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PreCalculus Review
Unit 4

Convert to degrees. Convert to  radians.


5 7
1. 2. 3. 240 4. 270
3 6

5. If a sector of a circle has r = 10m and  = ½, find the arc length of the sector.
 

6. If a sector of a circle has an arc length of 20 in. and  = 120, find the radius of the circle. (leave in
terms of )

7. (-3, -2) is a point on the terminal side of an angle, . Find the values of all 6 trig functions.

3
8. If tan  = and the terminal side lies in quadrant III, then evaluate the other 5 trig functions.
4

 the quadrant(s) being described.


Name
9. sin  > 0 & sec  < 0 10. cos  > 0 11. csc  < 0 & tan  > 0

Evaluate without a calculator.


12. sin 30 = 13. sin 60 = 14. sin 45 =
cos 30 = cos 60 = cos 45 =
tan 30 = tan 60 = tan 45 =

15. sin 330 = 16. sec 240 = 17. cos 210 = 18. csc 270 =


19. tan 180 = 20. cot 150 = 21. sin = 22. cos  =
2

7 
23. tan 90 = 24. csc = 25. sec 315 = 26. cot =
4 6

7
27. cot =
6
 
Evaluate
28. cos 62 29. sec 1.575 30. sin  = -.342 31. cot  = 1.89

(100th degree) (100th radian)

Using the diagram and the information given, solve each right triangle. (Find all missing parts) Show all
work!
A
32. b = 5, mB = 20 33. a = 6, b = 8

b c

C a B

Solve each of the following. Draw the diagram for each one.
34. A 22-foot extension ladder leaning against a building makes a 70 angle with the ground. How far up
the building does the ladder touch?

35. Two observers simultaneously measure the angle of elevation of a helicopter. One angle is 25, the
other is 40. If the observers are 100 feet apart and the helicopter lies over the line joining them, how
high is the helicopter?

36. A statue is placed on top of a building. The angle of elevation from the ground to the base of the statue
is 45 and the angle of elevation to the top of the statue is 47.2. If the angles were measured from a
distance of 400m away from the center of the building, how tall is the statue?

Graph the following equations on the grids provided.


 2 
37. y  2sinx   38. y  sin(2x)
 3 
x x

y  y


3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0

-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

39. y  2cos2x    40. y  cos3x     1


x x

 y  y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0

-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

   3   
41. y  cos2x   42. y sin3x  1
 2  2  2 
x x

y y
 

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0

-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3
  
43. y  tan(2x) 1 44. y  2cosx  
 2 
x x
y y
 3  3

2 2

1 1

0 0

-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

x 
45. y  csc  46. y  2sec(3x) 1
3 
x x
y y
 3
 3

2 2

1 1

0 0

-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

Use a calculator to approximate the value of the expression. (Round your answer to three decimal
places.) 0 < θ < 360
47. arccos 0.42 48. arcsin .63 49. arctan 21
4 3
1. -300 2. 210 3. 4.
3 2
30
5. 5 6.

 
2 13 3 13 2  13  13 3
7. sin  ;cos  ;tan  ;csc  ;sec  ;cot 
13 13 3 2 3 2

3 4 5 5 4
8. sin   ;cos  ;csc  ;sec  ;cot 
5 5 3 4 3

9. II 10. I, IV 11. III
1 3 3 3 1 2 2
 12. , ; 13. , , 3 14. , ,1
2 2 3 2 2 2 2
3
15. -1/2 16. -2 17.  18. -1
2
  
19. 0 20.  3 21. 1 22. -1
23.  24. - 2  25. 2 26.  3
27. 3
 28. .469 29. -237.89 30. 200, 340
31. 1.08, 4.23  32. mA = 70;a = 13.7; c = 14.6 
33. c = 10; mA = 36.9; mB = 53.1
34. 20.7 ft 35. 29.97 ft 36. 31.961 m

37. y = 2 sin (x - 2/3) 38. y = - sin (2x)


x X
y Y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

39. y = -2 cos (2x - ) 40. y = cos (3x + ) + 1


x X
y Y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

41. y = - cos (2x + /2) 42. y = -3/2 sin (3x + /2) – 1


x X
y Y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

43. y = tan (2x) – 1 44. y = -2 cot(x - /2)


x X
y Y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

45. y = csc (x/3) 46. y = 2 sec (3x) – 1


x X
y Y

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
-1 -1

-2 -2

-3 -3

47. 65.165 48. 39.050 49. 87.274