 1 ⎟
⎜ V ⎟ Validation number of protection
⎝ S ⎠ Setting Range Step Size
where :
Validation 2 or 4 2
t = operating time in seconds
TMS = time Multiplier Setting
V1 = applied input voltage UNDER VOLTAGE BLOCKING
Vs = relay setting voltage > Nominal voltage range : 57-130V
TMS 0,5… 100.0 (by step: 0.5) protection block 5.0… 130.0V
tRESET (only DT) 0.00… 100.00s
> Nominal voltage range : 220-480V
Definite time delay characteristics protection block 20.0… 480.0V
tV1< 0.00… 599.00s
NOTE : For P922S the under voltage blocking threshold is
tV1<< 0.00… 599.00s fixed to 10% of the nominal setting voltage range.

Hysteresis
Hysteresis fixed 105% MEASUREMENT AND RECORDS
SETTINGS
The measured values are displayed on the LCD of the relay ;
UNDER/OVERFREQUENCY th
they are true RMS values (up to the 10 harmonic) and are
(ANSI CODES 81U/81O) ONLY P922 & P923 primary values.

They can also be read through the communication ports


Setting Range Step Size (RS232 or RS485).

F1 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz


DISTURBANCE RECORD (P922 AND P923)
tF1 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599.00s 0.01s The MiCOM P922-P923 is able to store up to 5 records of 2.5s
F2 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz each.

tF2 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599.00s 0.01s Pre – time 0.01… 2.50s
F3 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz Post – time 0.01… 2.50s
tF3 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599.00s 0.01s Sample rate 32 samples/cycle Fixed
F4 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz Digital signals Logic inputs and output contacts status
tF4 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599.00s 0.01s Trigger logic Power on of the MiCOM relay,
F5 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz Any selected protection alarm or trip,
Dedicated logic input,
tF5 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599s.00 0.01s
Remote command.
F6 threshold Fn – 10Hz, Fn + 10Hz 0.01 Hz
NOTE : if both post- and pre-time are set equal to 2.5s, the
tF6 (definite time delay) 0.00… 599.00s 0.01s pre-time will be priority and equal to 2.5s. The post-
time will then be equal to 0s.
Where : Fn : nominal frequency

P920 Technical Data Sheet 12


FREQUENCY DISTURBANCE RECORD CIRCUIT BREAKER CONDITION MONITORING
(P923 ONLY)
Nb. Operations Alarm 0… 50000
The MiCOM P923 is able to store one record of 20s.
Open time alarm 0.1… 5.0s
Pre – time 5s (fixed) Close time alarm 0.1… 5.0s
Post – time 15s (fixed)
Sample rate 1 sample/cycle (fixed) LOGIC EQUATIONS
Digital signals Logic inputs and output contacts status 2 or 4 logic equations are available.
The associated timers are :
Trigger logic Instantaneous or time delayed tripping,
Dedicated logic input,
tOPERATE 0.0… 3600.0s
Logic equation,
Remote command. tRESET 0.0… 3600.0s

COMMUNICATIONS VT RATIOS
The primary and secondary rating can be independently set for
FRONT PORT (RS232)
each set of VT inputs, for example the residual VT ratio can be
Front port Communication Parameters (Fixed) different to that used for the phase voltages.
Protocol Modbus RTU
Voltage ranges Primary Secondary
Address To be specified in the
« COMMUNICATIONS » menu of the 57 – 130V 0,1 – 100kV 57 – 130V
relay step = 0.01kV step = 0.1V

Messages format IEC60870FT1.2 220 – 480V 220 – 480V 220 – 480V


step = 10V step = 10V
Baud rate 19200 bits/s
Parity Without
ACCURACY
Stop bits 1 If no range is specified for the validity of the accuracy, then the
Data bits 8 specified accuracy shall be valid over the full setting range.

REAR PORT (RS485) REFERENCE CONDITIONS


Rear port settings Setting options Setting available Quantity Reference Test tolerance
for: conditions
Remote address 0 - 255 (step = 1) IEC / Kbus-Courier General
/ Modbus RTU
Ambient temperature 20 °C ±2°C
Baud rate 9 600 or 19 200 bits/s IEC
Atmospheric pressure 86kPa to 106kPa -
Baud rate 300, 600, 1200, 2400, Modbus
Relative humidity 45 to 75 % -
4800, 9600, 19 200 or
38 400 bits/s
Baud rate 64000 bits/s Kbus Input energising quantity
Parity “Even”, “Odd” or Modbus RTU Voltage Vn ±5%
“Without”
Frequency 50 or 60Hz ±0.5%
Stop bits 0 or 1 or 2 Modbus RTU
Auxiliary supply DC 48V or 110V ±5%
AC 63.5V or 110V
CONTROL FUNCTIONS SETTINGS MEASUREMENTS ACCURACY
CIRCUIT BREAKER STATE MONITORING Quantity Range Accuracy
The MiCOM P921-P922-P923 relays monitor the state of the
circuit breaker using either 52a and/or 52b signals. Voltage Vn ±2%
Frequency 40 - 70Hz ±10mHz
CIRCUIT BREAKER CONTROL
It is possible to control the circuit breaker via the communication
(RS232 or RS485 links).

Close pulse time 0.10… 5.00s (by step: 0.05)


Trip pulse time 0.10… 5.00s (by step: 0.05)

P920 Technical Data Sheet 13


PROTECTION ACCURACY
Functions Range Operate Reset Timer Accuracy
Undervoltage 5-130V (range 1) DT : Vs ±2% (1.02-1.05) Voperate Greater of 2% or 20ms
protection 20-480V (range 2) IDMT : Voperate = ±2% Greater of 5% or 40ms
(V<, V<< and 0.95Vs ±2%
V<<<)
Overvoltage 0.5-260V (range 1) DT : Vs ±2% (0.95-0.98) Voperate Greater of 2% or 20ms
protection 20-960V (range 2) IDMT : Voperate = ±2% Greater of 5% or 40ms
(V>, V>> and 1.1Vs ±2%
V>>>)
Residual 0.5-130V (range 1) DT : Vs ±2% 0.95 Voperate ±2% Greater of 2% or 20ms
voltage 2-480V (range 2) IDMT : Voperate = Greater of 5% or 40ms
protection 1.1Vs ±2%
(V0>, V0>> (if direct
and V0>>>) measurement)
Under/Over 40 – 70Hz DT : fs ±10mHz fs ±50mHz Greater of 2% or 20ms
frequency

NOTE : For residual voltage protection :


– 0.5V → 4V (range 1) :
hysteresis = Voperate – 0.2V
– 2V → 16V (range 2) :
hysteresis = Voperate – 0.8V

The instantaneous operating time for


under/over frequency is 50 ms (minimum).
The instantaneous operating time for
under/over voltage is ≤ 30 ms.
No additional errors will be incurred for any
of the following influencing quantities.

Environmental Operative range (typical only)


Temperature -25°C to +55°C
Mechanical According to :
(Vibration, Shock, IEC 60255-21-1:1988
Bump, Seismic) IEC 60255-21-2:1988
IEC 60255-21-3:1995

Electrical Operative range


Frequency 40 Hz to 70 Hz
Harmonics (single) 5% over the range 2nd to 17th
Auxiliary voltage range 0.8 LV to 1.2 HV (dc)
0.8 LV to 1.1 HV (ac)
Aux. supply ripple 12% Vn with a frequency of 2.fn
Power off withstand 50 ms

P920 Technical Data Sheet 14


CONNECTION DIAGRAMS

3VTs CONFIGURATION (Phase-Neutral)

33 37
+ 35 Watchdog
Power supply WD
C B -
34 36

Phase rotation 6 Output contacts programmable


4
RL1 RL1
2

12

MiCOM P92* RL2


10
8
RL2

41 16
RL3 14 RL3
42 20
43
RL4 18 RL4

44 3
45 RL5 1 RL5

7
46 RL6 5 RL6
49
See note 1
9
50 RL7 11 RL7

13
RL8 15 RL8
Programmable inputs : +
22 LEDs
_
EL1 24 4 programmable LEDs
26
+
EL2 _
28
17 Earth
+
EL3 _ 29 connection
19 -
21 * 30
+
EL4 _
See note 2 31
23 + Communication port RS485
25
+
EL5 _
27
32 _

(* System end resistance.


For last relay, connect 30 and 32 together).

Notes :
(1) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
(2) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
Scheme representing MiCOM relay off
P0389ENa

P920 Technical Data Sheet 15


3VTs CONFIGURATION (Phase-Neutral) + residual voltage

33 37
Power + 35 Watchdog
supply WD
C B -
34 36

Phase rotation 6 Output contacts (programmable) :


4
RL1 RL1
2

12
10 RL2
RL2
8

41 16
RL3 14 RL3
42 20
43
RL4 18 RL4

44 3
45 RL5 1 RL5

7
46 RL6 5 RL6
49
See note 1
9
RL7 11 RL7
50
13
RL8 15 RL8
Programmable inputs : +
22 LEDs
_
EL1
24 4 programmable LEDs
26
+
EL2 _
28
17 Earth
+
EL3 _ 29 connection
19 -
* 30
21 *
+
EL4 _ See note 2 31
23 + Communication port RS485
25
+
EL5 _
27
32 _

(* System end resistance.


For last relay, connect 30 and 32 together)

Notes :
(1) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
(2) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
Scheme representing MiCOM relay off P0390ENa

P920 Technical Data Sheet 16


2VTs CONFIGURATION + residual voltage

33 37
Power + 35 Watchdog
supply WD
C B -
34 36

Phase rotation 6 Output contacts (programmable) :


4
RL1 RL1
2

12
10 RL2
RL2
41 8

42 16
43 RL3 14 RL3

20
44
45 RL4 18 RL4

3
46 RL5 1 RL5
49
7
RL6 5 RL6
50
See note 1
9
RL7 11 RL7

13
RL8 15 RL8
Programmable inputs : +
22 LEDs
EL1 _
24
26 4 programmable LEDs
+
EL2 _
28
17 Earth
+
EL3 _ 29 connection
19 -
* 30
21
+
*
EL4 _ See note 2 31
23 + Communication port RS485
25
+
EL5 _
27
32 _

(* System end resistance.


For last relay, connect 30 and 32 together)

Notes :
(1) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
(2) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
Scheme representing MiCOM relay off
P0392ENa

P920 Technical Data Sheet 17


LV connection for P92x (220-480V range)

33 37
Power + 35 Watchdog
supply WD
C B -
34 36

Phase rotation 6 Output contacts (programmable) :


4
RL1 RL1
A B C
2

12
10 RL2
RL2
41 8

42 16
43 RL3 RL3
14
20
44
45 RL4 18 RL4

3
46 RL5 1 RL5
49
7
RL6 5 RL6
50
See note 1
9
RL7 11 RL7

13
RL8 15 RL8
Programmable inputs : +
22 LEDs
_
EL1
24
26 4 programmable LEDs
+
EL2 _
28
17 Earth
+
EL3 _ 29 connection
19 -
21
+
** 30
EL4 _
See note 2 31
23 +
25 Communication port RS485
+
EL5 _
27
32 _

(* System end resistance.


Notes : For last relay, connect 30 and 32 together)
(1) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
(2) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
Scheme representing MiCOM relay off
A

33 37
Power + 35 Watchdog
supply WD
C B -
34 36

Phase rotation 6 Output contacts (programmable) :


4
RL1 RL1
2

12
10 RL2
RL2
41 8

42 16
43 RL3 RL3
14
20
44
45 RL4 18 RL4

3
46 RL5 1 RL5
49
7
RL6 5 RL6
50
See note 1
9
RL7 11 RL7
N A B C
13
RL8 15 RL8
Programmable inputs : +
22 LEDs
EL1 _
24
26 4 programmable LEDs
+
EL2 _
28
17 Earth
+
EL3 _ 29 connection
19 -
21
+
** 30
EL4 _ See note 2 31
23 + Communication port RS485
25
+
EL5 _
27
32 _

(* System end resistance.


Notes : For last relay, connect 30 and 32 together)
(1) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
(2) Additional hardware for MiCOM P922 and P923 relay
Scheme representing MiCOM relay off P0393ENa

P920 Technical Data Sheet 18


CASES & DIMENSIONS

39 39
97 26 26

Dimensions
in mm.

168 158

Panel cut-out
Flush mounting fixing details

4 holes Ø 3.4 49.5 49.5 4 holes Ø 4.4 (M4 screw)


103 25.1 226
MiCOM P921

VA = 214.50 A
Trip

Ala rm e

Equip. fail

Auxiliary
177 151.2 max.
supply
AUX. 1

AUX. 2

AUX. 3

AUX. 4

Flush mounting
P0395ENb

MiCOM P921, P922 & P923 – 4U 20TE

P920 Technical Data Sheet 19


MiCOM P920
GUIDE FORM SPECIFICATION

The voltage and frequency protections have to be of


entirely numerical technology and in a 4U draw out
metal case.

The following functions have to be available:


> 3 independent phase overvoltage thresholds
(instantaneous and time-delayed - ANSI 59 code)
> 3 independent phase undervoltage thresholds
(instantaneous and time-delayed - ANSI 27 code)
> Settable Hysteresis thresholds for Undervoltage
and Overvoltage functions
> 3 independent zero-sequence overvoltage
thresholds (instantaneous and time-delayed -
ANSI 59N code)
> programmable logic equations
> Programmable I/O
> Relay latching (ANSI 86 code)
> Display of true RMS values
> 2 setting groups
> An RS485 rear port compatible with the following
protocols: MODBUS™, Courier, IEC 60870-5-103,
DNP3.0
> Records of the last 75 events, time-stamped to
1ms
> Data records relating to the last 5 faults
> Disturbance recorder with storage of 5 records,
each lasting 2.5 seconds, 32 samples per cycle

For frequency protection, the following functions have


to be added:
> 2 independent negative sequence phase
overvoltage thresholds (instantaneous and time-
delayed - ANSI 47 code)
> 2 independent positive sequence phase
undervoltage thresholds (instantaneous and time-
delayed - ANSI 27D code)
> Settable Hysteresis thresholds for Undervoltage
and Overvoltage functions.
> 6 independent over/underfrequency thresholds
(instantaneous and time-delayed - ANSI 81U/81O
codes)

For rate of change of frequency, the following functions


have to be added:
> 6 independent rate of change of frequency
thresholds - ANSI 81R codes
> 1 adjustable undervoltage Blocking threshold
> 4 programmable logic equations

The user interface must include the following elements:


> A 32-character alphanumeric back-lit LCD display
> An RS232 front port compatible with application
software and PC setting software
> Programmable LEDs with customised labelling

P920 Technical Data Sheet 20


ORDERING INFORMATION

MiCOM P92x - Voltage Protection Relays


P92 0 1

Relay Type
Voltage Relay 1
Voltage/Frequency relay 2
Voltage/Frequency relay with (df / dt) relay 3

Voltage Inputs
57 - 130 V A
220 - 480 V B

Application
Standard S

Auxiliary Supply Voltage


24 - 60Vdc A
48 - 150Vdc F
130 - 250Vdc / 100 - 250Vac M
48 - 150Vdc with 48 - 150 Vdc digital inputs voltage (special EA) T
130 - 250Vdc with 130 - 250 Vdc digital inputs voltage (special EA) U
125 - 250Vdc / 100 - 250Vac with 95 - 150 Vdc digital inputs voltage (special application) H

Communications protocol options


Modbus 1
K-bus / Courier 2
IEC 60870-5-103 3
DNP3.0 4

User interface language options (see note 1)


French 0
English 1
Spanish 2
German 3
Italian 4
Russian 5
Polish 6
Portuguese (NOT YET AVAILABLE !) 7
Dutch (NOT YET AVAILABLE for P923 !) 8
Czech A
Hungarian (NOT YET AVAILABLE !) B

Case Type
Flush and/or panel mounted only 1

Note 1: Contact us for language availability

P920 Technical Data Sheet 21