2 views

Uploaded by Mihir Kumar Mech

as

as

© All Rights Reserved

- Using Logarithm Laws 3
- Chapter_09 Exponential Models
- Binomial Theorem Qns
- Original Dbms Lab Manualcopy
- Using Thermal Death Curves
- Differentiation
- Career Tech AP Calculus
- m3-block1-Unit 2
- Formula Sheet
- Insulation Classes
- Article Exponential[1]
- Renard Philippe - Understanding Diagnostic Plots for Well-test 20090909
- Ex 2.5 - Linear law
- Ch20 Answers
- Assignment.solve
- ch5ln
- Functions
- Logs
- 1. Maths Tools
- MIT18_01SC_pset1sol

You are on page 1of 6

CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I

(b) neither, nor

(c) low, high

(d) number of equilibrium trays, number of real trays

2. 120.6892

3. 70

4. 44.03

5. 0.85

6. (a) 2.5

(b) 480

pall ring, tellerette

10. (a) 2

(b) 60 MJ

11. (a) As the feed is saturated liquid, the feed point (A) is identified on HL line. With the

help of y∗ vs.x VLE diagram the point B on HG line has been identified and thus

tie-line AB is produced at the feed point. Once extended upto the x−coordinate

yD = 0.96, the minimum reflux point C is achieved that indicates enthalpy of 117

MJ. On the other hand point D on HL line that indicates saturated liquid condition

at yD = 0.96 has enthalpy of 12 MJ. Hence the enthalpy at actual reflux condition

will be (117 − 12) × 1.46 = 153.3 MJ and indicated by point E. The point E and

point A are joined and extended upto x−coordinate xW = 0.1 and arrive at point

F. Operating lines are drawn from points E and F in usual manner and the stages

are graphically produced to be 12.

Solution Key of Quiz II CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I March 30, 2015

Solution Key of Quiz II CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I March 30, 2015

(b) As the feed is saturated liquid, q−line is vertical. The feed point (A) is identified on

45◦ line and the minimum reflux point B on the y∗ vs.x VLE diagram. yD = 0.96 is

indicated by point C. The line BC is joined and extended to arrive at point D that

yD

indicates = 0.34, solving one gets Rm = 1.82, hence R = 1.8 × 1.46 = 2.66

Rm + 1

yD

that eventually yields point E where = 0.26; the line EC crosses the feed line

R+1

at point F which is joined with point G that indicates xW = 0.1; the lines F C and

F G are enriching line and stripping line respectively. The stages are graphically

produced to be 12.

12. Consider a packed tower of unit cross section and a packed height of Z. Solute A in gas

phase needs to be absorbed in liquid phase. The molar flow rates of gas and liquid are

G and L (Gs and Ls on solute free basis) respectively. The concentration of solute A in

gas and liquid are y and x respectively. The operating line for the system is

G (y − y2 ) = L (x − x2 )

G

x = (y − y2 ) + x2 (1)

L

Solution Key of Quiz II CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I March 30, 2015

Solution Key of Quiz II CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I March 30, 2015

y ∗ = mx (2)

Specific interfacial surface area of packing material is a. Consider a differential section

of dZ of the column. The quantity of solute A in the gas passing through the differential

section under consideration is d (Gy). Both G and y vary along the length of column,

however Gs remains constant. Hence,

Gs Gs dy Gs dy Gdy

d (Gy) = d ×y = 2 = × = (3)

1−y (1 − y) 1−y 1−y 1−y

Again

mass transfer rate = = = ky (y − yi ) = kx (xi − x) (4)

interfacial area adZ

Rearranging eq.(4) and using eq.(3) we obtain the following pair of equations:

kx

yi = − (x − xi ) + y (5)

ky

d (Gy) Gdy G (1 − y)iM dy

dZ = = = × (6)

ky a(y − yi ) ky a (1 − y) (y − yi ) ky a (1 − y)iM (1 − y) (y − yi )

(1 − yi ) − (1 − y) (y − yi )

(1 − y)iM = = (7)

(1 − yi ) (1 − yi )

ln ln

(1 − yi ) (1 − yi )

G

It has been observed from experiments that the ratio indicates unit packing

ky a (1 − y)iM

height that remains more constant along the entire packed bed than either of G or

ky a (1 − y)iM . Hence integrating eq.(6),

Z y1

(1 − y)iM dy

Z

G

Z = dZ = (8)

ky a (1 − y)iM y2 (1 − y) (y − yi )

(1 − y)iM

Moreover, if we disregard the ratio , the integrand is seen as a number of times

(1 − y)

the average of (y − yi ) divides into the change of concentraion (y1 − y2 ). Let us now

define the following terms

G

HtG = = height of a transfer unit (9)

ky a (1 − y)iM

Z y1

(1 − y)iM dy

NtG = = number of transfer units (10)

y2 (1 − y) (y − yi )

Solution Key of Quiz II CL 205:Mass Transfer Operations I March 30, 2015

Thus the height of packed bed can be expressed as the product of height of a single

transfer unit and the number of such transfer units. Without inviting much error,

eq.(10) can further be simplified by substituting logarithmic mean of (1 − y)iM by its

arithmatic mean as

(1 − yi ) + (1 − y) (1 − y) + (y − yi ) + (1 − y)

(1 − y)iM ≈ = = (1 − y) + 0.5 (y − yi )

2 2

(11)

Hence

y1 Z y1

(1 − y)iM dy (1 − y) + 0.5 (y − yi )

Z

NtG = = dy

y2 (1 − y) (y − yi ) y2 (1 − y) (y − yi )

y1

1 y1 dy

Z y1

1 (1 − y2 )

Z Z

dy dy

= + = + ln (12)

y2 (y − yi ) 2 y2 (1 − y) y2 (y − yi ) 2 (1 − y1 )

1

A plot of vs. y yields a simpler graphical integration, however it often covers

(y − yi )

awkwardly large ranges of ordinates. This can be avoided by replacing it by logarithmic

scale as

dy

dy = y × = y × d (ln y) = y × ln (10) × d (log y) (13)

y

using eq.(13) in eq.(12) one obtains

Z y1

dy 1 (1 − y2 )

NtG = + ln

y (y − yi ) 2 (1 − y1 )

Z 2y1

y × ln (10) × d (log y) ln (10) (1 − y2 )

= + log

y2 (y − yi ) 2 (1 − y1 )

Z y1

y (1 − y2 )

= 2.303 d (log y) + 1.152 log (14)

y2 (y − yi ) (1 − y1 )

Hence intersection of operating line (eq.1) and interfacial line (a.k.a driving force line)

(eq.5) gives the value of y in eq.(14) whereas intersection of equilibrium line (eq.2) and

interfacial line (eq.5) gives the value of yi in eq.(14). Using eqs.(1) and (2) in eq.(5) one

obtains

kx G yi

yi = − (y − y2 ) + x2 − +y (15)

ky L m

Rearranging the above

kx G

− (y − y2 ) + x2 +y

ky L

yi = (16)

1 kx

1+ −

m ky

The eq.(16) generates the pairs of {y, yi } for the calculation of transfer units.

- Using Logarithm Laws 3Uploaded byyddap
- Chapter_09 Exponential ModelsUploaded byJacob Bains
- Binomial Theorem QnsUploaded byLokesh Kumar
- Original Dbms Lab ManualcopyUploaded bysaiteja1234
- Using Thermal Death CurvesUploaded byRobin 尊豐 Tan
- DifferentiationUploaded byRazvan Gabriel Rizea
- Career Tech AP CalculusUploaded byChandler Robert Spencer
- m3-block1-Unit 2Uploaded bycooooool1927
- Formula SheetUploaded byAhmad Ali
- Insulation ClassesUploaded byFaela Ma'ana Shufa
- Article Exponential[1]Uploaded bycancanus
- Renard Philippe - Understanding Diagnostic Plots for Well-test 20090909Uploaded bySuseendaran Babu
- Ex 2.5 - Linear lawUploaded byapi-25887606
- Ch20 AnswersUploaded byamisha2562585
- Assignment.solveUploaded byEmranul Islam Shovon
- ch5lnUploaded byMohammad Soroya
- FunctionsUploaded byRutwik
- LogsUploaded byJihee Yoon
- 1. Maths ToolsUploaded byadobi
- MIT18_01SC_pset1solUploaded byS Rajesh Kumar
- cmip03cUploaded byluishipp
- R WorkshopUploaded bynikhil4tp
- Training With RUploaded bynikhil4tp
- Tuisyen Kita Ujian Sakit SET 1 PAPER 1Uploaded bycgnash
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD)Uploaded byIJERD
- Physics Jouranal Writing FormatUploaded byJai Mehta
- MA_31_Introduction_2015-2016Uploaded byHui Jun
- Differential Equation for EngineerUploaded byMarlo Gallano
- DAS 2015Uploaded byAgatha Ndari
- physics labUploaded byapi-130453141

- Lecture 6Uploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- manasfeb2'19Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- derivations.pdfUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- QUOTE.docxUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- gutUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Clinker CoolerUploaded byAkash Sonowal
- 2019 AnswersUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Conclusion.docxUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- 1-s2.0-S0032386108006988-mainUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- CH429 Petroleum midsem.pdfUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Presentation Part 2Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- tutorial2-2016Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Tutorial2 2016 SolutionUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- CL 309 Attendance SheetUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Consumer Chemistry (Ch 419)Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Pardey Ke PeecheUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Surface Rxn Controlling Derivation CRE_1Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- ht9Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Answer to midsem.pdfUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- mass transfer lecture notesUploaded byShubham
- Tutorial 1 SolutionUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Answer to Quiz 1Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Bansal Roll No and PasswordsUploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Lecture 11Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Lecture 7Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- Assignment 1Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech
- BKD Question 12.3Uploaded byMihir Kumar Mech

- Pyrolysis OilUploaded byBv Rao
- Nephar302 Pharm i.lab i.calis 6(1)Uploaded byMehboob Alam
- US8316665.pdfUploaded bydollarrbill
- Perturbation theoryUploaded bySethApepDjedkhonsuefankh
- 240435097-chemistry-notes-by-atul-waghmare-government-polytechnic-autonomus-aurangabad.pdfUploaded byRushikesh Navnath Varpe
- Project VoICES FormatUploaded byPej Peji
- Electric Enigma: The VLF Recordings of Stephen P. McGreevyUploaded byscri
- Curriculum MappingUploaded byJabeenAhmed
- Angka Terbesar Yang Ditemukan Para Ilmuwan MatematikaUploaded byinah
- Lancellotta Spinta Passiva SismicaUploaded byfermat91
- Chemistry, C6C_Electrochemical Series (S)Uploaded byFarah Aisyah Ahmad
- Heat Transfer LabUploaded byfifafifa
- Green Sea LoadsUploaded byShankar Vadivel
- 812_pdfUploaded byOktavia Catur Xenograf
- Chapter 4- Fluid KinematicsUploaded byTanChiaZhi
- Resistivity SolutionsUploaded bymusicwiz12
- TiO2 - Cu2OUploaded byRuchira Wijesena
- 9701_s10_ms_22Uploaded bykarampals
- 07-Schnabel.pdfUploaded byAzuriak1
- ElementsUploaded byBhupesh Mulik
- Abstract Paper Solar Paces 2012Uploaded byJuan Nepomuceno
- Atoms, Electron Structure and Periodicity HwUploaded byrojersymonds
- JMT-2-Code-0-08-12-2013-PaperUploaded byjassyj33
- 169950_ISIC2015_Full Paper – 1 – Annisa GerhanaUploaded byArfienoJefryK
- KVPY-2011-Stream-SA-Solved-Paper.pdfUploaded byakash gupta
- chemical reactions lab with magnesium ii chloride snc2dUploaded byapi-404171485
- ch03Uploaded byMelissa Koyama
- CEJ_122_21-29Uploaded byAnonymous oUoJ4A8x
- 321157Uploaded bywarraichsaleem
- 0071455914_ar038Uploaded byBharavi K S